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Paper Details

PRELIMINARY PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING OF DESICCATED FRONDS OF SELAGINELLA BRYOPTERRIS (L) BAKER (PITTAKALU)

P. Rupa* and N.Lakshmi Bhavani

Journal Title:World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
Abstract


The present work has been carried on the fern Selaginella bryopteris (L) Baker which belongs to family Selaginellaceae. It shows high desiccation tolerance, during summerfronds are folded inside and form as fist, the desiccated plant rehydrates back with water availability.The present study aims to screen the presence of the various types of phytoconstituents in desiccated plant . For this study both root and stem were extracted using methanol, ethanol and distilled water as solvents. Specific phyto chemical screening tests for each group were adopted to find various phytoconstituents like alkaloids, phenols, saponins, glycosides, steroids, flavonoids, aminoacids, terpenoids, and carbohydrates. The present study revealed the presence of alkaloids, amino acids, tannins, glycosides, steroids, flavonoids and Carbohydrates in both root and stem extracts. But phenols, anthraquinonesandsaponins are absent in both root and stem esxtracts. Terpenoids are present only instemextraction (not screened in aquacious extract). Phytochemicalsare separated effectively in methanol solvent followed by ethanol and distilled water.

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