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ANTIFUNGAL EFFECT OF ZINC OXIDE BASED PASTES CONTAINING VARIOUS ESSENTIAL OILS AGAINST CANDIDA ALBICANS AND COMPARISON OF ITS EFFECT WITH ZINC OXIDE EUGENOL published in

Indian Journal of Medical Research and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Somil
Dr.Nilima Thosar*, Dr. Manoj Chandak, Dr.Manohar Bhat, Dr.Silpi Basak Background : Endodontic treatment of primary teeth is required to eliminate microorganisms from the infected root canals having complex root canal anatomy. Objectives: To assess the antifungal effect of zinc oxide paste with tea tree oil, thyme oil, peppermint oil on candida albicans and to compare it with zinc oxide eugenol paste. Materials and methods: Zinc oxide pastes containing essential o ils used in the present study were zinc oxide tea tree oil paste (ZOT); zinc oxide thyme oil paste (ZOTh); zinc oxide peppermint oil paste (ZOP) which were compared with zinc oxide eugenol paste (ZO). Antifungal effect in the form of zones of inhibition wa s evaluated by agar diffusion method. Sabauraud’s dextrose agar medium was used for evaluation of antifungal effect of candida albicans. Statistical analysis was done using one way ANOVA and Tukey’s post - hoc test with significance at the level of 5%. Resul ts: Antifungal effect in the form of zones of inhibition against candida albicans found in decreasing order was ZOTh paste (50.00±0.00)> ZOP paste (45.66±0.51)> ZOT paste (44.33±0.51)> ZOE paste (16.83±0.91) respectively with difference found to be statist ically significant (0.0001, S,p<0. 05). Conclusion: ZOTh paste can be successfully used for root canal filling of deciduous teeth against candida albicans.
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF 64 - BIT DIFFERENT SRAM CELL USING 180NM TECHNOLOGY published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Bhawna*, Ramanjit Singh With ever raising demands of battery operated portable device in market is encouraging the VLSI makers to reduce the power dissipation of the electronics devices so that battery backup can be increased. Static Random Access Memory (Static RAM or SRAM) typically occupies the largest portion of the total digital circuit. The demand for static random - access memory (SRAM) is increasing with large u se of SRAM in System On - Chip and high - performance VLSI circuits. To solve the power dissipation problem, many researchers have proposed different ideas from the device level to the architectural level and above. Due to the fast improvement for low voltage and low power memory design throughout recent year, SRAM has become the issue of significant research to increase require for laptops, integrated circuit (IC) memory cards, notebooks and hand held communication devices. However, there is no universal way to avoid tradeoffs between power, delay and area, thus designers are required to choose appropriate techniques that satisfy application and product needs. SRAM have a wide range of applications, due to its many outstanding attributes including huge storage density, small access time and high noise protection. The power consumption and speed of SRAMs are most important topic that provides a solution which describes various designs that minimize the consumption of power. This article is based on the motivatio n of reduction of the average power consumed in SRAM memory and focuses on the analysis in terms of power dissipation, delay and power delay product of the 6 - transistors, 7 - Transistors and 8 - Transistors SRAM memory cell at 180nm technologies by using the Tanner tool which is having a supply voltage of 1.8 volts. The circuit verification is done on the Tanner tool, Schematic of the SRAM cell is designed on the S - Edit and net list simulation done by using T - spice and waveforms are analyzed thro ugh the W - edit.
Identification of Crisis Situations Factors From the Perspective of Crisis Actors of the Large Urban Units in Slovakia published in

Published by
Juraj Tej, Peter iv?k, Viktria Ali Taha, Michaela Sirkov, Monika Tom?kov The main aim of this study is to analyse the risk management process in the context of (river) catchment basin management and management processes in flood crisis in local government and the specification of the key areas of crisis management from the perspective of crisis/emergency actors - residents of flood areas. Given the large number of studied elements of crisis management was used factor analysis, which aims to characterize the studied reality through a reduced number of factors. Using critical analysis were extracted factors - key elements of crisis management - representing areas of interest of the population during crisis situations caused by water, to which crisis management and crisis communicationshould focus.
Laser irradiation effects on ultrafine carbon-coated LiFePO4 using a modified solid state synthesis and olive oil as carbon source published in

Mediterranean Journal of Chemistry

Published by Abdelaziz SOUIZI
Ghazi Ben Amor, Noureddine Amdouni, Habib Boughzala, Jean Marc Grenche Nano-size LiFePO4/C composite was synthesized via a modified solid state reaction method. Olive oil is used as carbon source. The conventional solid state process was modified by introducing two initial steps of slurry phase blending of the ingredients and solvent removal by rotary evaporation, so as to get an intimate mixing and homogenous dispersion of reactants and conductive carbon in the sample. Both structure and morphology of the LiFePO4/C composite sample have been characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Mssbauer spectrometry, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and Raman spectroscopy. The LiFePO4/C composite exhibited a high crystallinity. The particles of synthesized LiFePO4/C were fine and homogeneous in size, with an average diameter of 100nm. Since the thermal effect of laser irradiation may possibly alter material surface, particular attention has been paid in characterizing the structure and component of the material surface by Raman spectroscopy. Electrochemical measurements show that the LiFePO4/C composite cathode delivers an initial discharge capacity of 146 mAh g?1 between 2.5 and 4.3Vat a C/10 rate (a charger rated C/10 would return the battery capacity in 10 hours).
A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE GREEN BIOSYNTHESIS SILVER NANO PARTICLES USING DRIED LEAVES OF BOERHAAVIA DIFFUSA L. AND CICHORIUM INTYBUS L. WITH REFERENCE TO THEIR ANTIMICROBIAL POTENTIAL published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
K. Bharathi 1, V. Thirumurugan1*, M. Kavitha1, G. Muruganadam1, K. Ravichandran2, M. Seturaman3 Objectives:The green biosynthesis of nanoparticles play a vital role in present day research because of their wider application in many fields of biological science and medicine. The biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles are done using dried leaves of Boerhaavia diffusa (S1) and Cichorium intybus (S2) by reacting these samples with 1mM concentration of silver nitrate. Methods: Characterization are done using UV Spectroscopy, XRD, SEM, EDAX and FTIR, Antibacterial and antifungal studies are carried out for synthesized nanoparticles using two plant sources. Results: UV , XRD, SEM, EDAX and FTIR confirms the formation, crystal structure, size, elemental silver formation and functional group responsible for the capping and stabilization of nanoparticles. Both plants sources are possessed antibacterial and antifungal activities. Conclusion: Boerhaavia diffusa L. and Cichorium intybus L. plant sources have good capabilities for synthesize silver nano particles by biological route. Synthesized nanoparticles by both sources have antibacterial and antifungal properties.
EFFECT OF CONSUMER ETHNOCENTRISM ON PERCEIVED SERVICE QUALITY AND EXAMINATION OF THIS CONTEXT BY CULTURAL RELATIVITY AND DEMOGRAPHIC FACTORS: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY published in

Journal of Management, Marketing and Logistics(JMML)

Published by PressAcademia
Husniye Ors, Veysel Yilmaz, Murat Dogan Consumer ethnocentrism and perceived service quality continue to be major concepts of the marking science. As stressed in the literature, the present study on the idea that consumer ethnocentrism should be used as a separating variable in market fragmentation, and that performance of service product should be put forward together with service quality reveals the effect of consumer ethnocentrism on the perceived service quality. The findings from the analyses conducted with respect to the data obtained from 269 respondents from different countries are: education has an effect on the perceived service quality; consumer ethnocentric tendencies levels differ according to nationalities and cultural relativity; ethnocentric tendencies of consumers from collectivist cultures are higher than those of consumers from individualist cultures and consumer ethnocentrism affect the perceived service quality. Keywords: Consumer ethnocentrism, service quality, cultural relativity, tourism sector, structural equation modelling. JEL Classification: M3, M16, C39
SYNTHESIS, ANTIMICROBIAL, ANTITUBERCULAR AND CYTOTOXIC STUDIES OF SOME PYRIMIDINE DERIVATIVES DERIVED FROM CHALCONES published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
*K. Ishwar Bhat, Abhishek Kumar, Pankaj Kumar & Riyaz E.K A series of novel 6-(substituted phenyl)-4-(nitrophenyl) pyrimidin-2-ol (RPY1-RPY6) have been synthesized upon refluxing with 3-(4- nitrophenyl)-1-phenyl substituted prop-2-en-1-one in presence of urea and glacial acetic acid. 3-(4-nitrophenyl)-1-phenyl substituted prop-2- en-1-one (RC1-RC6) were prepared by reaction with 4- nitrobenzaldehyde and substituted acetophenones in presence of NaOH. The structures of the final synthesized compounds were confirmed by IR, 1H NMR and mass spectra. All the new compounds were screened for their in-vitro antimicrobial, antitubercular and cytotoxic activities. Most of the compounds have exhibited promising antibacterial, antifungal, antitubercular and cytotoxic activities.
A SURVEY ON RAINFALL PREDICTION USING DATAMINING published in

Published by
Sangari.R.S, Dr.M.Balamurugan India is an agricultural country and its economy is largely based upon crop productivity. For analyzing the crop productivity, rainfall prediction is require and necessary. Rainfall Prediction is the application of science and technology to foretell the state of the atmosphere. It is important to exactly determine the rainfall for effective use of water resources, crop productivity and pre planning of water structures. Using data mining techniques we can predict rainfall. Data mining techniques are used to estimate the rainfall numerically. This paper focuses some of the data mining algorithms for rainfall prediction. Naive Bayes, K- Nearest Neighbour algorithm, Decision Tree, Neural Network and fuzzy logic are some of the algorithms compared in this paper. From that comparison, we can analyze which method gives better accuracy for rainfall prediction.
Economic Empowerment of Women In India: Status and Implications published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Navjot Kaur Women empowerment has got different dimensions (economic, social and political) out of which economic empowerment is most crucial because it brings other types of empowerment along with. India is accelerating fast on the growth track but the rapid economic development necessitates the optimum use of the available human resources both male & female. The analysis of data on literacy rate among women, female labour force participation, male- female employment & wage gap reveals that gender parity in India is at abominable low level. This is a big impediment to the process of financial inclusion and social justice that has been initiated in India. India is a part of 20 worst performing countries on female labour force participation, estimated earned income, literacy rate and sex ratio indicators. It is at 114th position out of 140 countries ranked under gender gap index by world economic forum. Public policy has to take rapid and decisive measures to reduce the gender gap which has high economic and social returns.
A REVIEW OF PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT USING THE BALANCED SCORECARD IN PUBLIC SECTOR published in

Asia Pacific Journal of Advanced Business and Social Studies

Published by Asia Pacific Institute of Advanced Research
Amanah Pasaribu, M. Gilang Dwi Andika,Reza Rachmanda, Dermawan Wibisono The different nature of the public sector made the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) implementation in this sector is interesting to be studied.The objectives of this research were to observe the implementation of BSC in the public sector during 2010-2015 and to identify the most notable performance perspective in the public sector. Even though BSC implementation in the public sector has its advantages, there are several challenges in measuring performance management in this sector.Several things to be considered to measure performance in the public sector were:morale of human capital, changing the executing ideas from manager to be everyday task, incentives for exceptional performanceneeds careful evaluation, silence on management related to public services is more complex than private sector activities, and era of rapid technological development. The research was done by observing 15 papers regarding of BSC implementation in the public sector during 2010-2015.The observation resulted that40% of public sector organizations in the reviewed papers still using financial perspective as highest outcome. Another finding from this survey is that learning and growth perspective considered important because 93.3% of reviewed organizations using this perspective. This percentage is higher than any other perspective. There are two conclusions of this research; the first conclusion is most of reviewed public sector organizations still using financial perspective as highest outcome. The second conclusion is in public sector organizations, learning and growth perspective considered as the most important perspective. Keywords: The Balanced Scorecard, performance perspective, public sector
Art and computer usage: Representational environments of digital games and handling them as non-verbal communication actions published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Papadopoulou Agness The question that arises is what the role of computer environments and specifically digi-tal games which are used in the learning process is and how art is involved. The goal was and remains the concord of nature with our cognitive ability, while the notorious cyber-culture (posthuman) in recent decades leaned towards the view of an osmosis of humans and machines. Insurmountable obstacles for that osmosis are the processes of subjectifi-cation, as technologies de-subjectify. However, digital machines possess informational transparency, encode information and constitute an additional tool. On the other hand, art opens ways to the immaterial, today, of course, different from the experiments of art-ists during the 1960s. Art achieves the rupture with the limits that the real world sets and lends enormous possibilities for the depiction of structures, either adapted and with a specific cultural content representations or provoking the collaboration between imag-ination and intellect.
A Study on Internet Banking(Ib) Services: Identifying Major Contributing Factors in Consumer Perception published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Prashant G. Tandale, Dr. Sudhakar D. Bhoite Internet banking is increasingly becoming popular because of convenience and flexibility. The present paper explores the major factors responsible for internet banking based on respondents perception on various internet applications. It also provides a framework of the factors which are taken to assess the internet banking in view with consumer perception.
VISUAL REPRESENTATION OF ENERGY FLUX DENSITY IN THE BACKSPACE OF CIRCULAR APERTURE REFLECTOR ANTENNA FOR MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS published in

Theoretical & Applied Science

Published by International Academy of Theoretical & Applied Sciences
Marina Yurevna Zvezdina; Yuliya Aleksandrovna Shokova; Andrey Viktorovich Shokov; Maksim Andreevich Andronov; Vladimir Igorevich Tyulpin The results of electromagnetic situation research in the backspace of mobile system reflector antennae are given. It is shown that in spite of mirror construction details the energy flux value in antenna backspace at phase center level is twice as big as the permissible exposure limit. The visualization results for energy flux density distribution are given, the possible implementation is shown.
Analysing the Effect of Different Financial Ratios on the Performance of the Indian Pharmaceutical Industry published in

Published by
Nishkam Prabodh, Yoshita Agrawal This paper presents an overview of the Indian pharmaceutical industry, including statistical figures of the major players in the Large Cap, Mid Cap and Small Cap domains. Using the financial ratios of these companies, this paper suggests an econometric model that infuses the effects of these ratios in order to ascertain the financial performance of the company. It a sumes ROE to be the main indicator of the performance of a firm/sector and identifies the relationship between ROE and the different factors and from there on suggests conclusions for the decision makers.
Saving the big cats from extinction a systems approach to study Indias environmental initiatives to protect the Bengal tigers published in

International Journal of Renewable Energy and Environmental Engineering

Published by Basha Research Corporation (BRCORP)
Asish Oommen Mathew, Vasanth Kamath, Lewlyn L. R. Rodrigues Tigers (Panthera tigris), the biggest cat species in this world, are facing an all time challenge of survival and existence on planet Earth. The International Union of Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has rated the conservation status of Tigers as Endangered. There were nine sub-species of tigers known to exist, out of which three of them have walked into extinction in the 20th century. Since then, the warning bells have been going on for the remaining tiger population existing across the globe, which was estimated to be just below 4000 by the beginning of the new millennium. Out of this more than 50% belongs to the sub-species The Bengal Tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) which lives across the Asian countries India, Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh. The population of Bengal tigers in India alone is approximately 1700 as per the national tiger census held in the year 2010. India in co-operation with the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) has started various environmental projects in the last few decades, to save their national animal from extinction. This research aims at analyzing the various factors affecting the survival of Tigers in India - the most important being environmental habitat destruction, environmental habitat fragmentation & poaching, and also the measures taken by the Government of India to protect its tigers. A system dynamics (SD) cause and effect model is developed, incorporating the diverse factors identified, to study the various reinforcing and balancing forces of the system. The research methodology employed for this research will be in line with the SD modelling process as proposed by Sterman (2000) which constitutes a five stage process viz. Problem articulation, Dynamic hypothesis development, Formulation, Testing and Policy formulation & evaluation. The outcome of this research enables to describe the various interactions between the different factors of the system influencing the tiger population. A stock & flow SD model for simulation analysis is developed to forecast what would be the tiger population trend in India for the next few decades, on implementation of different types of conservation strategies.
OPTIMIZATION METHODOLOGIES OF MIXED ELECTRICAL GENERATORS IN ALGERIA BASED ON RENEWABLE APPLICATION TO TELECOMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS published in

Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences

Published by University of El Oued
H. Zeraia, A. Malek and C. Larbes This article deals of the optimization of renewable energy electric generators, for the alimentation of radio telecommunication systems. The principals interests of this system are the independence production, and the supplying of electric energy in isolated localities. Have at ones the energetic and economic models, and simulation tools, we effected an optimization study based on mixed productions. For this approach, the energetic resources of sites where are implanted telecommunications systems and their consumption are supposed known. Then the problem is the optimization of electric generators using these resources, enable to have an optimal type system for the powering of telecommunications equipments in rural site of Algeria. Next it is quite possible to command these optimized generators by a control circuit. This circuit make possible to have according to availability of resources, one of mixed systems found, then telecommunications system be always supplied in any possible case, and without any shortage.
Demographic Factors Contributing to the Psychosocial Competence of Adolescents published in

Published by
Dr. Anita Bhat, Dr. Vijayalaxmi A. Aminabhavi No matter where one lives in the world, his surroundings, people and events do have some impact on human being. This holds well on adolescents also, who are influenced by their age, sex, order of birthand SES etc. This paper attempts to look into the demographic factors contributing to the psychosocial competence of adolescents. A sample of 220 adolescents studying in IX and X standards was drawn from the high schools of Dharwad city. Along with the demographic sheet, psychosocial competence scale constructed by Dindigal and Aminabhavi was used in the study. The results revealed that out of many demographic factors, number of siblings and SES have emerged as contributing factors to overall psychosocial competence of adolescents. Adolescents having two siblings have lower psychosocial competence and children from upper class have better psychosocial competence
Electronic Commerce the Emerging Trend of India published in

Published by
M.Vidya, Dr.K.Dhevan Change is inevitable and necessary for success and achievements in business as well as life. E-commerce had made fabulous initiation in the modern days supporting the buyers and sellers. The growth of the E-commerce has spread over nations and countries are apparent through worldwide trading in the net. Netizens gradually browse or search for information and finally end up in viewing the commercial websites. E-commerce makes an individual to equip and adopt himself to make an easier purchase in a few minutes by a click of the mouse. The world has become closer and narrower bringing the necessaries and luxuries bound up in a single package of the World Wide Web. This development acts as a profitable venture to the companies and customers.
A PERFORMANCE OF A WINDOW AIR CONDITIONER USING ALTERNATIVE REFRIGERANTS R22 AND R290 published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Dr. B. Sachuthananthan,*, T. Naresh Kumar, A.Muthu Manokar The security of database is very important as data is the most valuable asset in the modern environment. Various security methodologies are available to secure databases. Most of the available methodologies focus on access control of the database, but there may be situations when someone intentionally or accidentally break or bypass the access control mechanism of the database and hence the confidentially of the database could be compromised. Various methods are available to preserve the confidentially of the database in those situations. The best solution in this case is encryption. Various Researchers proposed different methods by which the database encryption can be enforced and the content of database is encrypted and decrypted efficiently. All Encryption techniques available till date converts plain text into cipher text but the length of both will be same, this is a serious shortcoming of available cryptographic approach for example some attacker can guess the plain text by accessing the length of cipher. In this paper we elaborate the use of database encryption to protect the database content. We propose a User supplied Key based authentication which generates the cipher of different length in comparison to plain text. By the use of this approach database can be protected against various kind of vulnerabilities.
SYNTHESIS AND EVALUATION OF PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES OF SOME 1,3,4-OXADIAZOLES,1,2,4-TRIAZOLES POSSESSING s-TRIAZOLE MOIETY published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
*D.Kumudha, T.Kalavathi, R.Venkatanarayanan, R.R.Reddy Starting from substituted benzohydrazides, 2-(3-mercapto-5-substituted phenyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-4-yl) acetohydrazide[6a-d] were prepared. From [6a-d], a series of new 1,3,4-oxadiazoles [9a-d], 1,2,4-triazoles [10a1-a2 10d1-d2 ] were synthesized and evaluated for anticonvulsant, CNS depressant activity and Neurotoxicity.
MATHEMATICAL MODELING IN EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY published in

Theoretical & Applied Science

Published by International Academy of Theoretical & Applied Sciences
Georgy Vasilevich Tokmazov The problem of formation of mathematical modeling in educational activity associated with the organization of research planning, orieorganization of production of any form.
On noise stability of secretive subband data embedding in the image published in

Bulletin of the National Technical University "Kharkov Polytechnic Institute". A series of "Information and Modeling"

Published by National Technical University "Kharkov Polytechnic Institute"
Zhilyakov E.G, Chernomorets A.A, Bolgova E.V. The paper shows the advantage of secretive subband data embedding in the image-container subareas of spatial frequency in stability (as well as in volume of the embedding information) to the effects of varying intensity additive noise in comparison with the method of replacing the Discrete Cosine Transform coefficients. Figs.: 1. Tabl.: 2. Refs.: 8 titles.
A Rare Combination of VACTERL Association with Prune Belly Syndrome- Case Report and Review of Literature published in

Published by
Asaranti Kar1*, Madhumita Mohanty1, Tushar Kar1, Ipsita Dha1, Lity Mohanty1, Manoranjan Das1 VACTERL association (any three of vertebral, anal, cardiac, tracheo-esophageal, renal/radial and limb defects) and Prune belly syndrome (complete or partial triad of abdominal muscle deficiency, bilateral cryptorchidism and dilated urinary tract) are cngenital malformations affecting many body systems. These are derivatives of causally nonspecific disruptive events of the developmental field occuring during early blastogenesis. Many of these cases are sporadic in families without much recurrence. These lesions may be associated with other malformations but concurrence of VACTERL with Prune belly syndrome is extremely rare. Routine antenatal check up and ultrasonography can help in diagnosis of most of them. But, many times a detail autopsy examination is needed to detect the variety of malformations and categorise them into specific syndromes. We describe a rare combination of VCTERL with Prune belly syndrome and many associated anomalies of a 28 weeks neonate delivered vaginally by a 37 years second gravida. Keywords: Autopsy; Prune Belly Syndrome; Single Umbilical Artery; VACTERL
Study of Coexistence of Both Superficial Radial and Superficial Ulnar Artery in the Same Limb published in

Published by
Dr. D. H. Gopalan, Mrs. M. Vani, Mr. A. Sasikumar, Mrs. S. Subamalani A study was carried out to find out the prevalence of coexistence of both superficial radial and superficial ulnar artery in the same limb. Out of 30 upper limbs dissected, in one upper limb, a coexistence of both superficial radial and superficial ulnar artery in the same limb had been identified. Its course, relationships with neighbouring structures and termination were studied. As this variation is concerned with various surgical procedures, this case was studied and reported.
UNDERSTANDING INDIAN REALITY THROUGH R.K. NARAYAN’S FICTION published in

Veda's Journal of English Language & Literature(JOELL)

Published by VEDA PUBLICATIONS
Dasari Praveen (Lecturer in English, Andhra Loyola College, Vijayawada-08.) Rasipuram Krishnaswami Iyer Narayana Swami widely regarded as India's greatest writer and India's first fulltime writer in English. His parents were highly principled, had a strong belief in the value of education, and shared a liberal perspective on life that worked against orthodoxy, religious and social beliefs. His interest in English Literature was reinforced by the unlimited access to the library in the school of which his father was the head master. Regular in flows of journals from England kept Narayan abreast of the London literacy scene of the 1920's. He had the habit to read, muse, take long walks, savour nature and started to try hand at writing. In the fiction of R. K. Narayan, one can find the true representation of Contemporary Indian Life, traditions and culture in its vivid and realistic form. The Social realism is extensively and minutely described.
Analysis of Rain Water Harvesting System for Artificial Recharge of Groundwater for Gandhinagar District, Gujarat published in

PARIPEX-INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Nimisha G Patel, Dr. A.M.Prabhakar In the present world scenario, In a progressive and developing society it is natural that demands of water always remain on the rise. Rainfall is seasonal and is not evenly distributed. So, we face the fury of floods and droughts. Every increasing human population has escalated the consumption of water. This has created a tremendous pressure over water system like lakes and rivers. Underground water table is also depleting alarming due to excessive tapping in the dry seasons. We are entering an era which availability of freshwater is becoming scarce. Fresh water is a gift of nature to living beings. Rain is the main source of fresh water. Rainwater harvesting and artificial recharge structure are innovative method to solve this demand. Gandhinagar is the capital of Gujarat state the problems of low water level and water quality standard is affected in the whole district. The piezometric well and artificial well data analysis by bar chart and using Golden Surfer Software. The study is useful to know effectiveness of artificial recharge in water level and water quality.
الاقتباس القرآني في أدعية الصحيفة السجادية خصائصه ووظائفه published in

Education College Journal

Published by Education College
أ.م.د خولة مهدي شاكر الجراح
A Glimpse of Child Abuse in the History of English Literature published in

Published by
Ruchee Children are visualized as angels and most innocent creation of god. Despite this fact they are most victimized, exploited, marginalized and abused members of the society. The lively, happy and jovial picture of children is quite visible in the folk tales, childrens stories, fairy tales and fables .It has always been assumed that all the children on earth are safe and sound in the very hands of caregivers and caretakers. But the darker side of reality is that the protectors are actually the violators. This truth is quite implicit even in the happiest and world renowned tales like Cinderella, Beauty and the Beast and Hansel and Gretel, etc. This is true not only in the case of female children but also applicable in the case of male children. Literature is the mirror of the society and a vent to those hidden realities of culture, religion and society which never come to surface or which are not sanctioned by the constructors of the social norms until triggered. It is only possible through the pathway of literature that these realities come out consciously or unconsciously in the wrap of aesthetic vocabulary in acceptable way. One of such theme pertaining to childhood is child abuse which has never been talked about so openly due to orthodoxy, patriarchy, societal taboos, religious restraints and psychological constraints. The present paper seeks to trace the brief history of child abuse in literature.
Rhabdomyolysis as an Unusual Complication of Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic State published in

Published by
Ahmed Abdel-Fattah Denewar, Nagib AM*, Aliaa Risk Ismael, Abbas MH, Refaie AF Objectives: Hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state (HHS) is one of the serious metabolic derangements that occurs in patients with diabetes mellitus, Cases associated with hyperosmolarity due to diabetic ketoacidosis or hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state have also been described, and hypophosphatemia may contribute to the risk of rhabdomyolysis in some of these patients, Rhabdomyolysis is a potentially life-threatening syndrome characterized by muscle necrosis and the release of intracellular muscle contents into the circulation, associated acute kidney injury (AKI) and severe electrolyte derangements are life threatening, and are accompanied by extreme elevations in CK levels. Case Report: A 47 year-old Egyptian gentleman, admitted to our center ICU with obtundation and dehydration with a 4-day history of generalized weakness, nausea and persistent vomiting. The patient had strong family history of type 2 diabetes mellitus. On admission, Neurological evaluation was irrelevant. Radiological evaluations revealed left basal pneumonic patch. His relatives deny any history of drug or alcohol abuse. Laboratory evaluation fulfilled the proposed diagnostic criteria for acute kidney injury, rhabdomyolysis and Hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state. Conclusion: Type 2 diabetes mellitus may be presented for the first time by serious complication as HHS which in turn can cause a sever morbidities like rhabdomyolysis and acute kidney injury.
Studies on the Impact of Arpa River Check Dams on the Microenvironment of District Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh published in

Nature Environment and Pollution Technology

Published by Technoscience Publications
S. J. A. Bhat and S. M. Geelani Bilaspur city is second largest city of the Chhattisgarh state and the River Arpa is the lifeline of this district. Arpa River has its origin from the lust dense forest area of Khondari-Khongsara. In 147 kms of the river length, it contributes more than 90 kms to the forest area, including Bilaspur city and irrigated lands of this district before meeting to Seonath river. The river is having catchment area of about 2022 sq. km. During rainy season its water level raises 2-3 meters up and in summer it moves 5 meters down. The river bed is mostly sandy with thickness of about 1.5 meter and few rock exposures at some places. More than ten check dams (Khondari, Belgahana, Lachhanpur, Rapta, Torwa, Darrighat, Sherwani, Kaneri, Mangla, etc.) have been constructed on this river. Earlier these check dams were constructed to overcome the problem of irrigation and for human welfare. But due to reduction in water level of origin site since last five years its water content is decreasing day by day and these check dams have become danger for the livelihood in the area. The maximum part of rain water gets stored in these check dams and is used by the people as a result little water reaches to Bilaspur city. Deforestation around the banks of Arpa river near the Bilaspur city has increased the pollution, thereby making the environment unstable. Study reveals that the sincere efforts need to be taken to manage the various check dams on the river for successful harvesting and recycling of rain water during monsoon season so that microenvironment of the city can not be adversely affected.
ANALYSIS OF WIDE BURNISHING TECHNOLOGY APPLICATION RESULTS IN MASS PRODUCTION OF CRANKSHAFTS published in

Theoretical & Applied Science

Published by International Academy of Theoretical & Applied Sciences
Aleksey Aleksandrovich Lukyanov; Olesya Olegovna Levitskih; Andrey Victorovich Ezhelev In this paper experience of machine parts processing with surface plastic deformation technology with high productivity is presented by the processing of under-gland journal of crankshaft of Lada Priora and Lada Kalina cars example. Results of experimental studies which directed on application efficiency of proposed technology determining are presented.
DURABILITY CONSIDERATIONS FOR DAM CONCRETE IN ACIDIC HYDRO ENVIRONMENT – A CASE STUDY published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Kachhal Prabhakar*, RP Pathak, N Sivakumar Concrete can be made which will perform satisfactorily when exposed to various atmospheric conditions, to most waters and soils containing chemicals etc. There are, however, certain aggressive conditions under which the useful life of even the best concrete will be short. Understanding these conditions permit measures to be taken to prevent or reduce deterioration. Peculiar problems like deterioration of concrete due to poor water quality, problem of leaching of lime in seepage galleries, high temperature of water springs inside head race tunnels, acidic hydro environment etc. have been encountered during the pre and post construction investigations at various projects. In addition, the concrete deterioration is directly influenced by various geographical, climatic and ecological conditions. In these conditions, the designing and construction pose challenges for making long term durable concrete. Water plays an important role as the chemical reactions between cement and water for setting and hardening of cement. The long term sustainability of these structures is largely dependent on hydroenvironment. Most of the regions in Assam State, Coal mines are wide spread. The autonomy gives freedom to the people to mine at their own will. Mining operations has led to extensive environment degradation and imparts acidic character in natural waters flowing around it. The present paper highlights the study of field and laboratory investigations of river Kopili and its tributaries and also discusses remedial measures for dam concrete for upcoming hydro power project in North East region of India.
Apriori Rule Based Continuous Processing of Preference Queries published in

Published by
P.Kiruthika During the course of this project, the frequency value is found using ranking function. This concept is used in Real Estate Property Management Application. Hence this web application is useful to the users who buying property can get the accurate rank value with highest priority. Already we have a ranking function which is based upon Top-k query and Skyline query algorithm that provides the approximate ranking value. Top-k dominating queries use an intuitive scoring function which ranks multidimensional points with respect to their dominance power, i.e., the number of points that a point dominates. The k points with the best (e.g., highest) scores are returned to the user. Both top-k and skyline queries have been studied in a streaming environment, where changes to the data set are very frequent. In comparison to continuous top-k and skyline queries, continuous top-k dominating queries pose additional challenges. Two exact algorithms ( EVA [Event Based Algorithm], ADA [Advanced Algorithm] ) are studied, and among them ADA, which is enhanced with additional optimization techniques, shows the best overall performance.
Improved Human Identification using Finger Vein Images? published in

International Journal of Computer Science and Mobile Computing - IJCSMC

Published by Mohammad Zainuddin
Sameer Sharma, Mr. Shashi Bhushan, Ms. Jaspreet Kaur? Finger vein is a unique physiological biometric for identifying individuals based on the physical characteristics and attributes of the vein patterns in the human. The technology is currently in use or development for a wide variety of applications, including credit card authentication, automobile security, employee time and attendance tracking, computer and network authentication, end point security and automated teller machines. The proposed system simultaneously acquires the finger-vein and low-resolution finger image images and combines these two evidences using a novel score-level combination strategy. Examine the previously proposed finger-vein identification approaches and develop a new approach that illustrates it superiority over prior published efforts. In this thesis developed and investigated two new score-level combinations, i.e., Gabor filter, Repeated Line Tracking with Median filter and comparatively evaluate them with more popular score-level fusion approaches to ascertain their effectiveness in the proposed system.
Suggestion Expressed By the Paddy Growers in Adoption of Integrated Pest Management published in

Published by
S. A. DHENGE, D.M.MANKAR The study was conducted in Lakhani, Sakoli and Lakhandur tahsilsof Bhandara district in eastern Vidarbha of Maharashtra State. The sample constituted 120 paddy farmers drawn from 12 villages. The exploratory design of social research was used. Revealed that (95.83% ) aware the people through booklets to identify of friendly insect, (91.67%) technical guidance for preparation of organic manure, (75%) farmers suggested to Demonstration regarding Installation of Pheromone traps, (71.67%) farmers suggested guidance for availability plant protection appliances ,(62.5%) of farmer suggested technical guidance for seed treatment with thirum, ,(60.83%) Demonstration regarding preparer brine solution, (56.67%) Information should be regarding pest and disease resistant varieties, (55.83%) to avail the crop loan facility from bank or financial institution for routine agricultural operation.
Assessment of Oral Candida Carrier Status in A Dental Hospital published in

Published by
Seema Patil, Asha R Iyengar, Sonali Ghai Choudhury, Subash B Vasudeva, Sankarsan Choudhury The present study aimed to assess the candidal carriage status amongst patients visiting the dental outpatient department particularly in subjects with hypertension, hypothyroidism, tobacco habits and blood group secretor status. A total of 191 subjects were selected for the study and grouped into four categories based on tobacco habits, medically compromised conditions (diabetes, bronchial asthma, hypertension, and hypothyroidism) potentially malignant conditions and denture wearers. The fifth group included subjects who had a combination of any of the above. Cytological smears were obtained from the oral cavity in all subjects and examined for candidal hyphae. Based on the candidal load, a candidal carriage score was assigned for each subject. This was followed by the calculation of mean candidal carriage score (MCCS) for each group. It was noted that subjects in fifth group (subjects with multiple predisposing factors) had the highest MCCS(1.47). Amongst subjects with a single predisposing factor, denture wearers had the highest MCCS(1.31) followed by medically compromised conditions(1.21 ). Subjects with tobacco habits and potentially malignant conditions had a lower MCCS(0.91 ). The difference between the five groups was found to be statistically significant (p value - 0.0066). Individuals with Blood group O had higher MCCS although the difference was not statistically significant . It may be inferred from the present study that hypertension, hypothyroidism, tobacco habits and blood group secretor status donot influence the candidal carriage status to a large extent.
Making Durgapur Aerotropolis Environmentally Viable published in

Published by
Debanjana Chatterjee The civil aviation sector in India is growing at a phenomenal pace.India's domestic aviation market has tripled in the past five years (IATA, 2012) and thus becoming a major contributor to the country's economy. The aviation industry, which was limited to the metropolitan areas, has now spread its wings to the smaller cities. Durgapur Aerotropolis is Indias first green field private airport along with the concept of Aerotropolis, located near Durgapur in West Bengal.Environmental implications of this Aerotropolis can be a serious issue ifthe project area is environmentally sensitive like Durgapur due to its location being adjacent to the coal reserve. In this paper attempts has been made to identify the issues regarding the proposed site and recommendations have been made in form of suggestions along with identification of a probable alternative site location to make this Aerotropolis environmentally viable.
Quality Assurance in Higher Education: Present Scenario and Challenges in India published in

PARIPEX-INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr. Rajive Kumar Higher Education as system, process and product of education in a society is not an accidental phenomenon. It evolves an answer to the socio-economic need and philosophical, religious aspirations of its people. Quality is a critical factor in influencing the educational outcome of the educational institute on one hand and employability of the graduates on the other. In todays contemporary world the interests of many stakeholders like students, parents, future employers, the State and funding bodies need to be taken care of while developing a strategy leading to quality in higher education. The academic freedom and flexibility granted to educational institutes like universities make the adoption of quality control exercise a complex and difficult one. This necessitates developing a stringent monitoring mechanism to maintain and improve the standards of education.
Quantum Mechanical Based Study of Coordinating Ability of Methylthioacetamide published in

Journal of Chemical, Biological and physical sciences

Published by Scientific and Academic Association
P. P. Singh*, Priyanka Mishra and Jitendra Pratap Singh It is well known fact that the bonding occurs at sulphur atom in thioamides. In order to prove this fact we have considered methylthioacetamide and calculated eigen values and eigen vectors using Cache software. With the help of eigen vectors, the concentrations of electrons on sulphur and nitrogen atoms of methylthioacetamide have been calculated. The sum of contributions of dorbitals of sulphur atom in the formation of molecular orbitals is smaller as compared to p-orbitals of nitrogen atom. This indicates that the bonding takes place at sulphur atom.
Low-Valent Organometallic Derivatives of Palladium (0), Platinum (0), Rhodium (I) and Iridium (I) with Ammonium Salt of Thioglycolic Acid published in

Published by
R. N. Pandey, Rakesh Ranjan Palladium (0), Platinum (0), Rhodium (I) and Iridium (I) derivatives of triphenyl phosphine ligated by ammonium salt of thioglycolic acid are prepared, characterized and structure are deduced using elemental analysis, magnetic moment, conductance, IR, UV-vis and 1H NMR spectral data. The unionised and uncoordinated free COONH4 group is present and bonding occurs through thiol sulphu
THE CARDIOVASCULAR ACTIVITY OF BENZOPYRANS: A REVIEW published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Soma Pramanik*, Amit Kumar Das, Kinjal Patel Benzopyrans (chromene) are synthetically versatile substrates, where they can be used for the synthesis of a large variety of heterocyclic compounds, and as raw material for drug synthesis. The advances in the use of benzopyrans for the pharmacological properties mainly the cardiovascular properties during the several years are reported in this review.
A comparative study of Open Book-Open Web (OBOW) exams and Invigilated Closed Book-Pen and Paper (ICBPP) exams published in

Merit Research Journal of Education and Review (MRJER)

Published by Merit Research Journals
Mohammed Amanullah, Gaffar Sarwar Zaman, Ayyub Ali Patel and Khalid Mohanna This paper evaluates the effectiveness of open book-open web (OBOW) examinations in comparison to invigilated closed book-pen and paper exams. An OBOW exam was conducted during April 2013, wherein 127 students participated in it. The result obtained in this exam was compared with the invigilated exam taken by the same students previously. The percentage of marks obtained by the students were graded as A for 90-100% marks, B, C, D and F for 80-89%, 70-79%, 60-69% and 0-60% respectively. Some students were placed under ungraded category (U grade), as they faced some technical problems during the exam. Cheating was assessed based upon the time at which the student started taking the exam, the total time taken to complete it and the marks they scored. The results indicated that there was no notable difference in the results between the two types of exams. The number of students scoring A grade was almost the same in both the type of exams viz. 36% of all the students scored A grade in OBOW as against 38% of the students in the invigilated exam. However the number of students scoring lower grades i.e. B to F was more in OBOW exams then the invigilated exams. A few cheating cases were observed in the OBOW exam and also in the invigilated exam, which is unavoidable in any circumstance. About 10 students faced technical problems like loss of internet connection, slowing of the internet connection due to traffic congestion in the network, hanging of the users computer system. It can be concluded that OBOW exams are better in accessing the students ability to understand the subject and reproduce it. Keywords: Open book open web examinations, closed book invigilated examination, online exams, authentic assessment
HPLC DETERMINATION OF FLAVONOIDS IN THE METHANOL EXTRACTS OF MALACHRA CAPITATA (L) L published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
L. Sindhu and R. Neelamegam* Methanol extracts of Malachra capitata root, stem and leaf samples were analyzed for the quantification flavonoid profile using HPLC. The results of HPLC analysis indicate the presence of flavonoid compounds -gallic acid, caffeic acid, rutin, quercetin and ferulic acid in the root sample methanol extracts of Malachra capitata while the methanol extract of leaf sample shows only two compounds (rutin and ferulic acid) and one compound (gallic acid) in the stem sample methanol extract. Maximum amount of flavonoid compound (gallic acid -30mg/g) noted in the stem sample as compared to other compounds among the plant samples tested.
DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN EXPERIENCE OF CAREER ADVANCEMENT OF THE STATE CIVIL SERVANTS published in

Theoretical & Applied Science

Published by International Academy of Theoretical & Applied Sciences
Marina Konstantinovna Krivtsova;Maria Aleksandrovna Podzorova;Evgenii Dmitrievich Bogatyrov In the article the essence and features of the problem of career advancement of civil officers in Russia as well as foreign experience in this sphere are considered. The authors provide the characteristic of the system of public service and the position of officials in a number of countries, including domestic experience. In the work the comparative analysis of factors of the organization of career growth of civil officers in our country and abroad is also made.
Nutritional Profile of Tribal Adolescent Girls of Ranchi District of Jharkhand published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Rekha Sinha The present study was conducted on 100 tribal adolescent girls belonging to two blocks of Ranchi district of Jharkhand. The study revealed that majority of households belonged to nuclear families with medium family size and farming as their primary occupation. Except cereal, the diet of adolescent girls was far below the recommended amount. The percent adequacy of only roots & tubers and green leafy vegetables were 74 and 68 percent, respectively. For rest of the food stuffs the percent adequacy was found to be between 16- 56 percent. The daily intake of fat, protein, calcium, iron and carotene was grossly deficient in comparison to ICMR recommendations. The study further revealed that girls were having lower anthropometric measurements indicating poor physical growth pattern.
The UAV Video Image Stitching Based On Improved Moravec Corner Matching Method published in

International Journal of Remote Sensing Applications (IJRSA)

Published by Science and Engineering Publishing Company (SEP)
Chaokui Li, Gang Yang, Jun Wu, Fang Wang As one kind of new image sources,UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) Video is more and more used. In this paper, the image matching based on corner feature is used to achieve image stitching. Moravec operator is one kind of simple and efficient method for corner feature extraction. In this paper we do special treatment on it, which covers the distributed conjugate points over full frame with virtual grid,to improve the precision of corner feature extraction. In the process of image mosaic, we use fade in/out method to achieve video image seamless stitching.
PREVALENCE OF PREGNANCY RELATED PELVIC GIRDLE PAIN IN INDIAN PRIMIGRAVIDA: A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL BASED STUDY published in

Indian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research

Published by Innovative Publication
Gupta Monika, Srivastava Shilpi, Khan Sohrab A Introduction: There is very little information about the pregnancy related lumbo-pelvic pain and pregnancy related pelvic girdle pain (PPGP) in Asian countries, particularly in India. Most of the information about these pains has been obtained European countries. Objective: To find out the prevalence of lumbopelvic pain and pregnancy related pelvic girdle pain (PPGP) in Indian primigravida. Methods: A hospital based observational cross-section study including 227 primigravida who were interviewed for demographic data. Those who complained of lumbopelvic pain were assessed for the diagnostic criteria for PPGP. Results: A total of 137 primigravida (60.3%) reported lumbopelvic pain. Based on the diagnostic criteria, 68 women (29.9%) had PPGP and 69 had combined pain (PPGP + PLBP and PLBP). The mean intensity of pain in women with lumbopelvic pain using the visual analogue scale was 5.2 1.0 and PPGP was 5.5 0.7. Conclusions: More than half of the pregnant women studied experienced lumbopelvic pain at the time of examination which shows that about 1 in every 2 primigravida had lumbopelvic pain. PPGP and combined pain (PPGP+PLBP) both are almost equally prevalent and need clinical attention.
VOCATIONAL TRAINING AS A TOOL OF INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL MANAGEMENT EFFICIENCY IMPROVEMENT OF EUROPEAN MECHANICAL ENGINEERING ENTERPRISES published in

University Economic Bulletin. Collection of scientific articles of scientists and post-graduate students

Published by State Higher Educational Establishment �Pereyaslav-Khmelnytskiy State Pedagogic University after Grygoriy Skovoroda�
Osaul A.A. It is proved that the policy of sustainable development in the intellectual capital management of Europe's mechanical engineering enterprises has the most sufficient impact on the competitive position, the performance. Vocational training and apprenticeships are considered as the basis of internal corporate intellectual capital management strategy, as well as an integral part of business social responsibility. It has been demonstrated in the article that individual and vocational training at industrial enterprises is a widely used practice, described by many authors in the academic literature. It was noted that the most competitive enterprises of the industry are taking steps to establish appropriate training and development opportunities for their employees. The basic competence necessary for technical staff that works at the European mechanical engineering companies, including narrowly specialized engineering skills, technological, cultural, linguistic competence, ability to work with information and computer technologies are represented. The benefits of vocational training, including internal corporate training and apprenticeship are highlighted. The experience of German mechanical engineering enterprises and their units abroad concerning introduction of vocational education three-level program that includes the convergence of theoretical and practical skills and is being implemented or in the form of the conclusion of a permanent contract with the trainee, or his transfer to adjacent enterprises, or further study at university is studied. Analysis of the implementation of vocational training policy at the enterprises of mechanical engineering in Germany are given. It was noted that the benefits from the use of vocational training programs outweigh the costs of their implementation. They allow to avoid recruitment, approbation period costs, reduce staff turnover.
Comparative Analysis of the Evolution Unemployment Rate in the European Union, Romania, Usa and Japan With Adjusted Data Based Seasonally published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Rodica Pripoaie, Anca Gabriela Turtureanu The principal causes of the evolution unemployment rate in EU, Romania, USA and Japan were: the general economic evolution of industries and agriculture, but the specific one of the countries, the relatively low investments, low labour mobility in the territorial plan and professional, and the international economic environment. The comparative analysis of the evolution unemployment rate in the EU, Romania, USA and Japan in august 2013 - may 2014 with adjusted data based seasonally used the average and the function AVEDEV, DEVSQ as well as the coefficient of variation and graphics.
An empirical study of leverage and its impact on earning capacity in Indian engineering industry published in

Engineering Technology in India

Published by Rakesh kumar Singh
ASHA SHARMA The engineering sector in India comprises basic industries such as Metal, Steel, Electrical Machinery, Non-Electrical Machinery and Transport Equipments. Manufacturers, Exporters and Suppliers of engineering machinery and equipment largely produce industrial machines, rolling mills machinery, plant machinery, plastic moulding machines, construction machines and equipment, railway products, die casting equipment and other special purpose machines. Majority of Indian engineering firms are pursuing a systematic approach to quality control and standardization so as to curve out market positioning in the competitive world market place. Engineering industry in India has been constantly updating its technology base and diversifying its manufacturing range in tune with global market requirements. Indian exporters are well aware and do not lag behind in adopting eco-friendly manufacturing techniques which have become the new emerging requirements of the global development. For the purpose of analysis, ratio techniques and to test hypothesis other statistical tools i.e. correlation has been used for the research purpose. The result of the study indicates that there is a correlation between DFL and EPS and the difference is insignificant where as result of correlation coefficient at 5 per cent level of significance showed that the diffidence is significant between DFL and DPS and EPS and DPS. For the purpose of analysis, ratio techniques and to test hypothesis other statistical tools i.e. correlation has been used for the research purpose. The result of the study indicates that there is a correlation between DFL and EPS and the difference is insignificant where as result of correlation coefficient at 5 per cent level of significance showed that the diffidence is significant between DFL and DPS and EPS and DPS.
HOW CAN WE ACHEIEVE SUSTAINABLILTY IN OUR ENVIRONMENT UTILIZING INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE? published in

International Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Research

Published by Scientific Research Council and Pakistan Society of Scientific Research
Abdul-Sattar Nizami Makkah experiences high levels of atmospheric Particulate Matter (PM) emitted by various sources including re-suspension, construction-anddemolition activities, windblown particles and combustion of fossil fuels. During Hajj season and the month of Ramadhan millions of Muslims from around the world visit the Holy City of Makkah to perform Hajj and Umrah, which put extra burden on the available resources. Energy consumptions and the number of road vehicles are increased by several folds, resulting in a large amount of pollutant emissions in the city, which requires effective monitoring and modelling programmes. In this paper the emissions of PM with aerodynamic diameter up to 10 µm (PM ) from the burning of natural gas, petrol, and diesel consumed in residential houses, road traffic and electricity generation are modelled in Makkah for year 2015, applying Urban Atmospheric Dispersion Modelling System (ADMS-Urban). Natural gas is mostly consumed in residential houses and restaurants, whereas petrol and diesel are predominantly used for road traffic and electricity generation. The highest amount of PM 10 (tons) was emitted by the combustion of diesel used for electricity generation (330174), followed by diesel used in heavy duty vehicles (171), petrol used in light duty vehicles (48) and natural gas (< 1). Road traffic counts, fleet composition and vehicle speed data were not available in Makkah, therefore emissions were input as grid sources into ADMS-Urban. The outputs of ADMSUrban are presented as contour maps for various emissions and meteorological scenarios. ADMS-Urban model is run for the first time to model the levels of PM 10 in Makkah, which will help in determining the emission sources and lead to better air quality management in Makkah, especially during Hajj and Umrah seasons.
Performance of Pre-Wetted Sawdust as a source of Internal Curing of Concrete published in

International Journal of Advanced Structures and Geotechnical Engineering

Published by Basha Research Corporation (BRCORP)
Bashir Alam, Zahid Ullah, Faheem Ullah Jan, Khan Shahzada, Salman Afzal In this research study the performance of pre-wetted sawdust as a source of internal curing for concrete was investigated. Primarily sawdust was used to reduce self-weight of concrete, however it was recognized that dry porous sawdust could absorb sufficient amount of water that could be an effective mean of internal curing. Pre-wetted sawdust was used to partially replace the sand and specimens were covered in polythene bags. Different trials were performed on sawdust lightweight concrete with internal and external curing and tested for compressive strength. Compressive strength results were compared with normal density concrete to draw conclusions.
Investigation of Mechanical Properties and wear behavior of Ni-alloyed Specially Heat Treated Permanent Moulded Austempered Ductile Iron (PMADI) for Power Plant Applications published in

The journal of CPRI

Published by Central Power Research Institute
Sethuram D and Narasimha Murthy K Austempered ductile iron (ADI) is relatively newer material, which has attracted researchers and manufacturers alike mainly because of its immense properties and also at the same time cheaper to process and produce. Utilization of permanent moulds to ADI has many advantages such as very good dimensional stability, good nodule size count, better surface finish and environmental cleanness. Extensive literature survey reported that ADI out-performs proprietary abrasion resistant steels at similar bulk hardness levels. Experiments were systematically planned to study the mechanical and wear properties of Ni-alloyed PMADI and are processed by a novel two step austempering process. All specimens were initially austenitized at 950 °C for 2 h. These samples were initially quenched for 5 min in a salt bath maintained at 250° C and then austempered for 2 h at several austempering temperatures. These temperatures were 280° C, 310° C, 340° C, 370° C, 400° C, and 430° C. The results show that this novel process has resulted in higher tensile strength, yield strength, hardness and wear resistance than the conventional single step austempering process. The tensile strength value improved by about 11% for 2% Ni PMADI samples over 1.5% i PMADI samples while maintaining reasonable levels of ductility. The results are analyzed based on the micro structural features
A Review of Research Literature on Hybrid Distance Learning published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dayal Sandhu Literature review of related literature is as important as any other component of the research process and can be conducted quite painlessly if approached in an orderly manner. Every piece of ongoing research needs to be connected with the work already done, to attain an overall relevance and purpose. The review of literature thus becomes a link between proposed and the studies already established or concluded by other authors, and also gives a chance to the reader to appreciate the evidence that has already been collected by previous research, and thus projects the current research work in the proper perspective. This paper outlines review of research literature of hybrid distance learning.
Nazi Dental Gold: From Dead Bodies Till Swiss Bank published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Xavier Riaud -
Mejoramiento genético en bovinos a través de la inseminación artificial y la inseminación artificial a tiempo fijo published in

Revista de Investigacion Agraria y Ambiental (RIAA)

Published by Gloria Maria Doria
Mayra Alejandra Marizancén Silva & Lucerina Artunduaga Pimentel El sector ganadero busca mejorar la productividad de carne, leche y rusticidad, por medio de los cruzamientos, lo que ha conllevado al deterioro de las líneas raciales, repercutiendo en la disminución de calidad y cantidad de producción, e influyendo directamente en la rentabilidad. Actualmente los adelantos biotecnológicos proponen mejorar los niveles productivos de una empresa ganadera, a partir de la Inseminación Artificial IA y la Inseminación Artificial a Tiempo Fijo IATF, en donde se está manejando e introduciendo el mejoramiento genético, prácticas que incrementan el valor productivo y reproductivo de los bovinos, haciendo rentable el negocio ganadero y mejorando la competitividad del sector. La IA y la IATF, tienen como diferencia el tiempo del proceso de la inseminación, la IA se maneja a celo detectado y la IATF debe tener en cuenta las horas de la aplicación de las hormonas para la inseminación en tiempos exactos; estos dos métodos se manejan con el uso de semen probado y comprobado de animales altamente productivos para carne y/o leche. Para la IATF se han proporcionado protocolos para la sincronización del estro basados en: “los que utilizan combinaciones de GnRH y prostaglandina F2α (PGF), llamados protocolos Ovsynch y los que utilizan dispositivos con progesterona (P4) y estradiol conocidos como control del desarrollo folicular”, división planteada por Saldarriaga (2009). En este escrito, se documenta la aplicabilidad de biotecnologías como la IA-IATF en los sistemas de producción ganaderos para contribuir al mejoramiento genético de las razas bovinas.
PhD education and research at Tbilisi State University (TSU) Faculty of Medicine in the dimension of International collaboration published in

Published by
Nato Pitskhelauri, George Lobzhanidze, Mariam Balakhadze, Thamar Chochua, Tamar Japaridze, Nino Chikhladze, Tamar Lobjanidze Higher education system of Georgia has been in a process of extensive reforms since 2004. The International cooperation aims to harmonize PhD education with ECTS and Bologna process that will enable students and young researchers to gain the advanced knowledge, skills and experience they require to successfully pursue their professional carrier. In conjunction with the International cooperation, PhD research projects at the TSU Medical Faculty strive to fully comply with the International standards of study methodology, statistical reporting, publication and principles of good scientific and ethical conduct. The article offers a brief overview of some of the ongoing PhD projects with emphasis on expected results and significance.
X-tream IndexandMulti-parameter Personality Dimensionfor Managers Cognition and Decision-making in the Modern Corporate Environment published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Eva Ambrozova, Jiri Kolenak, Vratislav Pokorny, David Ulrich, Dalibor Cibulka The text deals withthe development trends in the modern corporate environment in conjunction with the requirements ofthe quality of professional managers abilities. It cites specific characteristics of the corporate environment and suggests further parameters complementing standard models that deal with abilities and aptitudes of managers.In the context of education and vocational training for management and business in the modern corporate environment, it presents individuals natural potential which is impossible for an individual to acquire by common training and educational models but which can still be identified and developed via Connatural management approach.It concerns the potentialand abilities which, beside hard skills and soft skills, result in positive or negative performance of professional managers and entrepreneurs, or which are associated with the risk of different ways of human error.In this context, it presents particular results of the pilot research focused on identification of sub-indices of selected dimensions and parameters for the development and validation of a unifying N-dimensional X-TREAM index
FARSÇA-TÜRKÇE MANZUM BİR SÖZLÜK: TUHFE-İ MUKADDİMETÜ’L-LÜGAT/A POETIC PERSIAN-TURKISH DICTIONARY: TUHFE-I MUKADDIMETU’L-LUGAT published in

Studies of the Ottoman Domain

Published by Mehmet Yavuz ERLER
Yunus KAPLAN Arabic and Persian have become one of the important factors which have affected on Turkish culture and civilisation as scientific and literary historically. These languages have got a distinct place for classical Turkish literature to be a literary tradition as a form and content. Many factors from expressions to poetic themes, from rhythm to rhyme have invigorated in the texts with the help of Arabic and Persian words in this literary tradition. Teaching and learning these languages became gradually an important need in parallel with the developments in the scientific and literary tradition in Ottoman society. Many poetic or prose dictionaries belonging to these languages have been prepared in order to meet this need. Poetic dictionaries which were written in Persian-Turkish, Arabic-Turkish or Arabic-Persian-Turkish have gotten attention especially as they make the language learning enjoyable and also increase the subsistence of the words in mind, and there have gradually been an increase in the number of these works. It is known that there are nearly seventy poetic dictionaries in the classical Turkish literature. One of them is Persian-Turkish dictionary which was written in order to teach Persian to the children by a poet who has got an ekename as Leâlî. This poetic dictionary which was written in 17. century or the previous periods consists of the introduction and four quatrains that the mutual meanings about of 250 Persian and Turkish words are given. In this study, the form and content properties of the poetic Persian-Turkish dictionary which was written by Le’âlî will be considered and the work’s translation text will be provided. Keywords: Classical Turkish Literature, Dictionary, Poetic Dictionary, Le’âlî.
PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND PHARMACOLOGY OF PLANTAGO OVATA: A NATURAL SOURCE OF LAXATIVE MEDICINE published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
*Devesh Tewari, Nishat Anjum and Y.C. Tripathi Plantago ovata Forsk. belonging to the family Plantaginaceae is an annual herb indigenous to the Mediterranean region specially Southern Europe, North Africa and West Asia. In India, it is cultivated as a cash crop in Gujarat, Rajasthan, Punjab and Haryana states. Various medicinal properties have been attributed to this plant in traditional system of medicine. On account of its mucilaginous husk the plant also finds variety of industrial applications. It can be grown on different types of soils, has moderate water and nutrient requirements and fits well in the cropping system. The distribution, traditional uses, industrial applications and agronomic, Chemical and pharmacological aspects of the plant crop are reviewed in this paper.
Alternative method to predict activity coefficients at infinite dilution of hydrocarbons in aqueous solutions published in

Mediterranean Journal of Chemistry

Published by Abdelaziz SOUIZI
Gonzalo Astray, Jorge Morales, Miriam Gonzlez-Temes, Juan C. Mejuto, Augusto J. Magdalena Activity coefficients at infinite dilution are important property in solute-solvent interactions. Experimental techniques show high costs, skilled labour and safety. To solve this, a neural network model with five different topological descriptors to implement different Artificial Neural Network has been implemented. The best Artificial Neural Network (5-11-8-1 topology) presents good fits for the training phase with an Average Percentage Deviation of 1.85%. Similar results have been obtained for the validation phase of the Artificial Neural Network (1.88%). The implemented Neural Networks techniques showed better results than other developed methods, around 30.70% and 24.60% for training and validation phase, respectively.
FINANCIAL CRISIS IN PAKISTAN AND ITS IMPACT ON AGRICULTURAL GROWTH (A REVIEW) published in

Theoretical & Applied Science

Published by International Academy of Theoretical & Applied Sciences
Rehman Abdul; Jingdong Luan; Du Youneng; Khatoon Rafia; Shahzad Babar The main aim of this study is to determine the financial crisis in Pakistan and its impact on the agricultural growth. The Gross Domestic Production GDP of Pakistan growth rate is coming down and also witnessed high fiscal and current-account deficit. The inflation which is an international problem also affected the GDP of Pakistan. The macroeconomic indicators of Pakistan showed very poor performance as Gross Domestic Product GDP growth rate declined from 6.8 in 2007 to 4.1 in 2008.
IMPLEMENTATION OF HEALTH MONITORING SYSTEM USING INTERNET OF THINGS published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Anjali Tiwari Health is one of the most important aspects of human life. Advancements in technology has paved ways for various techniques in health monitoring. He alth Monitoring refers to continuous examination of the person’s health related aspects for the purpose of treatment. Traditionally, healthcare professionals were required to be present near the patients for examination. Patients were required to stay at h ospitals besides large biomedical instruments. Such system s are found to be inefficient . The proposed system focusses on the elimination of such problems using Internet of Things (IoT) . Internet of Things is basically a proposed development of the internet in which everyday objects have network connectivity, allowing them to send and receive data. In this a pproach the patients play a maj or role in their diagnosis whereas the system acquires, records, displays, and transmits the data from the patient’s body to the application and if required to health professionals/relatives. Hence quick provisional medication can be easily done by this system. This system is efficient with low power consumption capability, easy setup, high performance and time to time respon se
ADVANTAGES AND DIFFICULTIES IN THE PRACTICAL APPLICATION OF THE CONCEPT OF CONTINUING DEXTERITY EDUCATION published in

