ANALYSIS OF PHYTOCHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS IN LEAF EXTRACTS OF CLEOME VISCOSA L.
*A.Rajani, E.M.Sunitha, K.Shailaja
Journal Title:World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
The Present paper focused on phytochemical screening of leaf crude
extracts of Cleome viscosa L. Specific tests were conducted to find out
each group of the phytochemicals of various extracts of Cleome
viscosa L. The leaf extracts of Cleome viscosa L was extracted
separately with methanol, ethanol, acetone, petroleum ether and
chloroform that were screened for their phytochemical constituents.
Among all the extracts tested acetone extracts showed more
phytochemicals than the others followed by methanol, ethanol,
chloroform and petroleum ether. Analysis revealed the presence of
alkaloids, phenols, saponins, steroids, flavonoids, tannins and
terpenoids. The Phytochemical studies indicate that the crude leaf
extracts of Cleome viscosa L Tannins, flavonoids, terpenoids, alkaloids
were mainly found in all the five tested solvent extracts of leaf. Phytochemicals like saponins
are found only in acetone extracts.