Preliminary phytochemical screening of selected Medicinal Plants
Joseph BS, Kumbhare PH and Kale MC
Journal Title:INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH JOURNAL OF SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
Plants derived bioactive compounds have been the focus of recent research due to their health promoting effects. There is continuous and urgent need to discover new antimicrobial compounds with diverse chemical structures and novel mechanism of action because there has been an alarming increase in the incidence of new and re-emerging infectious diseases. Phytochemicals have great potency as antimicrobial agents. The present investigation was carried out to assess the qualitative phytochemical analysis of leaves of five medicinal plants i.e. Phyllanthus amarus, Clerodendrum viscosum, Ailanthus excelsa, Syzigium cumini and Cassia occidentalis by using polar solvent methanol, non polar hexane and aqueous extract. The phytochemical screening of plant extracts revealed the presence of steroids, Saponin, alkaloids, flavonoids, glycosides, phenolic compounds, tannins, terpenoids and lignin. These phytochemicals have potent antimicrobial efficiency against selected infectious micro-organisms.