International Journal of Medical Dentistry

Published by Apollonia University of Iasi
Vasile BURLUI, C?t?lina GRBEA, Carmen STADOLEANU, Maria ROMAN, Roxana D?SC?LESCU Dexterity refers to the capacity of a person to use his hands and arms in order to perform the manual labour. Dexterity is an important component of any society and it affects economies and lifestyles. In our case, dentists have to be able to manipulate the tools required for the specific manual labour. The concept of continuing dexterity education is able to develop a detailed analysis of the students morpho-functional deficiencies, a continuing evaluation of the practical level, and all these elements contribute to the students development, not only as a practitioner, but also as an individual in the society. However, there are also some difficulties concerning the costs of the equipment, the technical limitations and some obsolete views of a part of the teaching staff who is not up to date with the modern educational standards.
Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) & Agriculture Sector in India published in

PARIPEX-INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Kapil Singh, Ritu K. Walia Agriculture plays an important role in economic development of any nation including India. The contribution of agricultural sector to national Gross Domestic Product (GDP) has continued to decline over the years; while that of other sectors, particularly services, has increased. Presently, agriculture contributes 13.9 per cent of Indias Gross Domestic Product (GDP) yet; agriculture forms the backbone of the economy, as 52 per cent of Indias work force is still engaged in agriculture for its livelihood and is important for food security and inclusive growth. To improve agriculture productivity and streamline it with manufacturing and services sector, there is a strong need to adopt many measures, out of which, promote FDI inflow in agriculture sector in Indian economy. 100 per cent FDI is allowed in agriculture and allied service under controlled conditions. In the above regard, present paper is an attempt to understand the role of FDI in agricultural sector & in overall progress of the economy.
ISOLATION AND ANTIBACTERIAL PROPERTY OF ENDOPHYTIC FUNGI ISOLATED FROM INDIAN MEDICINAL PLANT CALOTROPIS PROCERA (LINN.) R.BR. published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Ravindra Prasad Aharwal, Suneel Kumar and Sardul S. Sandhu* Endophytes are those organisms that colonize the living internal tissues of their hosts without causing any visible symptoms. Several fungal endophytes have been isolated from a variety of plant species which have proved as a rich source of bioactive compounds. Calotropis procera (Linn.) R.Br. a widely used medicinal plant in India, were exploited for endophytes as a possible source of bioactive secondary metabolites. Considering the importance of this plant, a study was conducted to determine the colonization frequency of endophytic fungi and to evaluate the antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumonae, Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus epidermidis of DMSO crude extracts of fungal endophytes from this plant. The endophytic fungi from different parts of the plant (leaves, stems and roots) were isolated, pure cultures were raised and identified based on the morphology and characteristics of fungal spores. The highest colonization frequency of fungi was observed in leaf (Aspergillus niger, 33.33 %), stem (Altenaria alternate, 33.33%) and root (Curvularia lunata, 33.33%). The endophytic fungi that displayed broad spectrum antibacterial activity include: Fusarium solani, Cladosporium herbarum, Curvularia pallescens, Alternaria alternata and Drechslera nodulosa. Our preliminary results indicate that crude extracts of endophytic fungi of Calotropis procera (Linn.) R.Br. may possess some antibacterial bioactive compounds.
PUBLIC FINANCING PROGRAMS AND INDUSTRIES OF LOCAL PRODUCTIVEARRANGEMENTS AT ABC-SP AREA published in

Asia Pacific Journal of Advanced Business and Social Studies

Published by Asia Pacific Institute of Advanced Research
Rebeca B. Lima, Júlio F. B. Facó6, Ricardo R. Jorge, Alexandre A. de Andrade In spite of their size, Micro and Small companies are also embedded in a highly competitive and dynamic environment. Hence, investments in innovation can play an important role for them to remain on the market. It is relevant to consider that these companies often face a lot of economic obstacles which include high costs and financial constraints. Regarding this situation, public funding programs can be a crucial alternative so that these companies can be able to invest in innovation. Therefore, this research analyzes Small Businesses with a focus on the Brazilian scenario, in order to better know the companies of their companies and their general characteristics. Moreover, the relationship of the theme with an innovation and those from the influence of business enterprises and public policies for innovation were evaluated for a policy of Science Technology and Innovation in Brazil and also highlight some types of clusters. This study analyzes government financial programs, which focus on innovation, regarding Micro and Small Enterprises in Brazil. In order to get acquainted with the innovation process from the arrangements and verify how they have been accessing and using the analyzed financial programs, this work also contains a survey including four Productive Companies of industries located at ABC region from São Paulo, Brazil. This lecture intends to show the impact and results that lack of appropriate financing resources and knowledge, along with high costs, they may have in the innovation process and growth of the examined companies. Keywords: Financing, Innovation, Micro and Small Enterprises, Public Policies
Secondary Intra-Abdominal Pregnancy : A Case Report published in

Published by
Dr. Nidhi Meena, Dr. Sony Khedia, Dr. R.P. Rawat Abdominal pregnancy is extremely rare, and has been historically defined as an implantation in the peritoneal cavity,exclusive of tubal, ovarian and intraligamentary pregnancy. Abdominal pregnancy can be primary or secondary.The presence of abdominal pregnancy is associated with increased maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. The reported incidence of abdominal pregnancy ranges from 1 per 2200 to 1 per 10,200 pregnancies1. The early recognition and management of the same is necessary to prevent untoward complications. This case report describes an interesting case of a 30 year primigravida with a secondary abdominal pregnancy
Assessing Satisfaction with Differentiation of Self Through Circle Drawing (SFI): Development and Initial Validation of a Self-Report Instrument published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Ora Peleg, Meirav Idan Biton The research aimed to build and validate an inventory of satisfaction with differentiation of self through circle drawing (SFI). It comprised two studies. Using a sample of 393 college students, Study 1 examined the psychometric properties of the SFI, assessing its associations with differentiation of self (DSI-R) and with self-efficacy. Results provided good reliability and partial construct validity for the inventory. In Study 2, using a sample of 300 college students, we again validated the SFI, this time vis--vis the DSI-R and family differentiation (DIFS). We also examined its associations with health anxiety and adjustment to college. Results yielded significant high correlations between the SFI and three of the DSI-R subscales (emotional reactivity, emotional cutoff and fusion with others), and between it and differentiation with mother and father (DIFS), as well as health anxiety, indicating that this instrument is reliable and valid.
Soliton Based Optical Fiber Communication published in

Published by
Dr. Brijesh. N. Chawda To overcome the various disadvantages in fiber optic system which uses laser and glass material one can use optical solitons pulses which can preserve their shape by balancing the mechanism called self phase modulation (SPM) resulting from the Kerr non- linearity and pulse broadening effect of GVD (Group velocity dispersion ). This is important, because to any pulse travelling through a fiber is affected by both the Kerr nonlinearity effect and group velocity dispersion effect.
Borsa ?stanbulda ??lem Gren ?irketlerin Gere?e Uygun De?er lm Hiyerar?isinde Kulland?klar? Seviye Girdilerinin Tespiti zerine Bir Ara?t?rma (A Research on Determination of Input Levels Used In Fair Value Measurement Hierarchy By Firms Listed in Borsa Istanbul) published in

Journal Of Accounting, Finance And Auditing Studies

Published by Ahmet G?KG?Z
Ahmet Gkgz, Fatih ?entrk Abstract With the coming into force of TFRS 13 Fair Value Measurement Standard, the inputs which firms use for determination of fair value measurement are classified into three levels and hierarchy of determination of fair value is constituted. This standard requires increasing level 1 inputs and decreasing level 3 inputs in determination of fair value. With this study fair value measurement levels (hierarchy) which are used in determination of fair value are described within the scope of TFRS 13 Fair Value Measurement Standard. Additionally, for determining which level of inputs are used in the fair value determination by the firms traded on the Istanbul Stock Exchange an inventory study is done. For the purpose of the study, financial statement disclosures of 145 firms which are listed on the Istanbul Stock Exchange and classified under the heading of "financial institutions" sector are subjected to content analysis. Content analysis showed that majority of the firms use level 1 input in determination of fair value.
O PROJETO DA MODERNIDADE SEGUNDO HABERMAS published in

Published by
Joo Paulo Rodrigues The Habermas academic project seeks to contribute to the realization of the emancipatory goals of modernity, through the theory of communicative action. Therefore, will be examined here if the process of rationalization of modern society, present on the theory of communicative action, really represents a potential for human emancipation. First, we intend to address in this respective work the main concepts that Habermas uses in his theory of communicative action. In a second moment, will be explore the fundamental elements of the theory of society. After that, will be analyzed the theory of modernity and its relationship with the theory of society. Such a path will aim to investigate the possibility of redemption of the project of modernity, to explain the possibility of the theory of communicative action be considered emancipatory enhancer of modern society, forming both the citizen as an autonomous individual, preserving your personal identity, as the citizen as participant in a political society, possessor of a cultural, ethnic identity, among others, that covering various social groups.
EVALUATION OF RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN RENAL ABNORMALITIES AND DYSLIPIDAEMIA ON TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
M.Saranya and T.Nithiya* Diabetes mellitus is characterized by some specific complications including diabetic nephropathy and dyslipidaemia. This study was designed to find out the correlation between renal abnormalities and dyslipidaemia on type 2 diabetes mellitus. Serum creatinine, urea and lipid profiles are useful clinical tools in assessing renal function and dyslipidaemia. Serum glucose, Hb, creatinine, urea and lipid profiles were determined in type 2 diabetic patients attending Government Hospital, Mayiladuthurai, Tamilnadu, India. About 60(30 diabetic and 30 non - diabetic patients) aged between 40-70 years were used for the study. There are significant increase in urea, creatinine, glucose and lipid profile except Hb, HDL cholesterol which is decreased, has been found in all groups as compared to controls. Other finding observed was that the level of lipid profiles and renal markers increased as per the increase in concentration of blood glucose. High levels of total cholesterol appear due to increased cholesterol synthesis. The triglycerides levels changes according to the glycaemic control. The increase may be due to overproduction of VLDL- TG.
Dietary habits and the nutritional status of children aged 1-5 years in Mambu Bafut, North West Region, Cameroon published in

Merit Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Science (MRJMMS)

Published by Larry Dave
Ebai Nee Besong Patricia Ange and Evelyne Ngum The main thrust of this study was to investigate the dietary habit and the nutritional status of children aged 1-5 years in Mambu Bafut. To give the study its direction two research objectives and one hypothesis was formulated. The objectives were meant to assess the types of foods eaten by children aged 1-5years in Mambu Bafut and to determine the relationship that exists between dietary habits, morbidity and mortality rates of children aged 1-5 years in Mambu Bafut. Survey research design was adopted for this study. A sample of 100 children aged 1-5 years were used for the study. A well validated structured questionnaire was used for data collection. Data collected was analyzed using descriptive statistics while Pearson product moment correlation coefficient was used to test the lone hypothesis. The findings revealed that the dietary habits of children aged 1-5 years in Mambu Bafut were lightly good but special considerations has to be made if the nutritional status of children has to be improved tremendously. The finding equally indicated that there exist a significant relationship between dietary habit and morbidity and mortality rate. The study therefore recommended that people should be made to know the factors that influence dietary habits, the causes of high rates of morbidity and mortality of children aged 1-5 years. Parents of this locality should be taught how to formulate balance diets from local foods. Keywords: Dietary habit, morbidity, mortality rate, nutritional status
SYNTHESIS, CHARACTERIZATION AND BIOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF 2-(4,6-DIMETHYLPYRIMIDIN-2-YL)-1-[1-(4- HYDROXY-6-METHYL- PYRAN-2-ONE-3- YL)ETHYLIDENE]HYDRAZINE SCHIFFS BASE TRANSITION METAL COMPLEXES: ANTIBACTERIAL AND DNA PHOTOCLEAVAGE STUDY published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
A. K. Gupta1*, S. Saini1, R. Pal1, R. Kumar1, V. Beniwal2 The synthesis of a series of some new tridentate Schiffs base complexes of Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II), Mn(II), Zn(II) (M:L=1:2) with a tridentate Schiffs base has been achieved by the reaction of 2- hydrazino-4,6-dimethyl pyrimidine with dehydroacetic acid (DHA) in ethanol under reflux. All the compounds were characterized on the basis of elemental analysis, UV-Visible, 1H and 13C-NMR, FTIR spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. The FTIR spectral data suggest that azomethine N and enolic O atoms are involved in coordination with metal ion, and the ligand behaves as a N,N,O-tridentate donor atoms. The mass spectrum of the complexes reveals the formation of metal ligand bonding in 1:2 (metal: ligand) stoichiometric ratios. All the synthesized compounds were screened for their antibacterial activity against gram (+) and gram (-) bacteria using Oxacillin as a standard drug. Synthesized compound were also screened for their DNA photocleavage potential using plasmid DNA. It has been found that metal complexes show enhanced activity as compared to ligand and some modification in ligand structure may lead to better antibacterial and DNA photocleaving agents in future.
PTSA Catalysed Expeditious Synthesis and Antimicrobial Activities of Dihydro-3, 5-Diphenylisoxazole Derivatives published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr. Shalini Jaiswal There is increasing interest in the utility of environmentally benign reagents and particularly solvent-free conditions under microwave irradiation. Chalcone are associated with wide range of biological activities. Chalcone can be modified by the reaction of the substituted benzaldehyde with acetophenone and 10% NaOH under microwave irradiation in domestic oven. This method of synthesis is of great importance and in recent years organic reaction in the absence of solvent has been attracting the synthetic organic chemists because of their simplicity and synthetic value. Organic synthesis without using solvent keeps the environment pollution free by making no use of hazardous solvent like dioxin or strongly acidic and tedious work-up method. This paper describe the use of PTSA as a catalyst in the synthesis of 4,5-dihydro-3,5-diphenylisoxazole derivatives from chalcone and hydroxyl amines hydrochloride under solvent-free condition. The reaction time, yield and 1HNMR spectra are summarized
Water Quality Evaluation in Some Groundwater Samples along the Budhi Gandak Belt of Kanti Block in Muzaffarpur District during Post-Monsoon Season, 2012 published in

Journal of Chemical, Biological and physical sciences

Published by Scientific and Academic Association
S. Mumtazuddin1*, A. K. Azad1, Rahila Firdaus and Amrita Kumari We report here the quality of water samples from bored tube wells at different sites along the Budhi Gandak belt of Kanti block from Akharaghat to Kanti in Muzaffarpur district of Bihar state during post-monsoon season of 2012 with respect to parameters such as pH, conductivity, TDS, DO, total hardness, alkalinity, sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium and chloride as well as heavy metals such as Cu, Zn, Fe and As . TDS of some samples exceeded the maximum permissible limit of WHO. Significantly, iron was found much above the maximum permissible limit of WHO in almost all the samples, whereas arsenic contamination was also noted at many sites, which at some of these even much exceeded the maximum permissible limit of WHO. Arsenic contamination in the groundwater of this area is a serious concern for human health.
Effect of Flax Seed Meal on Hematological Profile of Labeo Rohita published in

Published by
Kiran Billore Rohu (Labeo rohita) is a fish of the carp family cyprinidae, found commonly in rivers & freshwater lakes. It is a bottom feeder & prefers to feed on plant matter written Flax seeds which belong to family linaceae, is popular for its protein, fibers quality, as well as its lipid contents. Present study is an attempt to evaluate the effect of fresh seed meal on Hematological profile of Labeo rohita. As hematological profile indicates the physiological condition of an individual. Hemoglobin content, PCV (Packed Cell volume), MCHC (Mean corpuscular hemoglobin conc.) and WBC were investigated in this study
Valve Corporation: Composing Internal Markets published in

Journal of Organization Design

Published by Organizational Design Community
Todd R. Zenger Discussions of the Valve Corporation are always enlightening. The skeptic wonders how much is rhetoric and recruiting ploy and how much is real. Is there clear evidence that this organizational design actually works that it is efficient in this setting? While revenues per employee are quite remarkable, cause and effect are unclear. Is boss-less-ness the cause of high sales per employee or simply the result of high sales per employee, fueled from earlier success? The same question could be asked of Googles unusual organizational approach. Is Googles success the result of its extensive autonomy granted to employees, or is its past success the enabling cause of such autonomy? Such questions, of course, are empirically unanswerable here. I therefore set them aside and assume this organizational specimen is efficient well-suited to its environment and proceed with further commentary.
Effect of Nutrition Education Program on Anthropometric Measurements of Adolescent Girls (16-19 Years) published in

Published by
Sneha Prakash Ambre, Dr Rupali Sengupta Nutritional problem in adolescent age is common throughout the India. Poor knowledge on nutrition among adolescent can lead to unhealthy eating practices leading to inappropriate anthropometric measurements and an unhealthy community. The purpose of this study was to assess anthropometric measurement through Nutrition Education Program (NEP) among adolescent girls. 300 adolescent girls were selected through purposive random sampling. The nutrition education was imparted through audio-visual aids for three months in college settings. Before and after imparting nutrition education, anthropometric measurements revealed that most of the samples were below normal standards when compared with ICMR standards.
Effectiveness of deep breathing exercise on level of stress among elderly in selected old-age homes of Pune city published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Mr. Ravindra Balasaheb Vikhe Stress is part of life, everyone feels stressed from time to time. It is just a simple reaction to a stimulus that disturbs our physical or mental equilibrium. Without stress our lives would be boring and would probably feel pointless. A certain amount of stress energizes people, improving performance and efficiency. Not all stress is bad, but chronic stress can cause both physical and mental harm. Young and old alike have to face difficult situations and overcome obstacles. While young adults struggle to establish a career, achieve financial security, or juggle work and family demands, older people may face failing health or dwindling finances or simply the challenges of retaining their independence. Unfortunately, the body's natural defenses against stress gradually break down with age. The number of persons above the age of 60 years is fast growing, especially in India. India as the second most populous country in the world has 76.6 million people at or over the age of 60, constituting above 7.7% of total population. The present study highlights the effectiveness of deep breathing exercise on level of stress among elderly in selected old age homes of Pune city. This study depicting that deep breathing exercise is very effective in reducing the level of stress among elderly in selected old age homes of Pune city. The study was conducted as a partial fulfilment for the degree of masters in nursing
The Effect of Computer Assisted Instruction Material as Teaching Aid on Chemistry Learning of High School Students published in

SCHOLARLY RECSEARCH JOURNAL FOR INTERDISCIPLINARY STUDIES

Published by AMIT PUBLISHERS & COMPANY
Yogesh M. Nandurkar, B.B. Bahule Today s tech sav v y generation easily approves the use of computer applications in teaching field. We are interested to compare the potential of Computer Assisted Instruction Material as teaching aid with traditional l ecture method and thereby know contribution to improve the learning process . Two groups of 15 students were set for the study of chemistry . One group was set for lecture method while other was for CAI (Computer Assisted Instruction) material method. Pre, post and additional tests are apllyed to quantify the a chievement of students . Pre and post test are planned to know understanding level while additional test was designed to know understanding and application level, of the subject. Statistical analysis of data obtained implies that use of CAI material has more po tential than lecture method. In t he a dditional test, use of CAI material has shown progressive effect but at the same time improvement in the performance of control group is noticeable. Blending of lecture and CAI method will surely help for betterment of learning process at all the three levels viz. information, understanding and application
PURIFICATION (CRYSTALLIZATION) OF BIOACTIVE INGREDIENT ANDGROGRAPHOLIDE FROM ANDROGRAPHIS PANICULATA published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Dilip Jadhao* and Bhaskar Thorat In the study, the purification of Andrographolide from the Andrographis Paniculata was carried out using different physical separation techniques such as extraction and crystallization followed by drying. The extraction of the andrographolide from the A. Paniculta was carried out using different solvents. The effect of andrographolide to solvent ratio on extraction efficiency was studied. It was found that the andrographolide to solvent ratio of 1:3.5 w/v gives higher percentage purity of andrographolide. The solubility study of andrographolide was studied in order to find out the best solvent for crytsallization. Subsequently, the extract which was obtained after extraction was treated with activated charcoal to get rid of the undesired impurity which may hinder the process of crystallization. Subsequent to extract clarification, extract was concentrated by evaporation. The process of cooling crystallization was effectively employed for further purification of andrographolide with the recovery of 95% andrographolide with high purity. The process of crystallization was studied in terms of supersaturation (more refined product). The andrographolide was confirmed by LCMS and Melting point. Scanning electron and inverted microscopy were applied to find out the morphology and the size of purified andrographolide. It was observed that andrographolide gives different size of cube shaped whitish crystals in the range to 30?m- 40 ?m.
Awareness About Swine Flu and Perception Regarding its Prevention Among Medical Students During Current Outbreak in Jhansi published in

Published by
Santosh Kumar Verma, Shubhanshu Gupta, Rashmi Yadav, Swati Singh Background- Swine flu is an infection caused by a virus. Current swine flu outbreak refers to an outbreak of the 2009 pandemic H1N1 virus in India, which is still ongoing. Objectives-To study the awareness & assess the perception about preventive measure by medical students. Material and method- A cross sectional study was carried out among the students of MLB Medical College, Jhansi during February-March 2015. Out of 100 students, 97 students (males=67, females=30) were selected. Data was analyzed statistically using percentages and chi square test. SPSS was used. Results-93% of males & 77% of females were aware of swine flu. Among the preventive measures adopted; personal protective equipments like N-95 masks & handkerchief found to be most commonly used. Conclusions-Awareness among medical students towards swine flu and the preventive measures adopted was enough but some wrong misconception were present.
Enzymological Responses in Channa Punctatus Exposed to Sub-Lethal Concentration of Hexaconazole (Contaf) In Paddy-Cum-Fish Ecosystem published in

Published by
Neelanjana Choudhury, Jayanta Tarafdar, Ashis Panigrahi Pesticides usage in agricultural fields to control pests is extremely toxic to non target organisms like fish and affect fish health through impairment of metabolism, sometimes leading to mortality. Present study is an attempt of investigating enzymological responses in Channa puntatus exposed to fungicide Hexaconazole used against Rhizoctonia solani in rice plants in paddy-cum-fish ecosystem. Native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis have been used to analyze malate dehydrogenase (MDH), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and peroxidase (Pox) isozymes in different tissues like gill, heart, liver, kidney, muscle and spleen of the Channa punctatus in order to study the tissue specificity of these isozymes. LDH and MDH isozymes are major system found in liver and kidney and associated with environmental stressors gets elevated. Peroxidase, is related to antioxidant activity against free radical toxicity induced by fungicides, was found highly expressed in gill and heart. Lactate and malate dehydrogenase showed increased activity in spleen and kidney indicating detoxification and tissue damage induced by pesticide.
An Efficient Novel Framework For Enhancing ?e Quality Of Personal Photographs Using Internet Picture Gallerie published in

Published by
Anisha Nk, Ginnu George S entiment analysis is an application of Computational Linguistics and Text Mining, in which the hidden emotions in a given text are extracted. In this paper, S entiment Analysis of Malayalam movie reviews is done by classifying the review obtained from user as positive, negative and neutral. A hybrid approach for S entiment Analysis is proposed in this work in which Maximum Entropy Model is used for tagging and certain rules are also incorporated to handle certain special cases. ?e Maximum Entropy classifier is a probabilistic classifier which belongs to the class of exponential models. It is based on the Principle of Maximum Entropy. It selects the one which has the largest entropy and from all the models that fit our training data. Maximum Entropy Classification finds out in which class the review must belong, given a context so that it maximizes the entropy of the classification system. ?e rules included ensure that special cases are handled which include negation, intensifiers, dilators etc. ?e system performed well gi ving a considerable precision rate.
ISOLATION OF DYE DEGRADING PSEUDOMONAS SPECIES FROM THE SOIL NEAR DYEING INDUSTRY ERODE AND ITS POTENTIAL APPLICATION IN DYE EFFLUENT TREATMENT published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Tariq Ahmad Lone1*, 1C.Revathi and 2Reyaz Ahmad Lone The dye related environmental pollution is increasing at an alarming rate over the worldwide especially in India. This made us to study on the biological control of dye pollutants by isolating the dye degrading microbes from contaminated soil. A total of seven dye degrading bacteria were isolated. Among these the most potential isolate S2 was further characterized. It was found to be a gram negative, rod shaped, flagellated, motile bacteria. The bacterial isolate showed positive reaction for the methyl red, voges proskaure and citrate while negative reaction for the indole test. Degrading strain S2 fermented glucose only while did not showed fermentations in the lactose, sucrose, fructose, xylose, arabinose, sorbitol and rhaminose. The degrading strain S2 showed the zone of hydrolysis gelatin agar medium, casein agar medium and did not showed the hydrolysis in the starch agar medium. Degrading strain S2 showed the positive reaction for the oxidase test, catalase test, urease test, and nitrate reduction test. Thus the identification test profile for the dye degrading strain S2 made it confirmed that isolated strains were belonging genus Pseudomonas species. The physical and chemical parameters showed the highest decolorizing activity were found at pH 6 (89.06%) and lowest decolorizing activity at pH 9 (82.34%). The effect of temperature for dye degrading strain Pseudomonas species S2 showed highest decolorizing activity at 370C (90.08%) and lowest decolorizing activity at 450C (71.65%). The Pseudomonas species S2 showed good ability to decolorize the dyes Red m 5B and T-Blue upto 300ppm. The dye degrading Pseudomonas species showed good ability to decolorize the dyes on metabolic shaker when compared to under static condition. Strain improvement for the selected isolate of dye degrading Pseudomonas species strain S2 showed that fewer colonies appeared on Petri plates with an increasing exposure to Ultra Violet light and similar result was observed with increasing concentration of Ethidium Bromide, the growth rate decreased as only few colonies appeared on the Petriplates.
Changing Concerns of Educational Technology from National Curriculum Framework 1988-National Curriculum Framework 2005 published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Sheerein Humaira Educational Technology (ET) and Information and Communication Technology (ICT) are the need of the hour. Since long there has been a growing demand for integration of ICT in the school education. However there are barriers to successful integration of ICT in teaching learning process. Taking a glance from NCF 1988 to NCF 2005, this paper highlights the concerns in the area of ET from development of necessary infrastructure to the demands put on the part of the educator for successful integration of ICT and provides suggestions on how to deal with the era specific concerns and future concerns as well.
Assessment of Oral Health Status and Self Reported Oral Hygienic Practices With A View to Impart Oral Hygiene Health Talk Among School Children. published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Ms. Vidya . M, Ms. Seema S Chavan The objective of this study is to determine the oral health status, self-reported oral hygienic practice and its correlation. And to find the association between oral health status and self reported oral hygienic practices of children with selected demographical variables. Methodology: in this study 200 primary school children were selected , data was collected by using structured self- reported practice questionnaire and an oral health assessment observational checklist. Conclusion: the study reveals that majority of children had poor oral health status and reported poor oral hygienic practise. There was significant association between oral hygienic practice, oral health status with parents education. So awareness programme among children and parents will be helpful to improve oral health status.
DIFFERENT METHODS FOR DG ANTI - ISLANDING PROTECTION published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Kirti Jawalbankar * , Prof.K.Chandra obula Reddy For better power quality and reliability, the power industry are focusing to distributed generations i.e. DG. New technology like photo voltaic (PV), fuel cell, wind turbine, and new innovation in power electronics generating powers but cannot provide qua lity and reliability and customer required both. Hence distributed generation (DG) is advance research area in the power industry due to market deregulations and environmental concerns. This paper provides the overview on existing Different methods for DG anti - islanding Protection
PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS FOR SUGARCANE GROWERS IN INDIA: AN EMPARICAL STUDY published in

International Education and Research Journal

Published by
Mrs. Sanju Kumari Dhancholia The Sugarcane cultivation is the most organized sector of farming, which is directly linked to the sugar industry and plays an eminent role in the economic life of India. The Sugarcane growers have a great significance to the agricultural and industrial economy of the rural region of India. It is the feeder for agro based industry like sugar and located in rural areas. The sector has served as an instrument for carrying progressive trends of rural areas. The most outstanding feature of this sector is that it is a link between the factory and the cultivators, whose interest and well being are interdependent. The fundamental problem of the sugarcane grower is that there is no relation between the price of raw material i.e., sugar cane and its finished good i.e., sugar. In almost all the major sugar producing countries of the world the price of cane paid to the farmers depends on the realization from sugar. The basic problem confronting the cane growers is to meet the high cost of cultivation. This problem is aggravated by the unreasonable statutory price paid for the cane by the sugar mills. High cost of cultivation and the low price fixed for the cane supply is not, however, the only problem of cane growers but marketing and financial problems are also becoming very acute.
Hindrance Factors for Marketing Information System (MkIS): A Study of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in Punjab published in

Published by
Dr. Rahul Hakhu, Dr. Ms Ravi Kiran, Dr. D. P. Goyal Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in Punjab are doing finest task by introducing novel concepts in their system for achieving advanced standards of effectiveness and performance. In todays mounting competitive business environment, Marketing Information System (MkIS) is necessary for valuable decision making for a manager in SMEs, which in turn is accountable for its augmentation. The current study is an attempt to highlight the level of MkIS as a entire. A survey analysis has been undertaken for 140 SMEs viz. cutting tools, sports goods and bicycle components of manufacturing sector of Punjab in India to understand the hindrance factors for MkIS in SMEs. The results highlight that all the hindrance factors of MkIS are measured key by all the three categories of the firm viz. cutting tools, sports goods and bicycle components respectively.
EFFECT OF DESIGN AND CLIMATIC PARAMETERS ON PERFORMANCE OF DOMESTIC TYPE INTEGRATED SINGLE SLOPE SOLAR STILL AN EXPERIMENTAL VALIDATION published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Lalita Rai*, Mr. Anurag Kulshreshtha, Mr. Abhishek Arya The work was motivated by the increasing awareness of the need for enhancing water supplies schemes in arid lands featuring an appropriate technology for solar energy use in the desalination field in India. The conventional desalination technologies like multi stage flash, multiple effect, vapor compression, iron exchange, reverse osmosis, electro dialysis are expensive for the production of small amount of fresh water, also use of conventional energy sources has a negative impact on the environment. Solar distillation represents a most attractive and simple technique among other distillation processes, and it is especially suited to small-scale units at locations where solar energy is considerable. The present work is related to effect of design and climatic parameters on performance of domestic type integrated single slope solar still with and without flat plat collector with 6, 9, 12 cm water depth. From the present experimental study it has been concluded that water depth, inclination of glass cover gives significant effect on yield of single slope solar still. Experiments of still with flat plate collector have also been performed and it has been noticed that there is considerable effect of flat plate collector on the performance of still. Though solar still have not been successfully commercialized as yet, with the ongoing research efforts, they can be modified and improved for future domestic applications.
PHYTOCHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS AND ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF TWO MEDICINAL PLANTS (XIMENIA AMERICANA AND ACACIA NILOTICA) published in

Ewemen Journal of Microbial Research (EJMR)

Published by EWEMEN RESOURCES LIMITED
ADAMU H.M.; USHIE O.A.; *OGAH E.; LONGBAP B.D.; BULUS I.D. The plants Ximenia americana L. and Acacia nilotica L.are commonly used traditionally for the treatment of malaria and other antimicrobial ailments. The antibacterial activities of the medicinal plants were investigated. Phytochemical screening of the extracts of different parts of the plants revealed the presence of saponins, alkaloids, oils, glycosides, tannins, anthraquinones and steroids. Alkaloids were not detected in Acacia nilotica. The antimicrobial studies of acetone and methanol extract were carried out on five pathogenic organisms, namely; Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Shigella dysenteriae and Streptococcus pneumonia. The extracts used showed inhibitory activity on the organisms tested with zones of inhibition from 10 mm to 25 mm. This result confirmed the use of the plants in traditional medicinal treatment of malaria, diarrhoea, dysentery, wound and tuberculosis. The presence of the above secondary metabolites in the plants might be responsible for the activities. Key words: Acacia nilotica, phytochemical screening, Ximenia Americana.
Circulo - respiratory efficiency of agricultural workers in Odisha published in

Engineering Technology in India

Published by Rakesh kumar Singh
S.K. MOHANTY, M.K. GHOSAL AND J.N. MISHRA The cardio respiratory performance of male and female subjects was studied in relation to manual types of agricultural work in Odisha. Operations like land preparation with spade, manual transplanting and seeding methods, weeding, harvesting with local sickle and reaper were evaluated. The working heart rate and oxygen consumption rate recorded 136.3 beats/min, 0.98 l min-1 for male and 138.4, 0.92 l min-1 in spading operation. Manual random transplanting required working heart rate of 118.6 beats/min and 114.7 beats/min for male and female workers and higher heart rate of 128.7 beats/min, 133.7 beats/min was recorded in 2 row and 4 row paddy transplanter operated by male workers, and it was 130.4 beats/min and 134.8 beats/min in 2 row and 4 row paddy transplanter for female workers. The 2 row and 4 row transplanter required 9.3 and 20.3 man day / ha for male and female workers, respectively. Weeding in squatting posture required less working heart rate and oxygen consumption rate of 98.3 beats/min, 0.45 l min-1 for male and 100.2 beats/min, 0.4 l min-1 for female workers. Four row pre germinated paddy seeder required the working heart rate, oxygen consumption rate and relative cost of work load of 126.4 beats/ min, 0.80 l min-1 and 41 per cent against 140.2 beats/min, 1.08 l min-1 and 55.4 per cent in case of 8 row paddy seeder operated by male workers. The female workers could not operate the 6 and 8 row pre germinated paddy seeders due to higher pulling force in puddled field. Operation of locally available sickle in squatting posture required. 23.2 and 33.3 per cent lower energy expenditure rate against paddy reaper for both male and female workers. Pedal thresher was about 70 per cent more efficient than manual threshing. The working heart rate, oxygen consumption rate required in pedal thresher was 126.5 beats/min, 0.79 min-1 for male and 124.3 beats/min, 0.68 l min-1 for female workers. The relative cost of workload of pedal thresher was 23.9 and 18.5 per cent lower than that of manual threshing by male and female workers. Proper training and modification of existing tools and equipments will reduce drudgery and fatigue of workers
Alternative Tourism and Ecological Farms on Creating Diversification of Tourism Product: Example of Pastoral Valley published in

ISLETME ARASTIRMALARI DERGISI (Journal of Business Research-Turk)

Published by Melih Topaloglu
Burhan KILI, Alper KURNAZ The changes at mass tourism activity within the human consumption demands, in recent years in tourism product diversification efforts has caused to emerge alternative tourism types as an alternative to the classic tourism product called sea, sand and sun trilogy. Various investments were made to meet the demand and get the most important share of tourists having special interest in those areas. The studies on product diversification in tourism industry indicate that the product itself has an attractive new product features as well as supporting other products may also be possible to specify. Mugla, which has a very rich flora in the region also has many endemic plant species and is a tourist area. The region which is a very important destination as a classical tourism product, at the same time has a very significant potential for alternative tourism mobility. The aim of the study is to examine the Pastoral Valley Ecological Farm Life which has been developed within the scope of product diversification policy, ecotourism, farm and agricultural tourism practices and could be an example on this topic. In this study, case study method which is one of the qualitative methods was used.
HEAT TRANSFER ENHANCEMENT USING FINS WITH PERFORATION: A REVIEW published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
A.V. Zoman * , D. D. Palande Extended surfaces called as fins a passive technique is used for enhancing heat transfer between surface and surrounding fluid. They find applications not only in electronic equipments but also in important areas like electrical transformers, heat exchanger, chemical processing system etc. As proper heat dissipation results in saving of power and reduces chances of overheating problems, perforation are made on the fins. Perforated fin improves heat transfer rate compared to solid fin by varying the different parameter like shape of perforation, diameter of perforation and number of perforation. This paper focuses on studies which deal with heat transfer enhancement by using perforated fin.
FUNGUS (Trichoderma harzianum Rifai A1300-F006) GROWTH SPEED AND CELLULASE ACTIVITY IN WASTE HANDLING CELLULOSE published in

Jurnal Metamorfosa, Journal of Biological Sciences

Published by Master of Biology of Udayana University
Pebriana Nasution, Periadnadi, Nurmiati Production of waste in urban areas reached 0.5 kg/person /day and 80% consisted of organic waste, one of many types of waste mostly generated is household waste. Generally, this household organic waste containing structural compoundsuch us long chains of cellulose.Therefore, the use of microorganism that can produce cellulase is very important to reduce the weight of garbage. Trichoderma harzianumis known as the most potential mold compared to other molds in converting cellulose. Sawdust and bran contain cellulose and hemicellulose that can be used as the main component in the mediafor its growth. The objectives of this study was: To find an effective ratio between sawdust and bran as growth mediafor Trichoderma harzianum, To know the cellulase activity of Trichoderma harzianum. This study has been conducted from April 2015 to Juli 2015 in the Laboratory of Microbiology, Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of Andalas. The results of this study concluded that an effective ratio between sawdust and bran as a growth media for Trichoderma harzianumwhich degraded organic waste was 50:50. The highest activity of cellulase in degrading organic waste is 100%.
COMPUTATION THE HARTREE-FOCK ENERGY OF GROUND STATE FOR BORON ATOM AND ISO ELECTRONIC SERIES published in

Theoretical & Applied Science

Published by International Academy of Theoretical & Applied Sciences
Qassim Shamkhi AL-Khafaji Partition method have been used to calculate the Hartree-Fock energy of ground state for Boron atom and like ions such as C+1 and N+2 in addition to study some important atomic properties using Hartree Fock approximation in position space. Finally all the studied properties are calculated using atomic units.
A Study of Problem of korku Migration published in

Published by
Dr. Sanjay S. Salivkar -
INFLUENCE OF THE BUSINESS REPUTATION OF THE ETHNIC ASPECTS OF THE INSTITUTION OF THE STATE CIVIL SERVICE published in

Theoretical & Applied Science

Published by International Academy of Theoretical & Applied Sciences
Zulfiya Raisovna Mingazova The article examines the dominant influence on business reputation of civil servants.
APPLICATIONS OF LAGRANGES THEOREM IN GROUP THEORY published in

PARIPEX-INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Mamidi Sai Akash The objective of the paper is to present applications of Lagranges theorem, order of the element, finite group of order, converse of Lagranges theorem, Fermats little theorem and results, we prove the first fundamental theorem for groups that have finite number of elements. In this paper we show with the example to motivate our definition and the ideas that they lead to best results. It can be used to prove Fermats little theorem and its generalization, Eulers theorem. These special cases were known long before the general theorem was proved. In this paper some Corollaries gives the famous result called the Fermats Little Theorem. In this paper we see that given a subgroup H of a group G, it may be possible to partition the group G into subsets that are in some sense similar to H itself
CAESAREAN SECTION WHERE WE STAND (Primary C/S Role of Obstetrician, If We Reduce the Primary C/S Rate, the Over All C/S Rate Can Be Reduced Effectively) published in

Published by
Dr.A.Srilakshmi, Dr.A.Sudha Rani, Dr.M.Manjula OBJECTIVE: The Aim of this Study is to assess and analysis the rate of caesarean section with particular reference to primary caesarean delivery. MATERIALS AND METHODS : Retrospective study done in a teaching institute collecting the data of C/S particularly primary C/S, which is done in cases of primigravida over a period of one year i.e., from Jan to Dec 2011. RESULTS : The overall C/S rate in our institute was 24.73% and primary C/S 27.87% where cephalopelvic disproportion was the leading cause of C/S. CONCLUSION : The raising rate of primary C/S is very alarming since it determines the overall C/S rate in the society. With a good mix of staff in the labour wards both consultants and midwives and judicious of electronic fetal heart monitoring we can reduce the rate of C/S/
PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF BLENDS OF MAHUA OIL METHYL ESTER FOR COMPRESSION IGNITION ENGINE published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
A.F. Sherwani Decline in fossil fuel resources along with high crude oil prices generated attention towards the development of fuel from alternate sources. One of the best alternatives is biodiesels obtained from different vegetable oils. In the present study attention is being focused on comparison of performance and emissions results of biodiesel derived from Mahua oil when applied in dif ferent proportions in compression ignition (diesel) engine. A single cylinder four stroke diesel engine (Kirloskar) was tested at various loads with the blended fuel at the rated speed of 1500 rpm. Mahua oil methyl ester blended with diesel in proportions of 5%, 10%, 15%, and 20%, by volume and pure diesel were used as fuel. An AVL gas analyzer and a smoke meter were used for the measurements of exhaust gas emissions. Engine performance (specific fuel consumption, brake thermal efficiency, and exhaust gas t emperature) and emissions (HC, CO, CO 2 , NO x and Smoke Opacity) were measured to evaluate and compute the behavior of the diesel engine running on biodiesel. The results show that the brake thermal efficiency of diesel is higher at all loads followed by ble nds of Mahua methyl ester and diesel. Experimentally the maximum brake thermal efficiency and minimum specific fuel consumption were found for blends up to 20% Mahua oil methyl ester at all loads among the blends. The specific fuel consumption was found to be even lower than the conventional diesel for blends up to B20. The brake thermal efficiency for B10 and B20 were also closer to diesel and the CO emissions were found to be lesser than diesel while there was a slight increase in the smoke opacity and NO x . The reductions in brake specific fuel consumption and CO emissions made the blend of biodiesel B20 a suitable alternative fuel for diesel
DISPOSAL OF BACKLOG CASES: A MILESTONE TO ACHIEVE published in

Published by
Hiranmaya Nanda, Prof(Dr.) Jayadev Pati This paper is an attempt to examine the reasons behind delay in justice delivery system through backlog of cases and lack of manpower in the judicial administration system. Although the clearance of pending cases in the present day is the most difficult task to be managed still endeavour is being taken for the same by implementation of various mechanisms for speeding up the disposal process in this field.
Agewell programme awareness among elderly published in

Asian Journal of Home Science

Published by Rakesh kumar Singh
RAJKUMAR M. KAMBLE AND M.B. PATIL The elderly in India are a heterogeneous population with variations in morbidity across several dimensions, gender, location and socio-economic status in particular, as well as great diversity in cultures, religions and languages. The size of Indias older adult population is greater than the total population of many developed and developing countries. The aging population is a sign of successful development in medical sciences and technology, living standards and education, but the elderly also raise unique social, economic and clinical challenges including a growing demand for increasingly complex healthcare services. In view of the increasing need for intervention in area of old age welfare, Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, Government of India adopted National Policy on Older Persons in January, 1999. The policy provides broad guidelines to State Governments for taking action for welfare of older persons in a proactive manner by devising their own policies and plans of action. However, this study has been designed to investigate the elderly knowledge about the agewell programme and to know about their attitude and practices towards Agewell Programme. Elderly among study area had average information about agewell programme and there is an urgent need of effective training at grassroot level.
COMPARISON OF QUARTZ AND LEAD ZIRCONATE TITANATE EFFECT IN THE MANUFACTURE OF ACOUSTIC MICRO PROBE TO STIMULATE THE NEURAL TISSUE AND CREATE AN ACTION POTENTIAL AND ITS SIMULATION BY COMSOL MULTIPHYSICS SOFTWARE published in

Theoretical & Applied Science

Published by International Academy of Theoretical & Applied Sciences
Mostafa Mohammadi In this paper, design and simulation of acoustic micro probe made of piezoelectric materials such as Lead Zirconate Titanate (pzt) and Quartz to stimulate nerve tissue and produce the wave of action potential in order to transmit the nerve messages inside of axoplasm of an axon have been explored. The simulation has been performed. by using the Comsol Multiphysics 3.5a software. In this simulation, we have designed a piezoelectric blade that part of it is placed inside of ionic enviroment that made of saline matter. By applying the voltage on outer side of blade, due to piezoelectric materials propertis, the blade vibrated and lead to displacement of sodium and chloride ions. This movement of ions creates a current within the ionic enviroment. Then, by applying the obtained current as input to fitzhugh nagumo model,we succed to produce the wave of action potential inside of axoplasm of an axon. The remarkable thing is that, in simulation of piezoelectric blade we used Lead Zirconate Titanate and Quartz and after completing the simulation process, Despite the large difference in the density of the material, due to the proximity of the voltage value at the different time of propagation of the action potential, less dense materials such as quartz can be used in acoustic micro probe designation in order to nerve stimulation .
A Descriptive Study on The Prevalence and Self Medication For Dysmenorrhoea Among B.sc. Nursing Students of N.I.N.E, P.G.I.M.E.R, Chandigarh published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Mrs. Buttar Ravinder Kaur, Mrs. Chinmayee Behera, Mrs. Darisha Lyngdoh, Mrs. Gurbir Kaur Brar Dysmenorrhoea is a condition characterized by pain during menstruation. Most women experience pain during menstruation while some time it may limit the normal activities, or require medications .Sometimes students take medicine for relieving pain without consulting the physician. A descriptive study was conducted to assess the prevalence of dysmenorrhoea and the practice of self medication during dysmenorrhoea among the nursing students of NINE, PGIMER, Chandigarh. A total of 79 students under B.Sc. Nursing (Basic) 3rd year were selected as the sample. A questionnaire was developed and used as the tool of data collection. It was found that the prevalence of dysmenorrhoea was 76% and 29% of the students indulged in the practice of self medication during dysmenorrhoea. Antispasmodic (78%) were the most common drugs used to relieve dysmenorrhoea followed by Analgesics (22%). One third of the total students (31%) said that self medication made them more cautious, 25.31% are afraid of adverse drug reaction, 24.05% prefer seeking a prescription, 15.18% students are against self medication, 3.19% are confident in self medication.
Patterns of Tobacco Use Amongst Engineering College Students in Ahmedabad District published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr. Punit G. Patel, Dr. Anand G. Shah, Dr. Vijay L Goplani Purpose: Smoking is currently the single leading preventable cause of death. Anyone with a smoking habit has an increased chance of lung, cervical, and other types of cancer; respiratory diseases such as emphysema, asthma, and chronic bronchitis; and cardiovascular disease, such as high blood pressure, stroke, and atherosclerosis. Though some people believe some brand of cigarette are safer, it also carries health risks. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 250 engineering students of three engineering colleges of Ahmadabad with pre designed questionnaire which included Current smoking status, starting age, and average consumptions per day were obtained. Data was collected after explaining the purpose of the study and verbal consent was obtained from each patient. Results: Mean age of students was 19.4 year with 1.9 SD. Out of total 250 students , 47 (18.8%) were found to be current smokers. The prevalence of current smoking among 22-23 years age group was 40% followed by 20-21 years (24.1). Proportion of current smoker among students with parentral history was 40.1%. Majority of students (87.5%) were smoking less than 5 cigarette per day and 5% of students were smoking more than 10 cigarette per day. More than 2/3rd (80%) of students were spending up to 200 rupees per week. Around 40% of students were not willing to quit. Conclusion: Present As demonstrated in this study, significant factors were lower socio-economic class, personal reasons and female sex, these factors must be taken into account while giving health education. Sound referral system can also minimize treatment delay
Dragonflies in Kuttanadu: Preliminary Observations published in

PARIPEX-INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Manu Rani Paul The order Odonata, comprising dragonflies and damselflies are one of the most spellbinding insect groups. Due to amphibious life history, short generation time, high trophic position and diversity, odonates are considered not only as integral element of freshwater ecosystems but also as adept indicators of ecosystem health. The present study identified ten species of dragonflies in Muttar region of Kurtanadu. As odonates are considered as ecological indicators, the present study deserves much attention and scope for further research.
Assessment of fluoride release and recharge ability from some esthetic restorative materials exposed to two types of fluoridated dental materials (In Vitro Comparative Study) published in

Published by
Shilan Nawzad Dawood, Salam D. Al Amp Ndash Qaisi, Miwan Salahalddin A. Alrahman Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the fluoride release and fluoride recharge behaviors of two glass ionomer cements ( Fuji IX GP, GC Corp.; Ketac N100, 3M ESPE ) and a composite resins(Gradia Direct X, GC Corp) before and after exposure to mouthwash and toothpaste in which a fluoride ion-selective electrode was used to measure fluoride concentrations. Materials and Methods: Ninety standardized discs of the studied materials were fabricated with dimension of (8 mm diameter and 2 mm thickness) from cylindrical brass moulds suspended in 8ml polyethelene vial. Fluoride released from the materials was measured at 1st, 2nd, 7th 14th and 30th days. At 30th day the specimens were divided into three groups. Specimens in the control group were stored in deionized water. For the other two groups, the specimens were exposed fluoridated toothpaste and fluoridated mouthwash. After refluoridation, fluoride amount was measured at 32th, 39th, 46th, and 53th days. Results: The release of fluoride was highest on day 1 (90.097) for Fuji IX and (64.819) for Ketac N then there was a sudden fall on day 2 and gradual constant decrease over time, the lowest value is in the thirty days which is (18.186)for Fuji IX, (10.711) for Ketac . While Gradia X shows lower release and leveling off thereafter without any sudden release or decrease in which the fluoride ion released at constant low level. After treatment solutions, there is no effect of fluoride recharge ability by de ionized water but there is a significant increase in fluoride release after treatment with toothpaste and mouthwash, in 32Th day which is (36.654) for Fuji IX, (26.768) for Ketac N and (4.160) for Gradia X but the mean value dropped to a constant, low level at 39th and 46th days,at day 53th when reflouridation is administered on daily basis the rate of fluoride ion release increased significantly Conclusions: The three fluoride-containing dental materials used were able to release fluoride and exhibited different fluoride release patterns depending on their compositions. After exposure to fluoridated mouthwash and toothpaste, all materials were recharged and continued releasing fluoride, in which recharge ability from the toothpaste group was found to be more successful than the mouthwash group.
Design of A New Deregulated Market Structure for an Indian Grid with Focus on Different Controllers published in

The journal of CPRI

Published by Central Power Research Institute
Peer Fathima A, Shrinivass A V and Shravanthi R The main objective of this paper is to create a new deregulated market structure namely Dyadic Market Structure which provides an optimal environment to nurture private sectors and also to protect customer interests. The four area interconnected system (Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu) of the Southern Regional Grid is considered as a public sector of this structure and its frequency response is improved by secondary regulation by using various controllers like PI, PID and Fuzzy logic Controllers. The simulation is carried out using MATLAB SIMULINK.
Mobile Web Services Invocation System Using SMAP? published in

International Journal of Computer Science and Mobile Computing - IJCSMC

Published by Mohammad Zainuddin
Prof. Deepak Kapgate?, Monali Khune? This paper presents an experiment relative to the use of short message application protocol (SMAP) to provide framework for mobile applications accessing Web Services. Here author refer to the most common architecture used to invoke Web Services, where a client and a server exchange short message application protocol (SMAP) messages provided by short message service (SMS) technology. To guarantee the independence of the application from the type of communication channel used, the paper deals with the problem of designing a framework allowing a Java application to directly interface Web Services from a mobile device using a short message application protocol (SMAP). In this system author has developed an application server called SMS server to accept end user information via short message service (SMS), access that information for user from internet and send it back in form of short message service (SMS) messages. Application server is connected to internet to access user data and send this information to end users mobile phone. Sending and receiving short message application protocol (SMAP) is done by SMS server.
REGIONAL MARKETING: ESSENCE, CONTENT AND WAYS OF DEVELOPMENT published in

The Russian Academic Journal

Published by Institute of Political and Mediametric Studies
Ilona Nadenko Essence of the concept regional marketing, its content, purposes and conditions of realization are investigated. The ways and perspectives of regional marketing as a mechanism to increase the regions competitiveness are identified.
Effect of Medicinal Plant Azadirachta Indica on Seed Mycoflora, Seed Germination and Vigour Index of Bengal Gram published in

Published by
Dhole Anita C. Bengal gram is major pulse crop grown in Marathwada region. The seeds of Bengal gram are associated with many fungi like Aspergillus flavus, fusarium moniliformae, penicillium species, Rhizopus species etc. the leaf extract of Azadirachta indica is most effective shows more fungitoxic property. As concentration of Azdirachta increases, decreases the seed mycoflora, germination percentage increases, vigour index increases as compared to control.
Study of IgM anticardiolipin antibodies in pregnant ladies published in

Published by
Goel Neha, Tuli Anita Background : Abortion is termination of pregnancy by any means before the fetus is sufficiently developed to survive on its own. The growing recognition that in this group of patients there may be an immunologic basis aroused interest in research workers.The anticardiolipin antibodies (aCL) which are commonly associated with recurrent pregnancy loss are lgG and lgM. lgM antibody is the largest immunoglobulin and first to appear in an immune response. Women with phospholipid antibodies have a fetal loss of 90% when no specific treatment is given during pregnancy so this study was planned to find Anticardiolipin antibody levels (IgM) in patients of Abortions.Material/Methods: A total of 125 pregnant subjects were included in the study which includes study group (75 subjects) and a control group (50 subjects). Their blood was tested to assess the level of IgM aCL by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). In the study group a total of 18 (24%) subjects were positive for raised IgM anticardiolipin antibodies. In the control group 2 (4%) subjects were positive for IgM anticardiolipin antibody all of whom had levels in the insignificantly positive range. Mean levels of anticardiolipin antibody IgM in control group was 2.57 1.44 MPL units. p <0.001, highly significant. Result :Patients with increased IgM levels indicate a higher antibody burden with greater antigenic affinities explaining IgM mediated pregnancy wastage.
GAGASAN PENGATURAN HUKUM PEMERIKSAAN PERSEROAN TERBATAS (Suatu Evaluasi Normatif terhadap Pasal 138 - Pasal 141 Undang-Undang Nomor 40 Tahun 2007 tentang Perseroan Terbatas) published in

Dinamika Hukum

Published by Faculty of Law, Jenderal Soedirman University, Indonesia
Muhammad Syaifuddin Law No. 40 Year 2007 oblige good corporate governance. Practically, there is a chance to do wrongful act which cause bad corporate governance. Law No. 40 Year 2007 have some legal inconsistencies, so that cause uncertainty and unused legal practically. The idea of regulating on investigating of a company in forward has to develop of strengthening of legal certainty principle and legal utility principle (besides legal justice principle) which concrete in positive legal norms about performing, governing, investigating and post-investigating of a limited company by shares as a system. Then, the revising of positive legal norms about investigating of a limited company by shares consistently, which refers to the logics of legal rules. Keywords: the investigating, limited company by shares, normative evaluation, legal inconsistency.
Seasonal analysis of Physico-Chemical parameters of water in Fish industrial area, Chinnamuttom published in

Journal of Chemical, Biological and physical sciences

Published by Scientific and Academic Association
*P.A. Mary Helen, I.H. Belsha Jaya Edith, S. Jaya Sree and R. J. Shalini Jose The present study was designed to demonstrate the seasonal variations in physico-chemical parameters water samples from fish industrial area in Chinnamuttom near Kanyakumari. Water samples were collected in three different seasons. Water samples were analyzed for physicochemical parameters including pH, electrical conductivity, turbidity, total dissolved solids, alkalinity, total hardness, dissolved oxygen, BOD, COD and anions analyzed were Ca, Mg, Fe, Mn, No3 -, No2 -, So4 2-, Po4 2- , F- and Cl-. The data showed variation of the investigated parameters in samples as follows: pH 6.69 7.33, electrical conductivity 2573 - 3980micS/cm, F-, 0.2 0.6mg/L; No3 -, 4 10 mg/L; No2 -, 0.70 - 1.22 mg/L; The concentrations of most of the investigated parameters in the water sample from fish industrial area in Chinnamuttom river were exceeded the permissible limit of WHO and CPHEEO water quality guidelines.
Extragonadal Teratoma with Meningomyelocele Presenting as Mature Foot Formation on Back Rare Case Report published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr Rajharsh D.Hanmante, Dr Uddhav W. Mane, Dr Shreeram W.Chopade Teratomas are germ cell tumors commonly composed of multiple cell types derived from one or more of the 3 germ layers. It arises from totipotential cells; these tumors typically are midline or paraxial. Teratomas are of Gonadal and Extragonadal types. We are presenting a rare case of extragonadal teratoma with meningomyelocele with mature foot formation on back. A 6 months female child, brought by her parents with history of swelling on the back since birth, with mature foot formation. Case was further evaluated and swelling was excised. Histopathological examination of the swelling shows mature teratoma with meningomyelocele. Patient expired 24 hours after the surgery
SOLVING TRANSPORTATION PROBLEM BY USING MATLAB published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Dr. J. Sengamalaselvi* In the area of Linear Programming Problem (LPP), modeling of Transportation Problem (TP) is fundamental in solving most real life problems as far optimization is concerned. MATLAB is used for treating programming of LPP, a condition referred to as M - File that can result from codes. The Paper discusses to study TP that would calculate the use of MATLAB codes using a mathematical modeling. The model develops the transportation solution for the North West Corner Rule, Least Cost Method, Vogel’s Approximation Method, and Modi method for the TP. It is clear that a lot of effort has been involved in by many researchers in inquire about of appropriat e solution methods to such problem. Furthermore, analytical approach and MATLAB coding are the methods used by most researchers in the application of these efficient proposed techniques. In this paper, an equivalent MATLAB coding was written that would sup port in the computation of such problems with easiness especially when the problem at LPP and TP. For each model, we use a combination of analytical method and MATLAB coding to study the easiest way that would be efficient while find the solution of differ ent problems. MATLAB is the powerful computational tool in operation research. The MATLAB coding method is better than analytical method for solving TP. This model gives us good result in Transportation problem.
Yoga- The Ultimate Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease published in

Published by
Panchali Banerjee, Pranay Gandhi Yoga is definitely the remedy for all the modern day ailments especially the cardiovascular diseases that are increasing so fast now a days. In our centre at nashik we teach yoga to a lot of heart patients and have found promising results in them so far. We just aim to enlighten the world with the power of yoga and help cure all the pain and sufferings.
Emergency Management Approach in Minor Head Injuries in Neurosurgery Clinic published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Besnik Elshani, Basri Lenjani Craniocerebral injuries, regardless of the cause present emergency situations. Today craniocerebral injuries are ranked as third in the mortality, more than 50% of all trauma. It is considered that 1/4 of injuries are part of craniocerebral injuries. The purpose of the paper is to recognizing the signs and symptoms by reducing, disability, and possible complications from minor head injuries. Data was taken from the archive protocol to HUCSK Neurosurgery Clinic for the period of 1 year from January to December 2014. Only patients with minor head injuries were investigated. From the total number of the head injuries of 165 cases, 98 cases were with minor head injuries. Of the 165 patients with head injuries of which 98 cases with minor injuries or 59.39%, with the average injuries 45 cases or 27.27% and severe injuries were 22 cases or 13.34%. Modern management of minor head injuries in the Neurosurgeory Clinic should posses continuous approaches to monitoring, observation, treatment by providing adequate medical cure. Program approaches to be provided by professional asspects, systematic strategies, implement protocols and standard clinical brochures that will affect the quality of medical care.
Energy consumption pattern in rural households of Tura, Meghalaya published in

Asian Journal of Home Science

Published by Rakesh kumar Singh
MOONTY BARUAH AND SWAPNALI BORAH Energy has been recognized as basic requirement in every aspect of human welfare. Energy is a fundamental requirement for subsistence in the form of cooking, heating and lighting and at the same time it is a necessary input in productive processes such as agriculture, transportation and industry. In India, the household sector is one of the major energy consuming units accounting for half of the countrys energy demand which is nearly double quantity of energy consumed by agriculture and industry. A sample of hundred households was selected for the study from the rural areas of Tura, Meghalaya. The objective of the study was to estimate per capita energy consumption per household. The study on energy consumption pattern in rural households of Tura revealed that non-commercial sources were used in greater amount as compared to commercial sources. The per capita consumption of firewood was 1.48 as compared to L.P.G. which was only 0.08.
Advanced Controlling of Motor OverCan Protocol & Amend Motor Speed Control Using Can Protocol (Controller Area Network) published in

Published by
Yogesh V. Parmar, Shivang K. Shukla, Bhavesh R. Pate Controlling a motor driven machines in a network is main aspect in various industries. In present situation the industries are modifying their manual machines with automated machines. This requires the efficient controlling of this machines connected in one network for easy user interface.To reduce the network complexity and increase the efficiency we introduce our new technologycalled motor speed control using CAN protocol. Our technology consists of an intelligent network which controls the speed of an encoder dc motor. This motor is interfaced with controller commonly known as slave node which receives commands from the master node over CAN network. The master node controller is interfaced with UART terminal, therefore the user can command the desired speed value. This physical value is converted into logical digits and transferred to slave node through CAN buses (CAN high & CAN low). The slave node will receive the data and rotate the motor according to the received data. Now, to verify whether the motor is rotating at actual speed a feedback from encoder motor is taken and displayed on LCD
Withania as Effective Herbicide Against a Prominent Weed of Mid-Himmalaya, Parthenium Hysterophorus. published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Mamta Sharma, Sunil Puri The present study was designed to evaluate the herbicidal activity of Withania somnifera against the noxious weed Parthenium hysterophorus L. in a laboratory bioassay.The effect of aqueous root, stem and leaf extracts of Withania somnifera were tested against the germination and seedling growth of Parthenium. All the aqueous extracts markedly suppressed the germination and seedling growth of Parthenium. Generally, the effect of leaf extract was more pronounced than the effect of stem and root extracts. In foliar spray bioassay, aqueous leaf extracts of 100% w/v concentrations were sprayed on two month old seedlings of Parthenium. The sprays were applied frequently at interval of 5 days. All the aqueous extracts significantly suppressed shoot length, root length, fresh weight and dry weight of Parthenium seedling. In foliar spray bioassay, leaf extract suppressed the stem length, root length, fresh weight, dry weight, no of root branches and no. of shoot branches of studied weed. The present study concludes that leaf, stem and roots of Withania somnifera contain herbicidal constituents for the management of Parthenium weed which could prove a milestone in weed management in Mid-Himalaya.
AHMEDÎ’NİN İSKENDER-NÂME’SİNDE ÖLÜM VE MAHİYETİ/DEATH AND NATURE IN AHMADÎ'S ISKENDER-NÂME published in

