Biological control of onion basal rot caused byFusarium oxysporum f. sp. cepae
Journal Title:Asian Journal of Bio Science
Basal rot disease of onion is caused by Fusarium oxysporum Schlechtend: Fr. f. sp. cepae (Hans.). Biocontrol agents were
isolated from the rhizosphere soil of onion cultivated in different places of Tamil Nadu, India. Efficacy of various biocontrol agents
was evaluated for the potential to manage the basal rot of onion in vitro. Among the tested isolates of Trichoderma sp., T.
harzianum (TH 3) gave the greatest (83%) inhibition and Pseudomonas sp. (Pf 12) exerted significantly the greatest (75%)
reduction of mycelial growth of F. oxysporum f. sp. cepae. Based on the laboratory analysis, effective biocontrol agents were
evaluated in glass house and field conditions. Among the thirteen treatments tested in the field, the combination of bacterial and
fungal biocontrol agents (Pf12 +Pf27+ TH3) gave significantly the greatest (85%) disease reduction. These biocontrol agents
were useful as an alternative to chemical control of the onion basal rot and to enhanced growth and yield of onion.