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Outcome of External Ventricular Drainage in Spontaneous Intracerebral Haemorrhage with Ventricular Extension in different GCS Score

Outcome of External Ventricular Drainage in Spontaneous Intracerebral Haemorrhage with Ventricular Extension in different GCS Score

Mahamudul Haque Morshed

Journal Title:Journal of Clinical And Experimental Immunology

Background: Intracerebral Haemorrhage (ICH) is a medical emergency of the highest degree with frequent early neurological deterioration or death. External ventricular drainage (EVD) is the procedure of choice for the treatment of spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage with ventricular extension or blood within the ventricles, acute hydrocephalus and increased intracranial pressure in patients of intracerebral haemorrhage and subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) with hydrocephalus and its sequelae. Objective: The aim and objective of this study was to predict the outcome of pre operative GCS following external ventricular drainage in spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage with ventricular extension. Method: In this was prospective observational studies, a total number of 60 cases were taken purposively for a period of July, 2015- March, 2017 diagnosed by CT scan of brain at Department of Neurosurgery, Dhaka Medical College Hospital. All the patients, fulfilling the inclusion and exclusion criteria, were enrolled for the study. For assessing outcome of EVD in post operative patients and evaluating the efficacy of EVD surgery in follow ups. Glasgow Coma Scale and Glasgow Outcome Scale scoring method for patient assessment were used for outcome of EVD surgery. Result: A total of 60 patients were included in this study, age range was 45 to 86 years. Majority patients, 24 (40.0%) were from 61-70 years of age. The mean age was found 62.0±20. It was observed that 24 (40.00%) patients had GCS 5. GCS 6 was observed in 14(23.33%) patients. GCS 5 and 6 were not found post operatively in any cases. GCS 7 was observed in 14 (23.33%) cases. Whereas, GCS 8, 9, 10 were found in 11 (18.33%), 13 (21.66%), 10(16.66%) cases respectively and 4 cases were died on first post operative day. In most cases GCS level rose to 2 points. GOS at 7th POD died total 12 (20.00%) cases. It was observed that 48 (80.00%) patients were alive Moderate disability existed in 12(25.00%) cases. Again, severe disability and persistent vegetative cases observed in 14(29.16%), 9(18.75%) cases. Glasgow Outcome Scale at 3 months follow up of my study patients, it was observed that total died patients 16 (26.66%). Conclusion: According to my study, majority of the study patients survived following EVD in spontaneous ICH with ventricular extension but most cases was unfavorable outcome which was statistically.