Editorial: Medicina e sociedade
Tatiana Bragança de Azevedo Della Giustina
Journal Title:Revista Bioética
Although the first concerns about bioethics took place after the Great Wars,
especially after World War II, this field of research only took its current shape in the
1970s. In times of social change, bioethical principlism has a lot to contribute to
science and the humanities 1.
Bioethics arises from the technicalization of medicine, with its scientific
advances and the power over life and death, health and disease, quality of life and
suffering, in addition to the socio-cultural changes experienced in the 20th century.
American researcher Van Rensselaer Potter proposed the creation of some kind of
bridge between the area of science and that of the humanities, reflecting, from the
perspective of ethics, on human civilization, individual rights and human dignity 1,2.
These circumstances have drastically changed the dynamics of the physician-patient
relationship, which is currently based on the principle of the patient’s autonomy
over their body and therapeutic decisions. From this, self-determination and the
importance of the informed consent form are prioritized in medical procedures,
both governed by Resolution CNS 466/2012 3.