Studies of the Ottoman Domain

Published by Mehmet Yavuz ERLER
Salih DEMİRBİLEK Ahmadî lived in the time of these igniories. He contributed to development and reinforcement of Old Anatolian Turkishby his writings. The most famous of his works is İskender-nâme. Int his work, Ahmadî mentions search for immortality by point of Islamic perspective and also Macedonian Alexander's life and struggles. He has many characters except Alexanderin his work. Ahmadî added a section of world history to his Iskender-nâme. In this section, while describing the deaths of the historical characters, he gives different lexical points in order not to fall into repetition. These different uses of the poet create a rich vocabulary of death term for his work and language of that period. Keywords: Ahmedi, İskender-nâme, Death, Death in Turkishpeople, Death in Ottomans
A Study to Assess The Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme (Stp) Regarding Hypertension And Its Prevention Strategies in Terms of Knowledge and Attitude of Selected Rural Population at Karve Area published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Ms. More Ujwala Ramchandra, Prof. Avinash H. Salunkhe. Aim & Objectives: 1. to improve knowledge of selected rural population regarding prevention of hypertension. To identify risk factors and provide structured teaching program on prevention of hypertension. Material & methods: evaluative study was conducted on 30 hypertensive subjects from Karve rural population by using interview schedule method. Sampling technique used for the study was convenient sampling which is type of non probability sampling. The study was conducted in year 2011 in month of November. Stratified random sampling technique was used. Institutional ethics Committee approval and informed consent from the subjects, Sarpanch, medical officer of PHC of Vadgaon Haveli were taken before the study. First pretest questionnaire given to subject then health education through structured teaching provided pamphlets and after seven days post test given. Results: assessing the knowledge in pretest out of 30 samples no one 0(0%) having good knowledge. 23 (76.66%) having average knowledge. Remaining subjects 7(23.33%) are having poor knowledge regarding prevention of hypertension. conclusion: knowledge and attitude of rural population related to prevention of risk factors of hypertension is poor so there is need to give more information to aware people is necessary.
MULTIFACTOR SEMANTIC RANKING FOR EFFICIENT MUL TIPURPOSE PRODUCT LISTINGS published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Manpreet Kaur * , Pravneet Kaur The product ranking models has been deployed to the various applications, where the larger volumes of the data entries is involved. The product ranking models includes the various factors for the ranking for the search list ranking, recommendation lists, etc. In this paper, the multifactor semantic ranking model has been incorporated for the purpose of search list ranking or recommendation raking list production. The proposed model utilizes the variety of the factors associated with the products, such as their popularity, total number of visitors to the product page, total purchases till date, trust factor of the product page, etc. These multiple factors are always distributed and defined in the multiple ranges, which must be normalized in order to make them compatible for the preparation of the colla borative index for the product ranking. In the proposed model, the accessibility, visitor number and page viability plays the important factors behind the efficiency of this model. The experimental results have shown the efficiency of the proposed model in the terms of time based analysis.
Cholesterol and Coronary Heart Diseases- A Review Article published in

Published by
Dr. Nishant Pujara Atherosclerosis is a disease whose causes are multifactoral, and alterations in plasma lipids and lipoproteins are one facet of the problem. A major achievement of research has been to show how the various risk factors interact in atherogenesis. Low density lipoprotein levels in the plasma are highly correlated with levels of plasma cholesterol. The role of LDL-cholesterol for atherosclerosis growth has been exaggerated, a finding with consequences for the prevention of cardiovascular disease. For instance, as the statins exert their beneficial influence on the cardiovascular system by several mechanisms, it may be wiser to search for the lowest effective dose instead of the dose with maximal effect on LDL-cholesterol. While there is considerable evidence that high density lipoprotein levels are negatively correlated with risk, there are as yet no data on the effects of altering these levels in individuals or in populations.
DC BLOWER MOTOR OPERATED COOLER WITH SOLAR PANEL published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Krishan Kumar*, Naresh cooler with solar panel for residential Cooling is very important during the summer as well as in the life to maintain the food, fish, and many items at constant temperature to avoid the bad effect of viruses’. But air cooling is very important part during the s ummer for a man. Cooling process employs the different method to cool the air. Today air cooling methods are very expensive for AC coolers, air conditioning, fans and dehumidifiers. To running these products required Ac supply/electrical. The generation of electrical power ultimately responsible for hot and humid environments which causes global warming. Air conditionings, refrigeration, air cooling system are rapidly increased due to hot and humid conditions that provide us a relaxed and comfortable life. But these products and source are not available every time in the home and villages. DC bettery and solar power systems are more suitable for the purpose. Solar and Dc system being considered as one of the path towards more sustainable energy system. Blowe r motors are used in this cooler for fan and water pump which gives us cooled air. This projects and research of DC and industrial application.
Establishment of Local Diagnostic Reference Level For Brain CT Procedures published in

Published by
Abdelrahman. M. Elnour, , Mohamed Yousef, Abdelmoneim Sulieman Computed Tomography (CT) is a valuable medical imaging technique for the diagnosis of wide range of diseases. Due to development of powerful CT machines, new clinical applications are continue to emerge in medical fields. Study was performed to evaluate dose to critical organ for patient undergoing CT brain in modern medical center. A total of 244 patients (98 female and 146 males) were examined in this study. The data collected from 16 radiology department in Khartoum state. The patients were examined with the own department protocol using multislice CT (MSCT) dual slice, 16 and 64 CT slice from different manufacturers. The range of patient dose per CT procedure was 958.6 mGy.cm to 1686.91 mGy.cm. Diagnostic reference level (DRL) was proposed for brain CT procedures. Patient doses showed wide variation due to patient clinical indication, CT system modality and image acquisition parameters.
REVIEW PAPER ON REDUCTION IN CASTING DEFECTS BY USING ADVANCED TOOLS published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Mr. Kakade K.B.*, Prof. Salunke J.J In the present world with the increasing use of Aluminum alloy wheels in automotive industry the Al uminum foundry industry had to focus on the quality of the products. The quality of a foundry industry can be increased by minimizing the casting defects during production. Shrinkage cavity may be detrimental to mechanical performances of casting parts. As a consequence, design engineers often use overly large safety factors in many designs due to insufficient understanding of quantitative effects of shrinkage cavity defects. Now a day casting simulation has become a powerful tool to understand mould fillin g, solidification and cooling to predict the location of internal defects such as shrinkage porosity, sand inclusions and cold shuts. It can be used for developing new casting without shop - floor trials. This dissertation describes the benefits of casting s imulation and how to reduce shrinkage defect in casting part with Simulation process and theoretical background. Aim of the current study is to study the production line of an aluminum alloy wheel manufacturing industry and to improve the quality of produc tion using quality control tools .
RP-HPLC METHOD DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF DESVENLAFAXINE SUCCINATE MONOHYDRATE IN TABLET DOSAGE FORM published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
*Ratna Kailas Pingle, Kishor Salunkhe, Sanjay Chaudhari The objective of this work was to develop and validate simple, rapid and accurate chromatographic method for determination of Desvenlafaxine succinate in solid dosage form. This RP-HPLC method was based on Reversed Phase High Performance Liquid Chromatography, on Kromasil C-18, (250 mm 4.6 mm, 5.0 ?m) , using Acetonitrile: Ammonium Phosphate buffer (pH 3.0) (70:30 v/v) as the mobile phase, at a flow rate of 1 mL/min at ambient temperature. Quantification was achieved by UV detection at 220 nm over a concentration range of 20-160 ?g/mL for Desvenlafaxine succinate. The mean retention time for Desvenlafaxine succinate was found to be 2.44 min. The amount of Desvenlafaxine succinate estimated as percentage label claim was found to be 99.67.
Returns on Mango Orchard and Economic Feasibility Tests of Mango Orchard in Chittoor District of Andhra Pradesh published in

Published by
Dr. Tripuraneni Jaggaiah Mango isthe most significant tropical and subtropical fruits of the world, is called as the king of fruits on account of its nutritive value, taste, attractive fragrance and health promoting qualities. Mango is well adapted to tropical and sub tropical climates. The ideal temperature for mango ranges from 24oC to 30oC during the growing season, along with high humidity. A rainfall ranging from 890 to 1,015 mm in a year is considered to be ideal for growing mango. This paper made an attempt to review the status of the costs and returns had been discounted at12, 15 and 20 per cent to estimate the present worth of future returns. The net present value, benefit cost ratio; profitability index and internal rate of return are calculated and presented.
SYNTHESIS OF PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTIVE 8-[2 / -(3 // , 5 // -DIMETHYL-4 // -ETHOXY CARBONYL PYRROLYL) HYDRAZINE] SUBSTITUTED PHENOTHIAZINES DERIVATIVES published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Dr. Meghasham N. Narule* Phenothiazine derivatives substituted in the 2, 3 and 4 positions belong to a big group of tricyclic aromatic compounds. They are in extensive use in psychiatry as tranquilizers and neuroleptics. Due to their characteristic structure they exhibit many valuable analytical properties. A short facile synthesis of 8-[2/-(3//, 5//-dimethyl-4//-ethoxy carbonyl pyrrolyl) hydrazine] substituted phenothiazines (5a-j) from 2-arylamin benzal-2-(3?,5?-dimethyl-4?-ethoxy carbonyl pyrrole)hydrazines (4) in presence of sulphur and iodine. These compounds were screened for their antibacterial activity against S. aureus and E. coli as well as for their antifungal activity against C. albicans and A. niger. The synthesized compounds are characterized by FTIR, 1 H NMR, elemental and chemical properties.
Financial Development and Long-Run Volatility Trends in Kerala published in

Published by
Neha Elizabath Unfavorable disparities have occurred in the States fiscal profile. In spite of commendable achievement in the sphere of human development, industrial growth in Kerala has been tardy. The state economy has been portrayed susceptible to instabilities to remittances from abroad. Recently, unemployment and rural poverty have been fairly high and there has been deterioration in the setup of education, and health built up over the years. The study scrutinizes the fading financial situation in the State to recognize the problem areas. It makes numerous suggestions to perk up the revenue productivity of the tax system by rationalizing the constitution and operation of sales and excise taxes in the State. The paper finds that there have been some improvements in the fiscal position of Kerala in recent years though it continues to remain vulnerable. Besides, the States performance fares badly in comparison with the average of All States and many individual states. While fiscal conservatism and fundamentalism need to be avoided, fiscal prudence is still a desirable virtue. A worrying feature of the budgetary operations of the state is the very low rate of capital formation in government and the almost total reliance on borrowings for financing states plan outlay, the revenue component of which is ever on the increase at a time when the plan component of States expenditure is coming down. The participation of local bodies in the preparation of projects and plans as well as administration of plan funds is the first of its kind in Indian states. This augurs well for the economic prospects of the state. Continuance of present trends under moderate growth, as captured in the base scenario implies a deepening fiscal crisis, even while the plan has to be cut down. In this backdrop, a reform package has been suggested in the report with a view to achieving a sustainable debt to GSDP ratio and higher growth rate.
Construction and Design Services v Delhi Development Authority published in

PARIPEX-INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Anshika Juneja, Sachin Agarwal -
The Use of Silent Reading in Improving Students Reading Comprehension and Their Achievement in TOEFL Score at a Private English Course published in

International Journal of Basic and Applied Science (IJBAS)

Published by Insan Akademika Publications
Hapid Ali The purpose of the study is to analyze the use of silent reading in improving students reading comprehension and their achievement in TOEFL Score at a Private English Course. The methodology used in the study is quantitative model of analysis base by using inferential statistics analysis; the measurement of correlation coefficient and t-test. The respondents used are students of Private English Course, and the sampling technique used is random stratified sampling with 55 people as the respondents. The result of the research shows that the use of silent reading has a significant and positive influence toward improving students reading comprehension and their achievement in TOEFL Score on the study object.
Automatic Edge/Fault Detection Using Hybrid Technology of GA and MLP of Image Processing: A Review published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Mehul M. Baraiya, Dhaval S. Pipalia In tiles industries, the problem of the crack can be avoided by detecting the cracks on the surface of tiles. The efficient use of image processing with advanced technologies Generic Algorithm and Multilayer Perceptron with self organizing maps which would be required in the real time applications of tiles surface crack detection. Till now it was possible with individual above mentioned methods. This paper shows the possibility of hybrid method combining GA and MLP. Crack/ Fault detection using hybrid of GA and MLP will be helpful for deduction in the rejection ratio of the tiles at the time of packaging.
EVALUATION OF ANTI INFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY OF ALCOHOL AND AQUEOUS EXTRACT OF EPIPHYLLUM OXYPETALUM LEAVES published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Rucha Dandekar*, Bharti Fegade and Arvind Naik Objective: The main objective of the study is to evaluate the anti inflammatory of alcohol and aqueous extract of Epiphyllum oxypetalum leaves. Methods: The study was carried out by using invitro method which included human red blood cell membrane stabilisation and inhibition of protein denaturation method. The animal study was also carried out in albino wistar rats. Results: The percentage inhibition was seen maximum in 300 ?g/ml concentration of alcohol and aqueous extract by using invitro methods where as the percentage inhibition in alcohol and aqueous extract in animal study were found be maximum at 600mg/kg and 200mg/kg respectively. Conclusion: The alcohol extract and aqueous extract of Epiphyllum oxypetalum leaves exhibit anti inflammatory activity.
Prevalence of Vitamin D Deficiency in Dark Complexion People with Chronic Low Backache published in

Published by
Dr. Ch. Ramakrishna Rao, Dr. W. Maruthi Introduction. Low Backache is the most common neurologic complaint of patients attending outpatient clinics of Orthopedics, Neurology and in general practice. In most cases, the cause may be difficult to determine. In such cases, Vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency is observed as the predominant biochemical marker. Most of the patients are having low serum vitamin D levels. Many patients uniformly point to low 25 (OH)D levels in the population studies despite abundant sunshine in our country. The low levels of 25 (OH)D are most prevalent in the dark skinned individuals despite they are mostly exposed to the sun during their daily activities. Aim. To study the association between low vitamin D levels, dark skin and chronic low back pain. Methods. From April, 2014 to March, 2015, total number 50 patients with chronic low back pain were assessed clinically and with investigations like CBP including ESR, serum creatinine, plain radiograph, CT, and MRI of the lumbosacral spine. Local pathologic conditions, renal impairment, chronic liver disease were excluded and they are labeled as patients with idiopathic chronic low back pain. Serum calcium, phosphate, PTH, and 25-hydroxy vitamin D level (Electro Chemiluminescence assay) were performed and patients are categorized as having deficient, insufficient and sufficient levels of vitamin D. Of the 50 patients studied, 45 patients were dark skinned. Oral therapy with 25(OH) cholecalceferol was administered with doses ranging from 3000-5000units/day with higher doses to dark skinned patients having deficient and insufficient vitamin D levels. Clinical reassessment of lower back pain was made after three months of vitamin D therapy. Oral painkillers were strictly avoided from use. Results. All the patients were deficient in vitamin D, 84% of patients having insufficient vitamin D levels and 42.85% of patients with sufficient vitamin D levels have shown remarkable symptomatic relief. Conclusions. It is prudent to include measurement of vitamin D in investigation protocol of patients, particularly of darker skinned individuals, suffering from lower back pain which is amply revealed by this study
Effects of thermal treatment on mechanical properties and grain size of en8 steel published in

Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Biomechanics

Published by Rational Publication
S S Sharma, Anudeep Mallarapu, Hiteshwar Upparapalli, Chirag Rai Steels are generally thermally (heat) treated in order to achieve desirable changes in their microstructure and mechanical properties. The Effects of heat treatment cycles on the microstructure and some mechanical properties of En8 steel have been studied and presented in this paper. The heat treatment cycles given are annealing, normalising and hardening. Sample of steel is purchased and various specimens are prepared for tests of mechanical properties. The changes in properties (tensile yield strength, ultimate tensile strength, fracture strength, percentage elongation, hardness and grain size) are examined and studied. Standard tests are performed to find the properties and the microstructure is observed using metallurgical microscope. Result analysis showed increment in mechanical properties of En8 steel with suitable heat treatment cycles.
Occupational health hazards in textiles industry published in

Asian Journal of Home Science

Published by Rakesh kumar Singh
SUDHA BABEL ANDMEENAXITIWARI Occupational health is an important concern of the working person. Industry is one of the occupation which affects health of workers, In fact the objective of an occupational health service is not only to keep the workers physically healthy but also mentally and psychologically stable. There is thus, a need to have a look on the occupational health of workers so that they can remain healthy and perform the task carefully. There are numerous health and safety issue associated the textile industry. They include is chemical exposure, exposure of cotton dust, organic dust and noise exposure.
FOOD SECURITY IN INDIA: AN ANALYSIS published in

Published by
MR.SANTOSH L.PATIL Ensuring food security is an issue of vital significance for India as well as for any country across the globe. It is one of the basic amenities of life. In India more than one-third of its population is estimated to be absolutely poor and as many as one half of its children have suffered from malnutrition over the last three decades. The Food security has three important and closely related components, which are availability of food, access to food and absorption of food. The present paper aims at analyzing the significance and reasons for food insecurity in an Indian context. Further it attempts to give an overview of the conditions of food security and in brief the government measures to enhance it. The paper is based on secondary data.
The Effect of Vitamin A on Testis Weight and Sexual Glands on Albino Male Mice Treated with Hexavalent Chromium published in

Baghdad Science Journal

Published by College of Science for Wome, University of Baghdad
Abeer M. Hussain* Sabah A. AL-Obidiy* Waleed H. Yousef** This study was conducted to determine the effect of vitamin A ( 10 mg/kg ) on avearage testis weight and sexual glands ( Prostate and Seminal Vesicle ) for albino male mice treated with Hexavalent chromium ( 1000 ppm ) .The current study 40 mice were divided into fife groups : 1st group treated with distilled water and considered an control group (C) / the 2nd group treated with sesame oil ( T1) / 3rd group was givin hexavalent chromium ( 1000 ppm ) (T2) / 4th group treated with vitamin A ( 10 mg / kg ) and exposed to hexavalent chromium ( 1000 ppm ) (T3) / 5th group treated with vitamin A ( 10 mg \ kg ) (T4) . The expermint lasted 35 day . the results showed a significant ( P ? 0.05 ) decrease in avearage testis weight and sexual glands ( Prostate and Seminal Vesicle ) as compared with control group . Results also showed a significant ( P ? 0.05 ) increase in avearage testis weight and sexual gland (Prostate and Seminal Vesicle ) in the group treated with vitamin A and exposed to hexavalent chromium in comparison with group that treated with hexavalent chromium . the last group that treated with vitamin A showed a best significant ( P ? 0.05 ) increase in all the parameters studied in comparison with group treated with sesame oil . In conclusion , vitamin A had positive effect on fertility of albino male mice through its effect at testis and sexual glands ( Prostate and Seminal Vesicle ) weights by improving the negative effect caused from exposing to hexavalent chromium .
FAILURE LOAD PREDICTION OF COMPOSITE LAMINATES USING ACOUSTIC EMISSION published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING SCIENCES & RESEARCH TECHNOLOGY

Published by somilshah
M.K.Karthik* , A.Vasudevan, K.K.Arunraja, K.Manojkumar This paper work is carried out to predict the failure load of glass, kevlar and their hybrid composite laminates subjected to uni-axial tensile testing under acoustic emission monitoring. The specimens are subjected to uniaxial tensile test using INSTRON 3367 universal testing machine. The failure loads of the composite laminates can be effectively predicted with the help of artificial neural network tool available in matlab software. Three specimens each in glass, kevlar and hybrid are subjected to tensile load till failure occurs and the corresponding acoustic emission data are recorded using data acquisition software. Then one specimen each in glass, kevlar and hybrid is subjected to 50%, 75% of the failure load using which the failure load is predicted.
Clustering Using Side-Information with NLP Operations for Data Mining published in

Published by
Firdous Sadaf M. Ismail In previous procedures of application of mining data, on basis of algorithms of pure text clustering number of cluster are developed. Although such type of pure text clustering algorithms are useful in the mining process for making the clusters but this can be a risky approach since text may have repeated or redundant information. This type of noisy and ambiguous information is noisy and provides conflicting hints which reflects the performance of mining process and degrades the efficiency of clustering outcome. So in proposed approach with the use of text clustering we are using the side information which is present with the document. This Auxiliary Attribute or annotations which is referred to as side information clustering are performed after the datasets are got filtered using the Natural Language Processing libraries. That is the reason proposed approach provides far better efficiency than the previous clustering algorithm.
The mathematical description for the electropolymerization of furan, pyrrole and thiophene derivatives in alkaline media published in

Mediterranean Journal of Chemistry

Published by Abdelaziz SOUIZI
Volodymyr Tkach*, Vasyl Nechyporuk and Petro Yagodynets The electropolymerization of furan, pyrrole and thiophene in strong basic media was mathematically described. Two models for the cases of the insoluble and soluble anodes were described and analyzed by using the linear stability theory and bifurcation analysis and compared with the models for other cases of electropolymerization. The causes for the oscillatory behavior, monotonic instabilities and steady-state stability conditions were found.
Victimological conditionality of violent crime published in

Legal Science and Law Enforcement Practice

Published by Tyumen Advanced Training Institute of the Ministry of the Interior of the Russian Federation
Yuzikhanova E.G.; Nifontov V.A. Violence as a form of mental and (or) physical coercion extends beyond the criminal code application. Study of violence allowed to determine its main types, forms and levels. The most common type of violence is domestic violence which is characterized by both criminal and non-criminal acts. Analysis of quantitative and qualitative characteristics of violent crime indicates a serious threat to public safety. Insufficient attention from the law enforcement agencies and the public resulted in the formation of legal nihilism, consumer attitude of citizens towards the activities of internal affairs bodies. Most people dont know how to improve the safety of their homes, life and health and prevent violent and acquisitive crimes. In this connection it is necessary to study the basic concepts of victimology: victimhood and victimization. Complexity of violence prevention is primarily connected with the ambiguous role of a victim in crime mechanism. In most cases of violent crimes the victim behaviour provoked these crimes. In spite of the proclaimed priorities of the protection of citizens life and health, the level of the Russian population victimization is much higher than the European one. In such circumstances of modern life as general stress, moral disorientation and financial problems violence rapidly became a commonplace thing. The author proves the importance of increasing the victimological resistance of citizens as a significant reserve, which can be competently used to ensure the successful prevention of violent crimes, as the level of public and personal safety should be determined by the level of violent crime.
The effect of platelet-rich plasma in the treatment of tendonitis and desmitis in horses: report of eight clinical cases published in

International Journal of Devopment Research

Published by VIBUS INNOVATIVE PUBLISHING SOLUTIONS
Roberta Carneiro da Fontoura Pereira, Flávio Desessards De La Côrte, Karin Erica Brass, Marcos da Silva Azevedo, Grasiela De Bastiani, Camila Cantarelli, Diego Rafael Palma da Silva, and José Antonio Gonzalez da Silva This study aimed to evaluate the clinical effect of autologous PRP, obtained by manual method with double centrifugation, and applied by intralesional ultrasound-guided injection in horses’s tendons and ligaments. Eight horses were included in this study: four horses with tendonitis and four horses with suspensory ligament desmitis. Tendinitis and desmitis were diagnosed following clinical and ultrasonographic evaluation. Three applications of PRP were performed every 15 days. Platelet count of the whole blood used for preparation of PRP from the horses with tendonitis ranged from 120.000 to 180.000/µl (144.250 ± 25.539/µl) and PRP count ranged from 406.000 to 720.000/µl (512.250 ± 144.965/µl). In horses with desmitis, the platelet count in the whole blood used for autologous PRP preparation ranged from 127.000 to 158.000/µl (140.250 ± 13.149/µl) and PRP count ranged from 513.000 to 713.000/µl (566.500 ± 97.722/µl). No correlation was found between platelet count in the PRP and the healing time of injuries. Clinical evaluation and ultrasonographic images used to monitor healing showed that intralesional PRP injections followed by a program of gradually increasing exercise resulted in horses returning to their previous athletic activities without recurrence of lesions.
Threats and Challenges to Agriculture Towards Sustainable Rice Farming published in

Asia Pacific Journal of Education, Arts and Sciences

Published by Lyceum of the Philippines University, Batangas City
Digna dR. Fernandez The study is mainly a qualitative research work base on phenomenological approach. Archival method was also utilized to retrieved past data and information necessary for the study; present records from selected government offices was also used ; and most importantly, first hand information were gathered from people whose age and experienced in rice farming is immeasurable. This piece of research work was based on the personal experience of the researcher from her childhood days down to her present status: a social science professor in an agricultural state university in Laguna, province, Philippines, and a member of a rice farm community. It presents how Laguna Province, an agricultural and a rice farming area in the Philippines, endowed with all its natural resources, geographical, climatic condition, and strong manpower is being threatened by problems in increasing population, climate and global warming, capital, profit, and manpower, technology, and industrialization. A social theory known as the Gintong Butil (Golden Seed) is being proposed to meet the challenges and threats to agriculture towards a sustainable rice farming development. A social framework had been formulated to elucidate its essence and fullest realization.
Antibacterial Effects of Mixtures of Press Oils of Laurel (Laurus nobilis) and Black Seed (Nigella sativa) published in

Commagene Journal of Biology

Published by ABADER
Burhan SARIKAYA [1] , Hatice Hüsna ALPEREN [2] , Sadık AKGÜN [3 In this study, antibacterial activities against the Gr (-) Escherichia coli and Gr (+) Staphylococcus aureus bacteria were investigated by using 1/1 ratio of mixed press oils obtained from the leaves and fruit of the Laurel (Laurus nobilis) plant and from the seed of the Black Seed (Nigella sativa) plant. It was observed that S. aureus bacteria were sensitive to the blank disks impregnated with the oil mixture; whereas, E. coli bacteria were not affected.
SPECTROPHOTOMETRIC DETERMINATION OF NICOTINE IN CIGARETTE TOBACCO AND BIOLOGICAL SAMPLES OF SMOKERS published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Hany A. Omara* and Salma M. M. Attaf A new simple, accurate, sensitive and economical procedure for the estimation of nicotine (indirect) methods (A and B) for the determination of nicotine in bulk sample and in biological samples are described. The first method is based on the oxidation of nicotine by Nbromosuccinimide (NBS) and determination of the unreacted NBS by measurement of the decrease in absorbance of methyl orange dye (MO) at a suitable ?max = 507 nm. The absorbance concentration plot is linear over the range (0.1-4.8 ?g/ml). The second method is based on oxidation of nicotine by cerric sulphate in acidic medium, and determination of the unreacted oxidant by measuring the decrease in absorbance using amaranth dye; (AM) at a suitable ?max (530 nm), respectively. Regression analysis of Beer's law plots showed good correlation in the concentration ranges (0.3-5.9 ?g/ml), respectively. The limits of detection as well as quantification are reported. Sex replicate analyses (n=6) of solutions containing three different concentrations of nicotine was carried out. The percent error and the RSD values have been reported. The proposed methods were applied to the determination of nicotine in cigarette tobacco present in Libya and in biological samples (spiked human plasma and urine) and the results demonstrate that the method is equally accurate and precise as found from the t- and F-values. The reliability of the method was established by recovery studies using standard-addition technique.
A study on association between self-esteem and stress impact experienced by adolescents in physical dimension published in

Asian Journal of Home Science

Published by Rakesh kumar Singh
SOPHIA GIR, RAGINI MISHRAAND SHEWTA SHARMA The present study was an attempt to explore the association between self-esteem and stress in adolescents residing within municipal limits of Udaipur city. The present sample consisted of 480 adolescents (240 boys and 240 girls), between the age range of 12 to 18 years having high or low self-esteem. A standardized self-esteem and stress inventory was used for the identification self-esteem and of adolescents. The findings of the present study revealed that high self-esteem was found to have low stress impact where as adolescents with low self-esteem experienced high stress in all major aspects of physical dimensions. As far as gender was concerned, adolescent girls experienced high stress as compared to boys in all aspects of physical dimensions. In context of age, late adolescent age years were crucial for boys to experience stress and its impact while on other hand early years were crucial for girls to experience impact of stress on physical dimensions. Mean, percentage and Chi-square were applied for the analysis of the data.
Basel III Düzenlemeleri Çerçevesinde Likidite Riskinin Ölçülmesi ve Modellemesi (Measurement and Modelling of Liquidity Risk under the Basel III Rules) published in

Journal Of Accounting, Finance And Auditing Studies

Published by Ahmet G?KG?Z
Ercan TÜRKÜNER In compliance with Basel III rules this study aims to create a model capable of generating a balance sheet. In the light of several hypotheses and general data about Turkish Banking System the model generates a balance sheet and, hence Basel III liquidity ratios could be set their threshold values. Besides, with the sensitivity analysis possible impacts of balance sheet structure on the Liquidity Coverage Ratio which promotes the short-term resilience of the liquidity risk profiles of banks have been revealed. Since the model allows that all the input hypotheses can easily be changed, it has such flexible structure with instant generation of new balance sheet. Consequently, to simulate the impact of different management choices on the bank’s general position would be probable.
IBRAHIM PASHA OF EGYPT IN THE MOREA (1825-1828): WHAT WENT ON BEHIND THE SCENES ? published in

Studies of the Ottoman Domain

Published by Mehmet Yavuz ERLER
Dimitri MICHALOPOULOS The expedition of Ibrahim Pasha, son of Egypt’s ruler, Muhammad Ali, constitutes the most dramatic chapter of the Greek War of Independence. According to the established scholarship, Greeks’ revolutionary war against the Ottomans nearly was over in favour of the Porte. From the close consideration of the available sources, nonetheless, is quite a different conclusion that emerges: Ibrahim Pasha was already preparing his war against the Sultan Mahmud II, and accordingly he was trying to find potential allies. Keywords: Ibrahim Pasha, Theodōros Kolokotrōnēs, the Morea (Peloponnese), Prastos, Russia, Great Britain, U.S.A.
Knowledge, Attitude & Practice (KAP) & associated factors of parents/guardians on Childhood eye care, Sidama Zone, Southern Ethiopia published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Asressie Molla, Berhan Meshesha, Demoze Delelegn, Dr. P. Surender Reddy Background: KAP Study tells what people know about certain things, how they feel and how they behave. Objective: To assess KAP & factors related to childhood eye diseases of Dale district. Method: Cross- sectional (quantitative & qualitative) methods. Hierarchal logistic regression (quantitative), multistage sampling (quantitative) design was employed. Result: Three-fourth of the respondents diagnose childhood eye disease by other individuals than health professionals, 52.92% of them either dont know or misunderstand the mode of transmission. Nearly half & 41.0% of mothers/caregivers misperceive that the risk is higher in poorer families & can be completely cured by praying. Two-third of children either received nothing or inappropriate medication. Conclusion: There were misunderstanding, misperception, malpractice and poor health seeking behavior of mothers/caregivers about childhood eye diseases. Marital & occupational status, source & time to fetch water, presence of animals in the near vicinity and waste disposal system are reasons. Awareness creation, tailored behavior change interventions are recommended.
FACTORS AFFECTING THE CONFLICT BETWEEN FISHING COMMUNITY AND AGRICULTURAL COMMUNITY: A CASE STUDY OF TAM GIANG LAGOON IN THE CENTRAL OF VIETNAM. published in

Asia Pacific Journal of Advanced Business and Social Studies

Published by Asia Pacific Institute of Advanced Research
Pham Thi Hong Nhung, Salim Momtaz, Kenneth Zimmerman and Nguyen Bach Dang The paper examines factors affecting the conflict between the fishing community and the agricultural community. This dissatisfaction is due to the discharge of wastewater from the upland community into the lagoon, which caused bad effects to the lagoon environment and resources as well as the production of net enclosure aquaculture. The paper argues that the conflict is derived from multiple interacting factors, which include changes in property rights, overlapping practice of the management right, and resource characteristics. The paper shows that different property rights have been established in natural fish exploitation and aquaculture activities, which resulted in the fact that the fishing community could not prevent the lagoon water from being affected by wastewater from the agricultural community. Moreover, the management right over the lagoon resource is performed by different stakeholders including resource users, village fisheries association, and different government agencies. It is difficult to define clearly their roles and responsibilities in the cooperation for the lagoon management. Therefore, no single actor feels fully accountable for the actions of the cooperation. The management of the lagoon is mostly about specific lagoon exploitation activities and within the lagoon boundary. Meanwhile, the lagoon is not a separated system, but adjacent to agriculture system and affected by the wastewater from the system. Understanding the nature of these factors is important in finding the solutions for addressing this conflict.
Pathotype characterization of Xanthomonas oryzae pv oryzae isolates ofWest Bengal and evaluation of resistance genes of bacterial blight of rice (Oryza sativa L.) published in

Journal of Crop and Weed

Published by Crop and Weed Science society
S. DEBNATH, 1P. SATYA AND B. C. SAHA Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding Uttar Banga Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Pundibari -736165, Cooch Behar, West Bengal 1Central Research Institute for Jute and Allied Fibre, Barrackpore, West Bengal Bacterial blight is the second most important disease of rice. Hence characterization of the pathotype that causes bacterial blight and identification of resistance genes were attempted as a preliminary step towards identifying some resistant sources. In order to do that, six isolates collected from different parts of West Bengal were screened against near isogenic lines to identify variability in virulence. All the NILs were found to possess varying degree of susceptibility to resistance against all the isolates with significant differences in disease progress. The pyramided lines showed broad spectra of resistance against all the Xoo isolates and most durable resistant monogenes were xa5, xa13 and Xa21.
Management of Fracture Shaft of Humerus With Open Reduction and Plate Fixation published in

Published by
Dr.G.Kishore Roy,Dr.Praneeth reddy.c.v NTRODUCTION: Fractures of the shaft of the humerus account for 1% to 3% of all fractures. With the formation of the AO group in 1958, internalfixation of bone and joint injuries secured scientific outlook. Despite the numerous surgical techniques, Plate Osteosynthesis remains the gold standard for fixation of humeral shaft fractures.The present study reemphasizes the effectiveness of plate osteosynthesis in the management of humeral shaft fractures so as to restore the patient structurally and functionally to near normal status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective study of 35adult patients with diaphyseal Humeral fractures treated with plate osteosynthesis. After a thorough pre-operative assessment cases were taken up for surgery. All the patients were assessed radiologically and clinically for fracture union at regular intervals of 6 weeks, 12 weeks and 18weeks by using ROMMENS ET AL series grading.. RESULTS: : The functional outcome was excellent in 32cases, good in 2 cases, and poor in 1 case. All the patients completed the study period. CONCLUSION: From this sample study, we conclude that plate osteosynthesis is one of the best option for the treatment of Humeral shaft fractures, with optimal reduction of the fracture and good positioning of the plate.
Attitude of Teachers Towards Special ABL Method in Equitable Education at Upper Primary Level published in

PARIPEX-INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
V. Vijayakumar, Dr. L. George Stephen Equitable education provides equal standard of education for everyone. Equitable education removes all the differences in educational standard of all kinds of students studying in various kinds of schools. So, in Tamil Nadu, Equitable Education has been adopted in the Year 2010. This makes the Rural students to compete with that of Urban students. The main objective of the study is to find the attitude of the teachers towards Special ABL method in Equitable Education at upper primary level. The findings of the study reveals that Teachers are having favorable Attitude towards special ABL method in Equitable Education at upper primary level, There is significant difference between Gender, Locality and Type of Management with respect to Teachers Attitude towards special ABL method in Equitable Education at upper primary level.
Geology and Weathering Indices of the Bedrocks and Sediments in Okemesi-Ijero Area, Southwestern Nigeria published in

International Journal of Research Studies

Published by International Journal of Publishing Group
Ayodele Olusiji Samuel Geological field mapping of the rocks in Okemesi-Ijero area were carried out at a scale of 1:50,000 to determine the underlying lithologic units and petrological characteristics. Also the suitability of the rocks and sediments for geochemical exploration purposes were determined using weathering indices parameters such as chemical index of weathering (CIW), weathering index of Parker (WIP), Plagioclase index of Alteration (PIA) and chemical index of Alteration (CIA). Thirty-five bedrocks and stream sediment samples were collected from various locations within the studied area using grid-controlled sampling techniques. Field studies revealed that the sediments were derived from weathering of the bedrocks such as quartz-biotite-schists, banded gneisses, granite-gneisses, biotite gneisses, calc gneisses, porphyritic granites, charnockites, massive/schistose quartzites and mica schists which are the dominant lithologic units in the studied area. The weathering profiles based on the above parameters showed that sediments from River Elewu and Issa 7c are weakly weathered whereas, sediments from Agbagbara, Ede-1, Ede-2, Effon-Okemesi-2, Esa-Oke-2, Odo-OWa Abidogun, Ofale road, Okemesi-2, 3 and 9 were intensely weathered which makes them unsuitable for geochemical exploration work due to complete weathering of the mineral grains
A VALIDATED RP-HPLC METHOD FOR SIMULTANEOUS ESTIMATION OF ISOSORBIDE DINITRATE AND HYDRALAZINE IN BULK AND PHARMACEUTICAL DOSAGE FORM. published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
S. Annapurna Priyadarshika*, Dr. M. Prasada Rao, M. Srikanth, A rapid and precise reverse phase high performance liquid chromatographic method has been developed for the validated of Isosorbide dinitrate and Hydralazine, in its pure form as well as in tablet dosage form. Chromatography was carried out on a Symmetry C18 (4.6 x 150mm, 5?m) column using a mixture of Methanol: TEA pH 4.2 (40:60) as the mobile phase at a flow rate of 1.0ml/min, the detection was carried out at 272 nm. The retention time of the Isosorbide dinitrate and Hydralazine was 2.781, 4.048 0.02min respectively. The method produce linear responses in the concentration range of 5-25mg/ml of Isosorbide dinitrate and 9.375-46.875 mg/ml of Hydralazine. The method precision for the determination of assay was below 2.0%RSD. The method is useful in the quality control of bulk and pharmaceutical formulations.
Low Birth Weight Babies: Prevalence and Associated Maternal Risk Factors At Tertiary Level Hospital published in

Published by
Dr. Arti Patel, Dr. Rushi Patel Introduction: Low birth weight (LBW) is responsible for 60% of the infant mortality in the first year of life and it carries a 40-fold increase in the risk of neonatal mortality during the first month. Since birth weight has a strong correlation with infant survival, attentions have been given to strategies that will reduce the proportion of infants with LBW. Objective: To identify the prevalence of low birth weight (LBW) babies in year 2013-14 and associated maternal risk factors in tertiary level hospital. Material and Methods: In this prospective cross-sectional study, LBW babies were evaluated between April 2013 to March 2014 in tertiary level hospital. LBW was defined as babies weighing below 2500g and these babies constituted the study group. Maternal age, socio-economic status, educational status, height, any substance abuse, parity, frequency of antenatal visits, previous history of preterm delivery, multiple gestations, fetal presentation, medical conditions like anemia, hypertension, diabetes, thyroid disorders and placental anomalies were taken into consideration. Results: Out of 4805 live born babies, prevalence of LBW was 28.2%. The prevalence of preterm and full term was 18.1% and 10.1% respectively. Of the LBW babies, 64.2% were preterm, 35.8% were full term. Prevalence rate of LBW babies is higher in mothers below 20 and above 35 years of age, mothers belonging to lower socio-economic class, poorly educated mothers and mothers with history of smoking, tobacco chewing or any other substance abuse. Prevalence rate of LBW babies is also higher in primiparous and grand multi-para patients, patients with inadequate antenatal visits (<3 visits), patients having past history of preterm delivery, multiple gestation, non-cephalic fetal presentation, placental anomalies and patients with medical conditions like anemia, hypertension, diabetes and thyroid disorders. Conclusion: Extremes of maternal age (<20 and >35 years), lower socio-economic status, poor education, substance abuse, primiparity and grand multiparity, inadequate antenatal visits (<3), past history of preterm delivery, multiple gestation, non-cephalic presentation, medical conditions like anemia, hypertension, diabetes and thyroid disorders are important maternal risk factors related to LBW babies.
Designing High Data Rate Long Haul Optical Communication System 96 80 Gb/s transmission using hybrid Raman-Erbium doped optical amplifiers with Improved Performance using DWDM published in

Published by
Tarun Bansal, Mr. P. S. Bhullar We have successfully demonstrated a long-haul transmission of 96 80 Gbit/s over single mode fiber of 500 km respectively by using RAMAN/EDFA hybrid optical amplifier as inline and preamplifier amplifiers. The measured Q-factors and BER of the 96 channels after 500 km is 11.9408 dB and (3.22X10-33) were higher than the standard acceptable value, which offers feasibility of the hybrid amplifiers including EDFA optical amplifiers for the long-haul transmission. The maximum transmission distance that could be achieved is 500km with NRZ modulation format
FABRICATION AND IN-VITRO CHARACTERIZATION OF TRANSDERMAL MATRIX PATCH OF KETOPROFEN FOR TRANSDERMAL THERAPEUTIC SYSTEM published in

INDO AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES

Published by Dr. CHANDRASEKHARA RAO BARU
Bhumi Patel1* , Dr. Chainesh Shah2 Objective: The objective of research work was to improve the permeability of Ketoprofen and to provide controlled release of drug to provide maximum effective concentration. Experimental work: Transdermal drug delivery systems are polymeric patches containing dissolved or dispersed drugs that deliver therapeutic agents at a constant rate to the human skin. Matrix type transdermal patches containing Ketoprofen were prepared by solvent casting method employing aluminium foil method. Polyethylene glycol (PEG) 400 was used as plasticizer and Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) was used as penetration enhancer. Polymers were selected on the basis of the their adhering and non-toxic property. Result and discussion Drug polymer interactions determine by FTIR and standard calibration curve of Ketoprofen were determine by using UV estimation. Transdermal patch was prepared by using HPMC K-4 M: PVP K-30, HPMC K-15 M: PVP K-30, HPMC K-100 M: PVP K-30, Eudragit RS-100:PVP K-30 showed good physical properties. All prepared formulations indicated good physical stability. In-vitro drug permeation studies of formulations were performed by using Franz diffusion cells using abdomen skin of Wistar albino rat. Result, showed best in-vitro skin permeation through rat skin (Wistar albino rat) as compared to all other formulations prepared with hydrophilic polymer containing permeation enhancer. The permeability of Ketoprofen was increased with increase in PVP content. The burst effect due to the incorporation of PVP was because of the rapid dissolution of the surface hydrophilic drug which gets swell and thus leads to the decrease of mean diffusional path length of the drug molecules to permeate into dissolution medium and higher permeation rates. Conclusion: It was observed that the formulation containing HPMC K-4 M: PVP K-30 (2:3) showed ideal higuchi release kinetics. Key words: Trasdermal drug delivery system, Polymers, Ketoprofen, Matrix type, Permiation.
DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF RP-HPLC AND HPTLC METHODS FOR SIMULTANEOUS ESTIMATION OF MOMETASONE FUROATE AND MICONAZOLE NITRATE IN CREAM FORMULATION published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Khushali A. Shah* and Jayant B. Dave Two methods are described for the simultaneous determination of Mometasone Furoate (MOM) and Miconazole Nitrate (MIC) in cream formulation. The first method was based on HPTLC separation of the two drugs followed by densitometric measurements at 230 nm. The separation was carried out on aluminium plates precoated with silica gel 60F-254 as the stationary phase using hexane:chloroform:methanol:ammonia (6:3:1:0.1 v/v/v/v) as mobile phase. The system was found to give good resolution with Rf value of MOM and MIC was 0.21 and 0.62 respectively at 230 nm. The linear regression analysis data for the calibration plots of MOM and MIC showed good linear relationship with r2 value of 0.9989 and 0.9987 respectively in the concentration range of 400-1200 ng/band for MOM and 8000-24000 ng/band for MIC. The second method was based on HPLC separation of two drugs on the reversed phase ACE column C18 (150 mm x 4.6 mm, 5 ?m) at ambient temperature using Acetonitrile:Water (80:20 v/v) as mobile phase , flow rate of 0.6 mL/min and wavelength of 229 nm. Method was found to be linear with concentration range of 2-7 ?g/mL and 40-140 ?g/mL for MOM and MIC respectively. No interference was found from the chlorocresol used as preservative. Both the methods were validated as per ICH guidelines and applied for simultaneous estimation of Mometasone Furoate and Miconazole Nitrate in cream formulation.
Improving performance of primary air pansin thermal power plants through energy conservation techniques published in

The journal of CPRI

Published by Central Power Research Institute
Rajashekar P Mandi, Seetharamu S and Udaykumar R Yaragatti Primary Air Fans are the essential auxiliary equipment to provide the primary air to lift the pulverized coal from mills to carry to burners and also to provide partial air for combustion. This paper describes various techno-economical energy conservation measures for reducing the carbon emission by improving the performance of Primary Air fans in coal fired thermal power plants based on the energy conservation/ audit study conducted in 28 numbers of 210 MW power plants in India. The best operating points for pressure gain, flow, pressure drop across hydrodynamic resistive elements, equipment efficiency, power input and specific energy consumption are simulated by using MATLAB and presented in this paper with case study to validate the results. Optimizing the pressure at PA fan discharge, control of excess air, pressure drop across APH and mills and maintaining the optimum primary air pressure at mills thereby to maintain appropriate coal-air pressure at burners will help in reduction of auxiliary power of PA fans. The implementation of energy conservation measures in a typical 210 MW coal fired thermal power plant reduce the overall auxiliary power of PA fans by 0.26 % of gross energy generation and also reduce the carbon emission by 4,056 t/year.
PREDICTORS OF VISUAL RESPONSE TO INTRAVITREAL BEVACIZUMAB FOR TREATMENT OF DIABETIC MACULAR EDEMA published in

Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology

Published by Innovative Publication
Sunny Kumar Gupta, Ishan Yadav, Sujit Deshmukh, Rajendra P Maurya4, V P Singh Objective: To evaluate which factors influence maximum gain in best-corrected visual acuity after intravitreal injection of Bevacizumab as treatment for diffuse diabetic macular edema. Methods: This was a prospective, interventional trial including 112 eyes of 100 participants. Visual outcomes measured by change in visual acuity (VA) score, proportion gaining ?15 letters, and change in central retinal thickness (CRT), presence of macular ischaemia, IS/OS integrity. Results: Mean change in the VA score was 9.2 2.3 SD letters with a total of 79 eyes gaining ?15 letters. Change in median CRT was 81.5 ????m. Younger age, higher baseline VA score, shorter duration of Diabetic Macular Edema (DME), absence of macular ischemia and an intact IS/OS junction were significantly associated with greater VA score improvement. Conclusion: Pronounced macular edema and intact IS/OS junction may have a positive impact, and marked macular ischemia and a high preoperative best-corrected visual acuity may have a negative impact, on an increase in best-corrected visual acuity after intravitreal Bevacizumab injection in patients with diabetic macular edema.
A Comprehensive Review on Dental Carries published in

Journal of Innovations in Pharmaceutical and Biological Sciences

Published by innovational publishers
D. K. Sanghi, Rakesh Tiwle About 25% of the population carries about 80% of the disease burden. Therefore it is a serious problem, for those populations who are very old, young, chronically ill, economically etc. Disease that causes tooth decay, is known as Dental caries it is infectious, and the mutans streptococci bacteria have long been identified as the primary disease-causing agents. It is five times more common in children than asthma and seven times more common than fever. Generally it is caused by the antigen derived from S. mutans or S. sobrinus to prevent oral colonization by S. mutans and subsequent dental caries. It also analysis the spread of dental infections from the teeth and associated oral tissues to vital tissues or organs, as well as prevention and management of this potentially life-threatening complication. In this review article we focus the complete detail of dental carries and its update knowledge of it.
A STUDY OF THE ETHICAL PERCEPTIONS OF COMPUTER INFORMATION SYSTEMS MAJORS AND BUSINESS MAJORS IN COMPUTER- RELATED SITUATIONS published in

International Journal of Business and Applied Social Science (IJBASS)

Published by Dr. Yuval Rottenstreich(Editor In Chief)
Nnamdi Osakwe, D.Mgt, D.B.A. Associate Professor Management Information Systems & Entrepreneurship College of Business Central State University Wilberforce, OH 45384, Office Phone: 937-376-6336 Cell: 704-232-1235 Email: nosakwe@centralstate.edu, nnam@prodigy.net, USA As Information Technology evolves, it continues to raise new ethical challenges. In recognition of this, both the profession, and academic communities have attention on Information Systems ethics.This study examines an important question that has been neglected by previous research studies: Do Business students differ significantly from Information Systems students in terms of their perceptions about ethical issues in Computer-related situations. Eight Business and Information Systems students were surveyed to assess their ethical perceptions on six scenarios and sixteen ethical problems. All six scenarios incorporated computer related problems that are faced by managers and practitioners in the field. Hypotheses were tested for significant differences between the Business majors and Information Systems majors. The results from the participants and data in this research study, suggested that Business students have similar perceptions with Information Systems students except in two scenarios where students who have taken ethics and/or philosophy courses rated the problems higher than the students who have not taken ethics and/or philosophy courses.
DETECTION OF COMPUTER VIRUSES USING WELM_ FPSO_FFP published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Ankur Singh Bist* Computer viruses are big threat for our society .The expansion of various new viruses of varying forms make the prevention quite tuff. Here we proposed WELM_FPSO_FFP to detect computer viruses. The proposed method efficiently detects static and nature changing viruses.
A STUDY ON THE RETENTION OF PYRROLOQUINAZOLINE ALKALOID VASICINE IN NUTRACEUTICAL FORMULATIONS OF ADHATODA VASICA published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
K. Srinivasan* and C. Sivasubramanian Vasicine, a quinazoline alkaloid is the major active compound of Adhatoda vasica, an Indian traditional herb which gives its antiasthma property in the treatment of asthma disorder. The purpose of this research work is to evaluate the retention of pyrroloquinazoline alkaloid vasicine in Adhatoda vasica raw herb and its formulations through microencapsulation and extrusion process using high performance liquid chromatography technique. The analysis result indicated that the higher retention i.e. 73.18% of vasicine in gum acacia encapsulated Adhatoda vasica leaf powder compared to initial vasicine content of hot air died powder (378 ppm). The retention percentage of vasicine was found to be 69.57%, 64.72%, 49.50% and 44.24% in maltodextrin encapsulated, gum acacia encapsulated and extruded, raw herb spray dried and raw herb extruded respectively. This study will help the functional food product developers to exploit the microencapsulated Adhatoda vasica leaf powder to resist high temperature and pressure in their formulations.
FORMABILITY ANALYSIS OF PARABOLIC CUPS DRAWN FROM Ni 201 USING SINGLE POINT INCREMENTAL FORMING PROCESS published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
B. Sumanth Kumar * , G. Devendar, A. Chennakesava Reddy Numerical simulation of single point incremental forming process (SPIF) for Ni 201 sheet material was carried out using finite element analysis software and Taguchi experimental techniques. Reduction in thickness during SPIF process of the parabolic cups was estimated. Formability diagrams were drawn based on minor and major strains, and normalized major and minor stresses. The significant process parameters were identified using analysis of variance (ANOVA). Local thing along the walls of the parabolic cups were also estimated. It has been found that the maximum thinning ranges from 58% to 61% in the parabolic cups drawn from Ni201 using single point incremental forming process.
Elderly Living in Old Age Homes and Within Family Setup: A Psychological Analysis published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Mahadeviwaddar, Daasha M. Luis, Nicky Fernandes, Tanya Keni Older persons are in need of vital support that will keep important aspects of their lifestyles intact while improving their over-all quality of life (Dandekar, 1993). In view of this the present study is conducted to compare the death depression and life satisfaction between elderly living in old-age homes and elderly living within family set up. Death Depression Scale and Satisfaction with Life Scale are administered on sample of 80 elderly people. The results reveled that there is a significant difference between elderly living in old age homes and those living within family setup in their death depression as well as life satisfaction
Significant Caries index in 12-14 years old children in Qassim Area- Kingdom of Saudi Arabia published in

Published by
Dr. Walid S. Salem*1 and Dr. Yasser A. Araby2 Few studies have investigated the prevalence of dental caries among school children in KSA. The aim of this study was to assess the dental caries status among urban and rural 12-14 years old in Qassim area for the purpose of establishing the dental treatment need. Qassim area was divided into four parts, according to the classification of the ministry of education: Buriydah, Onizah, AlRass and the remaining cities (related to Buriydah). About 2830 students (male and female) were examined along this area. The total DMF for the study sample ranged from 0-22 with mean 3.92 3.58. Regarding residence, 35.9% from Buriydah, 28.5% from areas related to Buriydah, 18.8% from Onizah and 16.8% from AlRass. Generally the DMF is higher than the recommended international rates, it is higher in Buriydah which is the more civilized region in Qassim Area. Keywords: Prevalence, Dental caries, DMFT index.
STUDY OF INTERLEUKIN-6 (IL- 6) LEVELS IN PERINATAL ASPHYXIA AND ITS CORRELATION WITH DIFFERENT STAGES OF HYPOXIC ISCHEMIC ENCEPHALOPATHY published in

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research

Published by Dr Girhepunje
Dr. Sudhir Mehta* Introduction: Perinatal asphyxia is a major cause of neurologic morbidity in infants. Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE)after perinatal asphyxia is a condition in which serum concentration of brain specific biochemical markers may be elevated. Neuroprotective interventions in asphyxiated newborns require early indicators of brain damage to initiate therapy. There are very few studies about its usefulness in asphyxiated newborns. Aims and Objectives: To determine the serum levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) in newborns with perinatal asphyxia and its relationwith different stages of HIE. Methods: We have measured the serum values of IL-6 by enzyme linked immunosorbant assay method in 80 asphyxiatednewborns and 80 healthy newborns (control group). Blood samples were taken on day 1 and day 3 of life in all newborns. Results: The mean serum values of IL-6 were found to be decreased on day 3 in asphyxiated neonates and a negativecorrelation was seen between day 1 and 3 for IL-6. The mean values of IL-6 were decreased in different stages of HIE on day 3 as compared to day 1 and a negative correlation was observed between day 1 and day 3 for IL-6 in no HIE, HIE I, HIE II and HIE III stages. Conclusion: We conclude that serum IL-6 concentrations increased considerably after birth asphyxia, and the increase isassociated with the severity of HIE with a poorer outcome.
STUDY ON ETHNOVETERINARY PRACTICES IN AMARO SPECIAL DISTRICT SOUTHERN ETHIOPIA published in

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research

Published by Dr Girhepunje
Yibrah Tekle* Background: Ethnoveterinary knowledge covers up peoples knowledge, skills, methods, practices and beliefs about the care of their animals and themselves, and has been used over many centuries. Aim: To documented traditional medicinal plants that used to prevent and control ailments in Amaro Special District, Southern Ethiopia. Method: A purposive sampling technique study was carried out usinga semi-structured questionnaire, field observational and survey to document indigenous knowledge. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze and summarize the ethno-botanical data. A total of 24 herbalists aged between 3569 years old, 71% were over 46years old(elders) and 29% were between 35 and 45 years old(younger). The majority informants were males, 87.5% and the experiences year from 29-32 years were 58.33% and the remaining 41.67% were from 5-20 years. Result: Twenty four medicinal plants against a total of 29 animal and human ailments were reported and botanically identified as belonging to 24 plant families. Most frequently used plants were from Solanaceae (16.67%), Lamiaceae (12.5%), Fabaceae (8.33%), Cucurbitaceae (8.33%) and Asteraceae (8.33%). The medicinal plant parts that were more commonly utilized for the preparation of ethno veterinary medicines were leaves (41.67 %), roots (25%) and bark (12.5%). The findings showed that herbaceous accounted for 41.67%, followed by trees (29.17%), climbers (16.67%) and shrubs (12.5%). 83.33 % of medicinal plants reported were collected from wild habitats and 16.67% from home garden. The preparations were applied through oral administration accounted for (58.3%), followed by topical application (29.17%). The identified and documented medicinal plants predominantly used to animal ailments treatment (65%) and followed by human and animal aliments (both) treatment (25%). Conclusion: The people of the district have sound ethno veterinary knowledge and practices for preventing and controlling their animal and themselves from ailments, but this facing the risk of disappearing due to combined effect factors. So, training on the awareness creation and rising and documentation are highly recommended. Scientific investigations should be carried out to ascertain their effectiveness of the identified medicinal plants used in animal and human health management.
Daibtese:- History and Traditional Medication published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Keshav Parashar, Dr. Sushil K. Starling Traditional medicines are practiced worldwide for treatment of type II diabetes mellitus since ancient times. This review provides a comprehensive summary of medicinal plant throughout the world regarding their traditional usage by various tribes/ethnic groups for treatment of type II diabetes mellitus. Various treatment options are available in allopathic system of medicine. The prevalence of type II diabetes mellitus is increasing in all over the world. The need for achieving better control of blood glucose level has been evident in type II diabetes mellitus management. A wide number of herbal products are employed in the treatment of type II diabetes mellitus for their better efficacy and safety compared to synthetic medicine.
Bothriochloa pertusa (L.) A. Camus, A Significant Summer Grass of Jharkhand, India published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Nirbhay Ambasta unitalicise (L.) A.Camus belongs to the family Poaceae having quality to endure harsh summer when most of the grasses dry out. It is most common summer grass of Chouparan Block of Hazaribag District of Jharkhand State. It is commonly known as Indian Couch grass or Sweet pitted grass.
A Finite Difference Model on Atmospheric Pollution and its Application published in

Nature Environment and Pollution Technology

Published by Technoscience Publications
Changjun Zhu, Ming Liu and Wenlong Hao In view of near-ground atmospheric problem, near-ground atmospheric pollution model was established. Because the applicability of analytical solutions is extremely limited for such conditions, and the distribution and transport of pollutants in air are controlled by geographical conditions, numerical techniques are essential for air pollution modelling. In this paper, finite differential method is used to establish plane two-dimensional numerical model of near-ground atmospheric pollution belt, and truncation errors associated with finite-difference solution of atmospheric pollution were corrected based on the Taylor analysis. The results indicate that this method provides the references for the forecast of pollutants and the management and evaluation of air resources.
Fermentation of Cashew Apple (Anacardium Occidentale) Juice Into Wine by Different Saccharomyces Cerevisiae Strains: A Comparative Study published in

PARIPEX-INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
O. A. Apinea, J. P. Jadhav Cashew nut production is the primary aim for the cashew tree cultivation. Large numbers of cashew apples were considered as a major agriculture waste. This work is focused on the development of alcoholic product by using cashew apple juice. Two different yeastSaccharomyces cerevisiae NCIM 3311 and NCIM 3282strains were used for fermentation with cell count 107 CFU/ml. Fermentation was performed by using 10% of inoculum at 242C. After each 24 h sample aliquot was withdrawn from the flask to monitor soluble sugar concentrations, pH and dry matter contents. Among volatile compounds, major alcohols and volatile acids were analysed after every 24 h using the gas GC-MS and GC-FID system. After fermentationprocess the products were stabilized under refrigerationfor a period of 25 days. After the analysis of physicochemical properties and volatiles, strain NCIM 3311 was found to be better with 12 % alcohol after fermentation compared with the other NCIM 3282.
NUMERICAL SIMULATION AND OPTIMIZATION OF PERFORMANCES OF A SOLAR CELL BASED ON CdTe published in

Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences

Published by University of El Oued
A. M. Ferouani, M. R. Merad Boudia, K. Rahmoun This article has as an aim the study and the simulation of the photovoltaic cells containing CdTe materials, contributing to the development of renewable energies, and able to feed from the houses, the shelters as well as photovoltaic stations etc. CdTe is a semiconductor having a structure of bands with an indirect gap of a value of 1,5 eV at ambient temperature what means that photon wavelength of approximately 1200 nm will be able to generate an electron-hole pair. One speaks about photogeneration. We will lay the stress, initially, on the essential design features of a photovoltaic module (the open-circuit tension, the short-circuit current, the fill factor, and the output of the cell), our results was simulated with the SCAPS computer code in one dimension which uses electrical characteristics DC and AC of the thin layers heterojunctions. The results obtained after optimization are: VCO = 0.632V, Jsc = 39.1 mA/cm2, FF=82.98 % and the output energy of conversion is 18.26%.Optimization is made according to the temperature and the wavelength.
احترام الذات لدى ؕلبة جامعات الفرات الأوسؕ published in

