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Paper Details

Socio-economic status of Lac growers in Korba District of Chhattisgarh

GOVIND PAL* AND R.K. YOGI1

Journal Title:International Journal of Agricultural Sciences
Abstract


The study pertains to data collected from randomly selected 100 Lac growers in Korba district of Chhattisgarh during the year 2008- 09. The study indicated that 48 per cent Lac growers were marginal farmers followed by small (27 %), medium (18 %), semi-medium (5 %) and large (2 %). The majority of Lac growers had education up to middle level. Share of income fromLac was 19.8 per cent and 36.3 per cent of total income and farm income, respectively of Lac growers. In case of off-farm income, maximum income was contributed by labour activity which was 21.2 per cent of total income of farmers. The host utilization percentage was maximum for kusum (56.2 %) followed by palas (44.6 %) and ber (13.1 %). About 68.0 per cent Lac growers produced Lac with average production of 48.6 kg., 21.0 per cent Lac growers had average production of 118.9 kg. and 11.0 per cent Lac growers had average production of 336.8 kg. annually. The study of marketing behavior indicated that around 95 per cent grower sold their produce either in village or in the market/ haat up to 5 km radius. Grading practice was less operational in the area. Lac was used as a cash crop and majority of farmers sold Lac in the lots of 5-10 kg. Around 85 per cent farmers sold Lac immediately after harvesting. Implications of the present study will be helpful in strengthening the socio-economic condition ofLac growers and Lac marketing scenario in Chhattisgarh.

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