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Paper Details

Effect of different soilless culture systems on growth, yield and quality of strawberry cv. STRAWBERRY FESTIVAL

FRAIDOON KARIMI*, B. ARUNKUMAR1, M. ASIF1, B.N.S. MURTHY1 AND K.T.VENKATESHA1

Journal Title:International Journal of Agricultural Sciences
Abstract


The study was carried out to investigate the effect of different soilless culture systems (Open-trough, Lay-Flat-Bag and Verti-Gro) on growth, yield and fruit quality of strawberry cv. STRAWBERRY FESTIVAL. Good growth and performance in terms of yield and quality was better with Open-trough as compared to either Lay-Flat-Bag system and/or Verti-Gro system. Maximum leaf area (2478.66 cm2), largest crown diameter (33.75 mm), highest shoot fresh weight (60.97 g) and root fresh weight (16.50g), highest shoot dry weight (21.10 g) and root dry weight (5.74 g) was observed in Open-trough grown plants. Earliness in flowering (43 days) and highest TSS (10.61 B) was also achieved in these plants as well as, highest number of flowers (37.00) and fruits (22.66) and total fruit weight per plant (281.83 g) along with higher marketable fruits (78.33 %). Lower titratable acidity (0.80 %) was observed in the fruits produced from the plants grown in Lay-Flat-Bag and Open-trough (0.83 %) systems. The better performance of the plants grown in open-trough and Lay-Flat-Bag systems were reflected by higher light incidence on leaf surface and photosynthesis rates as compared to those grown in Verti-Gro system.

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