Education College Journal

Published by Education College
م. د. خالد ابو جاسم
DIGITAL PLATFORMS SUPPORT TOOLS FOR THE STUDY PROCESS published in

Journal of Research on Trade, Management and Economic Development (JRTMED)

Published by Trade Co-operative University of Moldova, Publishing House
Larisa BUGAIAN Teaching requires improvement of communication methods with students. Besides the interaction with the teacher in the classroom, the new information technologies allow communication online. The most widely used is the Moodle, platform offered for free, and which is constantly developing. Moodle provides teachers with a variety of useful tools in teaching, learning and assessment and allows defining adaptation the course to student needs. Who knows, may be future student will prefer wireless education.
A New Era for Sustainable Development: A Comparison for Sustainability Indices published in

Journal Of Accounting, Finance And Auditing Studies

Published by Ahmet G?KG?Z
Nilgün KUTAY Fatma TEKTÜFEKÇİ Sustainability is rapidly moving from an abstract concept to a measurable state of dynamic human-ecological systems. The large number of economic, social, and environmental indicators currently available provides a view of system sustainability. In this respect, sets of sustainability indicators and aggregation of these indicators into indices are increasingly used to make policy decisions. The indices offer companies the opportunity to compare their sustainability performances on both local and global level. With the indices, provide companies an instrument for evaluating their performance and consequently adopting new targets or furthering their performance while allowing them to develop their risk management abilities for corporate transparency, accountability and sustainability. The purpose of this paper is to discuss conceptual requirements for Sustainability Indices and with using Dow Jones Sustainability Indices (DJSI) analyze the differences and the relationship of DJSI Emerging Markets with DJSI Developed Markets in which North America and Europe is chosen.
THE WOLF AS ONE OF THE BEASTS OF BATTLE IN MYTHOLOGY AND FOLKLORE published in

Theoretical & Applied Science

Published by International Academy of Theoretical & Applied Sciences
Svetlana Iliinichna Shamarova the article presents the hypothesis regarding the interpretation of contradictory and ambiguous attitude of peoples worldwide towards a wolf one of the beasts of battle on the basis of pagan and christian mythology and folklore as to a deity or a semideity, which was retained not only in the language, but also in particular objects and phenomena.
A High Efficiency Low-Voltage Soft Switching DCDC Converter for Portable Applications published in

Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering Innovations

Published by Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University
P. Amiri1,* and M. Sharafi1 This paper presents a novel control method to improve the efficiency of low-voltage DC-DC converters at light loads. Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) converters have poor efficiencies at light loads, while pulse frequency modulation (PFM) control is more efficient for the same cases. Switching losses constitute a major portion of the total power loss at light loads. To decrease the switching losses and to increase efficiency, converters based on soft-switching are utilized. This paper presents the design of a soft-switching DC-DC buck converter in a 90-nm CMOS technology. Simulation results by HSPICE shows a 21 mV output ripple on a 0.5 V output voltage for an input voltage of 1.4 V. Finally, the efficiency of 95% at a load current of 50 mA having 74 mA of current ripple is achievable.
EXPERIMENTAL EMISSION ANALYSIS OF DI DIESEL ENGINE USING NEEM OIL METHYL ESTER AND ITS DIESEL BLENDS published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
VSV Sateesh*1 , T.Ch Siva Reddy 1 , K. Vijaya Kumar Reddy The raising of fossil fuel consumption due to rapid improvement in quality of human life-style, the deterioration of fossil fuel reserves and increased unwanted exhaust emissions caused in search for alternative renewable energy resources. In the recent days, the vegetable oil based biodiesel became a prominent and most promised viable source of alternative fuel, because of not only its nearer chemical characteristics to diesel, but also it is more environmental friendly than fossil fuel. The objective of the present research investigation is to evaluate the emission characteristics of a direct injection (DI) diesel engine when fuelled with methyl ester of neen oil (NOME) and its diesel blends. The experimental evaluation was carried out using a single cylinder, 4-stroke, water cooled diesel engine fuelled with neat neem oil biodiesel and its blends with diesel fuel at different ratios of 20:80, 40:60, 60:40, 80:20 and 100:0 on volume basis. The results revealed that neem oil and all its blends have lower CO emission, NOx emissions, but has highest unburned HC emissions than fossil diesel fuel. The B100 blend of NOME has lowest CO and NOx emission and B20 blend has lowest unburned HC emissions when compared with all other tested NOME biodiesel blends. It was also observed that the neem oil biodiesel is more eco-friendly than fossil diesel fuel.
A Validated reverse phase HPLC method for simultaneous determination of telmisartan and ramipril as bulk drug and in tablet dosage form published in

Journal of Chemical, Biological and physical sciences

Published by Scientific and Academic Association
Santosh V. Gandhi, Padmanabh B. Deshpande*, Varun Godbole, Pankaj Jagdale, Sachin Khiste, Sayali Kadukar A simple, accurate and sensitive validated Reverse Phase HPLC method for simultaneous determination of two-component drug mixture of Telmisartan and Ramipril in combined tablet dosage form has been developed and validated. RP-HPLC separation of drugs was carried out on Jasco HPLC system with HiQ-SiL C8 column (250 mm 4.6 mm i.d.), using Acetonitrile: 0.01 M 1- Heptane sulphonic acid sodium salt (pH 2.8) i(60: 40, v/v) as mobile phase. Method was developed using phenylpropanolamine hydrochloride as internal standard and detection was carried out using UV detector at 216 nm. Telmisartan and Ramipril obeyed Beers law in the concentration range of 10-50 ?g/mL and 2.5-12.5 ?g/mL, respectively. The method has been successfully applied for the analysis of drugs in pharmaceutical formulation. Results of analysis were validated statistically and by recovery studies.
VEHICLE PARKING PLACE FINDER USING DISTANCE OPTIMIZATION published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Manivannan R * , Srilekha K, Ranjitha N, Sairam shalini R The system provides and secures implementation exchanging parking spot availability information. Trustful information sharing is crucial in order to support the decision of whether the querying vehicle should rely on the received information about free parking spots close to its destination and thus ignore other potentially free spots on the way. Therefore, we propose Parking Communities, which provide a centralized and dynamic means to establish trusted groups of vehicles helping each other to securely find parking in their respective community area. Our approach is based on high-performance state-of-the-art encryption and signature algorithms as well as a well-understood mathematical trust rating model. This approach allows end-to-end encrypted request-response communications in combination with geo information. The system share exact information about availability based on optimized distance based priority
Impact of Human Resource Development on Organisational Performance published in

Published by
Priyanka Rani,Dr. M. S. Khan There are number of studies which have acknowledged the relationship of Human Resource Development and organizational performance, but the organizational performance still remained least explored in organization. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the pathways leading from HRD to organisational performance. Specifically, we used analytical tool to test a research framework that is constituted by a set of causal relationships between organisational and other contingencies, resourcing and HRD, skills, attitudes and behaviour, and organisational performance. This study would be based on secondary data. Employing data from organisations operating in the global worldwide, results indicate that the impact of HRD on organisational performance is positive and showing its impact on skills, attitudes and behaviour, and moderated by resourcing, organisational context and other contingencies. Thus, the paper not only supports that HRD has a positive impact on organisational performance but also explains the mechanisms through which HRD may improve organisational performance.
A comparative study of production of banana and paddy in tirunelveli district published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr. S. Sarasudevi -
Decolourising Efficiency of Oscillatoria Subuliformis With Coir Pith in Textile Dye Effluent published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Nivetha E, Bela R. B, Shanmugapriya N, Malliga P Environmental pollution is one of the major problems of the world and its increasing day by day due to urbanization and industrialization. A study was carried out using marine cynobacterium Oscillatoria subuliformis with coir pith for the reduction of physiochemical parameters such as BOD, COD and simultaneous removal of heavy metals such as zinc, nickel, mercury , copper , chromium, iron, nitrogen, phosphorous , potassium, manganese in textile dye effluent. Improved results were obtained in combined treatment using O. subuliformis along with coir pith compared to control and other treatments. The treated effluent was used as foliar spray on the plant Tagetes erecta and various morphological parameters were studied.
Role of Emotional Intelligence in Higher Education with emphasis on Teachers Training published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Ritima Malhotra Emotional intelligence refers to the ability to perceive, control and evaluate emotions. It is often said that emotional intelligence can be learned, strengthened, while it is also believed that it is an inborn characteristic. It is also paramount in personal, academic and career success.Different studies indicated that the key to success is not just cognitive intelligence rather 80% success in life depends on emotional intelligence (Goleman, 2005). In view of the primary role of teachers in training students, it seems that strengtheningemotional qualifications of teachers and including these qualifications in tactical plan of teacher training is inevitable. This paper is aimed to shed light on scientific evidences about the basic role of emotional qualifications in improvement of personal, social, scientific performance of students and effectiveness and efficiency of teachers. It symbolizes its relation with objectives of present education and prerequisites for developing emotional qualifications in Education. It suggests that as a prime pedagogy, pre-service training is necessary for professional development of a teacher.
In-Vitro Multi Enzymatic Degradation Process of Agrowastes in the Production of Bioethanol published in

Published by
Prasad.M.P In this present work, bioethanol was produced by using 15 ready and cheaply available agricultural raw materials. The biomass used are cassava, fruit pulp, rice extract, sweet potato, potato, sugar cane beet, saw dust, coconut pith, groundnut waste, rice straw, rice husk, leaf litter, wood bark, maize husk and waste paper. To produce ethanol from biomass two key processes were followed, first the starch or hemicellulose and cellulose portions of the biomass were broken down in to simple sugars through a process called saccharification. Second, the sugars are fermented to produce ethanol. Two enzymes were used for the hydrolysis of the biomass namely amylase from Aspergillus niger and cellulase from Trichoderma viride. Cellulase was used for the hydrolysis of cellulose and hemicellulose and amylase is used for the hydrolysis of starch present in the raw materials. Fermentation of the hydrolyzed samples was done using Sacharomyces .sp. The fermented product was purified by primary distillation process at 80C and the fraction is collected. The ethanol is then determined by specific gravity method.
Effect of limited irrigation on growth and yield of rice varieties in a typic Haplustalf soil of Red and Laterite zone of West Bengal published in

Journal of Crop and Weed

Published by Crop and Weed Science society
M. GHOSH, P. K. PATRA AND 1C. BHATTACHARYYA A field experiment was conducted to explore the potentiality of growing rice varieties under limited supply of irrigation water. Seven varieties of rice under 5 water management practices were evaluated in the farmers field at Jhargram. Water management practices exerted significant influence on height, grain and straw yield and the highest grain yield (3.38 t ha-1) was recorded under continuously flooded water regime (CF). Limited supply of irrigation water at different stages of growth decreased grain yield ranging from 27.5 to 43.5% compared to that in CF.Rice genotypes exhibited differential response to water management practices. Though UPLRi -7 produced the highest grain yield (4.39 t ha-1) under CF, under limited water supply IR -36 was still the best variety producing the highest average grain yield (3.31 t ha-1).The present research work pointed out that without ensuring adequate supply of irrigation water rice cultivation during boro season may not be profitable in the Red and Laterite zone of West Bengal.
Reduced Proportion of Children Aged 3-5 Years who have Dental Caries Experience in their Primary Teeth in India published in

Advances in Human Biology

Published by Springwood Publication
Applu Atrey, Rohan Bhatt, Jay Dave. Background: Early childhood caries (ECC) is a serious public health concern especially for socially disadvantaged groups, in both developed and developing worlds. Yet, it remains relatively unexplored and poorly defined in many developing countries. The presence of high levels of ECC, despite a reduction in permanent-dentition caries through fluoridation of water and use of fluoridated tooth- pastes, begs for a broader look at social and behavioral factors that correlate with this form of the disease. All untreated Dental Carious lesions may not be detrimental to the general health; however, it significantly influences the QoL and dietary intake of children. Patterns of behavior learnt in early childhood are deeply ingrained and resistant to change and mother has an important role in this respect. Interventions found effective in preventing ECC in other populations has shown no demonstrable long- term or sustainable benefit in most communities.
Website Link Analysis by Keyword published in

Published by
Kansagra Deep Mukeshbhai, Baldaniya Paresh Mavjibhai, Kamalakannan J. In the world of the Internet Website to have a good rank when any of the query/keyword is been search in any search engines[17] but for having weak rank they should have a good analysis for different types of search queries. The Analysis on the particular search query(i.e search terms , people ,things etc.) this all are based on many applications , tools and different methods such as analysis of data(data mining), search engine optimization[17] and different tools available on the internet like analytic tool by Google . there is a high dependency on above products we need some extra research on that products for SEO(Search Engine optimization) field In this paper we are doing same things in different way which is above tools are doing. To improve the rank of website in this paper we have have applied reverse engineering approach i.e based on analysis trying to improve the rank of the your website in the search engine. In this paper we are focusing on crawling the search engine for particular input parameter(search query, search engine ,website etc.) and then applying some rules and doing analysis on that particular given input parameter.
DESIGN AND EVALUATION OF SELF-NANOEMULSIFIED DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEM (SNEDDS) OF DOCETAXEL BY OPTIMIZING THE PARTICLE SIZE USING RESPONSE SURFACE METHODOLOGY published in

INDO AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES

Published by Dr. CHANDRASEKHARA RAO BARU
B. Chandrasekhara Rao1*, S.Vidyadhara 2, RLC Sasidhar2 and Y.A.Chowdary The aim of the current study was to design an self-nanoemulsified drug delivery system (SNEDDS) of docetaxel by optimizing the particle size using response surface methodology. SNEDDS were prepared using surfactant, co-surfactant and oils/co-solvents. A IV optimal design for 3 factors at 3-level each was employed systematically optimize particle size. The particle size was taken as dependent variable. Cremophore-EL, polysorbate-80 and ethanol were taken as independent variables. The counter plot and 3D plot were drawn and optimum formulation was selected by feasibility and grid searches. The polynomial mathematical model generated for response were found to be Y = +53.66 +22.01 * A +41.76 * B -1.31 * C +17.79 * A * B +1.06 * A * C -2.76 * B * C and that found to be significant (P < 0.05). Validation of optimization study performed using confirmatory runs, indicated very high degree of prognostic ability of response surface methodology with mean percent error ( S.D.) 5.11. Keywords: Response surface, docetaxel, response surface methodology, SNEDDS
Faaliyet Blmleri Standard? Do?rultusunda Blmsel Bilginin A?klanmas?: Borsa ?stanbul rne?i (Disclosure of Segment Information in Accordance with the Operating Segment Standard: The Case of Borsa Istanbul) published in

Journal Of Accounting, Finance And Auditing Studies

Published by Ahmet G?KG?Z
Emin Zeytino?lu Abstract In this competitive environment where economy has been witnessing profound changes for the last couple of years, numerous companies have been forced to operate in different geographical areas and in various lines of work. In this period during which the segment information has proved to be very critical, the need for accounting standards has become much more evident. Based on the Operating Segments Standard, this study aims to review the segment reporting procedures of the companies that are traded on Borsa Istanbul and identify the factors affecting the disclosure of segment information. The disclosure level of the segment information is analyzed by means of the disclosure index formed under the items subject to compulsory disclosure in the Turkish Financial Reporting Standards-8. It has been revealed that nearly 29% of the companies registered in the BIST All Shares have carried out segment reporting procedures. By making use of the multiple linear regression model, this study seeks to identify the characteristics of the companies which disclosed their level of segment information. Being statistically significant, this model has suggested that there is a significant positive correlation between the disclosure level of segment information and the firm size and leverage ratio.
Security of suspect (accused) who concluded pre-trial cooperation agreement as a tactical operation published in

Legal Science and Law Enforcement Practice

Published by Tyumen Advanced Training Institute of the Ministry of the Interior of the Russian Federation
Pritkova E.V. Problematic issues connected with ensuring the security of a suspect (accused) who concluded the pre-trial cooperation agreement are analyzed in the article. This activity is analyzed in the context of one of the criminalistic categories tactical operation. Tactical operations are suggested to solve problems concerning establishment of facts having evidential significance in criminal cases of any category. There is an opinion that such tactical operations are able to solve other problems, for instance to overcome some existing and projected counteraction to a criminal investigation, to reach a compromise between the prosecution and defense. Considering the fact that one investigative action will not eliminate security threats to the mentioned participant in the criminal procedure, the conclusion about the need to review ensuring the security of the suspect is made. Basing on the existing doctrine of tactical operations, the structure of the considered tactical operation which comprises a purpose, a condition, resources, subjects and an object is distinguished. The tactical operation is defined as a system of investigative, procedural, operational and other activities. It also includes some tactical options used by the investigator and interacting individuals against the suspect. They are intended to achieve conditions when possibility to influence the suspect in order to harm his interests is excluded. In conclusion it isnoted that the clarification of the nature and the content of the considered tactical operation will help to highlight its stages and allow developing of some appropriate tactical recommendations for its implementation, depending on the current investigative situation.
Emerging Trends and Innovations in Teacher Education published in

Published by
Gajpal Singh Teacher education is a program related with teacher proficiency and competence that would make them competent enough to face new challenges in the education. Now a days the field of education is not only limited with books but has broadened in various new horizons. Development and changes in education have affected teacher education necessitating review and reforms. It demands understanding with investigative minds, assimilating the required transformations, accommodating and responding to the universal needs. We also need to train teachers with new perspectives as the outer world is in the classroom and schools are opening to the world. The pre-service and in-service teacher education programs have shown paradigm shift with its emphasis on globalization and individualization. This main purpose of this paper is to indicate main changes that has incurred in teacher education in India and also provide an overview of trends, reforms and innovations in teacher education (integrated teaching, teacher curriculum and teacher innovations). It also discusses the need of teacher education program to be innovative and various practices that can be included. It has been recognized that teacher education program should be structured and modified in a way that enables them to respond dynamically to the new problems and challenges in the field of education, then only teacher can help in national development.
COMPARATIVE ACCOUNT ON MEDICINAL IMPORTANCE OF MOMORDICA CHARANTIA AND ITS ENDOPHYTES published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Sarika R. Deshmukh*, Yogita K. Dhas and B.A. Patil This research was aimed to study comparative account of Momordica charantia plant extract and its endophytes. Crude fruit, leaf and endophytic extracts of bitter gourd cooperated with antibiotics; streptomycin and tetracycline against four bacteria. The antimicrobial activity of bitter gourds extract with two antibiotics was tested against Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhi, Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus. All isolated endophytes showed the maximum zones of inhibition against all four bacterial strains. The values of minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) was determined and the results had been obtained as all extracts showed that there was gradual decrease of optical density with increase in concentration of extract. After MIC determination of the crude and endophyte extracts, the extracts that showed maximum inhibition was further evaluated for MBC values. All endophytic extracts showed minimum bacterial colonies against all four bacteria. Then cytotoxicity was determined on cancer cell line (HeLa cell line). Thus, the crude fruit and all endophyte extracts were shown the highest antiproliferative activity which was ranged from 70 to 96%.
Phytochemical, Antioxidant, and Antimicrobial Activity of Psidiumguajava Leaves Against Oral Dental Pathogens published in

Published by
Deepa Garg, Nikhil Mohanan Chemical substances used for prevention of dental caries are known to have many side-effects. Thus, natural products should be explored for their anticaries action. This study screened the antimicrobial effect of alcoholic and aqueous extractsof Psidiumguajava leaves against oral dental pathogens Streptococcus mutans, Staphylococcus aureus and Lactobacillus acidophilus.The aqueous extract showed greatest bacterial inhibition against Streptococcus mutans and Staphylococcus aureus strains, but methanolic extract was found more effective in inhibiting Lactobacillus acidophilus. phytochemical and antioxidative capacity analysis was also performed on the aqueous and ethanolic extracts for the presence of phenols, alkaloids, saponins, terpenoids, flavonoids, tannins and reducing sugar. The alcoholic leaf extracts showed higher anti oxidative capacity and phytochemicals content like alkaloids and steroids which are active antimicrobial components in plants.This investigation provides preliminary information for using guava leaf extracts to control dental problems
IN VITRO EVALUATION OF ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF ENTOBAN SYRUP; A POLYHERBAL FORMULATION published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Sadia Shakeel*, Khan Usmanghani, Zeeshan Ahmed Sheikh, Aqib Zahoor and Somia Gul The global dilemma of antimicrobial resistance is predominantly pressing in developing countries, where the infectious disease burden is high and cost constraints put off the appliance of expensive agents. Although there are splendid advancements in modern medicine, yet traditional medicine has always been accomplished for treating infections of gastrointestinal tract. A polyherbal formulation Entoban integrates an outstanding combination of Holarrhena antidysenterica, Berberis aristata, Symplocos racemosa, Querecus infectoria and Helicteres isora used for the treatment of acute gastrointestinal infections. Therefore the present study was directed to evaluate the invitro antimicrobial activity of polyherbal formulation against microorganism frequently involved in gastrointestinal infections. An antimicrobial activity was evaluated against five gram negative bacterial cultures namely Salmonella enteric, Eschericia coli, Shigella dysenteriae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Vibrio cholera and one gram positive bacterial culture Staphylococcus aureus by agar well diffusion method. The prepared syrup inhibited the growth of these organisms. Our findings suggest that, prepared polyherbal formulation have great potential against pathogenic microbes and can be used as antimicrobial agent for treatment of various infectious diseases of gastrointestinal tract.
EFFECT OF MINT LEAVES EXTRACT ON MDR PATHOGENS: A COMPARATIVE STUDY published in

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research

Published by Dr Girhepunje
Bansode D.S.* and Chavan M.D. In the present study antimicrobial activity of crude Mint (Mentha arvensis) leaves extract observed in comparison with Standard antibiotics Cholistin, Erythromycein, Ciprofloxin, Methicillin, Ampicillin and Cephalosporin. In this study, the antimicrobial efficacy of crude Mint leaves extract was examined and tested against following bacterial cultures those were Salmonella typhi (5 strains), E.coli (8 strains), Shigella sonnei (7 strains) and Shigella flexinary (8 strains). As microorganisms becoming resistant to present day antibiotics, our study focuses on antimicrobial activity of Mint leaves extract in comparison with standard antibiotics against selected enteric pathogens. Antimicrobial analysis was done by using agar well diffusion method against selected enteric pathogens. Natural product may act as an substitute for antibiotics and chemotherapeutic agents in certain conditions. Historically, plants have provided a source of motivation for novel drug compounds, as plant derived medicines have made great contributions to human health and welfare. Medicinal plants correspond to a rich source of biological agents which play very important role in a number of functional and regulation mechanisms occurring in plant as well as in animal body. In the present investigation, Mint leaves extract showed highest antibacterial activity against Salmonella typhi strain V (ZOI- 16mm), E.coli strain VII (ZOI- 18mm), Shigella sonnei strain VI (ZOI- 20mm) and Shigella flexinary strain V (ZOI- 16mm). Salmonella typhi strain III, Shigella sonnei strain III, Shigella flexinary strain VI showed no ZOI with Mint leaves extract.ie these strains were observed resistant to Mint leaves extract. All bacterial strains were also observed resistant to all tested antibiotics. So the present study shows that, these tested multidrug resistant organisms were observed resistant to studied standard antibiotics but those were observed sensitive to crude Mint leaves extract.
Natural Environment Zoning of West Georgia for Identifying The Perspective Regions of Actinidia Chinensis Planch Culture Spreading published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Seperteladze Zurab Kh., Davitaia Eter F., Aleksidze Tamar, Memarne Guram, Khalvashi Neli, Gaprindashvili George The methods to estimate the agro-resource potential of a territory are developed and relevance of using the said method is identified. The regularities of spatial distribution of agroclimatic potential favorable for Actinidia Chinensis Planch (kiwi) culture in west Georgia are identified depending on the proximity to the standard model (hypsometric stages and types of landscape). By creating and processing numerous databases and by using GIS-technology, a large-scale landscape map was drafted.
ENHANCEMENT OF DISSOLUTION RATE OF OXCARBAZEPINE BY USING VARIOUS SOLID DISPERSION TECHNIQUES published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Madhu Gudipati*1, Prathibha Bharathi Chittem2 and Rama Rao Nadenlla3 Oxcarbazepine is an anticonvulsant drug, mainly used as an add-on or first line treatment in adults and children. Due to sudden onset of attack, it is necessary to formulate antiepileptics into such a delivery system, which provide immediate relief. Hence, the present investigation was undertaken with a view to develop mouth-dissolving tablets of oxcarbazepine, which offers a new range of product having desired characteristics and intended benefits. The aim of this research wok is to formulate and evaluate Oxcarbazepine solid dispersions system by using the different techniques. This will increase the solubility of the drug or Oxcarbazepine and give the immediate release of the drug from the formulations. In this study, the mouth dissolving tablets were prepared using three different technologies like Physical mixing, solvent evaporation and Kneading techniques. The disintegrating agent used in the present study is Croscarmellose sodium. Solid dispersions of oxcarbazepine with Croscarmellose sodium in different weight ratios were prepared with a view to increase its water solubility. Oxcarbazepine solid dispersions with Croscarmellose sodium in 1:5 ratios of drug: carrier showed maximum drug release and hence, compressed along with other ratios into mouth dissolving tablet. Among the three different techniques used for preparation of solid dispersions Kneading method (KM) technique has shown the increase in dissolution rate that is the KM (III) was found to have a faster solubility and dissolution property which was prepared by using Croscarmellose sodium as a disintegrant in the ratio of 1:5. KM (III) which is prepared by using drug and disintegrant ratio of 1:5 ratios by using Kneading method (KM).
Miller-Fisher Syndrome - A Case Report published in

Published by
Sanya Bamidele Osalusi, Shamsideen Abayomi Ogun Miller-Fisher syndrome is a syndrome of ataxia, areflexia and ophthalmoplegia which was first described by Miller Fisher in 1956. The disorder has an immunological basis and has been regarded as a descending form of Guillain – Barré syndrome (GBS). It is a rare clinical condition which may be confused with other common illnesses. This report describes a nine-year-old boy who presented with a five-day history of diplopia and difficulty in walking following an upper respiratory tract infection. On examination, he had ataxia, ophthalmoplegia and areflexia with cerebrospinal fluid cytoalbuminological dissociation. This case report emphasises the need to have a high index of clinical suspicion in patients with features of cranial mononeuropathy multiplex and hyporeflexia.
Impact Analysis on the Energy-Saving and Land-Saving Properties of Green Buildings with Different Per Capita Floor Space of Residential Buildings published in

Nature Environment and Pollution Technology

Published by Technoscience Publications
He Yueer, Peng Shini and Liu Meng China has published Green Building Action Plan. Developing green building is necessary to shift urbanization mode in China. China Evaluation Standard for Green Building has set per capita residential land index as the prerequisite for residential buildings. Absolutely, per capita residential land index depends deeply on per capita floor space of residential building. In China, national and local Evaluation Standard for Green Building raise demands of per capita residential land index. According to those requirements, this paper conducted a case study and calculated changes of residential construction land area with different set values of per capita floor space of residential building. This paper also built a residential building model and utilized simulation to analyse annual building energy consumption. Results indicate that per capita floor space of residential building decreases accordingly while per capita residential land index reduces, and every 5% increase in per capita residential land index translates into about 7 percent decrease in construction land area. On the aspect of energy consumption, per capita floor space of residential building reduces 17.2% only. While annual energy consumption reduces 17.45% in return. It is concluded that controlling per capita floor space of residential building is important to maintain the energy-saving and land-saving properties of green building.
COFFEE VENDING MACHINE USING MICROCONTROLLER published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Doundkar Sapana * , Batwal Namrata, Ghadage Shilpa, Gholap Ashwini, Rane S.P. Vending machines are commonly used at various places like airport ,fast - food restaurant, rail - way station, even in companies. Machine delivers a cup of your favorite drink when the particular switch is press. This looks a simple operation but has a very difficult to implement. D evices like display, solenoid and motor to deliver water and prem ixed tea/coffee/soft dr ink in exact quantity for good taste and in particular sequence. When the switch are pressed then machine will be give your required drink. It will reduces manual work and save time .
HYPOGLYCAEMIC EFFECT AND INTERACTIONS OF ANGIOTENSIN II TYPE I RECEPTOR BLOCKER (TELMISARTAN) WITH ORAL HYPOGLYCAEMIC AGENTS IN STREPTOZOCININDUCED DIABETIC RATS published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Dr. Mohd Sajid Khan (M.D)* and Dr. Arvind Kumar Gupta Objective: To study the effect of angiotensin II receptor blocker on blood glucose level and possible interactions when combined with Oral hypoglycaemics in Streptozocin induced diabetic rats. Material & Methods: Present study performed in animal house of department of pharmacology G.S.V.M. medical college Kanpur with prior permission from Institutoinal animal ethics committee. Rats were divided into 9 groups & each group contains six rats. Diabetes was induced by a single intra peritoneal injection of streptozocin (STZ) at a dose of 60 mg/kg body weight dissolved in 0.01 M citrate buffer.Three days after STZ injection rats with blood sugar level more than 250 mg/dl were selected. Results: On comparison to diabetic control group (table 2) it was found that gliclazide exhibit significant hypoglycemia (P<0.05) throughout the period of observation, Metformin exhibit significant hypoglycemia (P<0.05) at 1 and 2 hrs, pioglitazone exhibit highly significant hypoglycemia (p<0.01) throughout the period of observation, Effect of Telmisartan on blood glucose level is significant (p<0.05) throughout the period of observation, table 9 and fig. 2, observations indicated that Telmisartan enhances the hypoglycemic effect of gliclazide significantly (P < 0.05).Table 11 and fig. 3, observations indicated that telmisartan enhances the hypoglycemic effect of metformin significantly (P < 0.05). Conclusion: From this study it is evident that ARBs may reduce the blood glucose level in normal and diabetic conditions. It was also observed that ARBs may also induce antihyperglycemic effect of oral antidiabetic drugs in experimental animal. It is therefore advisable to prescribe and use of ARBs with anti diabetic drugs carefully with necessary dose adjustment of doses to avoid adverse hypoglycemic episodes in diabetic individuals.
Evaluation of Axillary Plexus Block A Comparison of Single Injection and Double Injection Method published in

Published by
Dr. G. Pratap Rao, Dr Kailashnath Reddy, Dr Ramakrishna A prospective randomized double blind study was undertaken to compare sensory and motor blockade with single injection method and double injection method of axillary plexus with 20 ml of 1.5% Lignocaine for elective surgeries of forearm & hand. METHODS Sixty patients of ASA class I of age 18-60yrs posted for elective surgeries of forearm and hand were randomly divided into two groups. Group S (single injection method) and Group D (double injection method). Each group consisting of 30 patients to receive 20 ml of 1.5% Lignocaine in single injection method and 20ml of 1.5% Lignocaine in double injection method. . Statistical analysis:the data was analysed using two tailed tests for differences between means of two samples(Z test) and in needed situation using x2 test.significant level for rejecting null hypothesis was taken p<0.05 RESULTS There was faster onset of sensory and motor block in patients of Group D compared to patients of Group S. In group D 96% of Patients had effective sensory neural blockade compared to 86.6% in patients of Group S. . In Group S only 4 (13.3%) patients needed supplementation and 86.6% of block was effective. In Group D all patients had complete blockade and needed no supplementation. The duration of analgesia was prolonged in patients of Group D. Inspite of complete motor block of 46% and 86% in patients of Group S and Group D respectively, surgical procedures were conducted without any issues on to the patients. The duration of motor block was 4 hours in patients of Group D where as 2 hours in patients of Group S.
SOME IMMUNOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF IRAQI PATIENTS WITH PERIODENTAL DISEASES published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Mohemid M Al-Jebouri*1 and Hadeel M Al-Hadeethi2 Background: Periodontal disease could be defined as a disorder of supporting structures of teeth, including the gingiva, periodontal ligament and alveolar bone. Periodontal disease develops from a preexisting gingivitis. Systemic alterations of the cellular and humoral immune responses to periodontal pathogens among chronic periodontitis patients have been evaluated, including immunosuppression, exaggerated inflammatory cell responses, impaired neutrophils, and antibody production. Methodology: One hundred eighteen samples were examined in the present study.Complements C3 and C4 and immunoglobulins IgA,IgM and IgG proteins were determined by radial immunodiffusion (RID) plate containing a specific antibody will form an immuno-complex, visible as a ring around the well. IgE was determined by ST AIA PACK IgE II kit(manufactured by Tosoh ,Japan) . Interleukins in periodontal patient were determined by quantikine ELISA kit (Human IL-4 and Human IL-10;Manufactured by R&D system,USA).Results: It was found significant positive linear correlation between C3 and C4, C4 and IgA, and significant negative correlation between C4 and IL-10(p<0.05).Conclusions: The immunological analysis results showed that that the comparison of serum IgA, IgM and IgG ; C3 and C4 ; IL-4 and IL-10 concentrations between patients and control groups were significant ( p <0.05). It was found significant positive linear correlation between C3 and C4, C4 and IgA, and significant negative correlation between C4 and IL-10(p<0.05).
Developmental Action Plan An Over View with Reference to Kasaragod District published in

PARIPEX-INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
VIDHUSEKHAR P The Research paper reviews the possibilities in inclusive growth for the country. Study has undertaken in Kasaragod district of Kerala during April 2014 general election to the Lok Sabha. Focus area and the sector vise possibilities are highlighted.
A Study on Customer Awareness and Brand Preferences Towards Small Cars in Coimbatore District published in

Published by
Dr.D.Parasakthi., Dr.P.B.Banudevi India is an important small car market for many automobile manufacturers where people love to ride small cars in their daily lives. Since there are several car brands existing in the market, attempt is being made to know which small cars are more popular, preferred and purchased by the customer. Now expectation and the level of satisfaction of customer is an essential one for withstanding a brand. The factors influencing the customer for purchasing branded small cars are low cost of ownership, good mileage and pick-up, easy and low cost of maintenance, performance and convenience etc. In this context, it could be worth to study the customers awareness and brand preference towards various small cars. For this purpose Kendalls rank correlation and factor analysis are used as the important tools for the study
Prevalence of Major Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease in Patients With Diabetes. Data from The Ukrainian Endovascular Register published in

Published by
Sokolova L.K The analysis of the incidence of a number of risk factors for coronary heart disease in 2,700 people with angio-graphically documented coronary atherosclerosis in the electronic register of the Department of Interventional Cardiology in the period from September 1/09/ 2007 to 01/10/2012 was performed. Hypertension, dyslipidemia and multivessel coronary artery lesions were the most frequent in patients with DM. According to our data the most important risk factor for coronary artery disease in patients with diabetes in Ukraine is dyslipidemia, the incidence of which is 2.7 times higher than in the group of patients with coronary artery disease without diabetes. Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus; Coronary Artery Disease; Hypertension; Dyslipidemia
Analytical Method Development and Validation for Quantitative Estimation of Torsemide in Bulk and Pharmaceutical Dosage Form by RP-HPLC published in

International Journal of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Analysis

Published by Innovative Publication
Amol. Y. Ghodke, Bhagwat. N. Poul, Mohini. B. Sorde A simple, specific, precise and accurate Reverse Phase High Performance Liquid Chromatography (RP-HPLC) method was developed and validated for the quantitative estimation of Torsemide in Bulk and Pharmaceutical dosage form. The proposed RP-HPLC method was carried out on Zorbax C18 (250x4.6mm), 5?m column with mobile phase phosphate buffer and methanol (50:50) (v/v). The pH of phosphate buffer was adjusted by Ortho- phosphoric acid to 3.5. The flow rate was 1.3 mL/min and the detection wavelength was 288nm. The retention time of torsemide was found at 6.00.2min. The method was validated for specificity, precision, accuracy, linearity and robustness. The linearity range was 10-30 ?g/mL and correlation coefficient (r2) was found to be 0.9980. The mean % recovery for Torsemide was found to be 99.80. The developed method could be employed for the routine analysis of Torsemide from different formulations and for the Torsemide calculations as well.
DETERMINATION OF VITAMIN-D LEVEL IN FORTIFIED MILK BY ULTRA-PERFORMANCE LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
A reliable ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) assay was developed for simultaneous quantification of vitamin D-2 (VD-2) and vitamin D-3 (VD-3) levels in VD-fortified milk, using laurophenone as an internal standard (IS). Milk samples were prepared by overnight incubation with a mixture of ethanol and 50% potassium hydroxide, extracted with hexane, and cleaned-up with ethanol and 5% potassium hydroxide. After evaporation, the residue was dissolved in methanol, centrifuged, and 5.0 ?l of the clear solution was injected into Acquity UPLC BEH C18 column. The mobile phase, composed of methanol, acetonitrile, and water (80:10:10, v:v:v), was used at a flow rate of 0.35 ml/min and a run time of 15 minutes Eluents were monitored by photodiode array detector, with the wavelength set at 265 nm. The relationship between the concentration of VD-2 and VD-3 and their corresponding peak area ratios to the IS was linear over the range of 2.5 60 ng/ml. Mean extraction recovery for VD-2, VD-3, and IS was 93%, 94% and 70%, respectively. Stability of VD-2 and VD-3 before and after extraction was studied under various laboratory conditions. Further, the method was successfully used to measure vitamin D levels in milk samples from the local market. A reliable ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) assay was developed for simultaneous quantification of vitamin D-2 (VD-2) and vitamin D-3 (VD-3) levels in VD-fortified milk, using laurophenone as an internal standard (IS). Milk samples were prepared by overnight incubation with a mixture of ethanol and 50% potassium hydroxide, extracted with hexane, and cleaned-up with ethanol and 5% potassium hydroxide. After evaporation, the residue was dissolved in methanol, centrifuged, and 5.0 ?l of the clear solution was injected into Acquity UPLC BEH C18 column. The mobile phase, composed of methanol, acetonitrile, and water (80:10:10, v:v:v), was used at a flow rate of 0.35 ml/min and a run time of 15 minutes Eluents were monitored by photodiode array detector, with the wavelength set at 265 nm. The relationship between the concentration of VD-2 and VD-3 and their corresponding peak area ratios to the IS was linear over the range of 2.5 60 ng/ml. Mean extraction recovery for VD-2, VD-3, and IS was 93%, 94% and 70%, respectively. Stability of VD-2 and VD-3 before and after extraction was studied under various laboratory conditions. Further, the method was successfully used to measure vitamin D levels in milk samples from the local market.
Role of International Monetary Fund in the Economic Development: A Case Study of India published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
A. K. Mahto The global economic crisis has sparked a rethinking of how the international financial system is structured. The IMF is assisting the G-20 industrialized and emerging economies with recommendations to reshape the system of international regulation and governance. To a large extent, global efforts thus far have been focused on the crisis at hand, but reforms are in progress with a view toward the post-crisis world. Although economic and financial sector policies will remain primarily the business of national governments, ongoing changes to the global financial architecture-including to the IMF-can reduce the frequency and depth of future crises. Additional changes could also include addressing some of the shortcomings of the decisionmaking structure of the G-20 by allowing greater scope for joint decision making on a wider set of international economic and financial issues, with the IMF in its newly expanded role as a central player. Against this background, the present research proposal has been undertaken for Doctoral Research Work (L. N. Mithila University, Darbhanga) under supervision and guidance of Dr. K. K. Jha, Associate Professor, C. M. College, Darbhanga.
Relationship between P/E Ratio and Stock Return with Reference to BSE 100 published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr. Ashvinkumar H. Solanki Performance evaluation will do with the help of different models like, Treynor & Sharpe. Among the above performance measures, two models namely, Treynor measure and Jenson model use systematic risk based on the premise that the unsystematic risk is diversifiable. Sharpe measure considers the entire risks associated with fund are suitable for small investors, as the ordinary investor lacks the necessary skill and resources to diversify. A valuation ratio of a company's current share price compared to its per share earnings. In general, a high P/E suggests that investors are expecting higher earnings growth in the future compared to companies with a lower P/E. It is important that investors note an important problem that arises with the P/E measure, and to avoid basing a decision on this measure alone.
QSAR Modeling for Drug Discovery and Development: Applications and Methodology published in

Published by
Bhagavati Parekh QSARs, or quantitative structureproperty relationships (QSPRs), are mathematical models that attempt to relate the structure-derived features of a compound to its biological or physicochemical activity. QSAR models first summarize a supposed relationship between chemical structures and biological activity in a data-set of chemicals. Second, QSAR models predict the activities of new chemicals. There are different methods and techniques to devise the QSAR models. There are a lot of applications available for developing in-silico QSAR Models and other related tasks. This paper provides an insight into QSAR Modeling concepts and the related software.
A Hospital Based Cross Sectional Study on Prevalence of Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI) in Under Five Children of Lucknow District published in

Published by
Dr. Dinesh Chandra Pandey, Dr. Jaigam Abbas, Dr. Anand Kr Agrawal Background: Childhood ARI/pneumonia is a significant public health problem in India, although robust epidemiological data is not available on its incidence. On an average, children below 5 years of age suffer about 5 episodes of ARI per child per year, thus accounting for about 238 million attacks and about 13 million deaths every year in the world. Identification of modifiable risk factors of ARI may help in reducing the burden of disease. Objectives: To study the social demographic factors and prevalence of ARI in under five children living in urban and rural areas of Lucknow district. Material and Methods: It was a cross sectional study covering 300 under-five children living in urban and rural area of Lucknow district from December 2014 to May 2015(6months). Results: Prevalence of ARI was found to be 46.67%. Out of 300 children 140 had one or more episode of ARI. The sex wise distribution of ARI cases was slightly higher in males with 54.28% males and 45.71% females. It was higher in children with lower socioeconomic status (35.70%), illiterate mother (46.4%), overcrowded conditions (85.71%), inadequate ventilation (82.14%), and use of smoky chullah (71.42%), malnutrition (28.57%) and parental smoking (78.57%). Conclusion: The present study found that low socioeconomic status, maternal illiteracy, poor nutritional status, overcrowding, indoor air pollution and parental smoking behavior were the significant social and demographic risk factors responsible for ARI in under-five children. These observations emphasize the need for research aimed at health system to determine the most appropriate approaches to control acute respiratory infection and thus could be utilized to strengthen the ARI control programme.
Geochemical Assessment of Groundwater Along Thandava River Basin, Andhra Pradesh, India published in

Nature Environment and Pollution Technology

Published by Technoscience Publications
K. Krishna Kumar, Y. Israel* and P. Sowjanya Groundwaters under the influence of the river basin and of the reservoir sources undergo vibrant fluctuations due to various geochemical and geophysical characteristics along with seasonal impacts. To understand these influences, a geochemical assessment was made to reveal the groundwater quality and other geophysical characteristics. 117 water samples were interpreted for two seasons along the Thandava River basin. All the major cations, anions along with physical characteristics were assessed. The correlation of geophysical and geochemical parameters revealed the factors controlling the groundwater quality along the basin and in and around the reservoir. An in-depth assessment was also made for the geochemical evolution and flow pattern of the groundwater to understand the geomorphology of the basin and for the recommendations to be made for the safeguard of this natural resource unaffected from various anthropogenic activities in and around the basin and the reservoir.
Three Tier System of Government in India published in

PARIPEX-INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr. Surya Bhan Singh -
EL RECICLAJE COMO ESTRATEGIA DIDÁCTICA PARA LA CONSERVACIÓN AMBIENTAL. (Proyecto en ejecución) published in

Revista Scientific

Published by Instituto Internacional de Investigacin y Desarrollo Tecnolgico Educativo INDTEC, C.A.
Deisy Yaneth Bonilla García Universidad Pedagógica Experimental Libertador deisyyaneth16574@gmail.com Barinas, Venezuela RECYCLING AS A TEACHING STRATEGY FOR ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION. (Project execution) This research study will aim to implement recycling as a teaching strategy for Environmental conservation aimed at students of the state Concentrared Sabaneta School of core Rural School No. 001 pedraza Municipality, Barinas State. It will focus on the qualitative paradigm and design will use action-research participant. The techniques of collecting information to be used will be the semi-structured interview and participant observation, taking as informants 3 students 2 teachers of the institution under study, analysis of information developed through qualitative techniques that will break down the data in their respective categories and sub categories with the final purpose responding to the questions raised in the context of study. This process will seek to integrate into a coherent and logical research results with the contributions of the authors outlined the theoretical framework after work crosscheck everything. The validity and reliability will be established through an exhaustive process of triangulation, in order to establish concrete actions to address the weaknesses detected in relation to the need to implement educational strategies supported in recycling to assist in environmental conservation.
Spatial Distribution of Scheduled Caste Urban Population: An Analysis of Regional Wise Towns in Erstwhile Andhra Pradesh, India published in

PARIPEX-INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr. Ashok Kumar Lonavath Urbanization can be defined as a process which reveals itself through temporal, spatial and sectoral changes in the demographic, social, economic, technological and environmental aspects of life in a given society. Urbanization is a progressive concentration of population in urban unit (Kingsley Davis-1965). These changes manifest themselves in the increasing concentration of population in human settlements, larger than villages, in the increasing involvement of the people in the secondary and tertiary production functions, and in the progressive adoption of certain social traits which are typical of traditional rural societies. Rural population especially migrate to the urban in search of their livelihood (employment), to improve their standard of life (education, health, other basic facilities & services). In most of the cases migrants are from economically poor socially backward classes. The aim of the present study deals with the demographical changing pattern of scheduled Caste Urban population in erst while Andhra Pradesh state from 1961-2011.
The Concept of Yoga Therapy according to Panchakoshas: A Review published in

Published by
Dr. Ghanshyam Singh Thakur The yogic concept of diseases has been described in TaittriyaUpanisad. According to Taittriya Upanisad, when the mind is agitated due to our interactions with the world at large, the physical body also follows in its wake. These agitations cause violent fluctuations in the flow of Prana in the Nadis. The Prana flows in wrong paths flying from one to the other without rhythm and harmony. The nadis can no longer, in this condition, maintain stability and steadiness and this result in improper digestion of food. This causeskhujirnatvam (wrong digestion), atijirnatvam (non-digestion) and ajirnatvam (over digestion). When this improperly digested food settles down in the body amidst such commotion, it results in ailments of the psychosomatic disorders. The disturbances in the ManomayaKosa percolate into the physical layer (AnnamayaKosa) through the pranamayaKosa, hence in the treatment of these psychosomatic ailments it becomes mandatory to work at all the levels of our existence to bring about the quickest result. The integrated approach, thus, consists in not only dealing with physical sheath, the relief of which could at best be temporary as is happening with the drugs used in modern medicine to treat diseases of the psychosomatic type like asthma, Diabetes Mellitus, hypertension, etc, but it also includes using techniques to operate on different sheaths of our existence. The large number of yoga practices available in the texts of yoga and Upanishads are adapted to balance and harmonize the disturbances at each of the five kosas and tackle this type of complex psychosomatic ailments.
PECULIARITIES AND PROBLEMS OF REGIONAL MARKETING published in

The Russian Academic Journal

Published by Institute of Political and Mediametric Studies
Artem Kolomytsev In this work I investigate the essence of the concept regional marketing, consider approaches to its definition by different foreign and domestic authors, and outline the main issues that arise at its implementation in the region.
A STUDY OF STYLE OF LEARNING AND THINKING OF URBAN AND RURAL STUDENTS OF AURANGABAD DISTRICT published in

SCHOLARLY RECSEARCH JOURNAL FOR INTERDISCIPLINARY STUDIES

Published by AMIT PUBLISHERS & COMPANY
Syeda Humera Anjum Present research Aims to study styles of learning and thinking of urban and rural students of Aurangabad District. The sample of the study was selected by Stratified Random Sampling method which includes 200 X th std students from urban and rural area . Tool used for the research was SOLAT (Styles of Learning and Think ing) developed by Dr.Venkataraman . Research finding revealed that majority of the students have right hemispheric dominant style of learning and thinking. Significant difference was found in right hemispheric and whole hemispheric dominant learning & thin king style of urban and rural students .Insignificant difference was found in left hemispheric learning thinking style of urban and rural students. Boys and Girls differ significantly in right, left and whole hemispheric dominant style of learning & thinking.
Working Women and Protective Laws in India published in

PARIPEX-INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr. Neena Vashisht Contrary to common perception, a large percentage of women work in India. National data collection agency accept that statistics seriously understate women contribution as workers. On the one hand, there are women workers in unorganized sector both in rural and urban areas who may be called invisible, behind tall buildings, highway, city roads and government programs, they shed their sweat, they are the most crucial but most underpaid and neglected link in the labor chain. On the other hand, there are women in the organized sector who participate in work force in impressive numbers. For example, in the software industry, 30% of the workforce is female and enjoy parity with their male counterparts. This paper analyzes the profile of women in various economic activities industry-wise, zone-wise and sector-wise. It also highlights the protective legislation for working women in our constitution.
Conflict In Policy Implementation: A Case Study In An Exploited Forest Landscape Of South Assam published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Shovan Dattagupta, Abhik Gupta Forest management in the form of Joint Forest management (JFM) is a symbiotic associational approach of two major stakeholders forest dwellers and forest department. In Inner Line Reserve forest (ILRF) large-scale plantations of timber yielding tree species like TectonagrandisGmelinaarboreaetc were undertaken without giving much importance to augmentation of diversity of NTFP-yielding plants that are effectively important for the livelihood of the forest villagers. In order to preferentially maintain the growth and health of a few commercially important target species the other naturally regenerating herbs, shrubs and tree were eliminated following classical silvicultural technique. Severe falling of tree species at premature stage regularly occurred in the plantation site of the forest department, predominantly in the plantation of JFM. This paper analyses policy assignation and conflict of interest among stakeholders in ILRF in the light of recent legislations on non- timber forest product utilization and the right of forest dwellers.
Role of E-Business Towards Borderless Economy published in

PARIPEX-INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr. Mairaj Salim Technology in the modern world has advanced a standard of living that we could not imagine even twenty-five years ago. No king in history has been in possession of the vast array of time, work and life savers that are readily available to even the most ordinary citizen today, yet we are all still pioneers in terms of the advances to come. The invention of the personal computer sent a silent shot heard around the world a run at the universe that has exploded into our offices and our homes. Today, we readily accept the concept of the borderless economy. The term conjures images of a river of international commerce circumnavigating the globe, millions of net-izens wired together in a virtual community of consumers, and commercial transactions consummated at the speed of light. In a word, this revolution is e-business. E-business is, by definition, global. Business methods that are effective and acceptable in one jurisdiction may either not be permitted or work well in other markets. Expect variations in practice across national lines, despite the best efforts of international rulemaking bodies. The paper discussion deals with emergence of its relative competitive relevance in borderless world.
Education as an Instrument of Women Empowerment in India published in

Published by
Dr. Md. Asaad Raza Women education in India has ever been a major preoccupation of the government as well as civil society. Education is the primary criterion for human development and right to education is a fundamental human right. Educating a woman creates a vital opportunity for the social and economic development of the country and society. Nowadays, women are equally efficient like men in all walks of life. Education is the milestone for women empowerment because it enables them to respond properly to the challenges they face in their life. Womens education in rural areas is alarming. Education of women is the most powerful tool to make them confident and change their position in the society. This paper tries to find the relationship between inequality in education and women empowerment. A number of corrective measures are suggested to empower women by providing them quality education.
A KNOWLEDGE BASED APPROACH FOR CARRIAGE TAPE AND METAPHOR WITH NOMINATED ADMITTANCE PRIVILEGES published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
V.Archana*, M.Tamil Thendral We observe the setback of scalable file system directories, forced by data-intensive applications require millions to billions of small files to be ingested in a lone register at charge of hundreds of thousands of box file creates every second. Access control models play an important role in database management systems. In general, there are three vital access control models: Unrestricted Nominated Admittance (UNA), Obligatory Nominated Admittance (ONA), and Non-Discretionary Nominated Admittance(NNA).Tape and metaphor Nominated Admittance has been investigated in topical years and researchers wished-for more than a few tape access control systems based on data hiding. In this manuscript, a hierarchy tape nominated admittance privileges is developed with the scalable secret sharing practice employed. Various quality levels tape and metaphor is generated with no trouble and spread to the community residents according to the negotiating price. Hence a win-win point can be achieved amid the populace and tape plan donor. Tentative results demonstrate the helpfulness of the proposed scheme.The privilege can be set for the addict of a explicit group, where the nominated admittance privileges can be revoked from certain members, if in case deemed. In the context of tape, since the structure of tape data is complex in nature, it requires a specific Nominated admittance privileges. Setting Nominated admittance privileges, carriage tape and metaphor to addict with the help of database which is SANE(Semantic aware Namespace). SANE is transparent for both the hardware, software as well as efficient for caching and perfecting the tape and metaphors.
A study on Unorganized Sector and Indias Informal Economy published in

PARIPEX-INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
RINOJ P K This paper reviews about Unorganized sector and Indias informal economy. Unorganized workers consists of those working in the unorganized enterprises or households, excluding regular workers with social security benefits , and the workers in the formal sector without any employment/social security benefits provided by the employers. this reveals that Unorganized sector should be protected and this means that all attempts should be made to implement those policies ,which will release the basic growth constraints and ensuring a level playing field for this sector
PERKEMBANGAN KONSTELASI POLITIK INTERNASIONAL DAN IMPLIKASINYA TERHADAP POLITIK HUKUM NASIONAL INDONESIA DALAM PEMBERANTASAN TERORISME published in

Dinamika Hukum

Published by Faculty of Law, Jenderal Soedirman University, Indonesia
Mardenis The problem of terrorism has now become one of the few global issues which are very much talked about and greatly affect international relations. Actually, when the United States (U.S.) makes the issue of terrorism as the main agenda of foreign policy (polugri) country and invite / pressing other countries to support it, almost all world countries basically agree, agree. The problem then arises when the execution was terrorism that will be the common enemy of mankind and must be fought together it is terrorism by political interests, and ideology economi U.S. Key words: Terrorism, global issue, US foreign policy, political, economy and ideology of US.
Comparison of the Intensity of Classroom Discipline published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr. Sunil Kumar Trivedi, Anuradha Sharma The work titled Comparison of the Intensity of Classroom Discipline of students at intermediate level focuses on measuring the Classroom Discipline as an internal factor amongst the students from rural & urban areas in science & arts stream at intermediate level. Present study has also inspired deep to find whether that there is a real difference in the intensity of Classroom Discipline between male & female students during their studies.The size of the sample taken for the study is 200 (i.e.100 boys & 100 girls). Survey Method of research is employed for productive results. Semi- probability technique has been used by the researchers for the sampling purposes. Findings reveal that among the biographical variables; gender is a significant variable in measuring the intensity of classroom discipline during studies at intermediate level. The females are found to be better in maintaining the intensity of Classroom discipline internally in them in comparison to malesat intermediate level.
THE AGE HISTOLOGY ADRENAL MEDULLA OF THE CATTLE published in

Theoretical & Applied Science

Published by International Academy of Theoretical & Applied Sciences
Dzmitry Nikoaevich Fiadotau In the thesis describes a material on the morphology of the adrenal medulla of cattle in the postnatal development - from birth up to ten years. Installed topographic features adrenaline (A-cells) and noradrenaline (N-cells) cells, their comparative morphology and growth patterns. Before puberty the size of the adrenal cells decreases and reaches a maximum yearling animals. Contact pattern characteristic of noradrenaline cells that grow to puberty and then their growth is reduced and restored after puberty.
Boost Converter with High Voltage Gain Using Coupled Inductor Technique published in

Published by
K. Nagaraju This paper propose to basic boost converter, the modify boost topologies are study in order to reduce the ripple free input current. The comparisons of boost topologies are making with the basic boost converter. The improve dc-dc boost converter and its operation is analyze. The improve boost converter is a transformer less dc-dc converter and a step-up DCDC converter that uses voltage-lift technique, to adjusts the turns ratio of the coupled inductor and achieve high step-up voltage gain
ANTHELMINTIC ACTIVITY OF EXTRACTS OF HOLARRHENA ANTIDYSENTERICA WALL published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Kranti Satpute1*, Kaumudee Bodas2, Varsha Shende2, Wajid Chaus1, Dhumal Atul1, Galphade Amar1 Background: Helminthes have been common cause of concern and pose many problems to human beings and animals. Many medicinal plants claimed to possess anthelmintic activity and can be effectively used against these types of disorders. Holarrhena Antidysenterica, commonly called Kurchi bark is deciduous shrub belonging to Apocynaceae was traditionally used to treat Helminthiasis. Objective: To test Anthelmintic activity of aqueous and alcoholic extracts of Holarrhena Antidysenterica.. Materials and Methods: Indian adult earthworms (Pheretima posthuma) were used to study anthelmintic activity. The activity was checked in aqueous and alcoholic bark extracts at three different concentration (10, 20 and 40mg/ml) and results were expressed in terms of paralysis time and death time for worms. The results were compared with standard solution, Albendazole (10, 20 and 40mg/ml). Results: Both the extract showed significant anthelmintic activity. The effect was dose dependant and shortest time taken for paralysis and death was observed in case of alcoholic extract at 40 mg/ml concentration. Conclusion: It was concluded that seeds of Holarrhena Antidysenterica have potential anthelmintic activity.
FREE GLOBAL TRADE V/s PROTECTIONISM – A CRITICAL REVIEW published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Dr. Anand Sagar Protectionism is the term used about the nations protecting their domestic industries and their workers by providing subsidies for their production and imposing tariffs on competing foreign products. Yet protectionism has been blamed for closing off trade from foreign countries, raising prices and giving domestic consumers less choice. A country that practices protectionism can just as easily be subjected to it by other countries imposing their own import tariffs and awarding subsidies to their industries. Free trade is based on agreements between nations to drop import barriers, allowing foreign goods and services to compete on a level playing field with domestic products. This opens markets for developing countries and in theory improves their economic conditions. Jobs lost in one industry of a developed country can grow in another industry. Free trade is meant to improve the economy of all participating nations. The World Trade Organization (WTO) regulates free trade agreements among member nations. Free trade encourages the relocation of multinational manufacturing sites from developed countries to poorer nations with much lower costs.
Financial Health Analysis of Large Scale Oil and Natural Gas Companies in India With Special Reference to Select Oil and Natural Gas Companies published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
G. Kalaiselvi, Dr. Shunmugananda Vadivel In India, oil and natural gas sector has tremendous growth potential. It plays a vital role in Industries like manufacturing, commercial services, utilities and infrastructure. Financial health of a firm should be evaluated to predict the financial performance in terms of liquidity, profitability and viability. Financial soundness of an industry cannot be ascertained by single ratio. Altman combined a number of accounting ratios to form an index of profitability it is regarded as an effective indication of corporate performance in predicting financial health of a firm. This paper has made an attempt to analyse and forecast the financial health of GAIL, ONGC, IOC, BPCL, HPCL and OIL by the way of applying Altmans Z-Score model over a period of 10 years. This investigation is based upon the secondary data available from reliable database Capitaline, Prowess and annual report of each company. From the study it is ascertained that GAIL, ONGC, and OIL have registered decreasing trend over the period of analysis. OIC, BPCL and HPCL have increasing trend and also excellent financial viability position throughout the study.
Effects of Dexmedetomidine on Hemodynamics in Patients Undergoing Laproscopic Surgeries under General AnaesthesiaA Comparative Study published in

Published by
Dr Yogesh Chauhan, Dr Heena Parikh Background:Dexmedetomidine is a highly selective ?2 agonist with properties of sedation,analgesia and anxiolysis, making it an ideal anaestheticadjuvant.We studied a randomized,double blind prospective study to evaluate the efficacy of dexmedetomidine to provide perioperative hemodynamic stability in patients undergoing elective laparoscopic surgeries.We also studied the effects of dexmedetomidine on other anaestheticagents.Material and Method:Sixty patients of either sex (18ndash;75 years)scheduled for elective laparoscopic surgeries were randomly allocated in one of the two groups containing 30 patients each.They received in a double blind manner,either a saline placebo or a dexmedetomidineinfusion.Group D received dexmedetomidine intravenous infusion at a rate of 0.4g/Kg/hr plus fentanyl. Group C received 0.9% saline in the same rate plus fentanyl.Observation and Result:Afterpneumoperitoneum,mean value of MAP(81.53plusmn;14.19 vs 98.63plusmn;19.75 Pvaluelt;0.05)and Heart rate(73.90plusmn;10.81 vs 91.53plusmn;15.63 Pvaluelt;0.05 )were significantly lower in Group D as compare to Group C.Similarly Group D blunted the tachycardic and hypertensive respose to intubation as compare to Group C (P valuelt;0.05).Furthermore Group D also provided early emergence in comparison with Group C (P valuelt;0.05).Conclusion:Dexmedetomidine as a prendash;anaestheti medication and intrandash;operative infusion is a simple,easyand economic general anaesthetic adjuvant that maintains stable hemodynamics and provides an excellent recovery profiles.
Minimally Invasive Plate Osteosynthesis in Management of Distal Tibia Fractures published in

