Characterization of seed borne Fusarium sp. biodiversity in major cereals through morphological and molecular basis
M. RAJESH*, T. SENTHIL AND K. PRABAKAR
Journal Title:International Journal of Agricultural Sciences
Totally 8 Fusarium graminearum (Wheat) isolates and 16 Fusarium moniliforme (4 sorghum and 12 maize) isolates were obtained.
F. graminearum and F. moniliforme, the entire plate was completely covered (90 mm) with in 6 and 8 days, respectively. The colour of the
mycelium of F. graminearum was cottony pinkish white in initial days, later it has turned in to red colour or dark red colour. It produced
maximum amount of macroconidia and few microconidia. Most of the isolates produced falcate shape macroconidia with foot cells, few of
isolates produced sickle shape conidia with foot cells. It has 4-6 septation and 22-24 x 2.5-3.5 ?m in size. But in F. moniliforme, the colour of
the mycelium was initially white, later turned in to cream colour or lilac colour. It produced colourless microconidia and rarely produced
macroconidia. Molecular analysis of seed-borne Fusarium sp., all the Fusarium sp. isolates were grouped into two major clusters (similarity
coefficient at 0.65) such as A and B. The cluster A consisted of nine isolate Fg1-8 and Fm14 and these isolates highly variable from other isolates.
Cluster B was divided into two main clusters (similarity co-efficient at 0.69) namely B1 and B2. B1 consisted of twelve isolates and B2 comprised
of one isolate (Fm17).