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Determination Of Demographic Factors Affecting The Theater’s Monitoring Request For İzmit Municipality Personnel  



Among the artistic activities that make up an indis- pensable part of our social life, the theatre is perhaps the oldest one in terms of organisation. The theatre, which reveals the social and individual perspectives of social life and the life itself, has evolved over the centuries, in which the people have mirrored themselves and tried to see and show themselves. This understanding has not changed from its most primitive forms to the present day. While the theatre is in a structure that can appeal to every layer of the society, its audience has come to a declining status due to the living circumstances and economic struggles in city life. The proliferation of television, cinema and digital entertainment channels is also among the factors affecting this result. Another critical point to note is the time-money relationship in theatre activity and partici- pation. In addition to the fact that urban life has the habit of using time more effectively and in a planned manner, economic difficulties are added, and today, moving away from the theatre still continues. An ancient proverb in an old quote states that “Love comes from rumination.”, and this proverb expresses the decrease in participation in art and artistic activity more clearly. The first condition to increase participation in artistic activities is that people should be able to supply their basic requirements easily. Today, it is evident that demand for being a theatre audi- ence and participation in theatrical acts differs in line with the variables among individuals and depending on the various possibilities and opportunities. Variables in ticket prices differ in almost every sense, from the inadequacy, distance, difficulty of transportation, participation statis- tics to the number of spectators. Previously, studies have been carried out by researchers on the economy of theatre and performing arts and also on-demand predictions. It has been investigated to what extent people’s participa- tion in artistic activities, art education, price, social and economic variables affect the demand for performing arts such as theatre, classical music, dance, opera and ballet. In a significant part of these studies, it is aimed to deter- mine the frequency of participation and preference of artistic activity by taking the demands of individuals into consideration. It has been determined how effective the level of participation in these artistic activities is in terms Determination Of Demographic Factors Affecting The Theater’s Monitoring Request For İzmit Municipality Personnel of price, social and economic levels. In order to make the determinations related to the issue more realistic, the socio-demographic and other characteristics related to participation should also be identified to understand how the demand levels in performance arts differ be- tween participation and art forms. It has been detected in the relevant literature that education is the leading determinant affecting art participation. In the current study, it was aimed to determine the frequency of par- ticipation to the artistic activities and to which artistic activity the preference of the individuals inclie among many artistic activities. In this research, the quantitative research method was utilised. Quantitative research is a scientific research method that makes events and facts numerically expressed, observable and measurable. The study was carried out to determine the demographic factors affecting the demand for the theatre of the per- sonnel of Izmit Municipality. Local and foreign sources were scanned for the research, and the resources avail- able on the subject were used in the study. This study, which was carried out with 257 participants, was carried out with a questionnaire consisting of 22 questions in the screening model, one of the quantitative research methods. According to the research results, as for gender distribution, there are 133 male and 124 female partici- pants. The participants were mostly between the ages of 35-40. The vast majority of the participants in the study went to the theatre at least once. It was stated by the participants that demographic variables did not have a significant effect on theatre watching habits, and the lack of time from the part of the participants and the lack of information about the theatre activities are among the reasons for not going to theatre and, according to the distribution of the cultural activities, the insufficiency of the number of desired activities are stated as underlying reasons. The current research is a study for determining the variables. For this purpose, it may be recommended for the relations and institutions to use tools to make the announcement of the activities more effectively.