Published by
Shikhar D Singh, P V Manohar, Rajendra Butala Introduction: Unstable fractures of distal tibia with or without intra-articular extension can present a clinical dilemma. Historically, there have been a variety of methods of management described but with high rates of associated complications. Minimally Invasive Plate Osteosynthesis (MIPO), has now become more popular with the development of the Locking Compression Plates. MIPO offers many biological advantages including minimal soft tissue dissection with preservation of vascular integrity of the fracture as well as preserving osteogenic fracture haematoma. Materials & Methods: A total of 30 patients with distal tibia fractures (open/closed) were included in the study after informed consent. Patients were treated by MIPO with LCP and were prospectively followed up. Duration of follow-up ranged from 1236 weeks. Demographic variables, mode of injury, time required for union, complications and clinical improvement were recorded and analysed. Results: Most of the fractures were united by 20th week (80%) with mean union time of 17.9 3.2 weeks. Excellent clinical results with MIPO were observed in 46.7% cases while poor results were obtained in 10% cases. Complications were seen in 13 subjects (43.3%), of which most common was wound infection, seen in 13.3% of the cases. Delayed union was noted in 1 case while no case of non union was observed. Conclusion: MIPO is an effective technique for the management of distal tibial fractures. It is minimally invasive, though technically demanding, but preserves the biological environment by preserving the soft tissue with better outcome in terms of radiological union and clinical improvement.
ROLE OF CURCUMIN AS AN ADJUVANT IN CHMEORADIOTHERPAY IN HEAD AND NECK CANCER: A RANDOMIZED TRIAL published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
S. Sudarsini*, Dr K.Velavan, Dr. Fahad I. Al-Saikhan The purpose of this randomized study was to assess the efficacy and tolerability of curcumin as an adjuvant and its effects on chemo- radiotherapy in terms of tolerance and local control in the management of head and neck cancer. A study protocol was designed as per ICH guidelines and eighty histologically proved patients of head and neck cancer were selectively randomized into four arms (two study arms and two control arms). Group I (study arm) received 6600 cGy external radiation in conventional fractionation along with curcumin 1gm and group II (study arm) was treated with 6600 cGy external radiation and chemotherapy along with curcumin. One control arm (group III) was treated with 6600 cGy external radiation alone in conventional fractionation schedule. Other control arm (group IV) was treated with chemotherapy with 6600 cGy external radiation therapy in conventional fractionate schedule. The study result shows that patients were well matched in both the treatment groups(I & II). Chemo radiation tolerance was found more satisfactory with less sever acute chemo radiation toxicity in study arm patients. No patient with curcumin adjuvant therapy developed grade 3 acute radiation toxicity as encountered in control arm, 20 out of 72 patients (27%). A better quality of life during therapy was demonstrated in study arm patients with enhanced subjective response and improved Karnofsky performance status. However, overall response rate was not affected by curcumin chemo radiation therapy. It is concluded that Curcumin is well tolerated in head & neck cancer patients. It enhances the radiation tolerance, reduces accompanying acute radiation and chemo toxicity, and improves performance status and quality of life.
A Study on the Effect of Yogic Practices on Liver Functions published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr. K Krishna Sharma, Dr. Thirumaleshwara Prasada H, Dr. Udayakumara K, Praveen Kumar K A study on the effect of Yogic Practices on Liver functions conducted in the Dept. of Human Consciousness and Yogic Sciences, Mangalore University. 20 police officers between the age groups 40- 60 years were selected randomly for the study. A 45 days practical session were conducted for 1 hr, with a total of 10 subjects included in Group I ie., Experimental group. Another 10 subjects were selected for control group. The experimental group was progressively introduced to the series of Asana, Pranayama, Mudras and Relaxation techniques. The control group was not given any of these. The initial and final readings were taken for two groups by testing SGOT and SGPT before and after the study. After Yoga therapy, the experimental group showed a significant result in SGOT and SGPT test. There was no significant change in Control group. This depicts that the regular practice of the selected yogic practices improve the function of liver in the experimental group subjects.
GEOMORPHOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT OF DRAGOEVO MOUNTAIN published in

Published by
Assoc. Prof. Dimitar Todorov Vladev A geomorphological research defines the boundaries of Dragoevo Mountain and gives a detailed description of the geomorphological peculiarities, geologo-tectonic and geophysical characteristics of the mountain. The morphogenesis of Dragoevo Mountain has been clarified through an analysis of the horizontal and vertical segmentation of the relief, the morphometry and the location of the denuding surfaces and river terraces. The final part deals with the periods of the geomorphological evolution of Dragoevo Mountain on the basis systematic scientific information
RELIGIOUS DIMENSIONS OF MALAYSIA’S WELLBEING INDEXES published in

Asia Pacific Journal of Advanced Business and Social Studies

Published by Asia Pacific Institute of Advanced Research
Azila Ahmad Sarkawi, Alias Abdullah Norimah Md. Dali Amongst the 57 members of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference’s (OIC) countries, Malaysia is at number one rating in the Islamicity Index, Islamic Index of Wellbeing and Global Muslim Travel Index studies. The rating gave the impression of the liveability or wellbeing in Malaysia within the Islamic sphere. This recognition prompts the study on the indicators of wellbeing that Malaysia has focused on Islamic dimensions. Consequently, content analysis was done on six selected government documents namely the Malaysian Wellbeing Index, the Malaysian Family Wellbeing Index, the Malaysian Urban-Rural National Indicators Network for Sustainable Development, the Malaysian Shariah Index, the Malaysian Ummah Development Index and the Muslim Religiosity and Personality Indexing. The study found that the first three documents embodied indirect religious dimensions in their wellbeing indexing while the latter three have direct religious dimensions. The incorporation of the religious dimensions into the Malaysia’s wellbeing indexing either directly or indirectly shows the relevancy of the religious factor to human wellbeing. Noticeably, the indicators promulgated under each study are organizationally-driven aiming at attaining their specific objectives that invariably led to variations amongst the agencies. Nonetheless, religion has been found to command a significant factor in the wellbeing of Malaysian though different indicators have been used by the six organizations to arrive at this fact. Keywords: Index, Malaysia, Religion, Quality of Life & Wellbeing.
Food Processing Through Ultrasonic Technology published in

Published by
Dr. Mahendra Kumar Ultrasound has been used for processing purposes in industries and now it is emerging as a perspective technology in different segments of food industries. This potential technology is gaining rapid momentum in food processing organization. Earlier, ultrasonic was used for cleaning purpose in food sectors. The range extends from the cleaning nozzles used in breweries to the cleaning of bread pans in bakeries. Besides cleaning, it has also proved its significance and potential for the extraction of juice, concentration of thixotropic composition, homogenization and emulsification, improving rate and drying, this broad spectrum of application can safe guard its use as a valuable technology in the 21st Century
Reduction of Cisplatin Cytotoxicity in Hepatocarcinoma Cells by Optimization of Treatment Conditions published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Odii Benedict Onyekachi,Coussons Peter Cisplatin otherwise known as cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (CDDP) is an anticancer agent with broad spectrum of effectiveness against different types of tumour. Its use in cancer treatment is characterised and limited by several potentially dangerous side effects, affecting organ systems. Previously, we established a model drug-resistant hepatocellular carcinoma cells from human hepatocarcinoma (HEPG2) cell line using pharmacologic agents, including cisplatin; and through dose-dependent assessment of cisplatin toxicity to HEPG2 cells, we observed that the drug is highly toxic to the cells. This is in agreement with many clinical reports of wide range of cisplatin-induced toxicities. Here, we aimed at establishing the optimal treatment conditions for cisplatin, and developing a model to understand more about the kinetics of cisplatin cytotoxic effects, in this case, on hepatocarcinoma cells. Time-course analysis of HEPG2 cell death by flow cytometry showed consistent EC50 value of 4M, irrespective of the incubation time. Flow cytometric analysis of cell cycle at optimal treatment time showed a near-complete arrest at G0/G1 phase only at highest concentration. Analysis of internucleosomal DNA fragmentation by gel electrophoresis showed high degree of toxicity after 12 to 48 hours of cisplatin treatment. The continuous treatment of HEPG2 cells with cisplatin for 12 hours followed by 48 hours incubation in drug-free medium, showed a comparable magnitude of cytotoxicity and apoptosis with 24 to 48hrs continuous treatment. These results are discussed in relation to current clinical use of cisplatin in cancer therapy. The study shows that similar level of effectiveness can be achieved within shorter time of cisplatin treatment, against prolonged exposure that could result in damage of non-target cells and range of side effects. Furthermore, it suggests that the optimal treatment time for a given dose of cisplatin is 12 hours. Finally, the study underlines the importance of optimization of treatment conditions as a means of obviating cellular toxicity due to any given chemotherapeutic agent.
Interstitial Ectopic Pregnancy: A Rare Case Report published in

Published by
Dr B. G. Boricha, Dr Shaifali Patil, Dr Sachin Kolhe, Dr Anuja Thomas, Dr Krutika Karkhanis Ectopic pregnancy in the interstitial part of the fallopian tube is a rare event, constituting only 2-4 % of all tubal ectopic pregnancies and is associated with a high rate of complications. While all ectopic pregnancies are associated with a risk of hemorrhage, interstitial pregnancies are associated with the highest risk of massive, uncontrollable bleeding. There is a higher risk of maternal mortality due to delayed diagnosis and high vascularity of the myometrium. It presents a challenge for clinical as well as radiological diagnosis. We are reporting a case wherepresented with interstitial pregnancy in late first trimester. The need for clinical suspicion and role of ultrasonography, resuscitation and laparotomy is necessary to prevent catastrophe.
MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF ULTRHIGH PERFORMANCE FIBER REINFORCED CONCRETE published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
, Dr. Ahmed H. Abdelreheem, Dr. Mohamed Y. Elshikh, Hussein K. Ultrahigh performance fiber reinforced concrete (UHPFRC), as a new class of concrete, has attracted a lot of attention in recent years. This type of concrete with a compressive strength of more than 150 MPa, has high packing density, very low permeability, superior durability and very high abrasion and corrosion resistance. Small steel fibers, used in UHPFRC, cause the increase of flexural strength and ductility. In the present study, it has been tried to produce ultrahigh performance fiber reinforced concrete using the most suitable available materials in Egypt: such as Portland cement, silica fume, quartz powder, steel fibers, superplasticizer, fine quartz sand, and fine crushed dolomite (max nominal size 4.75 mm). For all test specimens, a w/c of 0.18 was applied. Also, the effects of adding different amounts of quartz and silica fume on main properties of UHPC have been investigated. The results show that using the available materials together with steel fibers and conducting normal treatment, UHPFRC with compressive strength up to 151 MPa and flexural strength of 33.75 MPa was produced
MOBILE MARKETING A CLASSIFICATION FRAMEWORK AND EFFECTS ON MARKETING MIX published in

Journal of Management, Marketing and Logistics(JMML)

Published by PressAcademia
Muge Klein The fast development of network technologies and the incentive usage of mobile electronic devices like smart phones and tablets in the recent years caused the mobilization of business processes. Thereby the business processes can be executed time and place independently. The businesses especially benefit from the advantages of mobile technologies in the area of sales and marketing. While developing their global marketing strategies they consider mobile marketing methods since they enable completely new marketing opportunities. Mobile marketing alternatives are not limited to sending text messages (SMS advertisements) to mobile phones. In order to establish a multiple marketing strategy including mobile marketing techniques it is necessary to have a broad classification of all possible mobile marketing types and to know the effects of mobile marketing on the marketing mix elements. Since there is not yet an accepted classification for mobile marketing applications, the aim of this work is to make a classification proposal for mobile marketing and finally to determine the effects of mobile marketing on the elements of the marketing mix.
The Educated Citizen: Cultural and Gender Capital in the Schooling of Aetas Children in the Municipality of Janiuay published in

Asia Pacific Journal of Education, Arts and Sciences

Published by Lyceum of the Philippines University, Batangas City
ROME B. MORALISTA, DR. GABRIEL C. DELARIARTE This qualitative research investigate the educated citizen, Cultural and Gender capital in the schooling of Aetas children in the Municipality of Janiuay is largely focused on three domains or methodologies: grounded theory, phenomenology, and ethnography although there are many other forms of qualitative inquiry (Murphy et al 1998). This study combines extensive participant observation and in-depth group/individual semi-structured interviews with six (6) elementary teachers and ten (10) Aetas mothers. The respondents provided their insight to acquisition of elementary education at public elementary school. The result of interview and observations suggested that the educated citizen was a construct that could help explain issues concerning the education of Aetas children in Janiuay, Iloilo. In addition, the educated citizen seemed to have basic components-cultural and gender capital- intertwined in the childrens academic achievement. The results revealed that The male aetas are looked upon by the aetas themselves as the head of the family, its protector and who does the hard work; the female aetas are looked upon as the ones caring the baby, selling products for their livelihood, doing the cooking and cleaning of the house; Aetas dont want to be left behind in the current trends, education, and standard of living; the modern aetas become knowledgeable due to education and they earn it in school; some of aetas are already professionals such as: teachers, seafarers, and administrative aid employee in the municipal office.
Promotion Strategies for Sustainable Development in Rural India published in

Published by
Sachin Sharma, Dr. Ram Singh The rural India offers diverse culture, challenges, and a vast relatively untapped market for corporate world. The paper evaluated the potential of rural market, promotional strategies, and impact of celebrity endorsements. The shrinking operating margins and saturation in urban sales creates the necessity for exploring the rural markets. The penetration of information and communication technology and financial inclusion, priority of central government to focus on development of rural areas create opportunities for marketers to leverage rising incomes, technology, aspirations into loyal customers. The marketers must think beyond traditional celebrity based endorsements and focus on involving rural masses for sustainable development of the rural consumers. The paper concludes by offering strategies for brand promotion in rural India.
Comparative Study of Tin Phthalocyanine and Tin Phthalocyanine Dichloride Thin Films published in

PARIPEX-INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr Regimol C Cherian Organic semi conducting thin films are important for applications in optical and electronic device fabrications. Thin films of tin phthalocyanine and tin phthalocyanine dichloride are prepared by thermal evaporation technique. Optical absorption spectra of these films are recorded and analyzed to evaluate the optical energy band gap. Electrical characterization of thin films is done using the arrhenius plot. From the powder X-ray diffractograms, structure is identified and prominent peaks are indexed also.
Performance of Currency Trading in National Stock Exchange published in

Published by
Dr. S. Rajamohan, C. Vijayakumar India has attained the rational development in educational, technology, wealth and so on. This development has created more consciousness in all the segments to the Indian society. The online trading system has attained the best possible extent in India. Especially the currency market provides a significant support to the International trade practice because of the market which works in the liberalised environment. The online practices have been open out in all the segments including market exchange trading system. This system provides the trading transparency to the market participants. Currency exchange trading is an essential to business world. All currency trades involve the simultaneous buying of one currency and selling of another. The currency pair thought of as a single unit. In this modern world, Investors have an opportunity to trace out the best alternative investment for their surplus money. The online system has provided the flexibility of the investors to manage their portfolio. Based on the importance of currency market, the researcher has adopted to study the currency trades in NSE. The researcher has used descriptive tools such as mean, standard deviation and co-variance to analyse the market data.
UV SPECTROPHOTOMETRIC ESTIMATION OF DIACEREIN IN API AND CAPSULE DOSAGE FORM USING AREA UNDER CURVE METHOD published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Dr. Hemant Kumar Jain* and Ravi S. Kadam The aim of present work was to develop an accurate, precise, reproducible and economical UV spectrophotometric Area Under Curve method for estimation ofDiacerein. The Area Under Curve of UV spectrum was calculated between 246 to 266 nm and a simple method was developed.The method has followed linearity in the range of 2-10?g/ml.The value of correlation coefficient was 0.9976. This method was validated as per ICH guideline Q2 (R1).Satisfactory values of Percent relative standard deviation for the intra-day and interday precision indicated that method is precise. Results of the recovery studies (99.73% to 101.99%) showed accuracy of the method. LOD and LOQ were calculated as 0.70?g/ml and 2.13?g/ml,respectively. The developed method can be used for routine estimation of Diacerein in bulk and Capsule dosage forms.
MYOINOSITOL: A REVIEW OF ITS USE IN PATIENTS WITH POLYCYSTIC OVARY SYNDROME published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Chinthana Govindarajan, Revathi Pitchaipillai*, Bhuvaneswari Shanmugasundaram, Sudhananthini Thangam, Jegan Arokiasamy and Manickavasagam Subramania Pillai Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) or stein - leventhal syndrome is one of the most common endocrine disorders affecting women of reproductive age. The diagnostic criteria of PCOS are Oligo ovulation and/or anovulation, excess androgen activity, polycystic ovaries on ultra sonogram. The estimated prevalence is 36% of women in India are suffering from PCOS and the Global prevalence is 2.2% to 26%. Recently, Myoinositol (MI) - a novel insulin sensitizer has been marketed for PCOS with infertility. Treatment with MI improves the ovarian function, oocyte quality, metabolic and hormonal parameters in PCOS. MI promotes weight loss in PCOS. It has been shown to reduce the systolic and diastolic blood pressure. MI is safe and effective drug and as such there are no side effects and drug interaction at clinically used doses.
Study to Evaluate the Impact of Planned Breathing Exercises (Pbe) on the Relief of Symptoms of Copd published in

PARIPEX-INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Ravindra Hn Introduction : Health is a common theme in most cultures. Preventive and promotive aspects of health are given more importance than the curative aspects. Breathing is one the most vital functions of the body. Respiratory muscle training, which improves muscle strength and endurance, resulting in improved activity tolerance. This training prevents respiratory failure in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Objectives : To identify the symptoms of selected patients with COPD in Group I and Group II before the Planned Breathing Exercise (PBE) as measured by structured interview schedule. To develop and administer PBE in experimental group patients with COPD. To evaluate the effectiveness of PBE on relief of COPD among the patients with symptoms of COPD. Material and methods : The research method adopted for the present study was quasi-experimental approach using a pre-test, post-test control group design. The study was conducted in the Dhiraj Hospital in Vadodara city and 40 hospitalized COPD patients were selected as sample. The sample of the study was selected using non probability convenient sampling technique. Here, the instruments used was a structured interview schedule to assess the symptoms of COPD patient. PBE was the intervention to be given to the experimental group. The data was analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistics. Paired t-test was used for evaluate effectiveness of PBE. Results : the mean post test symptoms score (24.05) of group I was lower than the mean pre test symptoms score (71.5). The computed t value t (19) = 15.37 p<0.05 showed that there was significant difference between the two mean symptoms scores. The calculated t value (t (19) = 15.37 p<0.05 is greater than the tabled value t (19) = 2.09 at 0.05 level). Hence null hypothesis was rejected and the research hypothesis was accepted. Conclusion : Hence, the Planned Breathing Exercise was effective in relieving the symptoms of COPD.
NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF TRUNCATED PYRAMIDAL CUPS OF AA1050 - H18 ALLOY FABRICATED BY SINGLE POINT INCREMENTAL FORMING published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
V. Srija * and A. Chennakesava Reddy * The purpose of the present project work was to understand the formability of AA1050 - H18 alloy to fabricate truncated pyramidal cups using single point incremental forming (SPIF) process. The finite element analysis has been carried out to model the single point incremental forming process using ABAQUS software code . The process parameters of SPIF were sheet thickness, step depth, tool radius and coefficient of friction. The proce ss parameters have been optimized using Taguchi techniques. The major process parameters influencing the SPIF of truncated pyramidal cups were tool radius and coefficient of friction.
Benefits of Adopting Primary Eye Care Approach Through A Fortnightly Eye Clinic - An Effort of Tertiary Care Hospital, North India. published in

Published by
Dr. Sonia Puri, Dr. Akshay Kumar, Dr. Nancy Gupta, Dr . Mishika Malik, Dr. Abhishek Dhir To ascertain the impact of initiating an eye clinic and provision of eye care services to the study population, a retrospective study was conducted from Mar 2009- April 2011 at Eye clinic of field practice area of Govt Medical College and Hospital (GMCH), Chandigarh, India. The study population included patients attending Eye Clinic. A total of 1088 eye patients were examined during the study period. Maximum number of patients were in age group 11-20 yrs, (19.5%; 213). Majority of patients were from urban area, (64.5%; 702). Males (62.5%;680) outnumbered females (37.5%;408). Refractive error (presbyopia/amblyopia)(25.5 %;278) was the most common ocular morbidity followed by cataract 19.3% (210).The place of management of almost all the ocular morbidities was in accordance with WHO guidelines. The major barrier was distance in availing eye care health services by study population. Provision of eye care services at door step increases the access and utilization of services by population.
The Association among Demographic Variables and Selfishness of IT and BPO Employees of Information Technology- A Case Study with Reference to Bangalore. published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr. M.A.SURESH KUMAR, RUMESH.P The aim of this study is to identify and explore the association among Demographic variables and selfishness of IT and BPO employees of Information Technology. Quantitative and qualitative approaches were used to measure the variables. To obtain the quantitative data a sample of 150 professional IT employees working in Bangalore were participated in this study. The Questionnaire based on work related cultural value scale was used to measure selfishness and Maoism. To obtain qualitative data, the structured interview was conducted with 20 IT and BPO Managers. Findings from both quantitative and qualitative data suggested that there was a significant difference between the two fields of Information technology. It also showed that selfishness and Maoism was significantly associated with the size of the organization, education and experience of both the groups. Findings of this study have implications on practice, research and Administrative efficiency to retain the employees. The study also found demographic and general characteristics have significant relationship between job attachment, empowerment and job fulfilment in their respective field.
Vertical Rectangular Ring Slot Loaded Proximity Coupled Equilateral Triangular Microstrip Antenna for Wireless Applications published in

Published by
Mahesh C P, P M Hadalgi A generalized method is presented to determine vertical rectangular ring shaped slot loaded proximity coupled equilateral triangular microstrip antenna for quad band operation. The quad band frequency points are achieved at 2.84 to 8.57 GHz. Effect of slot implemented on the patch is evaluated experimentally for enhancing much better bandwidth with reference to conventional microstrip antenna. The various parameters are measured and practical results are presented and discussed. The proposed antennas may find applications for IMT, WIFI IEEE802.11 and radar systems.
Image De-noising:A Multi-Scale Framework Using Hybrid Laplacian Regularization published in

International Journal of Advance Scientific Research and Engineering Trends

Published by Dr.S.S.Lomte
MS. UJJWALA CHAUDHARI In this paper main aim is to focus on to remove impulse noise from corrupted image. Here present a method for removing noise from digital images corrupted with additive, multiplicative, and mixed noise. Here used hybrid graph Laplacian regularized regression to perform progressive image recovery using unified framework. by using laplacian pyramid here build multi-scale representation of input image and recover noisy image from corser scale to finer scale. Hence smoothness of image can be recovered. Using implicit kernel a graph Laplacian regularization model represented which minimizes the least square error on the measured. A multi-scale Laplacian pyramid which is framework here proposed where the intrascale relationship can be modelled with the implicit kernel graph Laplacian regularization model in input space interscale relationship model with the explicit kernel in feature space. Hence image recovery algorithm recovers the More image details and edges
Awareness and Treatment-Seeking for Symptoms of RTI among Women in an urban slum of Mumbai published in

PARIPEX-INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Ms. Yogita Sanas The problem is compounded by the poor treatment seeking behaviour among women due to lack of awareness and socio-cultural factors. This study is an attempt to assess awareness of RTI and treatment seeking behaviour of women reporting RTI symptoms in a urban slum of Mumbai and to examine the association of background socio-demographic characteristics with treatment seeking behaviour. This study was conducted between September 2014 to February 2015 among the women aged 15 to 49 years in the slum of Govandi, Mumbai . The required sample size was chosen by simple random sampling. The participants were administered a standardized, semi-structured schedule. 33.33% among women had not heard of RTIs. 25.22% women reported that RTIs are caused because of lack of personal hygiene. 52.17% women reported that they dont know the causes of RTIs. 27.83% women reported that RTIs can spread from one person to another. 56.25% answered that it spread by sexual route while others gave different answers like sharing clothes and hereditary spread etc. 68.97% had taken some treatment for their symptoms. 90% completed the treatment as prescribed by the doctor and remaining had left it incomplete. 57.5% who had taken treatment reported that their symptoms had subsided after the treatment. Mostly the reason for not seeking treatment was that women never felt it was necessary to treat her symptoms. 22.22% women reported that they did not seek treatment because they feel shy to explain her symptoms. 27.77% women reported that they were not having knowledge. Other reasons given by non treated patients were that they didnt find time to go to the hospital, cant afford the cost.
Somatic Symptoms Among Psychiatric Patients published in

Published by
Dr. Vinodkumar Madanlal Darji, Dr. Vimal Jitendrabhai Somaiya BACKGROUND The relationship between physical symptoms and psychiatric disorder is widely recognized as complex. It has been demonstrated that for many physical complains there is a significant association presence of diverse somatic symptoms and mental and emotional status. AIMS & OBJECTIVES The present study was undertaken to find out prevalence and pattern of somatic complains in psychiatric OPD patients and compare them with medical OPD patients. MATERIALS & METHODS Only those who were fulfilling criteria for psychiatry disorders were further assessed by somatic symptoms severity scale PHQ15. RESULTS Among psychiatry OPD patients as per PHQ-15 Total mean score were observed highest in somatoform disorder, mood disorder depressive type and Anxiety spectrum disorder. CONCLUSION Giving an explanatory model for the patient for his symptoms is very important. A patient with medically unexplained somatic symptoms is often at a loss to understand the why and how of his symptoms
CARBAPENEMS RESISTANCE IN GRAM-NEGATIVE BACILLI ISOLATES FROM RESPIRATORY TRACT SAMPLES OF PATIENTS IN INTENSIVE CARE UNITS published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Vandanan B. Rajput* and Dr. Jigna P. Naik Carbapenems are preferred antibiotics for severe infections in ICUs. Its widest antibacterial spectra offers realistic option for monotherapy in ICUs, but in recent year clinical utility of carbapenems are under a serious threat, due to production of Metallo-beta-Lactamase (MBLs). Gram-negative bacterial infections are particular concern, especially MBLs producing in intensive care units (ICUs). Detection of MBLs among Gram-negative bacilli (GNBs) is crucial for the optimal treatment of patients and to control the spread of resistance. This study was conducted to determine carbapenems-resistant and the proportion of MBLs producer among multi-drug resistant (MDR) GNBs isolated from respiratory tract samples of patients admitted in various ICUs. Total 70 non-duplicate GNBs from respiratory tract samples were isolated, identified and subjected to antibiotics susceptibility testing. Isolates were screened for MBLs production and confirmed by phenotypic confirmatory tests. Out of 70 GNBs, 38 isolates were found to be MDR, 31 isolates were found to be imipenem resistant, 34 isolates were found to be meropenem, ertapenem and doripenem resistant. These 34 carbapenems resistant isolates were found MBLs producer by phenotypic screening and confirmatory test, with broad spectrum resistance profile.The results suggested that the resistance to carbapenems agents in the present study is due MBLs production. Considering the emergence characteristic of MBLs, its surveillance becomes important to control the transmission of this resistance mechanism.
DRINKING BEHAVIOUR AMONG UNDERGRADUATES IN ADEKUNLE AJASIN NIVERSITY, AKUNGBA -AKOKO: A FUNCTION OF PARENTAL ALCOHOL USE AND PERSONALITY TRAITS published in

International Journal of Business and Applied Social Science (IJBASS)

Published by Dr. Yuval Rottenstreich(Editor In Chief)
Aderonke A. Akintola (PhD) Department of Pure and Applied Psychology Faculty of Social and Management Sciences Adekunle Ajasin University PMB 001 Akungba-Akoko, 34-234 Ondo State Nigeria Email: ronkeakintola06@hotmail.com Phone: +2348033879244 Youth alcohol consumption, its misuse and abuse are among the most prevalent mental health problems among young adults today (Grant, 1997) an observation of this behaviour was made amongst both in and out of the campus undergraduates of Adekunle Ajasin University. This study therefore investigated the contextual factors within which this behaviour which is of utmost concern to the university authority occurs, with the aim of proffering solution to the problem. The participants were 240. Males (150), females (90). Hierarchical regression revealed that Parental alcohol use is a causative factor ( ), personality also significantly predicted this behaviour Extraversion [β=-.03, p< .01], Conscientiousness. [β=.33, p < .01] and Neuroticism [β= .15, p< .05]. Males were found to be more involved in the act. The fresh students or those in lower levels of study also drink more than those in higher levels of study which indicates conformity and immaturity that characterize this age range and generally, poor social skills. Based on these findings, there’s urgent need for psycho-education for these youths and necessary actions taken by the university authority to curb this behaviour.
Womens economic empowerment and financial decisions: Observations and perceptions published in

Published by
Msanupama Sharma, Dr. Bhavesh Joshi Womens economic empowerment relates to availability ofresourcesto women and also providing them opportunitiesof their applicationin such ways which lead to economic success. Higher access to education, higher participation in decision makingand skill development can improve the condition and quality of life of women to a great extent. The status of women in the society began to fall since the end of the 18th century as the primary focus of tribal and social set ups all across India were expansion, hoarding and wars. Late 19th century the condition of women further deteriorated. Women folk were treated as objects and with the Mughals advent in India women became totally dependent on their family for economic support. Education and financial status of females became so weak that they could not even think of an independent career or an independent life. By the end of 20th centurydue tothe policy of education to all tremendous improvement in general condition of women was seen. A common behavior pattern was observed wherein women avoided financial decision independently,which inspired this research. The best way of empowering women isdeveloping their skills and educating them about the benefits of participation in financial decision making especiallyinvestment. Sustainable business, empowered by smart investment by women folk and its impact on economic growth are dealt in this paper.This study concluded that women financial empowerment resulted in overcoming social inequality.
GENOTOXICITY STUDY OF LAMBDACYHALOTHRIN IN WISTAR ALBINO RATS published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Bhoopendra Kumar1*and Nitesh Kumar2 Genotoxicity study of lambda-cyhalothrin was conducted in wistar albino rats. The micronucleus and chromosomal aberration test were conducted @ dose level of 20 mg/kg b.wt. Whereas for bacterial reverse mutation test (Ames test) four dose levels 5, 100, 1000 and 5000 ?g/plate were selected. The Salmonella typhimurium TA98, TA100, TA1535, TA97a and E. coli WP2 (uvra) bacterial strains respectively were used. The result indicated that lambda-cyhalothrin significant (p<0.05) increased micronucleus formation and PCE/NCE ratio in bone marrow. The chromosomal aberration test indicated significant (p<0.05) increase of aberrated bone marrow cells as chromatid break chromosome break, chromosome disc, sticky chromosome, satellite association and chromosome ring. However, lambda-cyhalothrin does not increase significant revertant colonies as compared to positive control group. Finally, it is concluded that lambda-cyhalothrin is genotoxic in wistar albino rats.
Effect of thermal stress management strategies on yield and yield attributes of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under late sown conditions published in

International Journal of Agricultural Sciences

Published by Rakesh kumar Singh
JUGAL K. MANI* AND RAJ SINGH Field experiment was conducted at research farm, Department of Agricultural Meteorology, CCS HAU, Hisar located at 29 10' N latitude, 75 46' E longitude and 215.2 m altitude during Rabi season of 2007-08 and 2008-09 (Last week of December) to study the effect of thermal stress management strategies on yield and yield attributes of wheat under late sown conditions. The grain, straw and biological yields were maximum in T5 (3803, 5829 and 9632 kg ha-1, respectively) and these were lower in T1 (3504, 5617 and 9121 kg ha-1, respectively) during 2007-08. During 2008-09, the grain, straw and biological yields were maximum in T5 (3713, 5814 and 9527 kg ha-1, respectively) and these were lowest in T1 (3417, 5598 and 9016 kg ha-1, respectively). The harvest and attraction index were maximum in T3 (39.6 and 65.5%, respectively) and these were minimum in T1 (38.4 and 62.4%, respectively) during 2007-08. During 2008-09, harvest and attraction index were maximum in T3 (39.1 and 64.1%, respectively) and minimum in T1 (37.9 and 61.0%, respectively). Among post anthesis strategies, the highest grain and biological (3758 and 9659 kg ha-1 in 2007-08) and (3666 and 9551 kg ha-1 in 2008-09) was observed in S3. The harvest and attraction index were statistically at par among all the treatments during both the crop seasons. The pooled LAI (r = 0.94), LAD (r = 0.96), CGR (r = 0.98) at vegetative and the pooled LAI (r = 0.92), LAD (r = 0.98), CGR (r = 0.78) at reproductive phase have shown highly significant and positive correlation with grain yield
Gamma Frailty Model to Evaluate Heterogeneity for A Survival Data published in

Published by
S. Deepapriya, Dr. R Ravanan A frailty model is a random effect model for time to event data. In the application of survival analysis, unobserved individual heterogeneity also called as frailty is considered in this paper. The marginal proportional hazards frailty model for multivariate failure time data characterizes the intracluster dependency with the frailty model while formulating the marginal distributions with the proportional hazards model. The gamma frailty distribution has been widely used to model intracluster dependency because of its simple interpretation and mathematical tractability, Glidden (2000). This paper deals with the gamma frailty model to evaluate the amount of heterogeneity of 700 tuberculosis patients. A clinical study of these right censored data has been analyzed and the results are discussed.
Occupational health and safety studies and assessment of asthma in employees working in yarn making sector of a textile industry near Wan-Radha-Ram published in

Basic Research Journal of Medicine and Clinical Science

Published by Akpojevwa Justin
Hina Chaudhry, Maryam Ijaz, Alina Khan The importance of health and safety at work cannot be denied as sound health is prerequisite for efficient performance and productive work. Workers in yarn making industries are constantly exposed to cotton dust and are liable to develop impairment of lungs functions. Numerous studies have investigated the effects of exposure to cotton dust on pulmonary functions. Occupational asthma is one of the respiratory problems associated with the exposure to cotton dust whether this exposure is for long term or short term. Physical hazards and prevalence of occupational asthma in yarn making department of the textile industry in Wan-Radha-Ram were assessed for four months and for three months respectively. The physical hazards and prevalence of occupational asthma in workers of the industry were assessed with the help of instruments and data was also collected through personal observations and questionnaires. Both qualitative and quantitative results were obtained. The measured values were compared with their respective standards. The results revealed that physical parameters were not within permissible limits set by Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) during the study period. Especially the noise level in ring department and relative humidity in packing department was 93-95 dB and 91-95% respectively. The risk of prevalence of asthma was high in the female workers which were working in mixing department and card rooms were more vulnerable to get affected with the low and short term exposure to cotton dust as compared to male workers working in the same department and with the same social status. The outcome of the study indicated that here is lack of health and safety measures in yarn making department. Precautions have to be taken to prevent the workers from exposure to cotton dust. Strict compliance for the use of personal protective equipments such as respirators and ear muffs is required. Keywords: Yarn making industry, Physical hazards, Occupational asthma
Ethical and Legal Issues in Educational Research published in

Published by
SUNMEET KOUR Research contributes to the advancement of knowledge and ultimately, to the betterment of human beings, it is essential that human beings fully participate and cooperate with the researcher but not at the cost of human rights. Researchers on the other hand have a clear responsibility to ensure that they recognise and protect the rights and general well-being of their participants, regardless of the nature of their research. The ethical problems in behavioural researches particularly in the field of Psychology, Education and Sociology are a vital one. The researchers here conduct experiments mostly on human beings who may be embarrassed, frightened, or hurt by the nature of experiment. The present paper intends to examine ethical and legal issues in research that must be considered by the researcher while designing research that will utilize participants that are human beings.
THE DEVELOPMENT OF PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE THROUGH DISTANCE EDUCATION published in

Theoretical & Applied Science

Published by International Academy of Theoretical & Applied Sciences
Nilufar Xodjakbarovna Mannanova In this article some aspects of professional development for distance education are considered. Great value in this process is training, training and retraining in the sphere of professional education.
DETERMINATION OF KNOWLEDGE AND AWARENESS LEVEL ON GLOBAL WARMING (A CASE STUDY IN ISPARTA PROVINCE OF TURKEY) published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING SCIENCES & RESEARCH TECHNOLOGY

Published by somilshah
Nilufer Yazici Global warming is one of the most important environmental problems in whole the world because of its many effects such as on temperature, drought and floods. So, results of the present and future studies will play important role in solution of the problem. In this context, a questionnaire included demographics, socioeconomic and knowledge about global warming of individuals was conducted with 400 voluntarily individuals selected between end of 2016 and beginning of 2017 to determine the knowledge levels and awareness of people on global warming to contribute solution of the problem. Results of the present study showed that 94% of individuals had knowledge about global warming based on data analysis. Individuals come to mind first in terms of global warming of melting of glaciers (20%) and climate/seasonal changes (21%).
New Media me Kamai Ke Avasar published in

Published by
Dr. Subodh Kumar -
RECENT CHANGES IN REGULATORY ASPECT OF CLINICAL TRIALS IN INDIA published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Dr.Yashasvi Suvarna* and Dr.Rathai Rajagopalan India has been a hub for conducting various multi centre trials. The Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation (CDSCO), headed by the Drug Controller General of India(DCGI), lays down the regulations for the conduct of clinical trials in India. This trend has but changed from 2011 when most of the trials are being outsourced to other countries like China and Philippines. The conduct of trials, regulations in India and quality of data generated may be the cause for this development. There is a paucity of reviews which sum up the changes in the regulations of clinical trials introduced from then on. Updating our knowledge about these is of utmost importance in today?s turbulent scenario that prevails in the pharmaceutical industry. Thus, this review provides an insight into the recent changes with respect to the regulations of clinical trials and its impact on the clinical research industry in India.
AN EVALUATION OF DUST CONCENTRATION DURING THE ROCK MASS EXCAVATION AND THE FORMATION OF DUMPS ON OPEN PITS published in

Theoretical & Applied Science

Published by International Academy of Theoretical & Applied Sciences
Oksana Yaroslavivna Tverda; Viktor Danylovych Vorobiov; Yuliya Anatoliivna Davydenko The process of atmospheric dustiness during the excavating and dumps formation is considered. The dust concentrations depending on the ledge height, height of rock mass unloading , wind speed and direction, seasonality of work are set. Schematic map of the maximum values of dust concentration during the dump formation on Peniazevichskii quarry is developed.
The Role of The Strikes in Industrial Relations published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr. P. Venkata Ramana This study assesses the relationship among Industrial relation system characteristics, quality of work, life improvements, effortiveness, Industrial relation in a dynamic socio-economic process. It is a designation of a whole field of relationship that exist because of the necessary collaboration of men and women in the employment process of industry. This changing process becomes a continuous features in industrial system, the relationship between labour and management is based on mutual adjustment of interest.
Microwave dielectric properties of binary solvent water-alcohol, alcohol-alcohol mixtures at temperatures between -35C and +35C and dielectric relaxation studies published in

Mediterranean Journal of Chemistry

Published by Abdelaziz SOUIZI
Adel Megriche1*, Abdellatif Belhadj2, Arbi Mgaidi1 In this work, our objective was to study the complex permittivity of binary mixtures of water-ethanol, water-methanol and methanol-ethanol with various mole fractions at temperature between -35 and 35 C. Measurements were made in the frequency domain from 300 kHz to 1.3 GHz by means of an open ended coaxial line technique coupled to a network analyzer. Water-ethanol and water-methanol mixtures display a Kraszewski Law while methanol-ethanol mixture shows a Shivola-Kong Law. The static dielectric constant, ?s were obtained from the plateau of ?'(?) curve, in water rich mixture or alcohol rich mixture has similar real permittivity ?' of pure liquids. The values of ?s mixtures increase by decreasing the temperature assigned to the cooperative dynamics H-bond system in mediums. The validity of permittivity measurements according to the temperature are verified by the Queen-King Law and the constants are compared with literature data. The dielectric relaxation behaviour of water-ethanol mixture can be better described with a Cole-Davidson function while for methanol-ethanol one, a Debye function gives a good fit. At 25 C, the relaxation time ? in the aqueous mixtures of ethanol and methanol sharply increased with increasing alcohol concentration.
Drinking water quality surveillance in Hyderabad published in

Journal of Chemical, Biological and physical sciences

Published by Scientific and Academic Association
Syeda Azeem Unnisa1* and Bhupatthi Rao2 It is well established that a large number of infectious diseases are transmitted primarily through water supplies contaminated with human and animal excreta particularly faeces. The purpose of the study was to assess bacteriological quality of drinking water in Hyderabad City, Andhra Pradesh. It is a cross sectional descriptive study performing the Hyderabad city during the months of June and July 2011. A total of 50 water samples were collected from different localities of the Hyderabad city. These represented areas with different socio-economic conditions. The samples were collected in sterilized containers and brought to the laboratory within two hours of collection. All the samples were tested for contamination with bacteria using multiple tube method to determine most probable number of total coliforms and faecal coliforms using standard procedure. Among 50 water samples, 20 samples (40%) were positive for bacterial contamination. It was observed that bacterial contamination was maximum in areas with low SEC (52%), followed by intermediate SEC (40%) and high SEC (10%). The difference was found to be statistically significant (p<0.15) between areas with high and low SEC while it was non-significant (p>0.5) between areas with low and intermediate SEC. Bacterial contamination is significant problem in Hyderabad City. Regular monitoring and chlorination/cleaning of water filtration plants and change of old water distribution pipelines can improve this situation.
ANALYSIS OF METAL CONTENT IN BLACK PEPPER POWDER AVAILABLE IN THE SRI LANKAN MARKET published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
P.T. Sandanayake* , I. Wickramasinghe, R.M.G.B. Rajanayake, A. Bamunuarachchi Black pepper (Piper nigrum L.), is a highly valued spice. It is one of the major items exported by Sri Lanka. In recent years, monitoring metal contamination in pepper has been a growing interest and it is reported to contain significant quantities of some metals which cause detrimental effects on human health. In this study concentrations of some macro, micro and toxic metals in five common brands and unbranded Black pepper samples available in the Sri Lankan market were determined. Three batches from each brand were subjected to analyze. Whole Black pepper samples were analyzed as a control to study the possible metal contaminations during the process of powdering. AOAC Official method of 975.03 (1996) was used to determine the metal content by Atomic absorption spectroscopy and X-ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy. The results were statistically analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA).The Study shows differences in metal concentrations of their mean values as Potassium> Calcium> Magnesium>Sodium>Iron> Manganese>Copper> Zinc> Cadmium> Lead. Cadmium was significantly above the WHO maximum permissible limit (MPL), inferring that the agricultural practices might be affecting cadmium contamination in pepper. The study highlighted possibility of wear and tear of machineries causing high Iron content in powdered pepper.
Lexical and semantic micro-fi eld Patriot as he is in modern Ukrainian essay (on the basis of writers works by I. Andrusiak, A. Bondar, R. Hladysh, A. Dnistroviy, U. Izdryk, V. Neborak and S. Protsuk) published in

Psycholinguistics

Published by Psycholinguistics
Antipov O.S. Art publicistic, created by writers, is characterized by direct infl uence into the phenomenon of the society. It forms people thinking, has strong infl uence onto the nationally oriented persons. In the article represented interpretation of the meaning lexical and semantic fi eld patriot in modern lexicology, essay in modern literature and phenomenon patriotism in lexical graphical sources on the border oh the XX XXI centuries. On the basis of the modern Ukrainian essays was made the researching of the lexical and semantic fi eld patriot as he is the component of lexical and semantic fi eld patriot, identifi ed sememes as representatives of the meaning patriot and semes by means of which writers enriched the researching fi eld. The phenomenon of patriotism is colored with such key words as Motherland and Native country and has a great importance for the renaissance of the Ukrainian idea. Key words: lexical and semantic fi eld, lexical and semantic microfi eld, patriot, essay, sememe, seme, synonym.
EXPERIMENTA L INVESTIGATION TO PREDICT DEN SITY O F P/M ALUMINIUM - COPPER COMPOSITES IN COLD COMPRESSION U SING SURFACE RESPONSE METHODOLOGY published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Desalegn Wogaso (PhD) In this study, response surface methodology (RSM) has been applied for the prediction of the influence of process parameters, namely, deformatio n load, aspect ratio, initial relative density and copper content (%) on the densification behaviour of powder metallurgical aluminium - copper preforms. The process has been successfully modeled using RSM, Box - Behnken design technique, and tested for its ad equacy. The significant process parameters have been identified and verified. The results revealed that all the process parameters are significant in which deformation load and initial relative density are positively affected the final relative density whi le aspect ratio and copper content (%) are negatively affected the final relative density of the preforms. The experimental and predicted values are in a good agreement. The model sufficiency is very satisfactory as the coefficient of determination (R 2 ) is found to be 99.38% and adjusted R 2 (adj R 2 ) is 98.77%.
ANTI-DIABETIC, ANTI-OXIDANT ACTIVITIES OF ETHANOLIC PLANT EXTRACT OF SALICORNIA BRACHIATA ROXB. IN STREPTOZOTOCIN INDUCED DIABETIC RATS. published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
G.V. Pavan Kumar*, B.Pooja, Dr. D. Srinivasa Rao Salicornia species traditionally used as food material commonly called as glasswort. The aim of the present investigation was to evaluate the antidiabetic, Antioxidant activity of ethanolic extract taken from salicornia brachiata Roxb (Chenopodiaceae). Acute toxicity study and oral glucose test of the extract was performed. Diabetes was induced in rat by single intra-peritoneal injection of streptozotocin (55 mg/kg).The rats were divided into following groups: Group I normal control,Group II (Vehicle) diabetic control, Group III (STZ-toxic) salicornia extract I (100 mg/kg, p.o.), Group IV salicornia extract II (250 mg/kg, p.o.), Group V salicornia extract III (500 mg/kg, p.o.), Group VI glibenclamide (10 mg/kg, p.o.). Body weight of each rat in the different groups was recorded daily. Biochemical and antioxidant parameters were determined on day 28.Ethanolic extract of salicornia brachiata did not show any acute toxicity up-to the dose of 2000 mg/kg and shown better glucose utilization in oral glucose tolerance test. orally treatment of different doses of extractdecreased the level of serum glucose, glycated hemoglobin, glucose-6-phosphatase, fructose-1-6-bis phosphate andincreased the level of plasma insulin, hexokinase,decreased liver malondialdehyde but increased thelevel of superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase. In oral glucose tolerance test observed increased utilization of glucose. Streptozotocin induced diabetes group rats treated with different doses of salicornia brachiata plant extract and glibenclamide significantly increased the body weight.
Antioxidant Activity: Root, Leaves and Fruits Aqueous Extracts of MuntingiaCalabura published in

Journal of Innovations in Pharmaceutical and Biological Sciences

Published by innovational publishers
Mohamed Azmathulla Khan Y, Subhas Chandrappa Mundasada, Dinesha Ramadas Aim: To determine the antioxidant activity of the water extract of root, leaves and fruit of MuntingiaCalabura were evaluated for their antioxidant activity. Materials& Methods: The phytochemical analysis antioxidant activity of the extract was studies using plants root, leaves and fruits. Results & Discussion: extracts showed that, each extract contains rich with proteins, carbohydrates, polyphenols, flavonoids, ascorbic acid, chlorophyll and negligible amount of ?-tocopherol. The antioxidant activity of the above was evaluated by DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picryhydrazyl) radical scavenging activity. Standard antioxidants like BHA, Curcumin and ?-tocopherol were used as positive control. The leaf extract (52%) showed more antioxidant activity in comparison to fruit extract (25%) and the root extract (43%) showed less. Conclusion: The above antioxidant activity of the extracts may due to the presence of phytochemicals like polyphenols, proteins, flavonoids, ascorbic acid and ?-tocopherol.
Learning Materials in Character Education (The Analysis of the Sociology Teaching at the Senior Hight School Banda Aceh, Indonesia) published in

Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun

Published by SCAD Independent
Abubakar & Anwar Since in 1976, sociology officially became one of the subjects taught in senior high school programs throughout Indonesia. There are still several major problems in teaching it in particular the lack of locally relevant teaching materials and the lack of teachers with a background in sociology. The aim of this study is to find better ways for the teaching of sociology and for students to learn the principles of sociology and to find the best of teaching materials available for constructing a better paradigm for character education and also to identify the various barriers and difficulties inhibiting the provision of highly successful character education through the study of sociology. Most of the results showed that in teaching sociology in Banda Aceh the implementation of teaching character based on local wisdom has major problems and obstacles. In particular the standardized national education program ending with standardized national final examinations emphasizes rote learning unrelated to the real life of the students. This raises contradictions because the centrally prepared material makes it difficult to introduce local indigenous values, culture and traditions.
Relatioship of Selected Physical Variables With The Performance in Shot Put in Disco Put Style published in

PARIPEX-INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Prof. Rajesh Tripathi, Santosh Kumar Pandey Aim: The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship of selected physical variables with the performance of Shot put in Disco put style. Method: Ten male shot putters were selected as subject. For the establishment of relationship of dependent and independent variables the following tests were employed. Height, body weight, maximum strength, explosive strength, arm spam and shoulder strength. The performance was measured from the inner edge of the throwing circle to the point where the Shot touched the ground. Statistics: Product movement correlation was used to compute coefficient of correlation. Result: The explosive strength and shoulder strength had positive contribution on the performance of shot putter. of an individual correlates maximum with shot putters performance as the correlation co-efficient values were found higher than the tabulated value in case of physical variables.
Self - Induced Bilateral Giant Retinal Tears published in

International Journal of Ophthalmology & Eye Science (IJOES)

Published by SciDoc Publishers
Stephen Potter, Gibran Khurshid* -
Leachate Absorbing Raw Materials (LARM) to overcome Leachate, Obnoxious odor and Fly-menace during the Composting/Vermicomposting of Kitchen Refuse published in

Journal of Chemical, Biological and physical sciences

Published by Scientific and Academic Association
Sunitha N. Seenappa and Seenappa C Kitchen refuse is an array of discarded stuffs that originate in the kitchen of urban category and find disposal problems at large. With the mushrooming of multi-story apartments, the backyard space of yester years is nothing but a dream. Although sincere efforts are put in garbage clearance, yet cleanliness and accuracy are still lacking under Indian circumstances. Usefulness of kitchen refuse for composting was an old world scenario, where a backyard with an orchard, flower garden and kitchen garden was made use of for the thrown kitchen refuse. Presently many urbanites want to make the best use of kitchen refuse by converting it into utilizable manure from the point of view of ecofriendliness and create a pollution-free zone. Though a method already exists, the problem of leachate, smell and fly menace limits the technology of aerobic composting and vermicomposting. In the present paper a simple use of Leachate Absorbing Raw Material (LARM) either as cocopith, bagasse and or jute waste has solved the problem of leachate, fly menace or obnoxious odors at one go and result in complete aerobic compost /vermicompost. The study reveals that energy oriented engineering models are not mandatory and can be avoided. The simpler method of composting/vermicomposting could be by the use of LARM.
ASSESSING THE ACCEPTANCE OF MOBILE PAYMENT IN SUDAN - USING TAM published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Wisal M. Tingari*, Mawada M. Sanhori This study explores mobile payment in Sudan. It addresses the factors affecting its accept ance by customers. Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) was adopted and extended by adding perceived security and service quality to the basic constructs (perceived ease of use and perceived usefulness). Moreover, demographic factors were added as external variables; age, income, and banked/unbanked users. A questionnaire was designed and randomly distributed to a selected sample of Sudanese customers. Data were analyzed using different statistical tests and an extended TAM wad developed. The result is beli eved to support decision makers in the banking industry to consider the factors supporting the acceptance and the diffusion of more efficient and more effective mobile payment services in Sudan.
أساليب التعلم في ضوء نظرية روميرو وتيبير وعلاقتها ببعض المتغيرات لدى ؕالبات الدراسة الإعدادية published in

Education College Journal

Published by Education College
أ.م.د عبود جواد راضي
Selection of Features for Security Evaluation of Power System using ANN published in

The journal of CPRI

Published by Central Power Research Institute
K.R. Niazi, C.M. Arora and S.L. Surana This paper presents an Artifi cial Neural Network (ANN) based method for on-line security evaluation of power systems. A large number of features (variables) characterize a given power system. The ANN can not be trained with complete set of power system variables (features) due to high dimensionality; therefore, feature selection is necessary to make the approach feasible. This paper uses a divergence based feature selection algorithm to select best possible size of neural training features. A comparison of different feature selection methods is presented. The effect of number of features and size of training set on the performance of ANN has also been investigated. The method has been applied on an IEEE test system and the results demonstrate the potential of the proposed method for on-line security evaluation of power systems even under changing topological conditions.
A Study of Autonomic Functions and Obesity in Postmenopausal Women published in

Published by
Dr. Nerella Sharvani, R. Nasar Ahamed There are over 60 million postmenopausal women above 55 years in India. Obesity, physical inactivity, and altered estrogen metabolism play an integrated role in contributing to the disease risk profile of postmenopausal women. A study was undertaken to test the whether there is indeed an alteration in autonomic functions in obese postmenopausal women. . Subjects were divided into two groups of 55 Non-Obese and 45 Obese. The two groups were well matched for age and menopausal duration. The physical as well as physiological parameters like valsalva ratio, heart rate variation with deep breath test, heart rate response to postural change (30:15 R-R interval ratio), orthostatic tolerance test, and isometric handgrip test were recorded. valsalva ratio, deep breath test, and 30:15 R-R interval ratios and isometric handgrip test were significantly decreased and orthostatic tolerance values were significantly increased in Obese subjects. Findings show decreased sympathovagal activity with obesity in postmenopausal women.
Impact Assessment of SCAD KVK at Tuticorin District of Tamilnadu published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr. G. Alagukannan, Dr. V. Srinivasan Indian Agriculture is facing several hurdles due to the lack of technological back up among the farming community and non-adoption of sustainable agricultural practices. Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK) is an unique extension institute of Indian Council of Agricultural Research aimed at delivering technologies at the doorsteps of farmers in the District for which the KVK meant for. The impact of interventions in the form of trainings and demonstrations conducted by KVK of Tuticorin Disrict, Tamilnadu has been studied and concluded that KVK is the key institute for the holistic development of village community by adopting proper agricultural and allied practices towards sustainability. The innovation adopted in transfer of technology by KVK, Tuticorin by the way of village level volunteers can be followed by the KVKs across the country. Further, it is recommended that the KVKs serving in the dry tracts may adopt inland fish rearing in seasonal ponds to improve the farm income and also to harvest the rain water effectively
Isolation and phenotypic characterization ofAlysicarpus from arid region published in

Food Science Research Journal

Published by Rakesh kumar Singh
CHANDRAVEER ANDMANISHCHITTORA In this research work, nodulation in Alysicarpus vaginalis were studied and also root nodulating bacteria were phenotypically characterized. Nodules were found associated with tap roots as well as on lateral roots. The number of nodules/plants varied according to the sampling site characterized by type of soil, soil moisture and nutrients. In Alysicarpus vaginalis, number of nodules (>100) in well water conditions was found. In field conditions too the number of nodules/ plants was high in Alysicarpus vaginalis. Rhizobia have been isolated from root nodules of Alysicarpus vaginalis a native legumes species growing in arid and semi arid regions of Western Rajasthan. Rhizobia isolates were Gram negative, small rods. Typical rhizobial colonies (raised, lens shaped, white translucent, watery, some time gummy, mucous etc.) were obtained, purified and used for phenotypic characterization. Rhizobial isolates from Alysicarpus vaginalis observed to be slow growing hence, low acid production was observed. It possessed sensitivity toward test antibiotics used in this study.
Study of Nidas (formal and dynamic equivalence) and Newmarks (semantic and communicative translation) translating theories on two short stories published in

Merit Research Journal of Education and Review (MRJER)

Published by Merit Research Journals
Shabnam Shakernia This study aimed to investigate the use of Nidas formal and dynamic equivalence and Newmarks Semantic and communicative translation on two short stories. The present study aimed to investigate which of these approaches are the main focuses of the translators in the translations of the two short stories. In order to systematically conduct the study, two short stories with their corresponding Persian translations were analyzed. The findings obtained from the analysis show that the readability of the translation especially in short stories is more important than preserving the original wording. Moreover, the findings manifest that these translations are also tried to have naturalness. Keywords: Formal and dynamic equivalence, Semantic and communicative translations, Stories, Translators, Naturalness
Experimental Investigation of Waste Foundry Sand on Strength Properties of Plain Concrete and Comparison With Binary Blended Concrete published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
A. Nithin Kumar, S. Surender, K. Premchand An acute shortage of river sand which is generally used as a fine aggregate in concrete has been affecting the construction sector. The scarcity has led to the skyrocketing price of sand, escalating construction costs. The situation has dashed the dreams of many in the lower- and middle-income groups to own a house. There were studies about the depletion of river sand and the need for scientific management and exploitation of the available resource. Following the shortage of river sand, some research institutions are searching alternatives that can be used for construction. Ferrous and non ferrous metal casting industries produce several million tons of byproduct in the world. In India, approximately 2 million tons of waste foundry sand is produced yearly. WFS is a major byproduct of metal casting industry and successfully used as a land filling material for many years. In an effort to use the WFS in large volume, research are being carried out for its possible large scale utilization in making concrete as partial replacement of fine aggregate. Foundry sand consists primarily of silica sand, coated with a thin film of burnt carbon, residual binder (bentonite, sea coal, resins) and dust. Foundry sand can be used in concrete to improve its strength and other durability factors. Foundry Sand can be used as a partial replacement of fine aggregates or total replacement of fine aggregate and as supplementary addition to achieve different properties of concrete. This experimental investigation was performed to evaluate the strength properties of concrete mixtures, in which river sand was partially replaced with Waste Foundry Sand by weight. Compression test was carried out at the age of 7, 28 and 56 days of curing. Split tensile test was performed at the age of 28 and 56 days. Flexural strength was tested at 28 days of curing.10% Cement was replaced with Micro Silica and Fine aggregate was partially replaced with waste foundry sand by weight. Compressive strength at 7 and 28 days, Split tensile test at 28 days and Flexural strength was tested at 28 days of curing.
STUDY ON REMOVAL OF TOXIC METALS FROM WATER USING BIOMATERIALS USING AS AN ADSORBENTS published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
R. S. Dubey*, Triptaran Kaur In today’s date when we talk about purity of things nothing can be placed in the category of being pure. From air to water to soil to food everything is polluted. Pollution can be defined as presence of inappropriate material which may cause harm to living beings. Here we talked about the contaminated water and find out the harmful ingredients present in it. I have studied the presence of toxic metals like copper, cadmium and chromium in our water. Water being the most essential part of once life, one cannot image his life without it. So it is very important to have clean and pure water. Under this we studied the harmful effect causes by the metals and the diseases caused by them. Further various techniques have been studied for water purification.
NON SUICIDAL SELF INJURY BY CUTTING IN A CHRONIC ALCOHOLIC: A CASE REPORT published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Suvendu Narayan Mishra, Monalisa Jena*, Swati Mishra, Ashirbad Sathpathy Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is very uncommon and poorly documented in case of children, adult and elderly persons as compared to adolescent population. Not all self-destructive behaviour are recommended as tendency to suicide. So there is need of better understanding regarding the NSSI for prevention of this type of abnormal behaviour. Understanding non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) across the lifespan requires comprehension of the interaction between developmental periods and self-injury behaviors. We report a case of 26 year male patient with history of chronic alcoholism with violent behavior and attempted cutting down his wrist, with a knife without the intention of causing harm to himself or suicide. This phenomenon was repeated many a times. On repeated follow up to the psychiatry department of our hospital with complete stoppage of alcohol, management of withdrawal and proper counseling, the recurrence of the NSSI has been stopped.
(Vichchhinn Sabandhothi Vichchhed Pamela Nayak Ni Katha) published in

Published by
Rathod Arati Parag ??? ??? ????? ?????? ????????? ???? , ????? ??? ????? ???. ???????????????? ???????1, ????? ?????. ???? ????????? ?????? ??????? ???????.. ???? ??? ??????? ???? ??? ????? ????????? ?????? ???? ??????? ????? ?? ??????? ??? ? ?????? ???? ????? ???? ??? ??.
Studying the x- ray atomic Scattering form Factor and Nuclear Magnetic Shielding Constant for Be atom in its Excited state (1s2 2s 3s) and the Be - like ions published in

Baghdad Science Journal

Published by College of Science for Wome, University of Baghdad
Khalil H. AL-Bayati* Mayada J.AL-Shara* The division partitioning technique has been used to analyze the four electron systems into six-pairs electronic wave functions for ( for the Beryllium atom in its excited state (1s2 2s 3s ) and like ions ( B+1 ,C+2 ) using Hartree-Fock wave functions . The aim of this work is to study atomic scattering form factor f(s) for and nuclear magnetic shielding constant. The results are obtained numerically by using the computer software (Mathcad).
Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of People Towards Malaria In Squatters Colony, Malvani, Malad, Mumbai published in

Published by
Dr. Ambadas S Adhav, Dr. Suhas Kadam, Prof. Prabha Desai, Mr. Devidas G Deogune Background: Malaria continues to be one of the final frontiers in public health problems that face the country. To reduce malarial morbidity and mortality, it is imperative to have active community participation which depends on peoples knowledge, attitude and practices towards the disease. Objectives:The objective of the study is to assess the levels of knowledge regarding malaria in the squatters colony of Malvani Slum and to identify attitudes and practices in the prevention of malaria and mosquito bites.Methodology: A cross sectional community based KAP sample survey was carried out. Data Collection: Data was collected by face to face interview by using structured questionnaire. Results: The results show, 39.7% have a low knowledge level and 53.7% obtained an average level and very few have high level of knowledge. With regard to attitude levels, very few respondents have a low and high level, with a large proportion of the respondents, 71.8%, have the average level score for attitude. In the practices category, 83.1% of people have an average level, while 2.2% found a low level score and 14.7% found high level score.Conclusion:Health education program with direct interaction to community should be emphasized in order to improve the knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding malaria and its prevention
REVIEW: DEPRESSION A MAJOR PSYCHOTIC ILLNESS published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Rahul Saxena, Manoj Rathore, Dr. Matadeen Bharti Due to the clinical and etiological heterogeneity of depression disorder, it has been difficult to elucidate its pathophysiology. Current findings suggest with the most valid empirical foundation and the highest clinical relevance are reviewed with respect to their strengths and weaknesses for treatment of depression. The selected theories are based on studies investigating psychosocial stress and stress hormones, neurotransmitters such as serotonin, norepinephrine, dopamine, glutamate and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), neurocircuitry, neurotrophic in depression. Neurochemicals imbalances namely norepinephrine and serotonin, are thought to underline depression most. This view is supported by clinical evidence. Antidepressant treatments, including psychological and biological approaches, should be tailored for individual patients and disease states. Adjoin with side effect, complete relieve is difficult. Here complete analysis is also to be required so correlating disease with basic functional loss of brain.
F.d.i. Reforms in India published in

PARIPEX-INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Jaspreet Kaur Foreign direct investment, well known as FDI, is investment done directly in productive, manufacturing or business activities by a company or any financial institution of one country into other country. It provides an inflow of foreign capital and funds into host country it can also provide a source of new technologies, capital, skills, product and help in economic development. Foreign direct investment can be done by a company into another country by expanding the existing business or by buying the company in that country in which direct investment is to be done. FDI can be done by 1) Incorporating a wholly owned subsidiary or company anywhere. 2) Acquiring shares in an associated enterprise,. 3) Through a merger. 4) Participating in joint venture. Foreign direct investment plays important role in economic development of a country. Therefore all developing countries seek FDI not only as a supplement to domestic investment but as a source of foreign exchange and to ease pressure on balance of payment. Considering the economic benefits of FDI, India has adopted a set of economic reforms since early 1990s. This paper throws light on those FDI reforms which were introduced time to time to enhance FDI.
Effects Of Age And Gender On Short-Term Weight Loss And Long-Term Weight Maintenance published in

International Journal of Translation & Community Medicine (IJTCM)

Published by SciDoc Publishers
Frank Dong1*, Justin B. Moore2, Elizabeth Ablah1, Bobbie G. Paull-Forney2, Tracie Collins1 Objective: To determine if there are differences in short-term weight loss and long-term weight maintenance success by age or gender. Methods: Patients were enrolled in a Midwestern weight loss clinic. The primary outcome measures were short-term weight loss success (achieving ? 10% of the initial body weight loss (IBWL) at three months) and long-term weight maintenance success (maintaining ? 10% IBWL at one year). Results: Patients 18 45 years were more likely to achieve short-term weight loss success compared to those in the two other age categories (45-64 and ? 65 years). However, age was not a significant predictor for long-term weight maintenance success. Females had decreased odds (OR=0.47, 95% CI 0.38, 0.59) of achieving short-term weight loss success, but had increased odds (OR=1.94, 95% CI 1.02, 3.67) of achieving long-term weight maintenance success. Discussion: Age and Gender effect were different for short-term weight loss and long-term weight maintenance success.
Urbanization Some Issues and Challenges published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr. P. Senthil -
OCCURRENCE OF YERSINIA ENTEROCOLITICA IN DRINKING WATER IN THE ABSENCE OF INDICATOR ORGANISM published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Sahota P*, Sharma N, Kirandip and Pandove G The drinking water quality with respect to bacteriological and physicochemical examination was done for 238 drinking water samples from different water utilities (municipal corporation supply taps, submersible pumps, filter samples, water tanks, storage tanks, water coolers, etc.) of urban areas of Ludhiana, Punjab, India. Standard methods were used for the analysis of pH, TDS, while E. coli, Yersinia spp. determination was carried out using BWTK and Multiple Tube Technique. Yersinia spp. was detected in 164 (68.91%) water samples. Statistical correlation was examined between the bacteriological and physicochemical parameters and found to be independent from each other. Difference between mean in each case, high standard deviation indicate that the distribution is widely off normal and exhibit an asymmetric distribution. The occurrence of E. coli was also not found to be associated with the presence or absence of Yersinia enterocolitica. So, E. coli was not found to be a suitable indicator for Yersinia spp. The findings of the current study reports the occurrence of Y. enterocolitica in drinking water and suggesting that there is need for further surveillance studies to understand the global epidemiology of emerging pathogens.
?????? ?????? ?? ???????: ????? ?????? ???????? ????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ???????? 2012-1970 SVAR Determinants of Inflation in Algeria Structural Vector Autoregression (SVAR) Approach 1970-2012 published in

Published by
??? ???? ???? ???? This paper diagnoses the determinants of inflation in Algerias economy during 1970-2012, using a Structural Vector Autoregression (SVAR) model, Impulse response functions and Variance decomposition. The study showed that in a mixed model general of the inflation includes: monetary variables (money supply, interest rate, exchange rate), and real variables (GDP, wages bill, expenditures, fiscal revenue, imports), show that the wages bill, imported goods prices, GDP, money supply and the expenditures are the driving factors of inflation in the short run. Factors affecting prices in the long and medium run are the money supply, prices of imports, wages bill and the fiscal revenue.
Pharmacognostical and Physico-Chemical Standardization of Triphala Guggulu Vati: An official Ayurvedic Formulation published in

Journal of Innovations in Pharmaceutical and Biological Sciences

Published by innovational publishers
Pathak A. V., Kawtikwar P. S., Sakarkar D. M. Ayurveda is considered as the science of life, because the ancient Indian system of health care focused views of man and his illness. India has an age old heritage of traditional herbal medicine. Herbal drugs are being preferred to synthetic antibiotics. Triphala-guggulu vati is official in Ayurvedic Formulary of India and is prescribed for the treatment of cough and fever. Currently, Triphala is being extensively researched for its various therapeutic effects including its anti-caries, antioxidant, anti-collagenase, and anti?microbial activities. It is a polyherbal preparation containing five ingredients. In this research paper, an attempt has been made to develop standardization methods for some of the ingredients of Triphala-guggulu vati. A standard laboratory reference sample of Triphala-guggulu vati and two marketed samples were evaluated as per the developed method. All the formulations were standardized on the basis of organoleptic, physical characteristic, physico chemical properties and various pharmacognostical parameters. The standardization study shows that the commercial formulation matches with the authentic standards as per WHO guidelines. The inference from this study can be used as reference standard in further quality control researches.
Talent Management is the Future Challenge for Healthcare Managers for Organizational Success published in

AMERICAN RESEARCH JOURNAL OF NURSING

Published by AMERICAN RESEARCH JOURNALS
Eman Salman Mohamed Salman Taie - Talent management is an ongoing, proactive activity it is about attracting, identifying, recruiting, developing, motivating, promoting and retaining people that has a strong potential to succeed within an organization. In a competitive marketplace, talent management is a primary driver for organizational success
?????????????? ????????? ?????????????? ?????? ? ????????? ? ??????? ?????? published in

International informational and analytical journal ?Crede Experto: transport, society, education, language?

