Genetic variability and inter-relationship among seed quality parameters in field pea (Pisum sativum L.)
P. BASAIWALA, N.K. RASTOGI*, M. PARIKH AND P.K. CHANDRAKAR
Journal Title:International Journal of Agricultural Sciences
Thirty-two field pea genotypes were evaluated for seed quality parameters viz., seed density, hydration capacity per seed, hydration
index, swelling capacity per seed, swelling index, hard seed % and seed size. Among the quality parameters hard seed % had the highest GCV%
followed by swelling index, hydration index and hydration capacity per seed, indicating further possibility of genetic improvement. Moderate
heritability coupled with moderate genetic advance was observed for hydration capacity per seed, swelling index, hard seed % and seed size
indicating predominance of additive gene action in the expression of these traits, which could be utilized through individual plant selection.
Correlation analysis revealed that seed size had significant and positive correlation with hydration capacity per seed, suggesting more intake of
water by bold seeded grains. Hydration capacity per seed had significant positive association with hydration index and swelling capacity per
seed, suggesting water soaking capacity of the seeds will also influence its swelling capacity which is interestingly preferred by the consumer
and fetch higher price. It means that bold seed will intake more water and will increase the swelling capacity of seed. A large hydration capacity
per seed leads to decrease in cooking time, better cooking quality and is ultimately desirable to end user. Hydration capacity per seed had
positive direct effect and significant positive association with seed size, whereas indirect effect via hydration and swelling index. It is suggested
that direct selection of bold seed to increase hydration and swelling capacity of seed would be more rewarding in quality breeding programme
of field pea.