Holistic Quality of Life in Women during Natural Perimenopause and Postmenopause
Cárdaba-García Rosa María1* and Aparicio-García Marta Evelia
Journal Title:Acta Scientific Women's Health
Objective: The goal of the present study was to assess the health status of women during the natural climacteric with respect to physical, mental, and social variables. Design: It is a descriptive correlational study. Setting 419 perimenopausal women are involved on a voluntary basis. 273 women were premenopausal and 146 were postmenopausal. The tools used were the GHQ-12 General Health Questionnaire, and DukeUNC-11 Questionnaire of Functional Social Support. Results: It was found that the youngest women tended to suffer from anaemia more often, and that the oldest women suffered from osteoporosis, osteoarthritis and arthritis. It was also found that postmenopausal women had better mental health. Regarding social support, there were no statistically significant differences between the two groups of women. With respect to holistic quality of life, it was found that the youngest women enjoyed better living conditions. Conclusion: This study provides insight into the health of women during the natural climacteric, and a gender perspective with respect to health research with the aim of removing the possibility of health discrimination by gender.