Published by the Irkutsk Branch of the Moscow State Technical University of Civil Aviation
????????? ?. ?., ????????? ?. ?., ???????? ?. ?. ? ?????? ??????????????? ?????????????? ????????? ?????????????? ?????? ? ????????? ? ??????? ?????? ? ???????????????? ???????.
REGULATORY PERSPECTIVES OF PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCTS IN GHANA published in

International Journal of Drug Regulatory Affairs

Published by IJDRA Publishing group
Raja Mohan Reddy. G, Venkatesh M. P., Pramod Kumar T.M. Drug Registration is a procedure of expertise of pharmaceutical product quality, efficacy and safety by the Regulatory Authority. The emergence of various formats has enabled the manufacturers of the drug to easily gain access into various markets and thus was able to place their products into the market. The choice of Ghana as one of the destinations for the market of the Drug products ensures the manufacturer a good market value. Ghana is considered as one of the growing pharmaceutical market in east Africa. Of late, generic drugs are holding a major stake in the pharmaceutical market and are gaining more and more confidence in the usage. Majority of medicines in the Ghana are generic drugs which are considered as value for the money and affordable. With Ghana Regulatory Authority is the Food and Drugs Board, which takes decision to register the product and issues Registration Certificate. This study mainly focuses on the regulatory environment, registration process involved and the regulatory requirements that are applicable for the generic drug products in Ghana. Keywords: Ghana; FDB; Generic Drugs; NHIS.
ULTRA WIDEBAND SLOTTED MODIFIED H-SHAPED MICROSTRIP PATCH ANTENNA FOR WIRELESS APPLICATIONS published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Nagabhushana H.M.*1, C.R. Byrareddy 2 , Thangadurai N The wireless communication system is gaining more and more progress in recent years with the support of microstrip patch antennas. Microstrip patch antennas are more comfortable for wireless devices due to their compactness, easy fabrication, and mounting. The ultra wideband slotted modified H-shaped microstrip patch antenna is presented in this article for wireless devices. Ultra wideband is achieved along with another small band makes it dual band pattern. The first band is a small band radiates at 2.95 GHz ranging from 2.68 GHz to 3.14 GHz with a bandwidth of 460 MHz. This is applicable in the wireless devices like WiMAX, IMT etc. The second band is the ultra wideband (UWB) radiates at 4.46 GHz, 8.2 GHz and 9.4 GHz ranging from 3.37 GHz to 10.1 GHz with a bandwidth of 6.73 GHz. WLAN, WiFi, WiMax and LTE can occupy this band to operate. Both the bands have maintained at VSWR<2 and the gain are kept at least -10 dB. The proposed antenna is simulated using High Frequency Structural Simulator (HFSS v15) software and fabricated on a low-cost FR4 substrate having a dielectric constant of 4.4 and height 1.6 mm with a 50-ohm microstrip line feeding. The miniaturization of the antenna is achieved with slots in the patch and ground plane, hence the name slotted patch and partial ground. The complete size of the antenna is 34x30x1.6 mm2 . The simulated and experimental results are compared to conclude that both are lightly deviated.
A Bacteriological Study of Mid day Meals Served and Hygiene Practices Maintained in Various Crches of Chandigarh published in

Published by
GURPREET KAUR, MADHU KAUL The present study was undertaken to assess the microbial load of mid day meals served at various 40 crches of Chandigarh and nearby places. Food and swab samples were tested and E.coli was isolated from them. In various Crches, total bacterial count of various food samples ranged between 9.3 103 CFU/ gm to 2.6 106 CFU/ ml, where as gram negative counts ranged from 1.1 102 CFU/ml to 7.9 106 CFU/ml. The counts in all types of crches were within permissible limits. The results show highest values of mean for samples of water from various crches. E.coli isolation was higher in swab samples (71.1%) as compared to food samples (46.6%). A total of 164 E.coli strains were isolated from various food and swab samples collected from different crches, out of which 100 samples were tested for their virulence properties. E.coli isolates were subjected to Salt Aggregation Test (SAT) and Antibiotic sensitivity test. Chi square test was used and showed a significant relation between multi drug resistance and cell surface hydrophobicity. Hygiene practices followed by personnel in various crches of Chandigarh and nearby places were surveyed. Knowledge of hygiene and sanitation was imparted through distribution of handouts and demonstration of effective hand washing steps to the workers in all the crches
Human Resource Management in Higher Educational Institutions: Contemporary Scenario published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Neha Sharma, Anjan Kumar Bordoloi Human Resources Management (HRM) is a set of practices that business organisation adopt to ensure that they have an effective workforce to meet operational needs. The relationship between employee and employer, recruitment process, compensation and benefits, and manpower planning that influence the overall HRM practices of all the institutes. Managing higher education institutions in India is just like a junction, how to show the path to the future nation builder of our country. This makes HRM a key challenge when it comes to designing, implementing and monitoring policies, where legal frameworks and administrative rules lack flexibility and adaptability. The paper addresses how the human resources are managed in HEIs in India The paper also highlights the recruitment procedures and criteria, as well as contractual conditions and possibilities for staff development and career advancement, are important factors in attracting and maintaining qualified staff at HEIs. In addition, these tools are important in ensuring that the staff skills and capacities are constantly up?graded to meet the changing requirements, set on the higher education systems
Five-Limbed Transformer Cores published in

The journal of CPRI

Published by Central Power Research Institute
Sankar V There are many five limbed core configurations. In all the existing configurations specific loss (loss per kg at a given flux density) is higher than the three phase three legged core. The reasons are yoke areas not matching with the amount of the flux flowing and the mitered joints also not matching with the quantity of the flux flowing. Compared to the non-split cores, the split cores are posing manufacturing problems and higher losses. Model core of a new configuration and two model cores of existing configurations were built and tested. Relative merits of the new core configuration and reduction in losses are tabulated. This new core configuration can be adopted easily for both non-split and split cores. Relative advantages and disadvantages of different core configurations are discussed. Tests conducted on model cores described in this paper are limited to five-limbed core type transformer cores. Iron losses were measured at different flux densities on model five-limbed cores with different core configurations. The first model (Type 1) is the typical configuration being used by transformer manufacturers around the world. An attempt is made to build another model fivelimbed core (Type 2) by modifying the position of mitered joints of main end limbs laminations. This modification was done so that the flux from the main end limbs can flow from limbs to yokes without overcrowding at mitered joints. Often, the diameter of the main limbs is greater than the maximum widest width lamination normally available (1000 mm). For this reason, five-limbed cores often have split limbs. A third model (Type 3) representing the split core was also built to get a loss comparison with non-split cores.
Neurohistopathologicaleffects of Mercury on Cerebellum of Adult Albimo Rat published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr S M Dawar Husain, Dr BrajeshRanjan, S. M. Yunus Mercury is toxic to almost every organ of body, including central nervous system. The aim of present study is to observe the histopathological changes in the cerebellum of rat induced by oral administration of mercuric chloride in adult albino rats. A total number of 20 adult albino rats of either sex were included in the present study,consisting of equal numbers in both control and experimental groups. Experimental group received mercuric chloride in distilled water for aperiod of 15 days, then animals of both groups were anaesthetized with ether and perfused with 10% formalin. Cerebellum was dissected out. 10 thick sections, obtained by usual histological procedure, were stained with H&E. On light microscopic observation, cerebellum from experimental group revealedmarked congestion of the blood capillaries with prominent perivascular fibrosis. Cerebellum of experimental group also showed spongiosis in the molecular layer and markedly increased cellular granular cell layer with pyknotic nucleus. Few purkinje cells could be seen.It was concluded that mercury has toxic effects on the central nervous system including cerebellum which may explain the clinical manifestation of mercury neurotoxicity
A multi objective optimization of transmission expansion planning using genetic algorithm considering reliabilty criteria published in

The journal of CPRI

Published by Central Power Research Institute
Srinivasulu G, Subramanyam B and Surya Kalavathi M An electric power system plays a crucial role in the economic and social development of a country. Economic growth in India has spurred the need for more power and hence the infrastructure to transport the power. Sufficient transmission capacity is very essential in any long-term planning for improving the availability and supply of power. So Transmission Expansion Planning (TEP) is integral to the development of a stable and reliable power infrastructure. TEP infuture is a very complex task which needs a coordinated and analytical analysis of various scenarios and contingencies. In this work we have implemented a scheme for TEP which factors load growth and considers N-1 contingency. Both economics and technical considerations are considered in the appraisal of the most desirable transmission network. A multi objective optimization approach is suggested and the optimization of the expansion plan is done with the help of Backward Search (BS), Forward Search (FS), Hybrid Search (HS) and Genetic Algorithm (GA). The TEP is prepared for a 6 Bus-Roy Billinton Test System (RBTS). Transmission Planning Index (TPI) is introduced to provide a clear indication to the planner about the choice of the plan. The plans suggested by different optimization algorithms are compared in terms of performance measures and reliability indices.
THE EFFECTS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL EMPOWERMENT AND JOB INVOLVEMENT ON WORK-LIFE BALANCE published in

Reserach Journal of Business and Management (RJBM)

Published by PressAcademia
Cigdem Asarkaya, Irmak Erdogan This study investigates psychological empowerment and job involvement as antecedents of work-life balance. In line with the positive work-family spillover framework, psychological empowerment and job involvement are proposed to affect work-life balance positively. Survey data showed that there are significant positive relationships between the meaning and self-determination/impact factors of psychological empowerment and work-life balance. The study underlines the role of job attitudes and perceptions in the workplace in balancing employees work and private lives.
Empowerment of Women Through Panchayat Raj Institutions: A Study of Backward Class Women in Anantapuramu District of Andhra Pradesh published in

Published by
A. Krushnamma, D. Chenna Reddy The study analyzes the extent of participation of backward class women elected representatives in Panchayats in Anantapuramu district of Andhra Pradesh, The data was analysed by using simple statistical tools such as averages and per centages.The analyzed data was used to prepare the research paper from which ingerences were drawn and conclusions arrived at. The author opines that the ongoing literacy programmes should specifically cover illiterate women members of Panchayats.
HYPOLIPEDEMIC EFFECT OF VARIOUS EXTRACTS OF WHOLE PLANT OF CALYCOPTERIS FLORIBUNDA (LAM) IN RAT FED WITH HIGH FAT DIET published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Bhuvaneswari Santharam*, Ganesh P1, Soranam R2 and Packia Lekshmi N.C.J.3 Objective: The present study was designed to investigate the hypolipidemic activity of various extracts of whole plant of Calycopteris floribunda in High Fed Diet induced male wistar rats and to compare it with a standard hypolipidemic drug Atrovastatin. Methods: Adult male wistar rats of six numbers in each group were undertaken for study and also evaluated. Group I served as normal control, Group II received HFD, Group III received HFD along with petroleum ether extract of C. floribunda, Group IV received HFD along with ethyl acetate extract of C. floribunda, Group V received HFD along with methanolic extract of C. floribunda, Group VI received HFD along with standard drug Atrovastatin. Blood and tissues like liver, heart, aorta was examined for lipid profile. Results: In Group II animals (HFD) showed significant (P < 0.001) elevation in plasma and LDL cholesterol, triglycerides, phospholipids and atherogenic index when compared to that of normal rat. Administration of ethyl acetate extract of C. floribunda at the dose of 200 mg / kg b.wt / day p.o along with high fat diet significantly (P < 0.001) prevented the rise in the above mentioned biochemical parameters with significant rise in the level of HDL cholesterol than that of the other two extracts. Conclusion: The result suggests that ethyl acetate of C. floribunda extended protection against various biochemical changes in blood and tissues which have therapeutic potential for the treatment of hyperlipidemia, since they are able to improve lipid metabolism and are relatively safe for use in clinical conditions associated atherosclerosis.
Financial Feasibility Analysis of Sijuk Shrimp Paste Businesses published in

agro ekonomi

Published by Department of Agricultural Socio-economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada
Aditya Nugraha, Suhatmini Hardyastuti, Jangkung Handoyo Mulyo, (1) Universitas Gadjah Mada (2) Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada (3) Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada Sijuk shrimp paste business is a business in processing rebon shrimp which is most commonly implemented in Belitung Regency. Therefore, financial feasibility needs to be done considering the fluctuation in the number of catches of rebon shrimp in nature that will affect the Sijuk shrimp paste business financials. In this study, profit analysis, investment feasibility, and sensitivity are used to draw conclusions. 25 shrimp paste businesses were sampled using census method. The result showed that the Sijuk shrimp paste businesses gave benefits because they had a gain of Rp.17.558.914,29 / year, the value of gross profit ratio of 50.61%, the rate of return per capital investment of 1.02, and the return on the investments amounted to 74.58%. The Sijuk shrimp paste businesses are feasible to continue because they had the value of discounted payback period of 1.57 years, the net present value of Rp.18.264.662,44, the internal rate of the return value of 35%, and the profitability index of 1.78. From the results of the sensitivity analysis concluded that the Sijuk shrimp paste businesses are feasible to continue because the percentage of increase in the maximum operating costs still can be tolerated which is equal to 44,763% and the percentage of maximum reduction in the selling price of Sijuk shrimp paste still can be tolerated which is equal to 22.108%.
3D QSAR STUDIES ON THIAZOLIDINONE DERIVATIVES AS POTENTIAL EPIDERMAL GROWTH FACTOR RECEPTOR INHIBITORS published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Sanmati K Jain*, Ravi Tripathi and Piyush Ghode Three dimensional quantitative structure activity relationship (3D QSAR) analysis was performed on thiazolidinone analogues for their Epidermal Growth Factor inhibitory activity (EGFR inhibitors) by k Nearest Neighbor Molecular Field Analysis (kNN-MFA) method using Molecular Design Suite (VLife MDS) software. kNN-MFA coupled with stepwise variable selection (forward-backward) method was applied to derive QSAR models and these models were validated for statistical significance by internal and external validation. Among the models generated, two models with optimum values of validation parameters had q2 and predr2 values of 0.8032 and 0.7843 for model 1 and 0.7933 and 0.7700 for model 2 respectively. The negative value of steric field point at S_374 in both the models indicates the need of less bulky group at this point for favorable biological activity. The positive value of electrostatic field point at E_555 suggests the need of positive ionizable group. The present work may help in providing guidance for further lead optimization and designing of potent anticancer agents.
Study on Magnetic Behaviour of Iron Oxide Nanoparticle, A Nano Anticancer Drug Delivery Vehicle Synthesized by Modified Chemical Co-Precipitation. published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr.Naheef.K,RM Chavan The development of Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) has been greatly accelerated in the past decade by advances in nanotechnology and molecular cell biology. MNPs of various formulations have been developed to diagnose and treat diseases for which conventional therapy has shown limited efficacy. In particular, the use of MNPs as drug carriers has drawn enormous attention, as it holds great potential of providing new opportunities for targeted therapies. This article focuses on the synthesis of iron oxide nanoparicles by modified chemical method and the investigation on its magnetic behavior using Superconducting Quantum Interference Device (SQUID) magnetometer. The so confirmed superparamagnetic behavior of the MNP system is important for its usage as drug targeting carrier in cancer therapy.
PROBLEMATIKA ASAS RETROAKTIF DALAM HUKUM PIDANA INDONESIA published in

Dinamika Hukum

Published by Faculty of Law, Jenderal Soedirman University, Indonesia
Agus Raharjo One of the fundamental principles of criminal law is the principle of legality. This principle of prohibition enforcement consequences subsided (non-retroactive) a criminal law. In its development, this principle was deviation, especially for the crimes that fall into that category gross human rights violations. Constitutional Court decision to cancel the implementation regulation No. subsided. Law No. 2/2002 or Law No. 16/2003 closed the possibility of other criminal regulations made retroactive. Retroactive provisions of the (retroactive) in Indonesia is only possible for the gross human rights violations as defined in Law No. 39/1999 or Law No. 26/2000. This issue becomes complicated when the crime occurred a new type will cause a lot of casualties but no criminal laws that govern them. Will restrictions on retroactive application of the principle is so tight to let the victim fall. Kata Kunci: asas legalitas, asas retroaktif, asas non-retroaktif.
ROLE OF E-LEARNING THROUGH INTERNET COLLABORATION FOR SKILLED INDIA published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Amardeep Gupta* This paper acquaints the readers with the use of Internet to promote learning through distance education for making India a skilled force. In India , radical change is required in the mode of teaching and learning to improve the the literacy rate and to reduce the cost and difficulty of learning.This change requires a revolution , which can be brought about by collaboration of Internet with the concept of Massive Open Online Courses(MOOC) . My paper focuses on the means, tools and appliances by the help of which education can be imparted to the distant learners.It is easy and convenient to find up to date curriculum , guidelines and framework on World Wide Web.These resources can be downloaded and manipulated electronically. Internet-based education is a form of distance education in which the course contents are delivered and the interactions are provided by the technologies and methodologies of the Internet. It is known as a media-rich, online environment that allows people to interact with others asynchronously or synchronously in collaborative environments. Moreover, the independent time and distance of the Internet allows learners to enroll in a course from anywhere in the world at any time.
Effect of Bael (Aeglemarmelos) and Giloy (Tinosporacordifolia) alone and in combination on Performance Indexof broiler chicks. published in

Published by
Singh Ajay, Sharma, T., Kaushik, P.K., Chaturvedi, M. The present study was conducted to ascertain the effect of inclusion of herbs i.e., Bael (Aeglemarmelos) and Giloy (Tinosporacordifolia) alone and in combination at different levels in the ration of broiler chicks to evaluate the effect of feeding of herbs as feed additive on Performance Index of broilers. A feeding trial of six weeks was conducted, using Bael, Giloy and their combination at 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 % levels, using 300 broiler chicks (cobb-400) in completely randomized block design. The experimental starter and finisher rations contained 22.40 and 21.10% C.P, respectively andPerformance Index was recorded. The investigation revealed significant effect of dietary treatments i.e., incorporation of Bael, Giloy and their combination at different levels on Performance Index of broilers.
Levels of protein metabolites inCyprinus carpio (L) on sublethal exposure to synthetic detergent linear alkylbenzene sulfonate (LAS) published in

Asian Journal of Environmental Science

Published by Rakesh kumar Singh
S. GOPAL, M. NAGABHUSHAN REDDY AND P. INDIRA Synthetic detergents deposited in the aquatic environment may accumulate in the food chain and cause ecological damage and even threat to human health. Linear alkylbenzene sulfonate (LAS), an anionic surfactant is now-a-days widely spread in many aquatic environments, where it has a significant potential. During this research sublethal effects of LAS on the levels of total proteins, urea, amino acids and protease activity in various tissues of freshwater fish, Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus were studied. The levels of total proteins and urea decreased initially at 24 h in relation to control and up to day 15. After day 15, these levels increased gradually through day 20 and reached nearer to control at day 30. The increase in the levels of total proteins and urea was more in liver followed by muscle and gill. The levels of both free amino acids and protease activity followed a reverse trend to that of both total proteins and urea. It was evident that there was drastic protein utilization through proteolytic activity in all the tissues for releasing extra energy to cope up with the energy crisis developed during the toxic stress of synthetic detergent (LAS). These changes support the ability acquired by the fish exposed to LAS toxicity stress which might have achieved by activating the detoxification process.
Study of 40 Cases of Pancreatitis Etiology Management and Clinical Evaluation published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr. Kalpesh A. Parmar, Dr. Yogesh Modiya, Dr. Pallav Patel AIMS :- TO STUDY 40 CASES OF PANCREATITIS ETIOLOGY MANAGEMENT AND CLINICAL EVALUATION OBJECTIVES:- To identify demographics in case of pancreatitis To identify common etiology in case of pancreatitis in Indian setup To identify incidence of severity & their etiology of pancreatitis To identify common clinical features of pancreatitis To observe the different modalities of treatment in case of pancreatitis with operative and conservative management
LEIBNITZ - HAAR WAVELET COLLOCATION METHOD FOR THE NUMERICAL SOLUTION OF NONLINEAR FREDHOLM INTEGRAL EQUATIONS published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
LEIBNITZ - HAAR WAVELET COLLOCATION METHOD FOR THE NUMERICAL SOLUTION OF NONLINEAR FREDHOLM INTEGRAL EQUATIONS In this work, we present a numerical solution of nonlinear fredholm integral equations using Leibnitz - Haar wavelet collocation method . Properties of haar wavelet and its operational matrix is utilized to convert into a system of algebraic equations, s olving these equations using MATLAB to compute the required Haar coefficients. The numerical result of the proposed method is presented in comparison with the solutions given in the literature [3, 18 & 19] of the illustrative examples. Error analysis is worked out, which shows the efficiency of the method
PECULIARITIES OF IMPLEMENTATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL INVESTMENTS IN UKRAINE published in

The Russian Academic Journal

Published by Institute of Political and Mediametric Studies
Hryhorii Melnychenko The aim of the research is to identify the problems and peculiarities of implementation of environmental investment in Ukraine. The determinants of modern social development are presented in the article, the principles of modern strategies of social and economic development of the country are formed, the trends, which are reflected in modern structural macroeconomic dynamics and which have a significant influence on the development of investment processes are identified. It is also determined that the current state of environmental investments in Ukraine can be assessed as unsatisfactory. After a noticeable increase of environmental investments in the 80s, it was a dramatic decline in the 90-ies of the XX century and this trend stayed in the new millennium. The part of environmental investments in the total structure of investments doesnt exceed 1 %. The principles that reflect the system of values of the civilization of the XXI century, including environmental progress are disclosed, it is proved that the ecologization of the investment process is a complex task of the entire system of economic management, the principles of the state policy in the field of environmental investments are formed.
A STUDY ON RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ORGANIZATIONAL ROLE STRESS AND COMMITMENT LEVEL OF EMPLOYEES published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr. Babaraju K. Bhatt, Mr. Vishal J. Mali The present study analyzes the various dimensions of Organizational Role Stress like role stagnation, role overload, inter role distance, role ambiguity and role expectation conflict and its possible relationship with commitment of employees. In practical implication it can be based for developing HR policies and training and development process. The pace of business market has made job environment more competitive. The employees to cope with this pace get caught into role stress in the midst to balance between work and personal life. Using ANOVA and correlation the present study seeks to find out the correlation between stress dimension and commitment in addition variance with demographic factors
Differential Control for Continuously Variable Drive published in

PARIPEX-INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Mane Dhirajkumar G. , Gaikwad B. D. Continuouslyvariable drive is a type of automatic transmission that allows selection of infinite number of transmission ratios within the finite range between minimum and maximum value. Continuously variable transmission is 35% more efficient than that of manual transmission. Improvement of fuel efficiency can be considered to be vital importance to meet the requirement for emission reduction as well as fuel economy. Performance of continuously variable drive can be improved by coupling differential gear assembly to one of variable speed drives.we can increase the horsepower capacity at the expense of the speed range or we can increase the speed range at the expense of the horse power range. Numerous combinations of the variables are possible. It also gives greater drive accuracy.
An Attitude Study Among Students and Teachers in Upper Primary Schools of Basic Shikshaparishad, U.p. Towards Computer Education published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Sanjeev Raj, Dr. Digvijay Pachauri The purpose of the present study is to find out the attitude towards computer education among students and teachers in upper primary schools of Basic ShikshaParishad. The study has been conducted on 16 teachers and 100 students from upper primary schools of district Agra , Uttar Pradesh. The sample was taken from four different groups of schools equal number of students (Boys and Girls) were selected from government schools , private schools. Self-made Questionnaire was made for measuring attitude of students and teachers towards computer education. The data was subjected to necessary statistical computation. The data was mainly analysed in terms of mean and standard deviation. The T test was used to find out the significance of difference. After analysingthe data it was found that teachers mean score on the attitude scale was found that is high positive score. Male teachers have significantly higher positive attitude towards computer education in comparison to the female teachers. Teachers and students both have high positive attitude towards the computer education.
Effects of Strength Exercises on Physical Variables of B.p.ed Students published in

Published by
Krishna R. Yadav, Dr. Sundar Raj Urs. The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of strength training exercises on selected physical variables like legs strength, arms strength, and abdomen strength. Total of 30 B.P.Ed students were selected as subjects from Shri K.G. Nadgir college of Physical Education, Dharwad, st: Karnataka. The ages of students were between 21 to 26 years. The study was limited to the following physical variables of legs strength, abdominal strength and arms strength. Explosive leg strength was measured by standing broad jump and was recorded to the nearest of a centimeters. Arms strength was measured by Arm strength index was computed by the application of Rogers formula. Pull-ups and push-ups and was recorded in the numbers. Abdominal strength was measured by bent knee sit- ups and was recorded in numbers. To find out the effect of strength training exercises on selected physical variables, dependentt test was applied and the level of significance was set at the 0.05. The study indicates that six week of strength training, increase muscular strength. In same way it is evident from the results of present study on physical variables like Arm Strength, Abdominal Strength and Leg Strength got positive effect. So it can be conducted that the study reveals that arm strength, abdominal strength and leg strength increased by strength training.
A Child with Osteum Secundum Atrial Septal Defect and Down Syndrome Undergoing Adenotonsillectomy An Anaesthetic Challenge published in

Published by
Dr. Sarika M Shetty, Dr. Malathi Cn, Dr. Nalini Kotekar, Dr. Sandhya Bolla The presence of congenital heart disease (CHD) in a child undergoing non-cardiac surgery poses a great challenge for the anaesthesiologists. The challenges include the patients age, complexity of the cardiac lesion present, coupled with patients capacity to compensate for the physiological changes that occur under anaesthesia, urgency of surgery and the presence of other coexisting diseases(1).CHD occurs in about 40% of children with Down syndrome. Anaesthesia in Down syndrome carries a higher risk due to the prevalence of mental retardation, hypothyroidism, cardio-respiratory manifestations, airway abnormalities and postoperative pulmonary complications(2). Inability to secure an airway, congestive heart failure, arrhythmias, hypoxia,hypercarbia and paradoxical embolism are the factors that place childrenat increased risk during anaesthesia for non-cardiac surgery(3, 4). Adequatepost operative analgesia, prevention of hypoxia, hypercarbia, dehydration and hypothermia is vital (3).
Effect of planting geometry and timing and source of nitrogen application on yield and yield attributing character of rice (Oryza sativa L.) under system of rice intensification published in

International Journal of Agricultural Sciences

Published by Rakesh kumar Singh
PRAGYA PANDEY*, TRILOCHAN BARIK, SAHAJA DEVA AND ANOOP KUMAR RATHORE An experiment was conducted at Agronomy Research Station, Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar during Kharif season of 2012 to study the effect of different fertility levels, planting patterns per hill and their interaction on productivity of rice variety Lalat under SRI. F2 (FYM @ 15 t ha-1 + vermicompost 2 t ha-1 + neem cake 250 kg ha-1) gave highest yield (8.76 t ha-1). It was found that twice or thrice splitting of N was at par (7.62 and 7.57 t ha-1). Highest harvest index was recorded from F2 (51.11 %) among main plots and P1 (2525cm spacing with 1 seedling hill-1) i.e. 50.41 per cent among subplots. F4 (FYM @ 5 t ha-1 + N : P2O5 : K2O @ 30:30:30 kg ha-1 basal) and P3 (3030 cm spacing with 1 seedling hill-1) gave the lowest harvest index (45.74 % and 43.33 %, respectively). Three plants per hill with wider spacing of 3030 cm gave the highest yield among all planting patterns. Wider spacing was found more beneficial. More than one plant per hill had given increased yield due to higher plant population per m2 in comparison to one plant per hill. Fertility level (F4) with half of RDF of nitrogen, recorded the lowest yield (5.87 t ha-1). Among the subplots the lowest yield was recorded in P3 i.e. one seedling per hill at 3030 cm spacing (6.75 t ha-1).
DEVELOPMENT OF ROBOTIC SWARMS FOR A SPORTS GAME published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Deep Doshi* There are myriad occasions where human inclusions in a situation can be replaced by a robot which does the same task with ease and in a shorter duration of time. With the advent of robotics in each and every field of life this is possible now. But in the field of sports, no such robotics has been associated. In-order to increase the efficiency of the team sports practicing and playing, the introduction of Swarm Robots makes a lot of difference to it. This paper introduces the Swarm Robots which can play the game of Badminton. This helps human players to practice as per their needs and requirements. This Swarms can also be used for search and resuce operation.
Optical and Electrical Properties of CdS thin films prepared by spray pyrolysis published in

Published by
Abhishek Bahadur Singh, Abhay Sinha, Jitendra Singh Chauhan, Atul Kumar Singh Summary We are presenting the case of a 4-years-old-boy who accidently lodged a broken tooth brush in the naso-oropharynx. A variety of inhaled or ingested objects may harbour in the upper aerodigestive tract with varied shape, size & nature of objects and some of them may be undetected for a long time. The foreign body was confirmed by the X-ray skull, neck & chest lateral view and was retrieved under general anaesthesia
Prevalence of Anemia among undergraduate medical students of Central India published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Binish Khan, Dr Neelam D Sukhsohale, Pranav Jawade Anemia remains a public health challenge worldwide. Iron deficiency is the most common cause of anemia in adolescents, college students and is of continuing concern in developing countries like India. The present study aimed to estimate the prevalence of anemia among medical college students and to study socio-demographic factors responsible for causing anemia. We conducted a cross sectional study in 100 medical undergraduate students from 1st May to 20th July 2014. Detailed history regarding sociodemographic profile, dietary history by 24 hr recall method, and anthropometric measurements like height, weight, waist and hip circumference were estimated. Hemoglobin was estimated by Sahlis Haemoglobinometer method. The mean parameter values like age, haemoglobin, BMI and waist hip ratio (WHR) were comparable in males and females. The overall prevalence of anaemia was found to be 39% with preponderance among female students (56%) as compared to male students (22%). Males as well as females belonging to hindu religion having low socio-economic status hailing from urban areas and involved in moderate physical activity work had higher prevalence of anaemia.
Possibilities of Balanced Scorecard Application in Commercial Banks published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Sanja Broz Tominac Efficiency measuring of commercial banks is an important aspect of banks management. This paper is about Balanced Scorecard as a tool or methodology of managerial accounting which helps to achieve harmony and mutual maintenance of key banks processes. The aim of this paper is to contribute to the understanding of how Balanced Scorecard is developed but also applied in banks, i.e. in their performance measurement. Achieving goals of one perspective enables the achievement of goals of other perspectives. That means that results show a relationship between non-financial and financial dimension of Balanced Scorecard. Implementation of BSC model in banks isnt simple because of existing tradition which focuses just on financial indicators. Because of lack of research in this specific area, the contribution of this paper is in knowledge on how banks may apply Balanced Scorecard.
Studies on Synthesis, Characterization and Antibacterial Activity of Novel Coordination Polymers published in

Journal of Chemical, Biological and physical sciences

Published by Scientific and Academic Association
Purav Talaviya1 and J.A.Chaudhari2 Novel bis ligand namely 5,5'-(6-phenoxy-1,3,5-triazine-2,4-diyl) bis(azanediyl) di quinolin-8-ol (PBDQ), was synthesized by condensation of 5-amino 8-hydroxy quinoline with 2,4-dichloro-6-phenoxy-1,3,5-triazine in the presence of a base catalyst. This ligand was characterized by Elemental analysis, IR, and 1H-NMR. Coordination polymers of this bisligand (PBDQ) were prepared with Cu (II), Ni (II), Co (II), Mn(II), and Zn(II) metal ions. All of these coordination polymers were characterized by elemental analyses, IR spectral and diffuse reflectance spectral studies. The thermal stability was evaluated by thermogravimetric analyses. In addition, all of the coordination polymers have been characterized by their magnetic susceptibilities. The microbicidal activities of all the samples have been monitored against plant pathogens.
Effect of bulb splitting on tuber production of Tuberose (Polianthes tuberosa L.) cv. Prajwal in the plains of West Bengal published in

Journal of Crop and Weed

Published by Crop and Weed Science society
A. K. PAL, K. DEBBARMA AND D. JANA To study the methods of bulb production of tuberose cv. Prajwal, an experiment was conducted at the Horticultural Research Farm, Mondouri, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya during the year 2009 2011 with five bulb size of tuberose - Whole bulb, bulb, 1/4th bulb, 1/6th bulb and 1/8th bulb. Each bulb size (treatment) was replicated four times in Randomized Block Design. Planting was done in April 2009, at a spacing of 30 cm X 30 cm. Highest number of bulbs per clump (large, medium and small) per plot was recorded in whole bulb (4.22, 9 and 30.33 nos.) followed by bulb (3.44, 6.77 and 15.33 nos.) and maximum weight of bulbs per clump (large, medium, small) was produced by whole bulb (192.44, 95.33, 55.55) followed by bulb (185.22, 92.50, 34.99). The maximum (Size) diameter of bulbs per clump(large, medium and small) was produced by whole bulb (4.32cm, 1.86 cm, 0.92 cm) followed by bulb (4.27 cm, 1.64 cm, 0.92 cm). Dry matter percentage of bulb was highest in whole bulb (35.72%) followed by bulb (35.51%). The interpretation of the analyzed data reveals that whole bulb and bulb performed comparatively better than other bulb sizes in respect to good quality bulb production. Therefore along with the whole bulbs farmers can use the bulb size with a portion of the disc plate intact for propagation and bulb production of Prajwal under the Gangetic plains of West Bengal.
PRIVILEDGED SYNTHESIS OF PYRAZOLE-[1, 3, 4] THIADIAZOL-[1, 3, 4] OXADIAZOLE-2-THIONE DERIVATIVES published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr. Juhi Nazaan The titled compound was synthesized by using mixture of oxadiazole-2-thione and substituted 5-phenyl- 1, 3, 4-thiadiazole-2-amine to react with formaldehyde in methanol. And the synthesized compound was screened for their biological activities against microorganism viz. E.coli, B.subtilis, S.aureus, Candida ablicans and Aspergillus niger.
Swarm Intelligence based Distribution Load Flow Method for Distributed Generation Planning published in

The journal of CPRI

Published by Central Power Research Institute
Naveen Jain, Singh S N and Srivastava S C This paper presents a new swarm intelligence method of distribution load flow (DLF) suitable for systems with distributed generators. The proposed DLF method is able to incorporate all kind of voltage dependent load models. This load flow method avoids the problems faced by various methods in handling multiple PV buses and is also suitable for small-scale, medium-scale and largescale distribution systems. The proposed DLF method is used for placing multiple fixed standard size capacitors. The optimal sitting and sizing of multiple DGs are also carried out utilizing a system loss reduction criterion. The proposed load flow algorithm is tested on distribution systems with fixed standard size capacitor and/or DG for various load models to show its effectiveness. Some existing DG planning results are compared to show the capability and the accuracy of the proposed algorithm.
SURGICAL V/S CONSERVATIVE MANAGEMENT OF EXTRADURAL HEMORRHAGE AND ITS MEDICOLEGAL ASPECT. published in

Published by
Dr. Rajesh D. Patel, Dr. Abhinav Sachdeva, Dr. Kashinath Thakare -
A Study on Customer Satisfaction in Tooth Paste Product With Reference to Pudukkottai District published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr. S. Nagasanthi, Nabeel T A study on customer satisfaction towards toothpaste with special reference to Colgate. The main objective of to identify the various factor influencing customer in purchase of the toothpaste, to know the customer satisfaction level about the toothpaste. The research design used in this study is descriptive research design. Data was collected from 50 sample respondents. Data was collected by survey method, the survey was collected Pudukkottai City in Tamilnadu, through structured questionnaire with five point rating scale questions. Secondary data were collected from the available literature sources. For distribution of questionnaire to the respondents random sampling method was used and to collect the respondents opinion, survey was taken among the selected sample respondents. After collecting the data from the respondents, it was analyzed using factor analysis, percentage analysis ,and chi square method The collected data include customer satisfaction towards Colgate toothpaste personal product details.
EFFECTIVE DATA MINING USING NEURAL NETWORKS published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
, Bhushan Thakur Classification is one of the data mining problems receiving great attention recently in the database community. This paper presents an approach to dis cover symbolic classification rules using neural networks. Neural networks have not been thought suited for data mining because how the classifications were made is not explicitly stated as symbolic rules that are suitable for verification or interpretatio n by humans. With the proposed approach, concise symbolic rules with high accuracy can be extracted from a neural network. The network is first trained to achieve the required accuracy rate. Redundant connections of the network are then removed by a networ k pruning algorithm. The activation values of the hidden units in the network are analyzed, and classification rules are generated using the result of this analysis. The effectiveness of the proposed approach is clearly demonstrated by the experimental res ults on a set of standard data mining test problems.
International North-South Transportation Corridor: Azerbaijan at Crossroads published in

Azerbaijanian Journal of Economics and Social Studies

Published by Ramil Huseyn
Hriday Ch. Sarma At present, the International North-South Transportation Corridor (abbreviated as INSTC) is greatly in academic discourse and international media limelight. This is for the fact on-the-ground activities relating to the corridor project, which connects Northern Europe with South-East Asia, are now moving forward in full swing. Azerbaijan, Iran, Russia and India are major participating states to this project. Azerbaijan due to its geo-strategic centrality in the supra-continent of Europe and Asia (Eurasia) and national economic competitiveness is emerging as a key nodal point along the INSTC. Its ‘Strategic Roadmap for Logistics & Trade Development’ is guiding the country’s transition from a traditional economy to an innovative, technology-rich and knowledge-based economy at the domestic front, and facilitating the establishment of passenger and goods connectivity with other countries at the international front. However, at present private sector companies from the participating countries to the INSTC and other developed countries are not fully getting involved in the process of its actualization. This, in fact, is an essential requirement for developing sustainable global and regional value chains – which will become the arteries for the corridor project when it starts functioning. Therefore, at this point in time the international community, and particularly the international financial institutions, should actively invest in the project to attract more private participation and public-private partnerships. This will then lead to multifold increase in level of regional/ global trade, which in-turn will ensure prosperity and peaceful co-existence of mankind across the Eurasia and worldwide.
Characterization of curcumin-nicotine interaction in cetyltrimethyammonium bromide micelle published in

Mediterranean Journal of Chemistry

Published by Abdelaziz SOUIZI
Maurice O. Iwunze A combination of fluorescence and UV-Vis spectrophotometric techniques were used to characterize the interaction of curcumin and nicotine in a cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) micellar system. It is observed that in this medium curcumin and nicotine interact in a 1:1 ratio using the UV-Visible molar ration method. The fluorescence spectrophotometric technique, using the Benesi-Hildebrand equation was used to determine the association constant, Ka. The value thus obtained is 1.26 0.02 x 105 M-1 and the molar absorptivity, ?, of 2.3 0.06 x 104/M-cm. The free energy of association, ?Ga, was subsequently calculated as -29.1 kJ/mol. This vale together with the value obtained for Ka implies that the complex formed by curcumin and nicotine in this medium is not only spontaneous but it also very stable.
PENGEMBANGAN DAN PEMANFAATAN SUMBER DAYA AIR RAMAH LINGKUNGAN (Studi Kasus Air Bersih di Umbulan Pasuruan) published in

Jurnal Sosial Humaniora

Published by LPPM ITS
Sukriyah Kustanti Moerad, Endang Susilowati Proyek Umbulan adalah sebuah program raksasa pemerintah Jawa Timur, yang sudah dicanangkan sejak masa Orde Baru hingga saat ini belum terlaksana. Dalam menghadapi Era Pembangunan Milenium (MDGs), diperkirakan 78 juta orang Indonesia akan membutuhkan pasokan air bersih lebih banyak. Gubernur Jawa Timur berkeinginan untuk mengelola sumber air Umbulan tersebut bagi masyarakat Jawa Timur khususnya Surabaya, Sidoarjo, Gresik dan Kota Pasuruan sendiri. Hal ini untuk mengurangi potensi PDAM selama ini yang menjadi satu-satunya penyongkong air bersih Jawa Timur. Disisi lain air bersih Umbulan selama bertahun-tahun digunakan oleh masyarakat Desa Umbulan untuk mengairi tambak, ladang serta untuk menggelontor sungai Rejoso yang sudah tercemar dari industri sekitarnya. Air Umbulan mempunyai potensi dan debit yang cukup besar untuk bisa disuplai sebagai air bersih ke wilayah di luar Pasuruan. Namun perilaku masyarakat di wilayah air umbulan mempunyai sikap exclusif yakni hanya digunakan oleh masyarakat sekitar, tidak diperkenankan masyarakat luar ikut mengelola sumber air tersebut. Oleh karena itu akan dilakukan kajian sosial dalam memahami pemanfaatan air umbulan ini sebagai pasokan air bersih di diluar Kabupaten Pasuruan. Tujuan Penelitian 1). Untuk melihat sejauh mana Persepsi masyarakat Desa Umbulan dalam pemanfaatan sumber daya air Umbulan, 2). Untuk mengetahui perilaku masyarakat dalam memanfaatkan air umbulan untuk kegiatan sehari-hari. Metode penelitian adalah survei, oberservasi serta wawancara pada sejumlah 100 orang responden dengan instrumen kuesioner. Adapun penarikan sampel secara Random sampling dan purpusif random sampling. Lokasi penelitian Desa Umbulan, dan Desa Sidepan, Kecamatan Winongan Kabupaten Pasuruan. Hasil penelitian menunjukan Air umbulan sebagai sumber kehidupan masyarakat Kecamatan Winongan khususnya Desa Umbulan. Kesimpulan dari penelitian adalah 1). Masih inclusifnya warga masyarakat Umbulan dalam pembagian air bersih, 2) Teknologi Pengelolaan masih berbasiskan masyarakat lokal, 3). Penggunaan air bersih masih kurang efektif (karena masih digunakan hal yang kurang bermanfaat) 4). Masyarakat Desa Umbulan dan desa Sidepan khususnya merasa sumber daya air Umbulan adalah milik mereka yang tidak perlu dimanfaatkan oleh masyarakat di luar kawasan tersebut, walaupun debit air Umbulan cukup besar dan mampu menyuplai di 3 Kabupaten di Jawa Timur.
EFFICACY OF HOMEOPATHIC MEDICINES IN THE TREATMENT OF ACNE published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
*Swami Shraddhamayananda Acne is the involvement of the oil glands at the base of hair follicles characterized by Papular and pustular eruptions over face, forehead, chest and back. The teenage groups are commonly affected. It not only causes a serious cosmetic disfigurement but it is also associated with functional impairment as well often manifested as a high magnitude of psychological problem. As conventional treatment is often ineffective in many cases, a selective group of such patients were treated with homeopathic medicines along with a control group treated only with placebo containing the vehicle of the original medicines. In our clinic we treated and analyzed one hundred such acne cases along with 10 control cases that were followed for two months. Out of one hundred cases 97 cases showed promising results within six months and in most of these cases, the patient has got back pre infection status within 3 months. Only single oral homeopathic medicines (either Sulphur or Tuberculinum) were used without any local application. The results of this study were very encouraging indicating a definite role of homoeopathic medicine in acne
Study of childhood hansens disease at a tertiary care centre published in

Published by
Dr. Rohini P Gaikwad Background: Leprosy is a disease known to affect all ages. Occurrence of childhood leprosy determines rate of disease transmission. Leprosy in a child can affect his academic career as well as social life. Aim: A retrospective study was undertaken to analyze the clinical profile of childhood and adolescent leprosy cases. The aim of the study was to describe the pattern of clinical presentation, the role of contacts and the incidence of neuritis, reactions and deformities in this age group. Results: Amongst 734 total cases of leprosy, 120 were children between 4-18 years of age (16.34%). M:F=2.01:1. Eighty four cases (70%) had multibacillary leprosy . Forty (33.33%) cases had family contact. Ninety six cases(80%) showed nerve involvement and 7 cases (5.83%) had Grade2 deformities. Histopathological diagnosis was done in 64 cases with 90% correlation. Type 1Lepra reactions were seen in 24(20%) cases. Seven patients had relapse of the disease, four of which belonged to multibacillary group. Defaulter of treatment was seen in 18(15%). Conclusion: Detection of leprosy in children indicates increased disease transmission. Severe forms of leprosy occur in older children.
Comparison of Estimators of Extreme Value Distributions for Wind Data Analysis published in

Bonfring International Journal of Data Mining

Published by BONFRING
N. Vivekanandan Estimation of extreme wind speed potential at a region is of importance while designing tall structures such as cooling towers, stacks, transmission line towers, etc. Assessment of wind speed can expediently be carried out by probabilistic modelling of historic wind speed data using extreme value distribution, or by using standard procedures available under BIS code of practices for building and structures. This paper illustrates the use of extreme value distributions such as Gumbel, Frechet and Weibull for modelling wind speed data recorded at Kanyakumari. Method of Least Squares (MLS), maximum likelihood method and order statistics approach are used for determination of parameters of the distributions. Kolmogorov-Smirnov test is used for checking the adequacy of fitting the method/ distribution to the recorded data. D-index is used for selection of suitable method/ distribution for estimation of design wind speed. The study shows that the Gumbel distribution using MLS is better suited for estimation of design wind speed for Kanyakumari. A comparative study of wind speed estimates obtained using MLS of Gumbel and with BIS code of practices is carried out; and results presented.
Farmacovigilancia de interacciones medicamentosas en pacientes afiliados al sistema de salud de Colombia published in

Investigaciones ANDINA

Published by Fundaci?n Universitaria del ?rea Andina_Giovane Mendieta
Jorge E. Machado Alba, Claudia Giraldo Giraldo Objectives: to determine the possible medication interactions that generate problems related to safety medications, needs or effectiveness, throughout the active search in data bases of patients affiliated to the General Health System of Social Security. Methods: based on the data base from Audifarma S.A. in regards to the distribution of medications to 3.7 million of users in the country, a systematic review of the statistics of a series of drugs identified for presenting interactions. Results: out of the total of patients that were taking omeprazol, it was found that 12.3% at the same time received magnesium hydroxide plus aluminum; 1.7% received ranitidine; 1.0% sucralfate, and also 0.3% were at the same time taking omeprazol + sucralfate+magnesium hydroxide and aluminum and 0.4% omeprazol + ranitidine +magnesium hydroxide and aluminum, which do not maximize the anti ulcerous effect or may antagonize its actions. It was also found that 0.2% of the patients was taking verapamil and at the same time received digoxin or methyl digoxin with the risk of increasing the toxicity and antagonizing its inotropic effect. All these cases were notified to those responsible for their sanitary attention. Discussion: medication interactions represent a potential risk, which has to be considered by the prescribing doctors. Drug surveillance allows the optimization of resources and the prevention of adverse events which may potentially cause mortality or be lethal. It is recommended that data bases be searched in order to reinforce the surveillance programs in relation to the use of medicines in the country.
GRADING SYSTEM IN CONTINUOUS AND COMPREHENSIVE EVALUATION published in

SCHOLARLY RECSEARCH JOURNAL FOR INTERDISCIPLINARY STUDIES

Published by AMIT PUBLISHERS & COMPANY
Thanuja K This paper on grading system in continuous and comprehensive evaluation presents a theoreti cal frame work for understanding different types of grading namely direct grading and indirect grading. How to combine the information obtained from in and outside the classroom observations, interaction between pupils and different tasks provided to the p upils for assessing their progress in cognitive and non cognitive learning outcomes and converting these recorded performance and proficiency into grades are also discussed in the light of guidelines provided by CBSE in the CCE manual for teachers.
RECOGNISING BARRIERS TO ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF FOSTER CHILDREN IN MALAYSIA: A CASE STUDY published in

Asia Pacific Journal of Contemporary Education and Communication Technology

Published by Asia Pacific Institute of Advanced Research
Jariah Mohd Jan and Cherish How Previous studies have shown that foster children frequently perform poorly in school (Watson & Kabler, 2012; Emerson & Lovitt, 2003; Zetlin, Weinberg & Kimm, 2003). Most foster children remain in the same grade at least once, are in need of special education classes, and have higher rates of dropout than non-foster children (Zetlin, Weinberg, and Kimm, 2004). The reason for their poor academic performance is uncertain. According to Sala (2009), some of the children in foster care in Kenya reported skipping school to look for food because their foster caregivers provided them with one meal per day or sometimes, none. Consequently, these children have to miss school to look, beg, and raise money for food (ibid.). This could also be one of the reasons for their absenteeism and dropout of school. Similarly, Chan (2013) found that some foster children turn to stealing because they are not provided with adequate provision of food and pocket money. Using data derived from interviewing the teachers in school, this study aims to examine whether the inadequate provision of food and pocket money can affect the academic performance of children in foster care. Content analysis approach is used in this qualitative study. The narratives elicited from the interviews are analysed based on Searles (1969) Speech Acts Theory. This study reveals that the teachers used representative speech acts to describe, make claims, and complaints about the lack of pocket money and inadequate provision of food that might affect the academic performance of the foster children in school.
DEVELOPMENT OF COMPLEX INTELLECTUAL SYSTEM FOR EFFICIENSY GROWING TEE PLANT published in

Theoretical & Applied Science

Published by International Academy of Theoretical & Applied Sciences
Elchan Bahadur oglu Ghuseynov; Javanshir Firudin oglu Mammadov; Alesker Alekper oglu Iskenderov; Gulnara Yusif gizi Abbasova Modern development of national economy status requires the new methods of application of information technologies and computer technique. In this connection, in the article the problem of development of the intellectual system on the effective growing tea plant with the use of computer technology is conciedered. The basic methods of realization of agrotechnical works, growing tea-plant and collection of tea folias are analysed. On the basis of certain defects on growing tea plantations, experience of application of computer technologies new architecture of the intellectual system of growing tea plant with realization of complex works is proffered.
A REVIEW ON MESANGIAL PROLIFERATIVE GLOMERULO NEPHRITIS published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Dr. D. Naga SatishBabu*, B.Kumaraswamy, Dr.J.N.Suresh Kumar Mesangial proliferative glomerulo nephritis-a relatively uncommon disorder is a type of glomerulo nephritis associated primarily with the mesangium. It is a very rare kidney disorder characterized by swelling and blood in urine due to the inflammation of glomerulus-an internal kidney structure and an increase mesangial cell number accompanied by antibody depots in the mesangial layer of the glomerulus. The factors that triggers the disorder is unknown till date but is considered to be a type of immune response as it is associated with antibody deposits. Symptoms such as edema, anorexia, Hematuria, Proteinuria and high blood pressure can be seen. It is categorized into three types- MPGN Type 1, MPGN Type 2, MPGN Type 3 based on the inflammation pattern seen in the filters. Several health complications include renal failure, congestive heart failure, atherosclerosis, fluid overload etc. different diagnostical methods include blood and urine analysis to reveal blood/protein levels in urine, analysis BUN and serum creatinine and analysis of lipid levels. Renal biopsy can be done for the confirmation of the disorder. The treatment therapy should be aimed to relieve symptoms and to prevent complications and also improving the kidney function. Therapy includes treatment with Immunosuppressive, corticosteroids, renal dialysis, antibiotics, and diuretics, erythropoietin agonists, anti-platelet therapy, plasma exchange and micro Chinese herbal medicine. However diagnosis should be done carefully and drugs have to be chosen based upon their efficacy and condition of the patients as misdiagnosis can lead to arousal of new infections which lead to further complications.
Comparison of microscopic, macromorphological and aflatoxin producing capabilities of Aspergillus species associated with rhizosphere of groundnut (A. hypogaea L.) published in

Journal of Chemical, Biological and physical sciences

Published by Scientific and Academic Association
Manjusha Chakranarayan*and Anita Pati The role of laboratory in the identification has gained greater attention as the incidence of fungal infection is increased. The objective of the study was to isolate the aflatoxin producing Aspergillus species from the rhizosphere of groundnut. Identification of the Aspergillus species was done on the basis of morphological methods including; microscopic and macroscopic characteristics. Ten standard species of Aspergillus namely A. flavus, A. parasiticus, A. niger, A. repens, A. fumigatus, A. kanagawaensis, A. ochraceus, A. sydowi, A. terreus and A. nidulans and were isolated and characterized. Rapid detection of aflatoxin production was carried out by using coconut agar medium. The colonies were detected under long-wave UV light by the blue-green fluorescence on the reverse side after 2 to 5 days of growth. Further the aflatoxin production capacity was screened using thin layer chromatographic technique. Depending upon the intensity of bands on TLC plates A. flavus and A. parasiticus were found to be highly aflatoxigenic and produce aflatoxin B1 on Richard liquid medium in the range of 966.66-266.66 ?g/kg respectively. Quantitation of aflatoxin was done by using quantitative TLC, which was based on the comparison of the fluorescent intensity of the sample spot with standard spot. While all the other species are non-aflatoxigenic strains.
O FORMALISMO MORAL EM KANT: AUTONOMIA E VONTADE published in

