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Paper Details

A PREVALENCE STUDY ON ANAEMIA AMONG ADOLESCENT SCHOOL GIRLS AND THE IMPACT OF NUTRITION EDUCATION PROGRAMME

T.Sivapriya*1, S.Abilasha2

Journal Title:Global Journal of Engineering Science and Research Management (GJESRM)
Abstract


Anaemia is a significant public health challenge in India. It has devastating effects on health, physical and mental productivity affecting quality of life among adolescents. The overall aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of anaemia among adolescent school girls as well to assess the effectiveness of nutrition education programme. A cross sectional survey was conducted in a higher secondary school in Chennai, Tamilnadu. Hundred adolescent girls aged 13 - 16 years were selected for the study. Informed consent was taken and the individuals were screened for hemoglobin level. Anthropometric measurements including body weight and height were recorded. Dietary intakes of the girls were assessed by 3 day 24 hour recall method. All statistical data were analyzed using the program SPSS. Results predicted that among the 78 % of anaemic adolescent girls 22 % had mild anaemia, 30 % had moderate anaemia and 48 % had severe anaemia. Dietary intake of the girls was found to be inadequate before nutrition education. Knowledge and awareness about anaemia improved significantly after nutrition education. Results were significant at 5 % level.

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