On The Organ And Dısease Names In The Lehcetü’l Lugat
Ebru Kuybu Durmaz
Journal Title:INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HUMANITIES AND ART RESEARCHES
A dictionary is a work that gives all the words and phrases of a language or specific words belonging to a specific area or words and phrases used in a period, giving their meanings, explaining, defining them or giving their meanings in another language. The first dictionary where Turkish words were given as the head of the Ottoman field is Lehcetü'l-Lügat which was written by Şeyhülislâm Mehmed Esad Efendi. This work is a historical dictionary which has gained a special place in Turkish lexicography by making Turkish words per item in the 19th century. The dictionary consists of 851 large pages and is prepared in a single volume. In this dictionary, which is from Turkish to Arabic and Persian, some headings are explained by pages and some headings are explained with a few words. The handling and explanation of the heads of articles can also be evaluated in terms of lexicography.
Dictionaries are one of the most valuable resources for understanding and understanding the world view, lifestyle, traditions and customs of nations. Dictionaries are considered as the greatest witnesses and greatest treasures of the past. It is an inexhaustible, inexhaustible treasure for every language and the most comprehensive field of research. Dictionaries are the most valuable resource for tracing sociocultural change and development in the lives of all nations. One of the most important studies in the field of language is undoubtedly the business of writing and writing dictionaries. Dictionary creation is the most important part of lexicography. What is essential in lexicography is to create a source work to be used in linguistic works and actions. Lexicography is a tradition that requires a lot of patience, practice and long-term search, screening, compilation, planning. The dictionaries that emerged as a result of these studies are the works of a writer, but also the cultural memory of a nation. The dictionaries built on the words which are the building blocks of the language have a very important place in the material and spiritual life of the nations. In accordance with these explanations, Lehcetü’l Lügat, which is regarded as an important treasure of language and culture, included medical words, plant names and objects belonging to cultural life in the head of the article consisting of Turkish words. In addition, proverbs and idioms appear in the explanations of the headings. The work may also be evaluated in terms of its vocabulary. Therefore, Lehcetü'l Dictionary, Turkish Language Association of Turkey "Turkish Dictionary Project Old Dictionary Series" in Prof. Dr. It was translated into Latin letters by Ahmet Kırkkılıç. Taking into account the language data it contains, “Index of Proverbs and Positions”, Diz Medical Words Index and Their Benefits ”and“ Archaic Words Index ”were prepared.
When Lehcetü’l-Lügat is examined, it is seen that the names of organs and diseases are frequently found as head of the substance in connection with the medical words. There are some long and some short explanations about these. Proverbs and idioms were used in the explanations of the headings in Persian and Arabic when it was necessary. In this respect, the dictionary has become an encyclopedic feature. Afakan, mouth, glitch, forehead, agility, palm, moon, foot, scream, intestine, calf, unconscious, faint, baby, waist, clap, benign, cloth, british, throat, muffled, neck, kidney, flank , obliteration, senile….
In this study, firstly the historical medical books and their importance will be mentioned and then an examination will be made on the names of the organs and diseases determined. With this study, it will be tried to make an appropriate contribution to today's modern lexicography understanding and to add a new one to the indexes prepared about the dictionary. The aim of the study is to give information about whether the disease and organ names found in the current Turkish Dictionary, Compilation and Screening Dictionaries. With this kind of examination, it was also wanted to reach the vocabulary about the names of organs and diseases of the period.