Published by
Marcone Costa Cerqueira We intend, in this article, demonstrate the incorporation of what a moral formalism intricacies of Immanuel Kant, whose theoretical assumption their understanding of a theory of will. This motion analysis and theoretical demonstration will have the common theme the idea of autonomy that permeates the construction of the will in the Kantian formalism, the assumption of a possible formal autonomy of reason is the foundation on which rests the moral theory of this thinker. For the implementation of our claim will need to replenish the hot spots of that may be a theory of will to then analyze the Kantian assumptions that highlight the centrality of autonomy of reason in understanding of free will. Thus, what is intended by in naked is Kant's originality in relation to the tradition which enacts the will as a mark of human freedom, from its formal independence assumption in moral constitution of the human individual.
Measuring Life Skills of School Going Adolescents published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Sreehari R, A Radhakrishnan Nair Adolescence is the transition period from childhood to adulthood and many adolescents experience anxiety, confusion and difficulty in their preparation for adulthood. It is through life skills they will solve their problems, manage situations and cope up with a range of stressors. This study explores the effect of age and gender on life skills among adolescents in Kerala, India. Surveys were administered to 484 male and 487 female students (N = 971) to assess life skills. The finding in the study suggests that there is no gender or age difference in life skills among school going adolescents.
Mucormycosis with Choleasteatoma case Report published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr. Harshpreet Kaur, Dr. Shilpi Sahu, Dr. Reeta Dhar, Dr. Priyanka Mucor is a saprophytic organism which invades the nose and paranasal sinuses of immuno compromised and diabetic patient. Mucormycosis is rare fungal infection caused by mucor species, rhizop us and anr idia species. Among the conditions predisposing to Mucormycosis are diabetes mellit us, malnutrition, hema to logical malignancies, neutropenia, burns, surgical procedures, long term steroid therapy and immunosuppressive therapy. A 50 years old male came with a history of discharge and pain in right ear since 15 days. Microscopically diagnosis of mucormycosis with choleasteatoma was given.
A NOVEL APPROACH FOR DESIGNING HYBRID TURBO CODES USING DOUBLE STAGE INTERLEAVER published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Suman * , Sumit Dalal Interleaver being an integral component of the communication system. The interleavers tend to avoid the burst errors by splitting the signals and t he turbo codes are used to reduce the BER. The paper will describes a new approach to design a new class of turbo codes that would reduce the decoder complexity, such turbo codes will be known as modified turbo codes taking Decoder complexity as the main pa rameter consideration for the design of modified turbo codes. T he author presents the design of two types of modified turbo codes, the one would be called as Low Complexity Hybrid turbo codes (LCHTC) and the other one Improved Low Complexity Hybrid Turbo C odes (ILCHTC).
A GRAPHICAL PASSWORD BASED AUTHENTICATION BASED SYSTEM FOR MOBILE DEVICES? published in

International Journal of Computer Science and Mobile Computing - IJCSMC

Published by Mohammad Zainuddin
Er.Aman Kumar, Er.Naveen Bilandi? Authentication is one the most important security primitive. Password authentication is most widely used authentication mechanism. Password provides security mechanism for authentication and protection services against unwanted access to resource. To address these authentication problems, a new alternative authentication method have been proposed using picture as passwords. Graphical passwords have been designed to try to make passwords more memorable and easier for people to use and there, more secure. Using a graphical password, user click on images rather than type alphanumeric characters. In this paper, we have purposed a new hybrid graphical password based system, which is a combination of recognition and recall based techniques that offers many advantages over the existing systems and may be more convenient for the user. Our scheme is resistant to shoulder surfing attacks on graphical passwords. This scheme is proposed for mobile devices which are more handy and convenient to use than traditional desktop computer systems.
Research on The Possibility to Utilize Crude Glycerol and Waste Polyethylene Terephthalate For Production of Alkyd Resins published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Nikola Todorov, DonkaTodorova The possibility to utilize two waste products crude glycerol (CGly) and waste polyethylene terephthalate (PET) for production of alkyd resins was investigated. Flakes, obtained from PET beverage bottles were depolymerized with CGly- a side product by the biodiesel production.Two fractions were separated from the depolymerization product water soluble (WSF) and water insoluble (WIF). Two medium oil alkyd resins were obtained from WSF (or WIF), phthalic anhydride, glycerol and mixture of sunflower oil and linseed oil by the alcoholysis method. A reference alkyd resin was synthesized from phthalic anhydride, glycerol and a mixture of sunflower oil and linseed oil. Progress of the polycondensation reaction, wasmonitored by periodically checking the acid number of the reaction mixture. Films, prepared from alkyd resins solutions in xylene were dried at 25C. Some of their properties were studied drying time, hardness and adhesion.
ANALYTICAL METHOD DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF IVACAFTOR AND LUMACAFTOR BY RP-HPLC METHOD published in

INDO AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES

Published by Dr. CHANDRASEKHARA RAO BARU
B. Sravanthi*, M. Divya A simple, selective, linear, precise, and accurate RP-HPLC method was developed and validated for the simultaneous estimation of Ivacaftor and Lumacaftor from bulk formulations. Chromatographic separation was achieved isocratically on a Waters Xterra C18 column (4.6 x 250mm, 5µm) using a mobile phase, Acetonitrile: Phosphate buffer pH adjusted to 4.6 with ortho phosphoric acid in the ratio of 45:55% v/v. The flow rate was 1 ml/min and effluent was detected at 255nm. The linearity was observed in the concentration range of 100-500µg/ml of Lumacaftor and 1-5µg/ml of Ivacaftor. Linear regression coefficient was not more than 0.999. The values of RSD are less than 2% indicating accuracy and precision of the method. The percentage recovery varies from 98-102% of Ivacaftor and Lumacaftor. LOD was 2.95 and 3.04 and LOQ was 9.87 and 10 for Ivacaftor and Lumacaftor respectively. The results obtained on validation parameters met ICH and USP requirements. It inferred that the method found to be simple, accurate, precise and linear. The method was found to be having suitable applications in routine laboratory analysis with high degree of accuracy and precision. Key Words: Ivacaftor, Lumacaftor, Validation, Isocratically.
Equilibrium studies of calcium (II) complexes with drug Furosemide and some amino acids published in

Journal of Chemical, Biological and physical sciences

Published by Scientific and Academic Association
Bhimrao C. Khade1*, Pragati M. Deore2 and Sudhakar R. Ujagare1 The equilibrium studies of the mixed ligands complexes of calcium (II) ion with drug Furosemide as primary ligand and the amino acids viz. leucine and phenylalanine as secondary ligand were determined pH metrically at 270C and an ionic strength of 0.1 M NaClO4 in 80% (v/v) ethanol-water medium. The calculations have been made using the stability constant of generalized species computer programmed.
Education and ICT Facilities of Royal Belum Orang Asli School Children published in

JOURNAL OF MANAGEMENT INFO

Published by Readers Insight Publisher
Habibah Norehan Haron, Hafizah Harun, Rudzidatul Akmam Dziyauddin , Azlina Kamaruddin An effective teaching and learning using Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is necessary to facilitate students to the easy access world of knowledge. The use of ICT essentially leads to significant impact on a condusive learning environment and also on the students’ achievements. In Malaysia, the students come from different background and ethnics, which include orang Asli. The urban students might face less difficulties in accepting the ICT in their lessons. A question then raised regarding the readiness of the Orang Asli students, particularly in remote areas, like Royal Belum, Malaysia. This paper investigates the readiness of the primary students, namely from the Jahai group, in Royal Belum on the use of ICT devices, such as notepad and laptop. In addition to that, we studied the internet facilities and its connectivity at the schools, including some other related issues. Outcome of the observations showed positive readiness of Orang Asli students in using ICT devices. Nevertheless, a substantial effort from the ICT teachers seems crucial to the effective delivery of the ICT syllabus. Additionally, the schools suffer with slow connectivity as the data rate of 20 Mbps needs to be shared with other nearby schools. This has affected the students’ learning and also the teachers’ daily tasks, for instance, in meeting District Education Department (PPD) requirements regarding uploading marks online. Therefore, it is appropriate for the government agencies to search some initiatives in solving the current issues
CPW-Fed Triangular Multiband Monopole of WIFI, WIMAX & LTE published in

International Journal of Advanced and Innovative Research

Published by Spring S Technologies
Deepika Usrethe,Divyanshu Rao,Prof. Ravimohan With fast improvement of portable correspondence frameworks, multiband planar radio wires have pulled in extensive consideration. They are usually utilized as a part of remote correspondence frameworks, particularly in remote neighborhood (WLAN), Worldwide Interoperability of Microwave Access (WiMAX) & Long Term Evolution (LTE) applications. With a specific end goal to fulfill WLAN/WiMAX/LTE principles, multiband reception apparatuses which work at 2.4– 2.484 GHz/5.15– 5.825 GHz of WLAN, 2.5– 2.69 GHz/3.4– 3.69 GHz/5.25– 5.85 GHz of WiMAX, & 2.5– 2.69 GHz of LTE are required. As of late, printed double & triple-band reception apparatuses of WLAN, WiMAX & LTE applications have been proposed. In this letter, a coplanar waveguide (CPW)- encouraged multiband necktie monopole recieving wire is proposed. This reception apparatus can be effortlessly intended to meet prerequisite of various working frequencies by utilizing proposed approach. Various bowed monopoles, which relate to various working frequencies, are produced by carving openings of various lengths in a necktie fix. length of each twisted monopole is resolved under quarter wavelength reverberation condition. Every recurrence band can be effectively fulfilled of broadband character on grounds that tie fix can be dealt with as a broadband impedance-coordinating structure. This examination exhibits a triple-band opened necktie monopole radio wire of WLAN/WiMAX/LTE applications with groups of 2.4– 2.7 GHz, 3.4– 3.7 GHz, & 5.2– 5.8 GHz. extent of proposed radio wire manufactured on a 0.8 mm-thick FR4 substrate with a dielectric steady of 4.2 without considering ground plane size is just mm. great assention between recreation comes about & estimation approves proposed configuration approach.
Comparative Study on Corrosion Inhibition of Metals and Alloys in Artificial Urine (Synthetic Urine) in Presence of Urea published in

Published by
R.Nagalakshmi, S.Rajendran, J.Sathiyabama Corrosion resistance of three metals namely mild steel (MS), SS 316L, Nickel Titanium super elastic alloy has been evaluated in artificial urine in the absence and presence of urea. Potentiodynamic polarization study has been used to investigate the corrosion behavior of these metals. The order of corrosion resistance of metals in artificial urine, in the absence and also in the presence of urea was discussed.
THE POLITICAL REPRESSION OF HIERARCHS AND PRIESTS IN DONBASS REGION IN 20-30 YEARS OF XX CENTURE published in

Theoretical & Applied Science

Published by International Academy of Theoretical & Applied Sciences
Sergey Iosifovich Tatarinov The materials about the repressions of the Russian Orthodox Church hierarchs such as A.Dorodnitsyna, A.Bazhenova, N.Feoloseva, I.Sokolovskogo, I.Popova, I.Puhalskogo and ordinary priests were investigated.
COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ROUTING PROTOCOLS FOR MANETS published in

Published by
M. Palaniammal, M. Lalli Mobile Ad Hoc Network (MANET) is collection of multi-hop wireless mobile nodes that Communicate with each other without centralized control or established infrastructure. The wireless links in this network are highly error prone and can go down frequently due to mobility of nodes, interference and less infrastructure. Therefore, routing in MANET is a critical task due to highly dynamic environment. In recent years, several routing protocols have been proposed for mobile ad hoc networks and prominent among them are DSR, AODV and TORA. This research paper provides an overview of these protocols by presenting their advantages and disadvantages of the proactive, reactive and hybrid protocols and then makes their comparative analysis of their advantages and disadvantages. The objective is to make observations about how the advantages and disadvantages of these protocols can be improved.
Drug Utilization Evaluation of Meropenem and Vancomycin In Febrile Neutropenic Patients published in

Journal of Innovations in Pharmaceutical and Biological Sciences

Published by innovational publishers
Sudhakar. R, Ahamada Safna Mariyam.M, Ashok Kumar T. R. Background: Cancer patients treated with Cytotoxic chemotherapy drugs are prone to develop febrile neutropenia which is a major cause of infection, requires a prompt and effective use of broad-spectrum antibiotics to prevent infection related mortality and morbidity. The purpose of present study is to evaluate the use Meropenem and Vancomycin in Febrile Neutropenia (FN) patients. Materials and Methods: A prospective observational study conducted in hematological oncology ward between February 2014 - July 2014. Results and discussion: A total of 113 patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria, were recruited for the study. The percentage of males and females was found to be 62.83% and 37.16% respectively. The median age of patients was 50 years (ranges from 20 - 80 years). In our study Meropenem and Vancomycin were started empirically in 84.2%, Specific in 15.5% patients. The result shows that Empiric therapy was justified in most of the cases (72%), but continuation of treatment according to the culture reports in several cases was unjustified (45%). Regarding drug utilization monitoring, we observed that out of 34 patients, 21(33.87%) patients were dose adjusted with Meropenem and 2(9.09%) patients with Vancomycin therapy, based on baseline blood urea nitrogen and serum creatinine assessment and 11(17.74%) patients were not adjusted with Meropenem. The gram-negative bacteria (59.4%) are most commonly isolated in our study followed by gram-positive bacteria (40.5%). Conclusion: Drug use evaluation studies should be performed as a routine program in hospitals by the clinical pharmacist to evaluate and improve the quality of patient care, especially in treatment with antimicrobial agents
GREEN SYNTHESIS OF SILVER NANOPARTICLE WITH PLUMBAGO CAPENSIS L. AQUEOUS ROOT EXTRACT AND ITS ANTIFUNGAL ACTIVITY published in

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research

Published by Dr Girhepunje
Anitha Rajasekaran*, Pramiya Nataraj, Manimozhi Ranganathan, Priyom Bose Plumbago capensis root extract can be effectively used in synthesis of silver nanoparticles. The minimum concentration of the extract required to synthesis was 100?l. The silver nanos so synthesized had a maximum absorption of 419nm at UV-VIS spectroscopy and FT-IR analysis indicates capping of the silver nanoparticles. The Scanning and Transmission electron microscopy revealed spherical to oblong shaped particles of 18.69 nm to 46.71nm in length. Curvularia lunata and Aspergillus fumigatus was inhibited by 100% at 1000 ?g/ml silver nanoparticles. The MIC value for C. lunata was 300?g/ml and A. fumigatus was between 750-1000 ?g/ml respectively.
Redesign of Catalytic Converter published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
T. Sekar, Mr. P. Kumaran, S. Mohana Murugan, A. Sivasubramanian An improvement of catalytic converter design requires better fundamental understanding of complex processes taking place involving fluid flow, heat and mass transfer, and chemical reactions. The project deals with the study of fluid flow inside the catalytic converter and the study of temperature distribution and back pressure in catalytic converter. Based on the outcome of the study, simulation has been conducted to redesign the catalytic converter to provide better efficiency, ease reusability and replaceable ceramic instead of replacing the complete unit, using ANSYS-13 on fluid dynamics (CFX). CATIAV5R17 and SOLIDWORKS have been used for geometric modeling of catalytic converter which intern used in ANSYS designing. Flow field in the catalytic converter is influenced by the flow resistance of the substrate for a given geometric configuration. As the mass flow rate increases, the pressure drop also increases. At lower temperature, the catalytic converter will be inactive.
Apoptotic Cell Clearance: An Orchestra With Still Too Many Unknown Players published in

International Journal of Cancer Studies & Research (IJCR)

Published by SciDoc Publishers
Giulio Preta* -
The Arab economic integration and its future strategies published in

Algerian Business Performance Review ABPR

Published by University Kasdi Merbah Ouargla
????? ???? The Arab world is an integral part of the international world, thus the subject of economic integration figured prominently in Arab countries, and the Arab economic integration has become one among the important issues that are extensively arisen recently on both theoretical and practical level, formally and non-formally as well. This interest is in fact an extension of earlier stages, and it will remain the same in the future, given the magnitude of risks and challenges facing the Arab nation and its national security. There is no doubt that these challenges impose on Arab States to develop a new kind of approaches. On this basis, our problematic is the following: Could the Arab economic integration have any future giving the fact that it lives under the pressure of international economic integration? And if it happens what are the most important strategies to follow in the future? Key words: economic integration, globalization, economic integration.
Effect of bio-fertilizers on physico-chemical qualities and leaf mineral composition of guava grown in alluvial zone of West Bengal published in

Journal of Crop and Weed

Published by Crop and Weed Science society
P. DUTTA, S. KUNDU, F. K. BAURI, H. TALANG AND 1D. MAJUMDER An investigation was carried out to study the effect of bio-fertilizers on physico-chemical qualities and leaf mineral composition of guava cv. L-49 grown in New Alluvial Zone of West Bengal, India during 2010-12. The experiment was conducted at the Horticultural Research Station, Mondouri in RCBD considering eight treatments with three replications. Among different treatments Azospirillum + Azotobacter + VAM was most effective in improving the fruit quality followed by Azotobacter + VAM. This treatment also resulted maximum content of leaf minerals (N, P and K). It may be concluded that bio-fertilizer combination Azospirillum + Azotobacter + VAM can be applied for quality fruit production of guava in New Alluvial Zone.
Modern Day Endodontics with Root Canal Treatment and Fibre Reinforced Composite Core Built up as a Means of Avoiding Crown Placement in a Single Appointment A Case Report published in

Advances in Human Biology

Published by Springwood Publication
Chintan Joshi, Hardik Mewada, Mahendra Patel, Pathik Patel. Single visit root canal treatment option is recently considered to be best for irreversible pulpitis and aymptomatic apical periodontitis cases. Also when gross coronal tooth structure has been destroyed by caries, post enodontically it is important to give a restoration which would reinforce the remaining tooth structure and resist fracture against heavy occlusal loading. So, in this particular case, single visit root canal treatment was opted and fibre reinforced nanohybrid composite system was used for reinforcing the coronal tooth portion. Follow up of 2 years showed no signs of any fracture of the crown portion without any symptom related to the root canal treatment.
Survey of Management of Children with Cleft Lip and Palate in Teaching and Specialist Hospitals in Chhattisgarh published in

PARIPEX-INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr. Shweta Singh, Dr. Harshvardhan Singh, Dr. Supriya Mishra, Dr. Pratibha Agrawal Objective: A survey was conducted to obtain an overall view of the current management of children with cleft lip and/or palate in Chhattisgarh. Method: Questionnaires were sent to 59 identified cleft surgeons in all teaching and specialist hospitals (private and government) in Chhattisgarh. Results: A total of 54 respondents returned completed questionnaires. The findings are as follows: (1) a majority of the surgeons (66.6%) are low-volume operators, undertaking 10 or fewer new cleft repairs annually; (2) (90.74%)of the surgeons repair cleft lip at 3 to 4 months of age, and the most common (68.51%) unilateral cleft lip repair method is the rotation advancement technique; (3) 46.29% of the surgeons use straight line repair for bilateral cleft lip; (4) a majority (77.8%) of the respondents close the soft and hard palates as a single procedure; (46.29%) of respondents use the von Langenbeck technique, 22.22% use the double-opposing Z-plasty and 24.07%, the palatal pushback; (5) in the management of protruding premaxilla, 53.70%) of the respondents choose adhesive tape; (6) procedures such as alveolar bone grafting, rhinoplasty, and surgical treatment for velopharyngeal incompetence are rarely done as part of cleft management; and (7) the interdisciplinary team approach is practiced by 7% of respondents. Conclusions: This study will provide preliminary information needed for the eventual establishment of standard cleft management for children with cleft lip and palate deformity and the current organization of cleft services in Chhattisgarh.
Nutritional status and IQ level of tribal adolescent girls of Vankal Mangrol taluka of Surat district published in

Food Science Research Journal

Published by Rakesh kumar Singh
NAGIN H. GAMIT Adolescences a significant period of human growth and maturation. Growth may be cumulative indicator of nutritional status and IQ level of 50 tribal adolescent girls of 13-18 years of age in Kasturba hostels of Vankal Mangrol Taluka of Surat District. Data on anthropometric measurements (height and weight) were collected to assess nutritional status revealed that height of subjects varied from 131.67 cm to 154.55 cm which were 83.81-94.41% of standard (NCHS). According to weight all 13-15 years of girls had moderate grade malnutrition while 16-18 years of girls, 65% had moderate between 91-114 for 13-18 years girls, which was in normal IQ range and only 4% girls were below normal IQ. The study revealed that height and weight of girls were positively high degree and moderately correlated with IQ level of Kasturba hostel Vankal Mangrol Taluka of Surat District girls, as height and weight increases with IQ.
Recent Trends in Viral Marketing and its Transmission published in

PARIPEX-INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
M. Renuka Devi Viral marketing describes any strategy that encourages individuals to pass on a marketing message to others, creating a potential for exponential growth in the messages influence and exposure. This is similar to the way the virus procreates exponentially. Generally, it is more about marketing through the Internet blogs, mails, social networking sites, etc. There have been attempts to change the name, but viral has stuck, offensive though it may sound. Viral Marketing is fast becoming trend amongst marketers due to developments and influence of social and technological factors. Communicating online has become a highly popular method for staying in touch with others. Due to the accessibility and convenience of the Internet and communication vehicles it offers, such as e-mail, instant messenger and social networking, people are choosing to communicate online as an alternative to face-to-face or telephone. The online consumer is well connected. Hence how viral marketing has surfaced. Viral marketing depends on the natural propensity of an online consumer to forward something they see of value on to their network of contacts.
Resource Loss and Depressive Symptoms Following Hurricane Katrina: A Principal Component Regression Study published in

Published by
Liang L1*, Hayashi K1, Bennett P2, Johnson T. J2, Aten J. D3 To understand the relationship between the structure of resource loss and depression after disaster exposure, the components of resource loss and the impact of these resource loss components on depression was examined among college students (N=654) at two universities who were affected by Hurricane Katrina. The component of resource loss was analyzed by principal component analysis first. Gender, social relationship loss, and financial loss were then examined with the regression model on depression. Financial loss was a significant predictor of depression. Social relationship loss did not predict depression significantly. In predicting depression, resource loss was more important for females than for males.
EXPRESSION OF SOMATOSTATIN RECEPTOR TYPE II AS DIAGNOSTIC AND PROGNOSTIC BIO-MARKER OF HEPATOCELLULAR CARCINOMA published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Abdel-hamid NM, Atef E. Abd El-Baky*, Mohamed O and Thabet KM Hepatocellular carcinoma is a sequel of chronic liver disease and shows high and increasing prevalence worldwide. In most cases it is associated with the presence of liver cirrhosis and has a poor prognosis. Estimation the expression of somatostatin receptor type II and caspase as diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers in different stages of hepatocellular carcinoma are the aim of this study. METHODS: Thirty two albino mice (2025 g) were randomly divided into four groups (n=8), the first three groups used for induction of hepatocellular carcinoma, where all mice in the three groups received sub necrotic single dose of DENA 90mg/kg body weight in 0.9% normal saline I.P. The first three groups were sacrificed after 8, 16 and 24 weeks. Fourth group (control group), served as normal healthy group received saline vehicle and was sacrificed after 24 weeks. RESULTS: The mRNA expression of SSTR2 was proportional to each stage of HCC development. The levels of SSTR2 mRNA at 8, 16 and 24 months were 2.71, 4.1, 5.32 fold of that of the control respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Expression of SSTR-II and caspase along with ?-fetoprotein (AFP) expression can be used as a useful parameter for diagnosis and to evaluate the prognosis of HCC.
EFFECT OF SURFACE CHARGE ON PHOTOCATALYTIC REDUCTION OF CATIONIC DYES BY ZINC OXIDE POWDER: A COMPARATIVE STUDY published in

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research

Published by Dr Girhepunje
Ritu Vyas1*, Deepak Swarnkar2 and Suresh C. Ameta2 The field of photocatalysis has opened new avenues of research in chemistry, as many chemical reactions can now be driven photocatalytically, which was not possible by ordinary chemical or photochemical methods. The photoreduction of cationic dyes (Brilliant green and Crystal violet) in presence of ZnO as photocatalyst has been carried out. The rate of this photochemical reaction was observed spectrophotochemically. The effect of different parameters like pH, concentration of dyes, amount of semiconductor and light intensity on the reaction rate was observed . The effect of charge of different cations, anions and ligands on the reaction rate was also studied by taking cations like Na+, Ba2+, Al3+, anions like Cl-, SO42-, PO43- and ligands like EDTA, NTA. Further behavior of photocatalytic bleaching was studied by varying the concentration of cation (Ba2+), anion (PO43-) and ligand (EDTA). A tentative mechanism for the photocatalytic degradation of dyes has also been observed.
Wide Area Monitoring, Protection and Control: Requirements and Applications in Power System Protection published in

The journal of CPRI

Published by Central Power Research Institute
Dijin Divakaran and Amit Jain Due to the large scale network complexities, system wide disturbances in power systems are a challenging issue for the power industry. When a major power system disturbance occurs, protection and control actions are required to stop the degradation of the system and restore to a normal state thereby minimizing the impact of the disturbance. Improvements in planning and operation of the grid could be achieved by Wide Area Monitoring, Protection and Control (WAMPAC) Applications. The purpose of wide area monitoring system is to monitor, assess, enable and automatically take necessary action to mitigate the harmful effects due to disturbances or faults in the system. This paper discusses in details WAMPAC. The present work also gives an overview of the Phasor Measurement technology and it benefits, requirements and applications for WAMPAC strategies
Phytochemical Study on Leaves of Sapium Insigne Benth published in

Published by
VARUN KUMAR SHARMA, RACHANA, LALIT GUPTA, C S GUPTA, C P SINGH Sapium insigne Benth were analyzed and identify protein, crude protein, ether extract, crude fibre, carbohydrate, sugar, reducing sugars, minerals, and trace elements in the leaves of the Sapium insigne Benth plant.
A SWARM INTELLIGENCE OPTIMIZATION APPROACH FOR SMART HIVE FINDING IN HONEY BEES published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Prof. A. V. Zade*, Prof. G. B. Regulwar, Dr. R. M. Tugnayat Swarm Intelligence is a problem - solving behavior that occurs as a result of a multiplicity of interactions between independent components that make up the entire system Swarm intelligence comes from the biological study of social insect and insight about how they manage to solve complex problems in their daily lives. Research field as swarm systems are examples of behavior based systems. The proposed approach can be useful in traveling salesman problem also in optimized way of path finding. The Smart approach of swarm honey bees for the Hive finding is the novel approach. Our intention is to use this kind of methodology in our conventional problems to solve efficiently. BCO model has adopted mainly two natural behaviors from the social bees’ life: The mating process behavior and the foraging process behavior
Diversity Of Forensic Blowflies (Diptera: Calliphoridae) From Western Ghats, Maharastra, India published in

Published by
Jadav Divya K. , Dr. T. V. Sathe Western Ghats of Maharastra is amongst the 18 hot spots of the world for conservation and protection of biodiversity. It is harbor for many plant and animal species. However, due to human interference, the biodiversity of Ghats is under threat. Blowflies have forensic value and very useful for solving problems related to murder, suicide, sexual molestation, child neglect and abuse, etc. They have also important role in decomposition of vertebrate carcasses belonging to amphibia, reptilia, aves and mammalia in forest and plain ecosystems. Therefore, diversity of blowflies have been studied from Western Ghats of Maharastra, India. A total of 22 species belonging to 9 genera have been reported. The important genera refer to Silbomyia, Calliphora, Phumosia, Melinda, Lucilla, Pollenia, Tianania, Dexopollenia and Chrysomya.
LAND USE COVER CHANGE DETECTION OF KUFA CITY, CENTRAL PART OF IRAQ USING REMOTE SENSING AND GIS TECHNIQUES published in

Theoretical & Applied Science

Published by International Academy of Theoretical & Applied Sciences
Saad R Yousif; Watheq F Shneen The large population growth of the province of Najaf, the latest great pressure on the city of Kufa, and the lack of adequate housing areas within the administrative boundaries has resulted in an increase of slums to a crawl towards agricultural areas and bypassed outside the administrative design of the city. Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) have the potential to provide accurate information regarding land use and land cover changes. This paper testifies the appropriate techniques utilized to detect land use and land cover changes and the effect of irregular expansion on the urban planning.
Artificial Intelligence (Biologically Inspired Intelligent Robots Using Artificial Intelligence) published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Mamidi Sai Akash D. Artificial Intelligence is a branch of Science which deals with helping machines finds solutions to complex problems in a more human-like fashion. This generally involves borrowing characteristics from human intelligence, and applying them as algorithms in a computer friendly way. A more or less flexible or efficient approach can be taken depending on the requirements established, which influences how artificial the intelligent behavior appears .Humans throughout history have always sought to mimic the appearance, mobility, functionality, intelligent operation, and thinking process of biological creatures. This field of biologically inspired technology, having the moniker biometrics, has evolved from making static copies of human and animals in the form of statues to the emergence of robots that operate with realistic appearance and behavior. This paper covers the current state-of-the-art and challenges to making biomimetic robots using artificial muscles.
Comparision and Relationship Between Abundance of Aquatic Insects and Water Parameters of Sagar Lake, Madhya Pradesh, India published in

Published by
Anjana Choudhary, Janak Ahi An investigation was done to study the diversity of aquatic insect community and physico-chemical parameters in Sagar Lake, India. The aquatic insects were collected by using insects net from the study area during the month of November 2013 to October 2014. The aquatic insect community was represented by 10 species, 10 genus, 12 families and 4 orders. The most abundant order was Hemiptera, followed by Coleoptera during study period. Physico-chemical parameters studied were Temperature, pH, DO, COD, BOD, Total Alkalinity, Total Hardness, Chloride, Phosphate and Nitrate.
Study Of Pulmonary Involvement In Leptospirosis published in

Published by
Dr. JITENDRA. H. PARIKH,Dr. MEETA.G.NANAVATI,Dr.Darshak BACKGROUND: Leptospirosis, a zoonotic disease caused by spirochetes of genus Leptospira. It has a worldwide distribution and is common in the humid tropical and subtropical areas, where most developing countries are found. It is a greater problem in tropical countries than those with a temperature climate. Outbreak mostly occur as a results of heavy rainfall and consequent flooding.41 Leptospirosis is very common form in south Gujarat since last few years, particularly its occurrence in rainy season in the month of July to September. During this period, farm worker acquire infection while working in farm. Pulmonary symptoms are common in icteric cases, so high degree of suspicion , early recognition and prompt referral to higher centres with facility of mechanical ventilator is necessary to because to decrease mortality. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: 1) To study the pulmonary involvement in Leptospirosis. 2) To study the involvement of other organ systems in Leptospirosis bedsides pulmonary involvement. 3) To know the prognostic factors in cases having due to Leptospirosis. 4) To study mortality in pulmonary due to Leptospirosis. 5) To study the role of multi organ dysfunction along with pulmonary involvement in mortality due to Leptospirosis. METHOD: The present study was carried out in new civil hospital , Surat (NCHS) during the outbreak in the years 2005 and 2006 between the month of July and October. All the patients referred to NCHS with clinical suspicion of Leptospirosis were studied. CONCLUSION: Pulmonary involvement is one of the common modes of presentation in Leptospirosis in south Gujarat. Breathlessness ,cough, and haemoptysis are common pulmonary symptoms on presentation .ARDS and alveolar haemorrhage are important complications of pulmonary involvement in Leptospirosis and associated with high mortality .Plasmapheresis is a newer modality of management in pulmonary involvement with Leptospirosis and has promising results and can be tried in future.
Promoting Conceptual Change and Algorithmic Learning in College Students Understanding of Molecular Density published in

Published by
KING-DOW SU This study constructs strategies of problem-solving skills to promote conceptual change, algorithmic learning and investigates its effectiveness on students understanding of the molecular density concept. The sample consists of 47 college students in a primary electronic engineering department. As a quasi-experimental method, it divides college students into two teaching groups, the experimental group and the control group. The statistic results demonstrated that the experimental group students who had finished the learning strategies had shown better learning performance than those of the control group students. Experimental students also had more accurate answering rates of posttests in contrast to their pretests. The same experimental group students with different learning attitudes indicated more significant conceptual change and algorithmic understanding after completing strategies of problem-solving maps.
Recent Trends in Europe's Output and Productivity Growth Performance at the Sector Level, 2002-2015 published in

International Productivity Monitor

Published by Centre for the Study of Living Standards
Bart van Ark and Kirsten Jäger Using the latest release of sector-level growth and productivity data up to 2015 from the EU KLEMS database, evidence is mounting that the global financial crisis (2008/09) and the Euro Area recession (2011/12) have significantly damaged the growth potential of European economies across the board. None of the countries in the 12 EU member states included in the analysis have recovered to growth rates anywhere near to what they were in the decade before the crisis. Slow productivity growth which was already visible in most market services sectors before the crisis has broadened to the goods-producing sector for most European economies since the crisis. The manufacturing sector was particularly hard hit, and has only partially recovered. The dynamics of the global and Euro Area crises and their impact seem still to be in full swing, making it too early to judge whether output and productivity growth rates can still recover to the pre-crises rate or whether growth in Europe will end up as a slower long-term trend.
Impact of Human Resource Management Practices on Employee Retention: A Case of Banking Sector in Quetta Balochistan published in

JOURNAL OF MANAGEMENT INFO

Published by Readers Insight Publisher
Palwasha Kakar, Abdul Raziq, Faisal Khan The main objective of every organization is not only to select the right person for the right job, but also to fascinate and retain them within the organization. Employee retention has considerable importance these days. This research has conducted to investigate how human resource management practices (employee compensation, employee training, appraisal system and employee empowerment) affect retention of banks employees. The data of the research was quantitative survey, where questionnaires were distributed among 180 bank employees of different banks in Quetta city, out of which 150 were returned back. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 18.0. The results of the current examined that there is significant positive relationship exists between human recourse management practices (empowerment, compensation, training and appraisal system) with employee retention. The study also discusses the limitations and recommendation for future research.
Krushi Avam Anya kriyao me karyarat gramin mahilao ki samasyaye Avam Sarkari Karyakram published in

Published by
Sunita Beniwal -
Apos Based Mental Constructs for Learning Mathematics by Ix Standard Students published in

PARIPEX-INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Hari Haran. R Generally the students have difficulty in learning mathematics and so as to have direct them to build the most suitable mental structure through their computational brain, APOS strategy is derived. In this experimental study totally 70 IX standard students were purposely selected and allotted equally in two groups control and experimental and the. The pretest post-test tool was implemented. Results predicted that the ICT enabled Tata Interactive system was very much helpful to have more achievement in the experimental group
Pneumocystis Jirovecii: A Retrospective Evaluation Of The Last 15 Years In Istanbul, Turkey published in

Published by
Hayriye K?rkoyun Uysal, Ozer Akgul, Sevim Purisa, Yasar Ali Oner To evaluate the epidemiological and significance characteristics of Pneumocystis jirovecii in the Istanbul area. We retrospectively collected data from the cases with Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PJP) diagnosed at Istanbul University Hospital during a 15 year period (between 1998 and 2012) in Istanbul, Turkey. Total of 387 samples were examined by Giemsa staining and direct immunofluorescence method. Eight-one of all (20.9%) were found positive for Pneumocystis jirovecii. Statistically highly significant increasing was found at the positivity ratio of Pneumocystis jirovecii (p<0.001). Although risk factors, person to person transmission and effective prophylaxis being known, Pneumocystis jirovecii remains a important infectious disease associated with HIV and in other immunosppressive agents as well. Continuous efforts in infection control are still needed to keep the incidence down. Further and epidemiological surveillance studies with larger patient groups are needed to elucidate the actual role of Pneumocystis jirovecii in infectious diseases
?????? ??????????? ?????????????? ???????????? ??????? ????-??????? ????? ?? ????? published in

Eurasian Union of Scientists

Published by Ltd International Education Center
????? ????? ?????????? The article discusses the results of a marketing study of the influence of ethno elements design shoes for increased demand in internet marketing. An collection and analysis of economic and statistical information on the number of ordered footwear and rating models before and after the publication of the developed site. The results show the effectiveness of marketing activities to promote the shoe models from the current range, which is caused by an increase in both the rating models with ethnic characteristics, and the demand for shoes
A Study on Industry Practices Relating To Working Capital Policies published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr .R.Kavitha, Dr. R.Shanmugam Working capital plays a vital role in the firms operations and requires the efficient management. Most of the companies have informal working capital policy and company size has an influence on the overall working capital policy and approach -conservative, moderate or aggressive. The objective of the study is to analyze the industry practices relating to working capital policies of the selected firm. The data required for the study have been collected from the PROWESS of CMIE and Capitaline Plus database of Capital Market Publishers India Pvt. Ltd, Mumbai, India. There are twenty one out of thirty large pharmaceutical firms has been selected for the study for the period of ten years from 2000-01 to 2009-10. Ratio analysis, descriptive statistics, one-way ANOVA, Tukeys Honestly Significantly Different (HSD) tests, rank order correlation and regression analysis have been used in the analysis. According to the study, pharmaceutical firms are found to follow conservative investment and financing policies. There is no uniformity in the policies of firms even though they belong to same industry. There is a change in policies of all the firms over the period. There is a strong stability in each industrys relative level of aggressiveness with respect to working capital investment policies over a period of time. It found that there is a negative relationship between working capital policies and profitability.
Constructive Impacts of Online Advertisements on Commercial Products - A Gender Based Perceptional Analysis Among the Teenagers in Tamil Nadu published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr. K. Pongiannan, S. Sivaneshwaran Online advertising is often disguised as a form of entertainment, and it can therefore often be hard to identify an advertisement as promotional. The Internet is an advertising medium that frequently makes use of brand incentives (such as brand mascots, membership in clubs, crafts activities, online games, free samples, extra material for free download or distribution) to influence children to favor the products being promoted. With the advent of information technology and massive growth in multimedia concepts, the internet has the ability to support a variety of online advertising formats (Rodgers & Thorson, 2000). According to Wolin, Korgaonkar, & Lund (2002), web advertisings broad format consists of commercial content paid for by sponsors, designed for audiences, delivered by video, print, audio, graphics or animation. All these online advertising formats can be a good source of information for making purchase decision. Further, in every ones life internet becomes emerging media for information and entertainment. Almost all demographic groups of people availing the internet facility and they come across with online advertisements while surfing internet. This will ultimately raise a question whether the online advertisements creates any impacts. Though there are many people using internet for information gathering, entertainment, chatting, exchanging information and ideas, buying and selling of products and services, teenagers are mostly attracted by internet sophistications. Hence, this paper signifies the impact of online advertisements on commercial products among the teenagers. For this purpose a well structured questionnaire was used as tool for collecting data from the teenagers being the target group of respondents. Accordingly, questionnaire was administered to 2500 respondents with a yielding rate of 80.04 % (2001 usable Questionnaires). The geographical area of Tamil Nadu State in India was used as the sampling area. The questionnaire was administered in person to students in identified schools and colleges all over Tamil Nadu. Also, Snowball Sampling Technique was used to collect data from respondents who are stationed far away from the researcher. The data used for the purpose of this study were collected for a period of 6 months from 1st July 2014 to 31st December 2014. The collected data were subjected to statistical analysis using Frequency analysis, Chi-Square test, and Kruskal Wallis test. From the statistical analysis, it is clear that, teenagers attitude is neutral about the impact of online advertisement and their subsequent purchase of product advertised through online. Further, it is inferred from the study that the respondents do not differ significantly based on gender on the statements like reliability of online advertisements as a source of information, purchase of the product which are advertised online and sharing of gathered information from online advertising with others.
As Strangers and Pilgrims. Hermeneutical Hospitality as Missiological Paradigm for Ecumenical Dialogue published in

Religacin. Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades

Published by RELIGACIN-RGN. Centro de Investigaciones en Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades desde Amrica Latina
Daniel Jara This paper proposes a new missiological paradigm for ecumenical dialogue in order to deal with the tension between the “religious identity” of the person involved, which is not static, and the openness that the other demands in order to be recognized. Finally, it mentions the notion of feast as a space for hermeneutical openness and encounter where people who is involved in ecumenical dialogue can find recognition, trust in the other can be developed, their own strangeness and fragility can be embraced, and an anteroom of the eschatological reconciliation with those whose differences seem insurmountable can be opened.
Effect of TCSC on power system stability published in

The journal of CPRI

Published by Central Power Research Institute
Vipin Jainand Narendra Kumar In FACTS devices supplementary signals are widely used to mitigate sub synchronous resonance in power system. Sub synchronous resonance occurs due to series capacitor in the power systems. In this paper Effect of TCSC on power system performance is studied and it is shown that TCSC can bring down SSR frequency and at high value of series capacitive reactance it can stabilize all the modes of turbine- generator set without supplementary signal. The study system is IEEE first benchmark model. Modeling of IEEE first benchmark model with TCSC is also presented in this paper. Small signal stability and Large signal stability both are carried out in this paper.
Potential & Impediments of Indian Internet Banking: A Critical Analysis published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr Amitava Basu On a long-term basis, Indian banking business definitely looks attractive as it is a huge under-penetrated banking market. According to a PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC) report, India may well be the third largest banking hub in the world by 2040. The penetration of banking channels will have to increase in geometrical progression, to help fulfill Indias aspirations of becoming an economic superpower in the 21st century. Though the Internet Banking in India has a huge potential, still there are lot of impediments in its way. Online banking has not penetrated in India to the expected levels compared to the growth in other areas. A widespread trust in the security of electronic transactions is yet to develop among the masses. The traditional mind setup of the Indian customers who believe in touch and feel factor and the lack of awareness perhaps are the main reasons why Internet banking has not grown well in India. Internet banking has been gaining ground around the globe. In order to get a share of the opportunities and to face the new challenges, Indian banking sector should try to cater to the demands of the tech-savvy young generation by resorting to more sophisticated and innovative information technology. However, it has to be kept in mind that a significant proportion of older consumers still believe in human contact. Thus, the only way to maintain competitiveness seems to be the adoption of a hybrid model (clicks and mortar) that offers traditional as well as online banking services.
Diurnal variation in transmission of PAR within wheat and mustard canopies under intercropping system published in

Journal of Crop and Weed

Published by Crop and Weed Science society
S. JENA, S. MAJI, S. BASU, PRAMITI. K. CHAKRABORTY, 1P. BANDOPADHYAY, 1R. NATH AND 2P. K.CHAKRABORTY Light transmission causes variation in light utilization under intercropping. To analyse the transmission of photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) in wheat-mustard intercropping, a two year experiment (2008-09 and 2009-10) with five treatments was conducted, (T :sole wheat, T -:sole mustard, T :two wheat: six mustard, T : four wheat: four 1 2 3 4 mustard and T : six wheat: two mustard) in a RBD with six replications in a 54 m2 plot. PAR was measured from 7:30 to 5 15:30 h by means of line quantum sensor at two hour interval. PAR transmission was maximum at 15:30 h throughout the growth phase in wheat and at 07:30 h in mustard. Mean transmission in T treatment was maximum (47.34 to 90.3%) 3 during mid phase of growth in wheat, sole mustard recorded maximum transmission. Sunlit leaf area index (L*) decreased significantly with the increment in transmission. About 74.6% variation in L* was explained by the variation of transmittance at 11:30 h in wheat.
SYNTHESIS AND ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF FIVE MEMBERED CYCLIC IMIDE DERIVATIVES OF MONO, DI AND TRI SUBSTITUTED AROMATIC AMINES AND NAPTHYL AMINE published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Ravindra S. Dhivare and Shankarsing S. Rajput* The five membered cyclic imide derivatives were prepared by reacting succinic anhydride with substituted aromatic amines and napthyl amine to get 3-(N-phenylcarbamoyl) propanoic acid and 3-(Nnapthylcarbamoyl) propanoic acid. These intermediates underwent ring closer with acetyl chloride furnished five membered cyclic imides derivatives. All these derivatives were screened for antimicrobial activities.
??????????????? ????????? ????????? ???????????? published in

International informational and analytical journal ?Crede Experto: transport, society, education, language?

Published by the Irkutsk Branch of the Moscow State Technical University of Civil Aviation
??????? ?. ?. ? ?????? ???????????? ????????? ?????????? ???????????? ???????????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????????? ? ????????? ???????????????? ?????????????? ????????????. ????????? ???????????? ???????????? ? ???????? ???????? ??????????? ??????????????? ??????? ? ??????????????? ??? ????????????? ??? ?????????????? ????????????.
Manrega Vikas ka Path he rajniti Nahi published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Shubhas Chandra -
Impact of Foreign Institutional Investors in Commodity Market published in

International Journal of Management Research and Social Science (IJMRSS)

Published by Innovative Research Developers and Publishers (IRDP)
Dr. S. Rajamohan #1, G. Hudson Arul Vethamanikam *2 Investment is a basic things and necessary for each and every person. The investment is differing from one person to another person because its based on our salaries. This investment is a part of amount from the saving, the purpose of investment is getting more money through investment. Most of them want to more gain without risk but the real factors are based on risk. If you wants to get a more money in short period then should be face the high risk. If risk is low then return also low in the place of stock market. In primary stage the shares only to participant in the stock market but still the different kinds of commodity also participant in online market. Those who are want to buy the good then easy to buy and sell through online markets. Now a day the above 45 products are traded through online. Most of them are foreigners, they are interest to invest the money in India. India is largest lands and also having the lot of natural goods is available. The one more important factor is returning the money within the stipulated time/period. These are the reason to present the paper above the title of Impact of Foreign Institutional Investors in Commodity Market.
AN ANALYSTICAL REVIEW OF METAL 3D PRINTING published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Azad Singh* The purpose of this paper is to review the recent trends in the Metal 3D Printing. Metal 3D Printing holds a unique position in modern-day product development. It allows for the direct manufacturing of complex end-use parts and facilitates tooling for conventional manufacturing technologies, reducing costs and lead times.3D printing is a technology on the cusp, and therefore it is essential that you be fully prepared for its arrival. The only way to profit from great changes is to anticipate them in the very early stages and be ready to take advantages of the opportunities that they create. We are still at the beginning phase today, but major technical advanced are already heralding enormous business opportunities. 3D printing is a technique that converts a digital design in to tangible products by laying down consecutive cross section of materialism thin layers until it is built up.3D printing has been widely used in aerospace, Bio- Printing and automotive industries to create prototype of un usually shaped components. The material here has been meticulously researched and combined with uniquely specialized knowledge of overseas manufacturing, niche markets and emerging economies.
THE LANGUAGE OF CINEMA: FILM GRAMMAR AND VISUAL LITERACY published in

International Journal of Communication Research

Published by Apollonia University of Iasi
Daniela TECUCIANU Regarded as a visual esperanto transcending the barriers of national language, cinema is irrefutably a powerful means of communicating meaning, a language in itself, comparable to mathematics and music in its universality. Nonetheless, this language has its own peculiarities and it functions in a unique way, displaying its own grammar. Indeed, film may be said to have a grammar in the sense that there are certain conventions of shooting and editing that are often followed to determine particular emotional responses or to create the illusion of continuous action in time and space. As print-oriented literacy requires recognition of words and the patterns in which they are usually combined, so film literacy requires recognition of cinematic techniques. Our current paper sets out to investigate how the language of cinema works and to prove that, in order to adequately understand this type of language, we have to be both visually and aurally literate.
A study of Acute Pancreatitis , Diagnostic Modalities and Newer Guidelines published in

Published by
Dr. Astha K. Trivedi, Dr. Divyeshkumar Chaudhari, Dr. Sourabh Damani BACKGROUND : Acute pancreatitis is a common and challenging disease that can develop both local and systemic complications which ranges from mild self limiting inflammation of pancreas to critical disease characterized by infected pancreatic necrosis, multiple organ failure, and a high risk of mortality AIMS AND OBJECTIVES 1. To study etiological factors and presentation of Acute Pancreatitis 2. To assess various investigations for diagnosis of acute pancreatitis and its complications. 3. Study of Newer Guidelines MATERIAL AND METHODOLOGY The analytical study of 25 cases of Acute Pancreatitis was done during April 2010 to December 2012 in patients of Sheth V.S. General Hospital ,Ahmedabad,Gujarat, India. OBSERVATION AND DISCUSSSION In our analytical study of 25 patients of acute pancreatitis, there is male preponderance, with maximum 18 patients (72%) are below 45 years of age. Alcoholism ranks first as the etiological factor 48% followed by 20% biliary tract disease. Among the male, alcoholism is the most common etiological factor, because addiction of it is more common in males, while biliary tract disease is the most common factor in female. Abdominal pain, vomiting, fever, abdominal distention are its common clinical symptoms RESULTS Most of cases of acute pancreatitis (20 cases in our study)had self limiting course which were the cases of mild acute pancreatitis. Where as in 5 cases of acute severe pancreatitis with complication we had to explore Newer guidelines has been presented in 2013 by American College of Gastroenterology which will help in better management of patients of Acute Pancreatitis
Electrochemical Reduction of Carbon Dioxide at Surface Oxidized Copper Electrodes published in

Published by
G. Keerthiga, B. Viswanathan, C. Alex Pulikottil and Raghuram Chetty Carbon dioxide a common greenhouse gas is converted to value added products such as methane and ethane by electrochemical reduction at a surface oxidized copper electrode. The product yield and the relationships between the surface chemistry and reaction behavior were investigated. Ethane was observed as a dominant product at the surface oxidized Cu electrodes suggesting that Cu (I) species play a critical role in selectivity towards C2 species.
An overview of agricultural policy for pro-poor growth and its interaction with environmental resources in Nigeria published in

Basic Research Journal of Agricultural Science and Review

Published by Akpojevwa Justin
Abdullahi Hussaini The Nigerian agricultural sector has improved in the recent years. But this improvement needs to be sustained to achieve the development target set for the sector. The growth pattern must be pro-poor, gender sensitive and environmentally friendly. The agricultural sector also needs to diversify its activities to high value production. This will not come automatically. Policies and strategies are needed to improve farmers access to technologies, credit, markets, and information and to encourage private sector investment in processing and marketing business. Improve governance, equitable and well functioning markets, supplies of essential inputs such as seeds and fertilizer, access to sustainable technologies and absence of conflict are likely to make Nigerian agriculture flourish. Agricultural policies must be carefully designed to prevent overlapping organizational roles and responsibilities. The need to have an agricultural system that is pro-poor and having all the ingredients for environmental sustainability calls for this overview. Keywords: Agriculture, Pro-poor, Environment, Sustainability
COMPARISON BETWEEN ONLINE AND PRINT MEDIA published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Ms. Pinki* Print media typically includes newspapers, articles, journals etc. on the other hand, electronic media could be internet, television etc.the industry associated with printing and distribution of news through newspapers and magazine is printing industry while Electronic Media is able to provide every branch of human knowledge. Surveillance, interpretation, transmission of values, entertainment and linkage mixed up with a huge amount of advertising characterize its content. Information can be transmitted by audible (Radio) or audio-visual. The purpose of this paper is to explore the preferences of students for online and printed material.
Participation Rights of Child in School: A Study of Perception Among Pre-Service Teacher Trainees published in

Published by
Madhusudanan. S All human beings have equal rights and should be treated with dignity. Universal Declaration of Human rights are the precursor for the convention on children rights. Children are more vulnerable than adults and can easily be exploited, hence upholding children rights are pivotal. The paper analyses the participation rights of child in the school. The study is descriptive in nature, simple random sampling (n =72) is used and the self-prepared questionnaire is filled in by the respondents. Likert scale is used to study the perception among the pre-service teacher trainees. The results reveal that the pre-service teacher trainees have medium perception, overwhelming majority of respondents have not attended child rights training and there is no difference among gender in perception.
EVALUATION OF ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF MEDICINAL PLANTS AND PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF CISSUS QUADRANGULARIS L published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
K. Ramar1* and V. Ayyadurai2 Plants have various medicinal properties. Medicinal plants are in use for thousands of years and are renowned for their effectiveness in various treatments. The medicinally usable plants were identified and extracted for biochemical profile and formulated for medical applications. Cissus quadrangularis is an important medicinal plant belonging to the family Vitaceae. In India, C.quadrangularis is widely used as a common food item. In this study the qualitative phytochemical Analysis, Antifungal activity and in vitro Antimicrobial screening C.quadrangularis were evaluated by using ethanol extracts, Anti-bacterial activity of C.quadrangularis was studied in this study the secondary metabolites such as phenol, alkaloids, sterols, tannins and Flavonoids were present in the ethanol extract of C.quadrangularis. The anti-bacterial activity of various extracts of leaf at different concentration was evaluated against some human pathogenic bacteria and the results were discussed. The result of the in-vitro antifungal activity of C. quadrangularis.
A STUDY ON CUSTOMER PERCEPTION TOWARDS ONLINE SHOPPING, NAMAKKAL published in

International Education and Research Journal

Published by
Dr. A. T. Jaganathan Mr. J. Suresh kumar Mr. M. Sakthivel Mr. M. Mohanraj The present article is an attempt that has been made to study the customer perception towards online shopping at Namakkal district. In this study an attempt has been made customer perception on online shoppers has been playing a vital role in these scenarios day to day activities in the mind of customers. Customer perception is typically affected in the way of broadly such as advertising, reviews, public relations, social media and personal experiences etc.,. Today we say that customers are mind blowing while go for a online shopping because the wide range of internet facilities in the era. The questionnaire was prepared through the inputs taken from the past researches and also from the feedbacks of the pilot study. Thus the validated final questionnaire was used to collect data from 150 respondents. The researchers have adopted random convenient sampling technique to gather the data. The data are analyzed using the simple percentage analysis and ANOVA (analysis of variances) methods. The result of this study reveals that customers are intake in the future online shopping in the way of intention for getting a products through internet websites such as EBay, Flipkart etc.,. The study suggested that the advertisers need to focus on their every customer's effort to tab the market assuming that the influence of the television ads in the online shopping behavior.
Corrosion Inhibition and Biocidal Activity of Carbon Steel in Neutral Aqueous Medium published in

Journal of Chemical, Biological and physical sciences

Published by Scientific and Academic Association
B. Balanaga Karthik*1, P. Selvakumar2 and C.Thangavelu3 Weight-loss method, FT-IR were used to study inhibition efficiency in presence and absence of Zn2+ using {diethylenetriamine penta(methylene phosphonic acid)}(DTPMP) as corrosion inhibitor for Carbon steel in 60 ppm Cl-. The weight-loss method gives about the idea of corrosion rate and inhibition efficiency. The blank system that is 60 ppm Cl- gives high corrosion. If 60 ppm Cl- + 25 ppm TSC + 50 ppm DTPMP with 10 ppm of Zn2+ used as the inhibitor, which gives the maximum inhibition efficiency of 87%. The Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy shows that the protective film formed on the metal surface. The influence of immersion period and pH has been studied. As the immersion period increases the inhibition efficiency decreases by the continuous attack of chloride ion. pH influence the inhibition efficiency of inhibitor, as the pH increases the inhibition efficiency also increases and corrosion rate decreases. Biocide used for this study is N-Cetyl- N,N,N-trimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB), which gives the 100% Biocidal efficiency. As the concentration of biocide increases the inhibition efficiency also increases and also it reduces the concentration of Zn2+ used for the formulation. The suitable mechanism was proposed to the corrosion inhibition for the above said inhibitor formulation.
Computer Aided Instruction For Preschoolers In Mathematics published in

Proceedings Journal of Education, Psychology and Social Science Research

Published by Sons and Daughters Publishing House Inc.
Marylene Saldon-Eder, Paul Rojas, Mary Grace Empasis, Love Jhoye M. Raboy Computers are increasingly a part of pre-schoolers to professional lives. The use of multimedia in education has significantly changed peoples learning processes. Computer technology holds promise for improving student performance and quality of teaching education program at all levels. Today, development has been rapid and technology has been acknowledged as an additional teaching tool. Results from a number of research studies indicate that appropriately designed multimedia instruction enhances students learning performance in mathematics, and literacy. The purpose of the present paper was to discuss research avenues employing computers as a learning tool and to analyse the results obtained by this method at the pre-schoolers learning level.
Issues Related to the Diagnosis of Developmental Dyscalculia published in

Published by
Deepika Agarwal, Dr. Sona Ahuja With the increase in the growing number of children diagnosed with developmental dyscalculia (DD), its understanding is essential for pedagogues to ascertain workable instructional strategies. One of the most promising ways to ensure the well- being of DD individuals is to document relatively reliable identification of such cases so that well timed remediation can be provided. This paper underlines the issues for diagnosis of DD in context of the psychometric properties (reliability and validity) of the tools, appropriateness of using standardized tests, necessity of item-timed tests, dependability on single measure, adopting dissimilar parameters in different tools, cost and technology, level of education and need of longitudinal studies. Suitability of using response to intervention for the identification of DD students is also discussed. We conclude by recommending for further research to document relatively reliable investigation of DD.
Transformer Fault Analysis Using Finite Element Method and Frequency Response Analysis published in

The journal of CPRI

Published by Central Power Research Institute
Pritesh Bhoniya and Prasanta Kundu With the appearance of deregulation, distribution transformer predictive maintenance is becoming more important for utilities to prevent forced outages with the consequential costs. To detect and diagnose a transformer internal fault requires a transformer model to simulate these faults This Paper presents here an approach has been shown for transformer fault analysis. A transformer model was designed for a 10 MVA, 132/66 kV three phase system. Data for all the parameters essential for designing a transformer were calculated, after studying machine designing. The next task was to calculate the inductance and capacitance (lumped values) which is later on used to make the ladder network which represents the transformer as inductance capacitance model. After dividing the total inductance and capacitance into segments the ladder network is ready to be used for short circuit fault analysis. Artificial faults were created by shorting a few segments at a time and the output voltage corresponding to input voltage under different faulty conditions were noted down. These values were used to create a frequency response curve which was compared with the response under normal condition and further analysis was done.
A MANAGERIAL PERSPECTIVE O F CO-BRANDING STRATEGY IN INDONESIAN FASHION INDUSTRY published in

Asia Pacific Journal of Advanced Business and Social Studies

Published by Asia Pacific Institute of Advanced Research
Wisnu Aryo Setio, Dina Dellyana One of Indonesia's fashion industry potential is emerging collaboration between designer and fashion industry players. However, the problem faced by fashion industry players is lack of similar perception and lack of standardized concept of cooperation. Therefore, this paper studies the managerial perspective of co-branding strategy from Indonesian fashion brands research method by using semi-structured interview, observation and secondary data. The research was conducted to study the motivations behind co-branding, process of co-branding in the creative value chain, and challenges that were faced throughout the process with ways to overcome them. Keywords: Co-Branding; Collaboration; Fashion Industry; Indonesian Fashion Brands. that have implemented it before. This research used qualitative data
TO EVALUATE THE IMPACT OF COFFEE AND OVALTINE (MILO) CONSUMPTION ON HEART RATE IN HEALTHY INDIVIDUALS published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
*Dr. Syed Asif Jahanzeb Kazmi1, Izharullah,1 Dr.Mohammad Imran Zahoor2, Dr. Naheed Akhter3, Zahid Hussain,1 Background: The correlation between consumption of Ovaltine and Coffee with change in heart rate in healthy population has limited and controversial figures. Increase in heart rate tend to increase work load of heart and it could worsen condition in people with diseased heart. Methods: This was nonrandomized prospective open labeled parallel groups study carried out at MIMC. The sample size of the study was based on 128 subjects (62 Ovaltine and 66 Coffee) and same number of controls for Ovaltine and Coffee respectively in a cross over as negative control. The study was based on 4 groups A, B, C and D were Coffee control, Coffee, Ovaltine control and Ovaltine respectively. Subjects with history of heart diseases, medication effecting heart rate and anxiety disorders were excluded from the study. The unwanted effects were noted during the study. Results: The increase in mean heart rate of Coffee and Ovaltine groups were 5.48 (6.76%) p value 0.003 and 5.29 (6.75%) p value 0.02 respectively. The increase in mean heart rate of Coffee control and Ovaltine control groups were 0.09 (0.11%) p value 0.998 and 0.41 (0.49%) p value 0.06 respectively. Conclusion: Coffee and Ovaltine consumption leads to modest increases in heart rate. Safe usage of these beverages need to be evaluated especially in patient with conditions precipitating with increase in heart rate. More clinical research is required to formulate guide lines for safe consumption in patients with heart diseases.
A Role in Propelling Employee Engagement on Current Hr Issues of Small Scale Sectors in Madurai City. published in

PARIPEX-INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
G. Usha Employee engagement is an important employee performance and organization management topic. The importance of this topic is proven by its positive consequences for employee in the small scale sector in Madurai city. There are numerous positive outcomes from building employee engagement, and both management and executive seem to be more or less consistent regarding the benefits of employee engagement. Almost all small scale industry that there is a connection between employee engagement and profitability increase through higher productivity increased sales, customer satisfaction and employee retention. In small scale sector, positive consequences on work engagement are also associated with customer satisfaction, productivity, profit, employee turnover, positive work attitudes, individual health, extra-role behaviours and performance
IMPLEMENTING SALES CRM ON CLOUD SERVICES USING SALESOFORCE.COM published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Rohit Parashar*, ER. Kamal Kumar Ranga Cloud computing provides lot of new ways to build and run applications that are accessed over the Internet as utilities, rather than as pieces of software running on client or server machine. Business applications, like customer relationship management (CRM) are promoted to be delivered via a Web browser in this paper, rather than delivering it as “traditional software”. As with the Internet, applications that run in the cloud have grown ubiquitous that almost every business user interacts with collaboration CRM business tools such a Web conferencing application, sales system. In this paper, we will implement optimized Sales CRM architecture on cloud.
Comparison of Intravenous Bolus Ephedrine PheNylephrine and Mephentermine for Maintenance of Arterial Pressure During Spinal Anaesthesia in Caesarean Section published in

