Prevalence Of Depression Among Osteoarthritis Clients In Baguio City
Florence L. Pulido, Dulcie Amor B. Agad, Charles Fred B. Agustin, Nikki P. Balegan, John Gabriel A. Belino, Sharmaine Khaye O. Boado, Ciarra O. Bucsit, Jaedlyn P. Esalley, Gizelle Anne D. Juico, Jobelle D. Mordenio, Giulia Ariela P. Navarro, Marie Rosario
Journal Title:Proceedings Journal of Interdisciplinary Research
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative and non-inflammatory disorder of movable joints. Depression may be a reaction to pain in osteoarthritis (Romano, 2013). The study aims to determine prevalence of depression among OA clients by determining degree of depression and significant difference in depression according to some factors. Purposive, convenience, and quota sampling were used. 3 respondents were taken per barangay of 129 barangays in Baguio City. Responses were tallied and subjected to percentage, t-test and f-test. The degree of depression of OA clients is normal ups and downs with 191/351(54.42%) respondents. Results show significant differences with genetics and history of bone injury to depression of OA clients and no significant differences as to age, sex, BMI, co-morbidity, occupation, history of joint injury and congenital deformities. There are individuals classified as “clinically depressed”, implying that although results are statistically insignificant, it is clinically significant. Discussions on management of OA should be holistic and integrated into the curriculum. Nurses should individualize care for OA clients because of its different biopsychosocial effects.