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Follicular Fluid Aspiration and Oocyte Retrieval Techniques, Several Flushing, Difficulty Situations Damage Risk to the Cumulus Complex and Complications

Mohamed Zarqaoui1, Mustafa Zakaria2*, Noureddine Louanjli3, Nisrine En-Naciri4, Mohamed Ennaji5, Malak Jamil6, Amal Kabit5, Saadani Brahim7 and Boutiche Romaissa8

Journal Title:Acta Scientific Women's Health

In Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART), oocyte retrieval is a vital step. It was initially performed through laparoscopy, which was complex and difficult and of low efficiency. Ultrasound-guided transvaginal oocyte retrieval was safer and more effective; it is presently the standard operation for in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment. Theoretically, oocyte retention is achievable after the initial aspirate due to abnormal development of the follicle or oocyte and human technical factors, and such retention could be overcome by recurrent follicular flushing. Follicular flushing is considered to maximize the number of oocytes retrieved and thereafter to improve the rate of IVF pregnancy. There are a number of factors that can affect egg collection and/or egg damage. These involve variables like pump vacuum flow, velocity, needle bore size and length, follicle pressure and size and collection techniques. Cook Medical Technology, Brisbane, has developed appropriate equipment to study the factors influencing the success of egg collection and the cause of egg trauma