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A Comparative Cross-sectional Study on Anthropometry and Body Composition of Selected Female Type 2 Diabetics and Non-diabetics

Bhavani S and Jemima Beryl Mohankumar

Journal Title:Acta Scientific Women's Health
Abstract


A study was designed to compare the body composition of female diabetics and non-diabetics in the age group of 35 - 45 years. A validated questionnaire was used to collect background information. The tools used to measure anthropometric measurements were properly calibrated and used according to the NHANES protocol. The Waist-to-Height Ratio (WHtR) and Body Adiposity Index (BAI) are focused in this article. Other anthropometric measurements are also presented. We found BMI to be significantly different (p ≤ 0.05) between the diabetics and non-diabetics. The diabetic women had greater subcutaneous fat in the trunk and legs. The skeletal muscle percentage was also lower. We recommend that body composition may be studied using the hand-held BIA device to make a better assessment of the metabolic condition to suggest suitable management.

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