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Paper Details

A study on impact of the Lac developmental programmes on Lac economy in Chhattisgarh


Journal Title:International Journal of Agricultural Sciences

Lac is a natural resin secreted by an insect known as Kerria lacca (Kerr.) which thrives on the tender twigs of specific host trees viz., palas (Butea monosperma), ber (Zizyphus mauritiana), kusum (Schleichera oleosa), Ficus sp. Lac, yields three economically and industrially important components i.e. resin, wax and dye. The study pertains to the data collected from randomly selected 400 Lac growers (benefited and non-benefited) in four districts of Chhattisgarh during the year 2008-09. The results indicated that the percentage of host utilization had increased in case of benefited Lac growers in comparison to non-benefited Lac growers. Host utilization percentage of benefited Lac growers was 62.1, 36.2 and 44.5 for palas, ber and kusum, respectively. A shift has been observed in case of benefited Lac growers from lower production group to higher production group in both sticklac and broodlac (seed) production. The share ofLac income in total income has increased in case of benefited Lac growers from 17.0 to 25.2 per cent. About 86.0, 60.0 and 63.0 per cent more employment generation and 185.0, 348.0 (ber-rangeeni) 133.0 (ber-kusmi) and 118.0 per cent increase in net return have been found in Lac cultivation on palas, ber and kusum, respectively, for benefited Lac growers over non-benefited Lac growers. Higher level of broodlac production resulted in self sufficiency in broodlac and more utilization of host trees for Lac cultivation. Higher BC ratio and reduction in cost of production of broodlac and sticklac was found in case of benefited Lac growers in comparison to non-benefited Lac growers for Lac cultivation on all three hosts. This implies that there is need for strengthening and widening the extension activity and developmental programmes on Lac production and marketing so that majority of Lac growers can be empowered with scientific knowledge on Lac cultivation for increasing their income and employment