Investigation Of Reaction Time And Mental Rotation Performance Of Women Artistic And Aerobic Gymnastists
Şenay Şahin, Nilay Cesur, Ersin Şahin
Journal Title:INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HUMANITIES AND ART RESEARCHES
Gymnastics watching is an admirable, exciting application, it is an ideal method for choosing physical harmony and it is very suitable sport for the modern era we live in. This sport uses the body's natural movements, allowing all muscles to work and this sport uses all the body's natural movements, allowing all muscles to work and giving the audience a taste of art. (Cihaner, 1998; Kesilmiş, 2012). Arm and hand rhythm and coordination in gymnastic athletes is essential for successful performance. Mental rotation supports the forming movoment of motor function components and has increase the importance in recent years. Because of its importance in the development of learning and perception, which is at the center of many cognitive functions, it is considered as a skill that increases the speed of achievement and solution in issues requiring spatial reasoning. this parameter is a concrete expression of the ability to mentally management, processing and manipulate visual information in memory. In the gymnastics branch, the athlete implemenets the movement that it imagined in it mind in a way that is appropriate to the body composition, without any failling and in a highly aesthetic way. Mental rotation is an important component in implementation this skill. It is reported that a good level of mental rotation improves the performance of the gymnast, plays an important role in maintaining body composition and forms the basis for dynamic sports with sudden changes in movement pattern.
In this study that aims to examine mental rotation, visual and auditory reaction time of female artistic and aerobic gymnasts; 20 female artistic and 21 female aerobic, voluntary athletes participated from Bursa Provincial Directorate of Youth Services. In the study, mental rotation, visual and auditory reaction time measurements have been made by a special, validity and reliability done computer based programme. For the analysis of gained data, the possibility that continuous variables are convenient with normal distribution in SPSS “24.0” packaged software has been tested by Shapiro-Wilk test. The descriptive statistics of gained data have been presented as mean, standard deviation and values. T test has been used for between-groups comparison of continuous variables. The relation possibility between parameters has been researched by Pearson correlation coefficient.
It has been observed among artistic and aerobic gymnasts that there is no statistically significant difference between mental rotation correct number, active response time, simple and selective visual reaction time fix interval and random interval also simple auditory reaction time fix interval and random interval (p>0.05), there is a statistically significant difference on behalf of artistic gymnasts (p<0.001). Also a statistically significant negative medium-level relation has been found between gymnasts’ body mass index, selective visual reaction time fix interval and simple auditory reaction time fix interval (p<0.05) besides that it has been found between age and selective visual reaction time (p<0.05).
As a result it has been established among artistic and aerobic female gymnasts that there is no mental rotation, balance, visual and auditory reaction time difference and artistic gymnasts’ dominant hand performance is better but reaction period of simple auditory and selective visual reaction time strings out related to age and body mass index increase.