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Paper Details

Perceptions of medical students and doctors of the autonomy in organ donation  

Perceptions of medical students and doctors of the autonomy in organ donation  

Lúcio Jary Almeida de Moraes, Gabrielle Trevisan, Diego de Carvalho, Jovani Antônio Steffani, Elcio Luiz Bonamigo

Journal Title:Revista Bioética
Abstract


Abstract Brazilian law adopts the family decision as a criterion for organ and tissue donation. The objective of this work was to assess the knowledge and opinion of medical professors, residents, and medical students on the subject. This was a descriptive cross-sectional study using a questionnaire. The survey was answered by 304 scholars split into 3 study cycles, 19 residents, and 30 professors totaling 353 participants. Of all participants, 99,1%% of women and 94,9% of men were in favor of organ and tissue donation. They agreed that the main criterion should be the person’s will, 104 (81.2% n=128) students of the basic cycle, 62 (82.7% n=75) of the clinicians, 82 (81.2% n=101) from the internship, 15 (78,9%) of the residents, and 25 (83.3%) of the professors. It was concluded that the person’s previous manifestation is a relevant criterion for donating their organs and tissues, which can promote respect for their autonomy, family acceptance, and the increase in the number of donors. Keywords: Tissue and organ procurement. Legislation as topic. Personal autonomy. Advance directives.