How to Treat and Prevent Arterial Thrombosis with no Increased Bleeding from Accidents, Surgical Perations and other Invasive Procedures
Mark I M Noble
Journal Title:Medical & Clinical Research
An enquiry into the lack of attention awarded to serotonin antagonism in the treatment of arterial thrombosis revealed that the mode of action of serotonin and its platelet receptor antagonists was upon thrombus growth, and not, as with antiplatelet drugs, upon the initiation of thrombosis at sites of damaged endothelium. This lack of effect could explain why this approach has been considered not to be effective. However under conditions of arterial stenosis in which there is platelet activation by increased shear stress, and during the growth phase of arterial thrombi, serotonin 5HT2A antagonism has been demonstrated to have great potentcy in dispersing thrombotic obstruction to blood flow. This mode of action, the lack of participation of serotonin in haemostasis, and the absence of serotonin in wounds accounts for the proven lack of effect of effect of pure specific 5HT2A antagonists (i.e., not ones with other actions) on operative bleeding and skin bleeding times. This lack of effect on haemostasis solves the dosing problem encountered by other anti-thrombotic drugs, with which drug concentration cannot be controlled with single fixed doses, leading to the association between increased antithrombotic efficacy and increased bleeding complications. Thus 5HT2A antagonism appears to be the preferred approach, from the point of view of safety and lack of bleeding risk, to thrombosis therapy in the context of traumatic accidents, surgical operations and invasive procedures such as angioplasty.