PHARMACOGNOSTICAL IDENTIFICATION OF ASPARAGUS RACEMOSUS WILLD. (ROOT) WITH THE HELP OF HPTLC METHOD
S. Selvarajan*, V. Gayathri Devi, Anitha John, J. Jeyakannan, D. Balakrishnan,
Journal Title:World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
Asparagus racemosus commonly known as Shatavari is used in
traditional systems of medicine as a uterine tonic, as a galactogogue, in
hyperacidity, and as a general health tonic. The present study provides
a detailed pharmacognostic study based on its physicochemical,
macroscopic, microscopic and chromatographic features. The
physicochemical parameters such as loss on drying, solubility in
different solvents, ash content, acid insoluble ash, water soluble ash,
volatile oil, fibre content etc. were determined by standard methods.
Anatomical features of the roots of Asparagus racemosus were
determined. For this the sample was fixed in FAA, cast into paraffin
blocks and sectioned with the help of Rotary Microtome. The stomata
morphology, venation pattern and trichome distribution were studied.
Microscopic descriptions of tissues were supplemented with micrographs wherever
necessary. Photographs of different magnifications were taken with Nikon Labphot 2
Microscopic Unit. Powder microscopy was carried out using standard methods. HPTLC
profile of the ethyl acetate plant extract was carried out in short UV, long UV and using
vanillin-sulphuric acid as detection reagent. The R
values of the spots developed were noted which is an important parameter for identification of plant materials. The pharmacognostical
parameters along with the HPTLC profile may be utilized to identify the drug material and
for laying down the pharmacopoeial standards.