Published by
Dr. D. V. Rama Siva Naik, Dr. Murali Prabhakar Context: Comparison of intravenous bolus ephedrine phenylephrine and mephentermine for maintenance of arterial pressure during spinal anaesthesia in caesarean section. AIM: To Comparison of intravenous bolus ephedrine phenylephrine and mephentermine for maintenance of arterial pressure during spinal anaesthesia in caesarean section. Settings and Design: The present Prospective Randomizedstudy was carried out in a tertiary care teaching hospital. A total of 60 American society of Anaerianearnesthesiologist physical status I and II paients aged about 20 to 30 Years pregnant women posted for elective cease-ran and emergency ceaserian section under spinal anaesthesia were enrold in the study. Pa-tients were randomly devided in to three groups. Group P (phenylephrine) Group E (ephe-drine) Group M (mephentermine) with 20 patients in each group. Materials and Methods: group P received 100 ug I v bolus Group E received ephedrine 6 mg I v bolus and group M 6mg in 1ml I v bolus. Statistical Analysis Used: Comparitibility of groups are analyzed with analysis variance test to analyzed parametric data P value < 0.05 was considered significant. Results: The systolic and diastolic arterial pressure were decreased statistically significant (P<0.001) at the onset of Hypotension and increases after bolus dose of drug , in all the three groups heart rate variable in deferent groups in pre and post surgery drug values. Conclusion: we have found that the phenylephrine, ephedrine and mephentermine are ef-fective in I v bolus form in maintanace of arterial pressure within 20% limit of base line though phenylephrine has quicker peak effect in coparission to ,ephedrine and mephenter-mine and it causes reduction in heart rate which may be advantageous in cardiac patients and patientsin whom tachycardia is undesirable
FACILITATING EFFICIENT ROUTING USING PROTRACTED BICLUSTERING PROTOCOL FOR WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS (PBP_WSN) published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Ms. S. Shamla Banu*1 & Dr. A.V. Senthil Kumar2 Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) are spatially distributed autonomous sensors to monitor physical or environmental conditions, such as temperature, sound, pressure. Routing algorithms play a crucial role in WSN sensors lifetime. This paper proposes a novel efficient routing algorithm Protracted Bi-clustering Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks (PBP_WSN) which uses the bi-cluster based approach for getting prolonged lifetime of the sensor nodes. This algorithm works in two fold where the sensor nodes are clustered using heuristics and then bi-clustering (parent and child hierarchy). Results are promising which considerably improves the lifetime of the sensor nodes and cluster heads.
Application of Cloud Rank Framework to Achieve the Better Quality of Service (QoS) Ranking Prediction of Web Services? published in

International Journal of Computer Science and Mobile Computing - IJCSMC

Published by Mohammad Zainuddin
Miss. Shraddha B.Toney, Prof. N.D.Kale? In Cloud computing the QoS rankings provides priceless information for making most favourable cloud service selection from a set of functionally comparable service candidates. To obtain QoS values, real-world invocations on the service candidates are usually required. To avoid the time-consuming and pricey real-world service invocation QoS ranking prediction framework is used. This framework requires no supplementary invocations of cloud services when making QoS ranking prediction. Two personalized QoS ranking prediction approaches such as cloud rank 1 ( CR1) and cloud rank 2 ( CR2) are used to envisage the QoS rankings unswervingly. Widespread experiments are conducted employing real-world QoS data, including 1000 distributed users and three real-world web services. The implemented framework uses modernized ranking approach which uses different QoS parameters to predict the ranking more accurately. Normalized Discounted Cumulative Gain (NDCG) has been used to analyze the accuracy of QoS ranking prediction for the implemented framework.
Enterprises Strategy Choice with Environmental Constraints published in

Nature Environment and Pollution Technology

Published by Technoscience Publications
Chunjie Yu and Fengjun An People and the governments demands for enterprises environmental protection have become more and more strict. Enterprise faces a risk of environmental protection. Environmental constraints have become important factors which must be considered in enterprise strategic management planning. This paper elaborates the relationship between environmental regulation and the competitiveness of enterprise, expounds the factors which influence enterprises environmental strategy choice. It analyses the influence on enterprise competitiveness while enterprise adopts different environmental management strategies, and proposes different enterprises strategic choice countermeasures with environmental constraints.
Design of systematic peer to peer network using routing queries published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ADVANCED RESEARCH TRENDS IN ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY

Published by Editorin-chief
K.Zulaika Begam R.Arivumalar Finding a document or resource in an unstructured peer-to-peer network can be an exceedingly difficult problem. In this paper we propose a query routing approach that accounts for arbitrary overlay topologies, nodes with heterogeneous processing capacity, e.g., reflecting their degree of altruism, and heterogenous class-based likelihoods of query resolution at nodes which may reflect query loads and the manner in which files/resources are distributed across the network. The approach is shown to be stabilize the query load subject to a grade of service constraint, i.e., a guarantee that queries’ routes meet pre-specified class-based bounds on their associated a priori probability of query resolution. An explicit characterization of the capacity region for such systems is given and numerically compared to that associated with random walk based searches. Simulation results further show the performance benefits, in terms of mean delay, of the proposed approach. Additional aspects associated with reducing complexity, estimating parameters, and adaptation to class-based query resolution probabilities and traffic loads are studied.
Multiple Variations in The Branching Pattern of The Brachial Plexus and The Brachial Artery - A Case Report published in

Published by
Rieyaz H.A, Ramesh Kumar Subramanian, Ananda Rani V.S In the routine dissection of the right upper limb in a male cadaver the following interesting variations were found. The median nerve was formed by union of three roots - one medial and two laterals, it was found to be medial to the brachial artery throughout the arm. The coracobrachialis muscle had an additional muscular slip of insertion to the medial supracondylar ridge of the humerus.The brachial artery trifurcated into ulnar artery,radial artery and a muscular branch.The knowledge of these anatomical variations is highly significant for radiological and surgical interventions.
PROBLEMS FACED BY RETAILERS DURING POMEGRANATE MARKETING published in

GE-INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MANAGEMENT RESEARCH

Published by Associated Asia Research Foundation
Mr. Kirtikumar L. Ekhande, Dr. G.T.Patil Pomegranate is an important fruit crop of Maharashtra. It is cultivated in an area of 43,151 HA with a total production of 4, 31,510 tonnes producing about 85% of the total Indian production, thereby leading in Pomegranate production in the country. Within Maharashtra, production of Pomegranate is mainly concentrated in the Western Maharashtra region and the Marathwada region.
Impact of E Commerce on Consumer Protection published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr. Kirandeep Kaur Rapid developments in Information and Communication Technology (ICT) have fueled the new paradigm of Electronic Commerce (E-Commerce). Enterprises all over the globe have either created or are in the process of creating the E-Commerce front-ends to their traditional businesses. Several new products and services are being innovated and marketed through Internet thus creating global business opportunity to the tune of billions of dollars. E-commerce has made a profound impact on consumers society. People can now shop online in the privacy of their own homes without ever having to leave. This can force larger brick and mortar retailers to open an online division. In some cases, it can also force smaller businesses to shut their doors, or change to being completely online. It also changes the way people look at making purchases and spending money. E-commerce has changed the face of retail, services, and other things that make our economy work. Undoubtedly, it will continue to influence how companies sell and market their products, as well as how people choose to make purchases for many years to come. But the development of electronic commerce poses a number of legal and consumer challenges. In India, we are seeing a convergence of new technologies and the deregulation of the financial sector. At a time of great change consumers need to be protected, and the law is struggling to keep up. It is evident that the problems facing consumers on-line are not much different from transactions concluded off-line, but it cannot be denied that online-consumers have special needs; e.g. the issue of privacy poses a greater risk in cyberspace that needs to be addresses carefully. This paper highlights how far consumers are protected in the era of E-Commerce.
Scale for measurement of the possibility of occurrence of constipation published in

Asian Journal of Home Science

Published by Rakesh kumar Singh
D.T. KHOGARE AND B.T. KOLGANE Constipation appears to be the most common cause of disability in many parts of world. Scientific evidences today support the concept that constipations have their roots in our daily diets. In recent years researchers have focused attention on dietary aspects of the above disease. Hence, presence study was undertaken with an objective to develop scale for measure possibility of occurrence of constipation. For present investigation the methodology followed was collection of statements, editing and pre-selection of items, selection of items, item analysis, testing the validity and reliability of scale etc. As the scale was found to be reliable and valid, the developed scale served as a scientific tool for the measurement of possibility of occurrence of constipation
An Autopsied Case of a Neonate with the Anomalous Origin of Total Coronary Arteries from the Pulmonary Artery published in

Published by
Zhenglian C, Shen C, Chen X* Coronary artery anomaly is not a very common disease. A neonate with the origin of total coronary arteries from the pulmonary artery (TCAPA) is extremely rare and fetal, which has not been yet reported in China. Here an autopsied case of TCAPA is reported to provide reference for the medical colleagues. A female infant died 9 hours after born when the hypoxia symptoms presented, although the rescue measures had already done. The cause of death was identified as TCAPA by forensic pathologists. In this case, TCAPA was ignored by the doctors because of non specifically clinical presentations. If it had been diagnosed, surgery should have been done immediately to be able to supply enough blood for the heart. Keywords: Congenital Heart Disease; Coronary Artery Anomaly; Total Coronary Arteries Origin From Pulmonary Artery (TCAPA); Coronary Angiography.
Study of Chemical Interactions in Binary mixture water-1,4-dioxane: Neighbourhood and Associated Model Approach published in

Mediterranean Journal of Chemistry

Published by Abdelaziz SOUIZI
Rafik Besbes*, Noureddine Ouerfelli and Manef Abderabba We use our results of measurements of the activities coefficients of water and 1,4-dioxane at room conditions to analyse the interactions between molecules of water and 1,4-dioxane in different mixtures. Our study is based on Neighbourhood Model Approach at liquid state in correlation with solid state to calculate molar fractions of free molecules of water and of 1,4-dioxane in pure liquid state and to deduce the composition of the various mixtures. We calculate system composition in a basis of associate model (called). This model gives good results to interpreting interactions between molecules of water and of 1,4-dioxane. Our model is inspired by resulting experimental recently published by our team, witch measurements of the enthalpy of mixture: ?mh (XD), present two maxima for molecular fraction of 1,4-dioxane XD = 0.1438 and XD = 0.7805, which correspond to arrangements between molecules of water and 1,4-dioxane of type WD3.56, and DW5.95 (D: 1,4-dioxane W: water) We use, for the study of the model suggested, a number of 4 neighbours molecules in the first shell surrounding one molecule of water and 6 neighbours molecules for one molecule of 1,4-dioxane. Our observations confirm well the results of works of many authors by different technical methods.
Double Test: A Simplified Alternative for Cervical Cancer Screening in Low Resource Countries published in

AMERICAN RESEARCH JOURNAL OF NURSING

Published by AMERICAN RESEARCH JOURNALS
Atef M.Darwish, Howieda Fouly,Sahar Naguib, Marilyn Stringer,Dalal Eshra,Mohamed Galal$ To test if combining positive results of sequential magnified naked-eye examination (MNEE) and visual inspection of cervix after application of acetic acid (VIA) would increase diagnostic indices for precancerous and cancerous cervical lesions in comparison to the gold standard positive Pap test in a developing country set up. A secondary objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of nurse training and patient acceptance of this screening approach.
ETIKA KEPEDULIAN : WELAS ASIH DALAM TINDAKAN MORAL published in

Kanz Philosophia

Published by Sekolah Tinggi Filsafat Islam Sadra
Yeremias Jena Compassion in ethical discourse is used to describe the attitudes and actions of moral agent in helping the vulnerables and the suffering. Discourse around compassion generally focused on whether compassion is an attitude of sympathy or empathy, or it is the attitude of compassion derived from an altruistic attitude which is inherent in intelligent being. This paper argues that compassion is realized only in the context of ethics of care. For that reason, the paper will first distinguish simpaty from empathy and contextualize them within the realm of altruism. At the same time this approach plays the role of criticizing emotive ethics of David Hume and Kantian ethics which is attacked by Kantian ethics as heteronomous.
HUKUM TOLERANSI KELOMPOK SALAFI TERHADAP KELOMPOK ISLAM LAINNYA DI KABUPATEN BANYUMAS published in

Dinamika Hukum

Published by Faculty of Law, Jenderal Soedirman University, Indonesia
Abdul Rohman dan Elis Puspitasari Islam as a religion has a doctrine full final, complete, comprehensive and universal, so that the texts that became the guiding principle is universally viewed as well. In the real level, especially in need of interpretation, often leading to problems of its own because each group has a flow that allows the results are different interpretations. This is like the Salafi group based its interpretation on groups considered heretical Islamic sects other, so that a constraint when a dialogue about the development of tolerance values. Despite the rejection of the dialogue is actually contrary to the Qur'an itself. Key words: Salafi, tolerance, interpretation, heretical innovation
RELATIONSHIP OF BLOOD GLUCOSE LEVELS WITH ANTHROPOMETRIC INDICES published in

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research

Published by Dr Girhepunje
Syeda Bushra Fatima*, Najla Eyad alshammari and Marivic Ramirez Jamison Background: Anthropometric measurements such as waist circumference, hip circumference and waist-hip ratio give risk information on diabetes mellitus. However, there are mixed reports on the relationship of these anthropometric indices with the levels of glucose in the blood. Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between random blood glucose levels with BMI, waist circumference, hip circumference, and waist-hip ratio among females. Methods: We carried out a cross-sectional descriptive study of 528 subjects aged >18years using random sampling technique. Data were collected with a structured questionnaire. Subjects were measured for waist circumference and hip circumference; the waist-hip ratio was calculated. Estimation of blood glucose concentration was carried out using glucometer. Statistical Analysis: SPSS Statistic 17 for statistical processing. Means and standard deviations were calculated for each variable using descriptive statistics. Results: Subjects consisted of 528 females, the mean age was 395.97yrs, average BMI 25.54 6.28kg/m2, mean Random Plasma glucose level (RPGL) was 101.99(26.87) mg/dl. The range (median) of the visceral fat, hip circumference and waist-hip ratio of the subjects were 97cm46.5, 97cm9.76 and 0.89.76 respectively. There were positive relationship between blood glucose levels with waist circumference (r=0.1, P=0.004) and waist-hip ratio (r=0.1, P=0.002). There was no relationship between blood glucose levels and hip circumference (r=0.0, P=0.13). Conclusion: We found positive relationship between the random blood glucose levels with waist circumference and waist-hip ratio in this study. Therefore, waist circumference and waist-hip ratio would be good predictors of diabetes mellitus among rural adults.
AUGMENTING LEARNING WITH TECHNOLOGY published in

International Education and Research Journal

Published by
Dr. Sarvamangala, Dr. Sharmista With the advent of technology, the education sector has witnessed great changes and transformations. Technology has revolutionised the way we impart knowledge and has blurred boundaries. Today, anyone can study or take lessons from an educator, who is living on the other end of the globe through online and distant learning courses. Schools are slowly realising that education can be best delivered through various technological advancements the market provides. Classrooms are gradually shifting towards contemporary teaching where learning happens through computers as well as books. Technology augments the teaching skills of teachers and the learning abilities of students. Had it not been for the integration of information and communication technologies, audio visual education would have been a distant dream. Its growth has reflected developments in learning theories.
MONITORING URBAN GROWTH, DECAY AND REGENERATION IN KATSINA, A RAPIDLY CHANGING CITY IN NORTHERN NIGERIA published in

Ewemen Journal of Development Technology & Management (EJDTM)

Published by EWEMEN RESOURCES LIMITED
DANJUMA Kabir The dynamic and complex nature of urban centers particularly in the less developed countries of the world including Nigeria continue to exert serious challenge for a reliable, well articulated methodology for data acquisition and processing in order to meet the information needs in a rapidly changing environment by planners, administrators and managers of urban areas. Nigeria, the most populous country in Africa is one of the developing countries of the world experiencing highest rates of urban growth but without any efficient and meaningful methodology for monitoring growth and development for planning and administration purposes. In Katsina, a rapidly urbanizing city in Northern Nigeria and its immediate surrounding environment, multi temporal satellite imageries and other geographic information tools were used to obtain land use cover information and the dynamics of urban land use between 1977, 1987, 2007 and November, 2016. Results from the quantitative analysis of the data generated indicated a sharp rise in the spatial growth rate of the city and an extensive decay and regeneration particularly around the Central Business district and around the major business sectors of the city particularly involving commercial and residential land uses. It was observed and recommended that time-based photographic and satellite remotely captured and other forms of geographic information tools proved highly valuable for satisfying information needs by planners and administrators of urban lands particularly in a rapidly changing and complex environment. Keywords: City Decay; Urban Growth; Urban Monitoring; Urban Regeneration; Katsina; Satellite images.
A Proactive Data Reporting Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks published in

Published by
D.Sujitha, Mr.S.Dilip Kumar In large-scale Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), leveraging data sinks mobility for data gathering has drawn substantial interests in recent years. Current researches either focus on planning a mobile sinks moving trajectory in advance to achieve optimized network performance, or target at collecting a small portion of sensed data in the network. In many application scenarios, however, a mobile sink cannot move freely in the deployed area. In Proposed System, we propose SinkTrail, a proactive data reporting protocol that is self-adaptive to various application scenarios, and its improved version, SinkTrail-S, with further control message suppression. In SinkTrail, mobile sinks move continuously in the field in relatively low speed, and gather data on the fly.
ANALYTICAL APPROACH ON QUALITY BY DESIGN published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Monika Jadhao* Analytical methods play important role supporting implementation of QbD in process Pharma-cuticle development and development and manufacturing. Analytical testing also plays pro-minent role in Pharmaceutical development, risk assessment, process monitoring and control and continuous quality assessment throughout the product.[1] Quality-by-Design (QbD) is well-established in development and manufacture of pharmaceutical drug substance and drug product and is discussed in ICH Q8,[1] Q9[2] and Q2.[3] The same QbD approach can be applied to analytical procedures as per ICH Q2. In addition, there is now a technique to definitively link the data to its intended use. These are exciting times for testing laboratories and the users of the data they produce.[1] The knowledge obtained during development helps to justify the establishment of a design space, (process) control strategy and set point within the (regulatory approved) design space. Materials made within the design space will produce an acceptable product, and changes within the design space are regulatory acceptable.[2] Quality by Design approach suggests looking into the quality of analytical process during the development stage itself. It says that quality should be built into the process design rather than testing into final results of analytical process. QbD is defined as ?a systematic approach to development that begins with predefined objectives and emphasizes product and process understanding based on sound science and quality risk management?.[2] In alignment with the approach proposed in the draft FDA guidance for process validation, a three-stage approach[3] can be applied to method validation.
AUTOMATIC GENERATION CONTROL OF THREE AREA USING PI AND FUZZY CONTROLLER published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Shafquat Jahangir*, Prof.Aziz Ahmad In the proposed work, AGC of three area power plant(all thermal) implemented using PI controller and Fuzzy Logic Controller. Even when load fluctuates in one area, it affects the frequency in all the remaining areas as well. Model is developed by MATLAB/SIMULINK software and further the results derived from both the controllers are studied and compared. Results so obtained clearly imply that performance of FLC is much improved as compared to PI controller.
EVALUATION OF MUTAGENICITY RISK AMONG NURSES EXPOSED TO CYTOS TATIC IN A UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL IN EASTERN OF ALGERIA published in

Indian Journal of Medical Research and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Somil
Nadia Tigh a Bouaziz *, Mabrouka Bouacha, Djamel Tourab , Abdemalek Nezzal Aims : The aim of this study is to assess the mutagenicity effect of occupational exposure to cytostatc in order to propose an environmental medical prevention program. Materials and Methods : A cross - sectional descriptive study was conducted for three months, it involved 39 nurs es exposed to cytostatic drugs in oncology and 43 referents. They were matched by age, sex, smoking, seniority .The data were collected using a medical questionnaire. Mutagenicity was evaluated by the Ames test. The calculation of the ICC has allowed the c lassification of exposure. Results: T he average age of exposed subjects is 42.28 ± 9.90 years with female predominance. 75% of staff is classified exposure level 3 and 2. Among the contact with cytostatic drugs is associated with a risk of mutagenic 3 (RR = 3.28, 95% CI: 1.73, 6, 22) with a highly significant difference (P << 0 .0001). 60% of samples of exposed and 15% of referents were positive, the mean number of positive revertants was 527.94 with a good correlation between the number of revertants and t he ICC. Conclusion : This study confirms mutagenic risk among nurses handling cytostatic without adequate safeguards. It encourages the alignment on best practices to improve working conditions in oncology structures.
Persistence and metabolism of dithiopyr in different soils of West Bengal published in

Journal of Crop and Weed

Published by Crop and Weed Science society
S. ROY, A. BHATTACHARYYA AND A. CHOWDHURY A laboratory experiment was performed to understand the persistence behaviour of the herbicide dithiopyr in three different soils of West Bengal, India. Estimation of dithiopyr residues revealed its dissipation following first-order kinetics. The half-life (T ) values were in the range of 13.75-31.03 days for T and 21.20-41.24 days for T . The dissipation of 1/2 1 2 dithiopyr was maximum in coastal soil with the shortest T (13.75 and 21.20 days) and the higher persistence was 1/2 recorded in Gangetic alluvial soil. Formation of three metabolites of dithiopyr viz. dithiopyr monoacid, reverse monoacid and diacid were also quantified and their structures were confirmed by Gas chromatography-Mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The metabolites were detected in soils at 7-30 days after application with varying rates of formation reaching maximum between 30-90 days followed by a decreasing trend. Among the metabolites, only diacid could be detected till 120 days. The degradation pathway of dithiopyr in soil involved pH induced abiotic hydrolysis of the methylthioester groups to form the monoacids and diacid which was more favourable under alkaline condition as observed in coastal soil (pH = 8.50) compared to the Terai soil (pH = 5.20) and the least in Gangetic alluvial soil (pH = 6.90).
AN ELLIPTIC CURVE CRYPTOGRAPHY BASED ENHANCED ADAPTIVE ACKNOWLEDGMENT (ECC-EAACK) INTRUSION DETECTION SYSTEM? published in

International Journal of Computer Science and Mobile Computing - IJCSMC

Published by Mohammad Zainuddin
Deboral C, Sudhagar G? MANET is a new wireless network technology increasingly used in many applications. These networks are more vulnerable to attacks than wired networks. Since they have different characteristics, conventional security techniques are not directly applicable to them. Intrusion detection system (IDS) is one of the most active fields of research in Mobile Ad-hoc Networks (MANET) field. Researchers currently focus on developing new prevention, detection and response mechanism for MANETs. The results demonstrated positive performances against Watchdog, TWOACK, and AACK in the cases of receiver collision, limited transmission power, and false misbehavior report. Packet-dropping attack has always been a major threat to the security in MANETs. In this research work, novel IDS named EAACK protocol using ECC is specially designed for MANETs and compared it against other popular mechanisms in different scenarios through simulations. In this paper, we propose and implement a new intrusion-detection system named Elliptic Curve Cryptography Based Enhanced Adaptive ACKnowledgment (ECC-EAACK) specially designed for MANETs demonstrates higher malicious-behavior-detection rates in certain circumstances while does not greatly affect the network performances.
ABOUT ONE FAST-CHANGING CHARACTERISTIC EQUATION SPECTRAL PROBLEMS FOR DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS OF SECOND ORDER published in

Theoretical & Applied Science

Published by International Academy of Theoretical & Applied Sciences
Alexandr Nikolayevich Shevtsov; Vladimir Nikolayevich Kestelman; Abdizhahan Manapovich Sarsenbi The paper discusses some of the solutions of the characteristic equation of the spectral problem. Solutions obtained by numerical methods.
Channel Estimation Using LS and MMSE Estimators published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Shakuntala Chouhan This paper focuses on the channel estimation techniques that are based on the block-type pilot arrangement. Once we establish reliable and practical channel estimation schemes for this type of pilot arrangement. In wireless OFDM transmission using pilot carriers and compare the bit error rate performance by using MMSE and LSE algorithms. Thus comb type pilots provide better resistance to fast fading channels. Also comb type pilot arrangement is sensitive to frequency when comparing to block type arrangement.
THE EFFECT OF LEISURE BEHAVIORS ON EMPLOYEES CONTEXTUAL AND TASK PERFORMANCE published in

Reserach Journal of Business and Management (RJBM)

Published by PressAcademia
Ozgur Demirtas, Mahmut Ozdevecioglu, Ali Bayram In todays world, the rapid and dinamic changes have an important influence on organizations as in economical and technological ways. In this process human factor, which has physical and psychological situations, has become an important issue in modern management perspective. Therefore, organizations have taken their members needs to the more front. Thus, in this study we aimed to identify the leisure behaviors effect, which have thought to be an important social support factor, on task and contextual performance. For this aim, a survey was conducted to 254 full time white collar employee in Kayseri industry. It was found parallel to the established hypotheses that leisure behaviors have siginificant positive effects on task and contextual performance.
PROBLEMS OF SOCIAL SUPPORT FOR LARGE FAMILIES published in

Theoretical & Applied Science

Published by International Academy of Theoretical & Applied Sciences
Yermek Abiltayevich Buribayev; Zhanna Amangeldinovna Khamzina; Zhambyl Kyluetovich Oryntayev The relevance of the research issue is conditioned by state and society being interested in provision of social support to large families, especially with regard to addressing the problems of poverty. There had been made conclusions that we need a complex state approach, development of a special State Program on supporting large families; the concept of having many children shall be revised. It was proposed to consider as large families only those families, in which there are three or more minor children. There were justified statements on insufficiency of the existing norms and measures of large families social safety net. It was proposed to increase the level of their social security up to the minimum wage.
Characterization of curcumin-nicotine interaction in cetyltrimethyammonium bromide micelle published in

Mediterranean Journal of Chemistry

Published by Abdelaziz SOUIZI
Maurice O. Iwunze A combination of fluorescence and UV-Vis spectrophotometric techniques were used to characterize the interaction of curcumin and nicotine in a cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) micellar system. It is observed that in this medium curcumin and nicotine interact in a 1:1 ratio using the UV-Visible molar ration method. The fluorescence spectrophotometric technique, using the Benesi-Hildebrand equation was used to determine the association constant, Ka. The value thus obtained is 1.26 0.02 x 105 M-1 and the molar absorptivity, ?, of 2.3 0.06 x 104/M-cm. The free energy of association, ?Ga, was subsequently calculated as -29.1 kJ/mol. This vale together with the value obtained for Ka implies that the complex formed by curcumin and nicotine in this medium is not only spontaneous but it also very stable.
Consumer Satisfaction Towards Ayurvedic Oral and Personal Care Products With Special Reference to Coimbatore City published in

PARIPEX-INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Mr. J. Prasath In India ayurvedic herbs are used as medicines, our culture has taught us how to use ayurvedic herbs in oral and personal products for the factors like natural, economical and user friendly. Oral and personal care industry has responded to the consumers expectations with wide variety of products. Our country is witnessing increased changes in desires and lifestyle, which resulted in increase in demand for Oral and Personal care products. This research work aims to analyse Consumer Satisfaction towards ayurvedic oral and personal care products among consumers from Coimbatore city. The sample of 200 respondents selected were based on convenience sampling. The study revealed that majority of consumers use Oral and Personal care products to improve their personal appearance and health. Thus, it is suggested that understanding consumer satisfaction towards oral and personal care products is a key to the success of oral and personal care products manufacturers.
OMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF EDITORIAL TREATMENT BY URDU PRESS OF PAKISTAN REGARDING ELECTIONS 2008 published in

The International Asian Research Journal (TIARJ)

Published by Z. A Malik
1 Ashraf Iqbal, 2 Zafar Ali, 3 Syeda Fatima, 4 Shahzia Naseem This research makes a comparative analysis of editorial coverage of elections 2008 in Pakistan. With reference to Benazir Bhuttos assassination. The study presents content analysis of 202 editorials from Daily Express, Daily Jang and Daily Nawa-E-Waqat during six months time nperiod, from 18, October, 2007 to 18, April, 2008.The study establishes that in first two months of coverage before Benazir Bhuttos assassination, all the newspapers had a diverse opinion about favorite political party in 2008 election campaign. In the second phase, after Benazir Bhuttos assassination, all the newspapers had changed their opinion and favored Pakistan Peoples Party. In third phase coverage remain same as second phase. Agenda Setting Theory and frame model provide a theoretical framework for the study, Agenda Setting Theory provides a ground for comparison of era wise coverage. Results indicate that media agenda influence greatly public agenda. The study shows that elections 2008 results were very similar to newspapers party wise coverage. All those parties won more seats in parliament which were covered as favorite party in newspapers Keywords: Agenda setting. Media Coverage of Politics, Pakistani media, Content analysis
COPPER(II) COMPLEXES AS IN VITRO ANTICANCER AGENTS AGAINST HUMAN BREAST CANCER MCF-7 CELL LINE: A REVIEW published in

European Journal of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr Girhepunje
Malathy Moorthy and Dr. Rajavel Rangappan* In this review, we have discussed the in vitro antitumor potential of Cu(II) complexes synthesized from various ligands. Many copper complexes have been found to have potential for the treatment of cancers and many other diseases. Copper(II) complexes plays an important role as an anticancer drug, especially against the MCF-7 cell lines. The Anticancer activity of the Copper(II) complexes depends on the nature of the ligands. This review provides a birds eye view of the copper(II) complexes to a medicinal chemist for a target oriented information for the development of clinically viable anticancer drugs.
MOBILE SERVICE QUALITY EFFECT ON CUSTOMER SATISACTION AND BUSINESS PERFORMANCE IN SALEM DISTRICT published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
K. Kumaran, Dr. V. Balaji Service quality and customer satisfaction are very important concepts that companies must understand if they want to remain competitive and grow. In todays competitive environment delivering high quality service is the key for a sustainable competitive advantage. Customer satisfaction does have a positive effect on an organizations profitability. Satisfied customers form the foundation of any successful business as customer satisfaction leads to repeat purchase, brand loyalty, and positive word of mouth. Using the SERVQUAL model, this study attempts to examine the impact of service quality dimensions on customer satisfaction. A total of 11 current users of a GSM provider participated in this study. Gap Analysis was used to determine the perceived and expected satisfaction level on each of the service quality dimensions and regression analysis was conducted to test the relationship between the SERVQUAL dimensions and customer satisfaction. c
A Case Report of Congenital Left Eye Monocular Elevation Deficiency With Pseudoptosis published in

Published by
Dr.Shinde Priyanka A., Dr.Sabnis Milind M,Dr.Dindore Pradeep R A monocular elevation deficiency is a rare condition which is also known as Double elevator palsy. It has been documented less frequently. It suggests that both elevator muscles (the superior rectus and the inferior oblique) of one eye is weak, with resultant reduced ability to elevate the eye in all fields of the gaze and a hypotropia in the primary gaze. It may be congenital or acquired. 40 % of the cases present with pseudoptosis. It is occurred due to the presence of fascial attachments between the superior rectus and the levator palpebral superioris muscle. Pseudoptosis resolves when paretic eye gets fixation unlike true ptosis. I am presenting a case of 14 yrs old female patient having left eye congenital monocular elevation deficiency with pseudoptosis.
DENSITIES OF DISTRIBUTIONS OF SOLUTIONS TO DELAY STOCHASTIC DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS WITH DISCONTINUOUS INITIAL DATA ( PART II) published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Tagelsir A. Ahmed*, Van Casteren, Jan A. In the present work we have gone a step forward towards integration by part of higher order Malliavin derivatives by formulating and extending some formulas and results on Malliavin calculus and ordinary stochastic differential equations to include delay stochastic differential equations as well as ordinary SDE’s. Here we have also stated clearly what we mean by the Malliavin derivatives and densities of distributions of the solutions process for delay stochastic differential equations which we are considering.
A REVIEW ON VANET, TYPES, CHARACTERISTICS AND VARIOUS APPROACHES published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Jyoti Jain*, Nidhi Chahal A Vehicular Ad - hoc Network (VANET) is a collection of wireless vehicle nodes forming a temporary network without using any centralized Road Side Unit (RSU). VANET protocols have to face high challenges due to dynamically changing topologies and symmetric links of networks. A suitable and effective routing mechanism helps to extend the successful deployment of vehicular ad - hoc networks. An attempt has been made to compare the performance of two On - demand reactive routing protocols namely AODV and DSR which works on gateway discovery algorithms and a geographical routing protocol namely GPSR which works on an algorithm constantly geographical based updates network topology information available to all nodes in VANETs for different scenarios. Comparison is mad e on the basis of different metrics like throughput, packet loss, packet delivery ratio and end - to - end delay using SUMO and NS2 simulator. In this paper we have taken different types of scenarios for simulation and then analyzed the performance results.
Community Managed Forests a Potential Sources of Carbon Sink: A Case Study from Kumaun Central Himalaya published in

PARIPEX-INDIAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Jitendra Bhatt Participatory approaches to forest management have gained wide acceptance worldwide and have also become the primary guiding principle in the management of natural resources. The state Uttarakhand is ecologically and socially diverse owing to distinct climatic, physiographic factors and demographic setup. Community management of the forests in the state as Van Panchayat (V P) started from the year 1932 and close to 7211 km2 area (19 % of the total forest area) presently managed by the V Ps. Present study was carryout in a seventy years old V P of Kumaun Himalaya to investigate community perception, change in vegetation dynamics, C stock and C sequestration rate. The selected V P was monitored for ten years to collect the data and change in community perception over the time. The results indicated that dependency of the people for fuel wood for forest is decreasing due to availability of LPG connections but scarcity of green fodder still prevailed. Demographic variable indicated that both human and cattle population decreased over the study period. The possible reason for this the migration in search of jobs. Total tree density, basal area, biomass, carbon (C) content in all the selected species except Pinus roxburighii increased. Quercus leucotrichophora showed maximum density thus also have maximum C sequestration rate while Rhododendron arboreum showed the least. On an average the V P sequestrated 13.1 t C ha-1yr-1. It can be concluded that there is a shift in energy consumption pattern and awareness for conservation increasing in the community. The community can trade forest C, which is now emerging, to raise funds for functioning but careful choices in this regard will become especially critical to link community forests as C trade centres.
Rape and Patriarchy: A Study of Majulla Padmanabhans Lights Out published in

Published by
Ms. Parul Nagpal, Dr. Tanu Gupta The paper focuses on the attitude of people especially men in India Towards physical abuse of women with special reference to an epoch making drama Lights-out by the very eminent dramatist Manjulla Padmanabhan. Rape which sounds raw and crude surprisingly exhorts raw and crude erotic feelings in men and we see through the play that their focus shifts from feeling the pain of the victim and empathizing to figuring out details of why and how the incident would have taken place. They also go a step forward by accusing the woman as a whore if she is attacked by two or more men or even call her a prostitute even though she is crying in pain. The paper undertakes to reveal such horrid realities together with drawing parallels other texts that have also reflected a delay in remedial action and have questioned the essence of human existence. It is not only men but women too that we find faltering and becoming a reason for such heinous crimes to perpetuate further. The paper questions the judicial and social security system of our so called civilized and sophisticated race of people. The paper serves not only as an eye-opener but also gives context and content for the readers to ponder and find out a way to fight out Rape both physical and mental.
Financialization: A Review of Literature published in

Published by
Khushboo Gupta Financial system has never been such talked about topic, as it currently is. We read and hear about the events around the world in various media, along with their impact on (or any connection with) financial system. For example, our financial markets improved because of Ms. X being chosen as the president of our country. Increasingly, we see more number of people directly or indirectly employed and engaged in the financial markets. These trends which point towards increasing role of financial sector in our economy come under the ambit of financialization. This paper seeks to review some of the existing literature on financialization and to discuss about the various causes that various researchers have pointed out for the emergence of this phenomenon. Financialization and the economic crises link is then explored, with a focus on the housing bubble burst of 2007-08.
SYNTHESIS, CHARACTERIZATION AND BIOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF 3-FLUORO-4-(MORPHOLIN-4-YL)-N-[2- (THIOPHENE-2-YL) ETHYL] ANILINE DERIVATIVES. published in

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research

Published by Dr Girhepunje
Loganathan Velupillai*1, Prashant P Dixit2, M. S. Shingare1, D.V.Mane1 and Choudhari B R3. A novel series of eight novel 3-fluoro-4-(morpholin-4-yl)-N-[2- (thiophen-2-yl)ethyl]aniline derivatives (7 E 7 L) have been synthesized from commercially available 3,4-Difluoronirobenzene as a starting material. High yield and high purity indicates lack of side reaction and by product. The chemical structures of the synthesized compounds were confirmed by means of 1HNMR and mass spectral data. The synthesized compounds were then examined for their antibacterial and antifungal activities. Some of them were found to possess good activity.
A Review on the Role of Big Data in Business? published in

International Journal of Computer Science and Mobile Computing - IJCSMC

Published by Mohammad Zainuddin
Jafar Raza Alam, Asma Sajid, Ramzan Talib, Muneeb Niaz? Big data is a game changing thing. Successful organizations are achieving business advantages by analyzing big data. It has received significant attention in recent years but some challenges are one of the major causes in diminishing the growth of organizations. The main issues why these organizations are not begin their planning stage to implement the big data strategy because they dont know enough about the big data and they dont understand the benefits of big data. In this study, an attempt is made to review the role of big data in the business.
Does The Consumption Behavior of Tourists Differ by Culture/Nationality? A Study into German and Russian Tourists published in

ISLETME ARASTIRMALARI DERGISI (Journal of Business Research-Turk)

Published by Melih Topaloglu
Ahmet Tayfun, Mustafa Y?ld?r?m In the era where the fierce competitive settings are ever increasing, the success of establishments is heavily dependent upon the internal Dynamics of the firm along with environmental settings as well as market conditions. Parallel to the technological development in the 20th century, the growth of transportation and communications facilitate the access of goods and services to the consumer markets and the abundance of the goods and services offered in the market paved the way for a complicated consumer market. This study dwells on the consumer behavior observed in tourism sector and research was conducted over German and Russian tourists in Alanya district. The statistical data gathered indicate that individual factors are in the first place in shaping the consumption behavior, in the second place comes marketing components and socio-economic ones are in the last place. The result of t-test suggests that there is a significant difference at 0.05 significance level in terms of the nationality and the level of effect of the three dimensions used in the study.
Empowering Women with HIV in Entrepreneurship Activities in Vijayawada Region Andhra Pradesh published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
K.Kalpana, Dr.Saraswati Raju Iyer, Dr.S.Ramesh Womens entrepreneurshiphelps toeradicate poverty, promote gender equality and empower women. But it has another impact providing women with the means to improve the health of their families and finance the education of their children. Especially, It is essential to promote entrepreneurship and mitigates poverty amongst women living with HIV/AIDS in general andVijayawada region of Krishna district, Andhra Pradesh in particular. It is required to promote appropriateServices, coordinated by various organizations including NGOs to promote technical, management and financial support and training to the women living with HIV/AIDS. The women participating in the development of entrepreneurship are called promoters also.To uphold the fight against HIV/AIDS pandemic in the world of work, ILO identified the potential of working with cooperatives. Cooperative institutions can reach workers in informal sectors who are mostly left out by many HIV/AIDS interventions which are targeting workers in the formal settings. UNDP and UNAIDS have provided funding to four AIDS networks, which was then divided into low-interest micro-credit loans. It was observed that the project allowed about 100 HIV-positive women to receive training in management and entrepreneurship. There are more than 60,000 people living with HIV in that area, or a prevalence of 0.7 percent, one of the lowest rates in Africa. (Source: UNAIDS). The above study revealed that the financial empowerment by microfinance for HIV/AIDS victims of urban poor in general , women in particular stood much better that the others. So it is essential and crucial to develop a strategy to promote an effective program by public and private agencies to create opportunities or encourage the HIV affected women to become entrepreneur in the region of Krishna district, Andhra Pradesh.
Foreign Direct Investment In Service Sector & Economic Development published in

Published by
Dr.Pallavi. S. Kusugal,Dr. Nagaraja.S The services sector with an around 57 % contribution to the gross domestic product (GDP), has made rapid growth in the last few years and emerged as the largest and fastest-growing sector of the economy. The growth of the services sector is closely linked to FDI inflows into this sector and the role of transnational firms. In the context of FDI, the uncertainty in classifying the different activities under the services sector continues. However, the combined FDI share of financial and non-financial services, construction development, tele-communications, computer hardware and software, and hotels and tourism can be taken as a rough estimate of the FDI share of services, though it could include some non-service elements. The Service sector has been witnessed most growing sector and most attracting by FDI. This shows that FDI in service sector improves the Economy. Hence, here this paper has been made an attempt to study the FDI in Service sector and Economic Development of India.
REVIEW OF STUDY ON PHYSIOCHEMICAL, ANTIOXIDANT, PROPERTIES OF TAMARIXDIOICA published in

World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
*Dr Aqna Malik TamarixDioica Leaves collected from marshy areas near river banks. It has been used traditionally as anti-Infective (Said,1969), aphrodisiac (Katewa et al., 2006), Cough and Flu (UK Saad et al.,2009) and Astringent. In my study Phytochemical constituents, antioxidant activity of various extracts of TamarixDioicia was carried out. Phytochemicals were extracted from different extracts of TamarixDioica using various solvents such as, chloroform, ethanol, ethyl acetate, methanol. Screening of phytochemicals showed positive results for the presence of flavonoids, alkaloids, phenols, steroids, glycosides, carbohydrates, terpenoids and tannins. Phytochemicals were extracted best in methanol. Separation of compounds was also done by TLC method. Free radical scavenging activity was determined using FeCL3 method, is a stable antioxidant. Both Methanolic and Ethanolic extracts was found to have maximum antioxidant activity. These activities may be due to the presence of flavonoids, alkaloids, phenols, steroids, glycosides and tannins in Tamarixdioicia.
A Case study on cyber threats and solution (with special reference to Cisco) published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Ms. Komal Saxena, Dr. Anurag Awasthi There is a buzz these days about cyber threats. Why not! As security is of prime concern whether its a small or a big organization. Network and services can be damaged due to numerous attacks against physical integrity, as a result of which it destroys or modify the information. There is also a chance of unauthorized use of essential information. Hence use various methods and solution to shield threats.
Synthesis, Characterization and Antibacterial Studies of Some New 2-(1,5-Diphenyl-4,5-Dihydro-1HPyrazol-3-Yl)Pyridine Derivatives published in

Published by
Nesreenn. Majeed, Afaq A. Turki, Heba H. Sabah An efficient and practical synthesis of five compounds of pyrazoline derivatives structures was achieved through cyclization of phenyl hydrazine with ?,?--unsaturated ketones (chalcones) using glacial acetic acid as catalyst under thermal conditions. These compounds have been characterized by FT-IR, elemental analysis (C.H.N.) and 1H NMR spectroscopyand biological activity; the anti-bacterial activity indicated that compounds possessed a broad spectrum of activity.
Synthesis and biological evaluation of new pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine derivatives published in

Mediterranean Journal of Chemistry

Published by Abdelaziz SOUIZI
Asma Agrebi*, Fatma Allouche, Hamadi Fetoui and Fakher Chabchoub Several new pyrazolopyrimidine compounds were achieved from aminocyanopyarazole 1. The starting material 1 was initially coupled with orthoester at refluxed with various primary amines, ammonia, hydrazines and hydroxylamine to furnish a series of pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidines. The reaction of imidate 2a-b with hydrazide derivatives led to the formation of pyrazolo[3,4-d][1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-c]pyrimidines. Some of the synthesized compounds 3a and 4c were evaluated for their anti-inflammatory, antipyretic and nociceptive activities. We start by studing the toxicity of these two molecules by measuring the corresponding DL50. The DL50 of 3a and 4c are estimated to 1333.2mg / kg and 1593.5mg / kg respectively. Pharmacological evaluation showed that compounds 3a and 4c at doses (5.5-22.2 mg / Kg, i.p) exhibited anti-inflammatory activities compared to Ibuprofen (150 mg / Kg, i.p), used as a refer ence drug. Further, our study showed that the injection of derived pyrazolopyrimidines on hyperthermic animal leads to a decrease in temperature after 1 hours of treatment compared to paracetamol used as reference. In addition, the injection of derived pyrazolopyrimidines at different doses contains a potent nociceptive activity. This effect is dose-dependent compared to aspirin.
An environmental study for Bani-Hissin stream in Holy Karbala governorate published in

Baghdad Science Journal

Published by College of Science for Wome, University of Baghdad
Hadeel M. T. Abdul- Ameer* Fikrat M. Hassan** Ibrahim M.A. Alsalman*** The present study conducted to study the environmental parameters of Bani-Hissin stream in Holy Karbala governorate, due to its importance through its passing in huge agricultural area and many small rural villages around it. This stream is branching from Euphrates River at Sidda city and irrigates an area of 114,000 acres. Five sites were selected for this study to measure the physical and chemical properties and chlorophyll a for the period between December 2012 to May 2013. The mean of studied properties were: 9.5-25.4C and 4-38C for air and water temperature, 980-1460 S/cm and 0.613-0.909 S for electric conductivity and salinity, 1 -0.18 m/sec for current flow, 60-215 cm for light penetration depth, 7.2-8.6 pH, 115-147 mg/l, 189-401 mg/l, 78-170 mg/l, and 21-76 mg/l for alkalinity, total hardness, calcium and magnesium respectively. Dissolved oxygen and Biochemical oxygen demand were ranged 7-13 mg/l and 1-7 mg/l respectively. Reactive nutrients such as nitrite, nitrate, phosphate and silicate were ranged ND-3.6 g/l, 7.5-98.6 g/l, ND- 17.6 g/l and 0.41-5.2 mg/l respectively, also chlorophyll-a was ranged ND-8.1 mg/l. According to present results the stream is alkaline, hard water and not matched with Iraqi standard for drinking water.
An Environmental Study of Epiphytic Algae on Ceratophyllum demersum in Tigris River within Baghdad City, Iraq published in

Baghdad Science Journal

Published by College of Science for Wome, University of Baghdad
Jinnan S. Al Hassany* Fikrat M. Hassan* Rawaa N. Gitan* The present study was conducted in the Tigris River within Baghdad (University of Baghdad campus). The study included some physicochemical parameters and qualitative of epiphytic algae on the host plant (Ceratophyllum demersum) during summer season 2013. The results revealed that the study area was alkaline, hard and oxygenated water. A total of 105 taxa of epiphytic algae was identified. Bacillariophyceae diatoms composed 44.7% of the total and were represented by 42.4% of the order Pennales and 1.9 %of the order Centrales. Chlorophyceae composed 32.3%, followed by Cyanophyceae composed 22.8 % of the total. The total number of epiphytic algae was fluctuated among the study period. Most of the identified algae were benthos type and a few was phytoplankton such as: Cyclotella spp, Coscinodiscus sp, Bacillaria paxillifer and Scenedesmus spp. Seventeenth species found in all the study period.
A Rare Case of Disseminated Cysticercosis published in

Published by
Dr. C. Sreenivasulu, Dr. K. Gouthami Sree, Dr. I. Chandrasekhar Reddy, Dr. Shaul Hammed This is the report of a case of disseminated cysticercosis,with simultaneous involvement of the brain,muscles and subcutaneous tissues.Such an extensive involvement of cysticercosis is extremely rare and has been reported less frequently.A 40years old male presented with recurrent seizures,headache and multiple subcutaneous nodules all over the body.Ultrasound examination of subcutaneous nodules showed cyst with scolex.ct brain showed small multiple ring enhancing lesions with eccentric calcifications and perilesional edema.MRI showed multiple cysts in different stages in the brain.A larval cyst was seen on microscopic examination of an excised nodule. Serological test for cysticercal antibodies was positive.
Drug Addicts and Alcoholics: A Study of Personality in Pune, Maharashtra published in

Published by
Geetanjali S. Isaiah, Dr. Sandeep Lloyd Kachchhap The present study aimed at studying the personality among alcoholics and drug addicts in particular regard to the personality dimensions, Neuroticism, Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, and Openness to Experience. The data for this study was generated from a sample of 60 recovering alcoholics and drug addicts. This data was analyzed by calculating the Means, Standard Deviations and t-test, along with Pearsons Product Moment using SPSS 20. The results displayed no significant difference between the personality dimensions of Neuroticism, Conscientiousness, and Openness among the recovering alcoholics and drug addicts.
Performance Evaluation of Top and Middle Managers in Teaching Hospitals published in

Published by
Fereshteh Farzianpour, Milad Shafii, Mohammad Arab, Seyed Mostafa Hosseini, Ezzatollah Asgharizadeh Hospitals are of the most complex organizations which require a strong and impactful management. Thus, providing a comprehensive set of functional scopes and criteria for hospital managers is very important. This study was mix method research that analyzed the performance status of hospitals managers in Yazd Province dealing with a set of qualitative and quantitative research methods and providing a performance evaluation model. This research was approved by the Ethical Committee of TUMS. The subjects signed the informed consent form to participle in the study. Confidentiality was maintained throughoutthe study reports. First, using Fuzzy AHP, the chosen dimension was weighed. Finally, the weighing was conducted based on the selected functional aspects, a questionnaire was designed and after confirming the reliability and validity, through a census, 407 senior and middle managers from 10 hospitals in Yazd Province, completed them and was evaluated the performance of the directors of these hospital .To measure the performance of managers, was developed a functional model consisting of nineteen sub-domains in five main domains (functional, professional, organizational, individual and human). The functional area was of the greatest importance and weigh (0.3735) and the individual area was the least importance and weight (0.0662).The use of areas and appropriate performance criteria, prioritizing them and evaluating the performance of hospitals managers by using appropriate techniques, can play an effective role in the selection of qualified managers.
An analysis of institutionalized vocational trainings for farm women published in

Asian Journal of Home Science

Published by Rakesh kumar Singh
SHOBHANA GUPTAAND SHILPIVERMA The importance of training and education for improving the standard of living of the family, especially through home makers, has been recognized long back but has gained impetus in the recent past. The present study was undertaken on 240 women of Rajasthan state. A structured questionnaire was used to elicit information from the trainees. It was found that tailoring was cosidered of much importance because even if they do not want to accept it as a vocation, they can sew their family clothings and save money. It was observed that Rope making was given first preference by the respondents while the Jute bag making the item of training was given the last rank by the farm women amongst all five items of the vocational training. The tailoring was most needed followed by handicraft making, carpentry, jute bag making which were important while rope making was least needed items of training as perceived by farm women.
HISTORIC-ETHNOLOGIC SIGNIFICANCE OF SOME KITCHEN CULTURES TRADITIONS OF GANJA CITY published in

Theoretical & Applied Science

Published by International Academy of Theoretical & Applied Sciences
Elnur Latif oglu Hasanov In this scientific article for the first time have been researched the basic typical characteristics of traditions of national kitchen of Ganja. Some main local national traditions also were investigated from the historic-ethnological point of view in this work.
SHEAR STRENGTH PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF HYBRID JOINTS (ADHESIVE AND RIVET) – SINGLE LAP JOINTS published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Bawaskar*, Prof. G.E. Kondhalkar, Prof. Dr. M. M. Bhoomkar Adhesive bonded are already playing a significant role in the development and production of metal aircraft structures and indication are strong that such joints will be even greater importance in filamentary composite structures. The performance of a hybrid joint (adhesive and rivet) depend s on many parameters and its design becomes complex when the design aims to create a synergy between these two joining methods which are commonly used to composite or different (various) metal plates. The design is applied to analyze the parameters that in fluence the load transfer between the different components of the joints as well as the maximum stress in adhesive. A first decomposition of the joint into functional requirements and design parameters leads to a coupled design. A decoupled design is obtai ned through the recording and reformation of both functional requirements and design parameters. The design matrix is then used to propose a new design through physical integration of the design parameters. Comparison between the new design and baseline ge ometry shows a reduction in the maximal stress concentration inside the joint. This improvement should result in higher load transfer capability while maintain similar dimensions. In various applications and also for joining various composite parts togeth er, they are fastened together using adhesives or Mechanical fasteners or rivets
DRUG SAFETY EVALUATION OF ANTI-PSYCHOTICS IN SCHIZOPHRENIA: A PROSPECTIVE OBSERVATIONAL STUDY IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
K. Srilakshmi Silpa, Saripudi Aparna*, Pamidi Pradeep and Dr.N.Murali Krishna Background: Schizophrenia is a severe form of mental illness, with a variety of positive, negative, cognitive and mood symptoms, antipsychotic medications can have dramatic impact in patient life leads to many side effects. The purpose of this study was to observe Side Effects (weight gain, Blood Pressure, Sedation and Extra Pyramidal Side Effects) of Anti-Psychotics (Chlorpromazine, Haloperidol Vs Olanzapine, Risperidone). Method: A prospective observational study has been carried out in Government General Hospital, Guntur for a study period of 6 months i.e., March-August 2014. Number of patient enrolled with antipsychotics were Haloperidol (n=15), Chlorpromazine (n=15), Risperidone (n=35) and Olanzapine (n=25), a total of (n=90) patients. Results: Olanzapine resulted in 4kg and risperidone of 2kg increased weight were seen. Extra pyramidal side effects observed with haloperidol and risperidone were dystonia, tremors and rabbit syndrome. A sedation profile observed with chlorpromazine (80%), olanzapine (36%) and their incidence of sedation was compared, which shows that chlorpromazine caused more sedation than olanzapine in case of schizophrenic patients. Conclusion: Prominent Side effects were observed with haloperidol, and risperidone compared to olanzapine, and chlorpromazine. Weight gain was much observed with olanzapine than risperidone. Sedation was more with chlorpromazine than olanzapine and extra pyramidal side effects were predominantly found with haloperidol, whereas the metabolic side effects predominated the atypical antipsychotics.
Analysis of Brain Tumor Using Fuzzy - Clustering Level Set Method. published in

Published by
Vinay Kumar Singhal, R. B. Dubey, Anil Kumar This paper presents an improved level set method integrated with fuzzy clustering for brain tumor segmentation. Individually, fuzzy logic lead to time consuming process and level set method required manual intervention for calculation of active contour area. A new level set algorithm is applied on brain MR images for tumor detection. This process is more robust as compare to other individual methods. In this process we reduce number of operations per iterations and improves the efficiency. Performance evaluation has been done on various MR images. The result confirms its effectiveness for brain tumor detection.
PAYİTAHT (İSTANBUL) ASKERİ İDADİSİ’NDE ÖĞRENCİLER VE METROPOLDEKİ EĞİTİM STANDARDI (1838–1915) PUPILS IN THE MILITARY HIGH SCHOOL OF THE THRONE (ISTANBUL) AND THE LEVEL OF THE EDUCATION IN METROPOLIS (1838-1915) published in

Published by
Mehmet Yavuz ERLER Osmanlı Devleti düzenli bir eğitim sürecinden geçerek yetişen komuta kademesine, çağdaşı olan Batılı devletleri takiben XIX. Yy da başlamıştır. Başlangıçta askeri sıbyan (ilkokul) mektepleri zam anla askeri rüştiye (ortaokul) ve askeri idadi (lise) aşamaları ile zenginleştirilmiştir. Payitaht kenti olan İstanbul’da açılan askeri eğitim veren kurumlar zamanla Osmanlı coğrafyasının bütününe yayılmıştır. İstanbul’da ilk açılan askeri okullara devam e denler çoğunlukla İstanbul’da ikamet eden ailelerin çocukları olmuştur. Ancak 1860 sonrasında Osmanlı Devleti’nin değişik coğrafyalarında açılan askeri Rüştiye Mektepleri ilk mezunlarını vermeye başlamışlar ve idadi (lise) düzeyindeki eğitimlerini devam et tirebilmek amacıyla İstanbul’a gelmeye başlamışlardır. Bu durum Payitaht Askeri İdadisindeki öğrenci portresini de değiştirmiştir. Çalışmamızda Kuleli Askeri İdadisi’nde okuyan öğrenci portresinin değişimi incelenecektir. Ayrıca Askeri Okuldaki öğrencileri n eğitim dışındaki yaşantı, okulun sunduğu imkânlar, alışkanlık ve bir başkentte okuyan öğrencinin başkentin imkânlarından ne oranda etkilendiği tespit edilmeye çalışılacaktır. Ottoman State started to apply the contemporarily trained commander of chiefs’ regime along with the western countries of his time in XIX th century. The military pupil schools at the beginning of Ottoman modernization witnessed secondary school education in time and enriched with the addition of high military school complexes. As time goes by these military schools and its’ schedule spreads all over the Ottoman geography. The candidates of primarily opened military schools were all the kids of these famili es who were residents of Istanbul. However the graduates of suburb military pupil schools released out its first students after 1860 for the military high school and thus the military pupil school graduates, all over the country started to flow to Istanbul so that of having registered themselves in to the only military high school of the state. This happened to change the vision of the military high school comparing with the previous candidates background. In this study these change, whose suburb or urban p upils will be scrutinized. Meanwhile we will examine how far the military high school of the throne in Istanbul provides education and in or outside life to the candidates whose from either suburb or urban.
Atorvastatin with Niacin in the Management of Hyperlipidaemia published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Dr. Bekkam Shobha, Dr. M. Vanaja, Dr. Ramesh. K Background: The triglyceride (TG) level is one of several lipid parameters that can aid prediction of coronary heart disease (CHD) risk. An elevated plasma TG level is strongly associated with an increased risk of CHD.Methdology : A total of 50 patients for Atorvastatin and Niacin group were included in the study. The fasting blood samples were taken and serum (I) were stored frozen until analysed for TG, TC, LDL-C, HDL-C, and Lp (a). Blood samples were taken again at follow up and serum (II) was stored frozen until analysed for lipids by biochemical methods.Results: The mean cholesterol before treatment was 224.45 mg/dl and after treatment it was 192.14 mg/dl ( p value< 0.001). Conclusion: Combined statin with niacin may produce a more global and effective improvement in lipid blood levels than monotherapy and is generally safe and well tolerable.
A Study on Coir Industry With Reference to Coimbatore District published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
G. VIGNESH, Dr. G. CHANDRA SEKARAN The development of coir industry has all along been in areas where there is concentration of coconut cultivation and availability of coconut husks. The coir pith business is facing its downturn recently. In the year 2012 the exports to China, Europe, Germany, Japan and Korea have amounted to a yearly turnover of 400 crores. Recently it cannot meet its demand due to problems in price fixation, raw material shortage, adverse climatic conditions and non cooperation among the workers (Editorial, 2013). Thus the present study was carried out to know the problems of coir industry in Coimbatore district.
A NOVEL APPROACH TO BRAIN TUMOR DETECTION published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
B. Shoban Babu *1 , S. Varadarajan An intracranial mass of abnormal cells in the brain that have grown out of control is referred to as brain tumor. Based on the type of tissue involved and the location of the tumor, brain tumors are classified as benign (noncancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Brain tumor prognosis attributed lot of significance in successful treatment. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is proved to be a most accurate diagnostic tool for human soft tissue analysis. However brain tumor segmentation and classification is a cumbersome process, as magnetic resonance images are inherently noisy in nature. In this work Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifier is used to classify the MRI images as normal and abnormal (tumor). Features are extracted from the segmented images and the clustered to improve the SVM classifier accuracy. Statistical analysis is performed with 10 fold cross validation to find the robustness of the classifier. Experimental result shows 96.5 percent accuracy while testing with MRI brain tumor images from IMRI Volumetric Non-Rigid Registration-Dataset.
EVALUATION OF ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF AN ENDOPHYTIC ASPERGILLUS SP. ISOLATED FROM AZADIRACHTA INDICA AGAINST PLANT AND HUMAN PATHOGENS. published in

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Published by Dr. Valentina Petkova
Pranay Jain*, Priyanka Sharma Medicinal plants like neem which have been shown to contain bioactive compounds that exhibit multiple health benefits and are therefore, regarded as potential sources of new and improved therapeutic drugs. The present study aims to evaluate the antibacterial and antifungal activity of an endophytic Aspergillus sp. isolated from Azadirachta indica against ten selected plant and human pathogens. Out of the ten test pathogens, the Aspergillus sp.showed antimicrobial activity against eight pathogens. The endophytic Aspergillus sp. isolated from Azadirachta indica was found to exhibit the antibacterial activity against Gram-positive bacteria, Bacillus subtilis, and Gramnegative bacteria Escherichia coli (MTCC 40) and Pseudomonas fluorescens (MTCC 1748). The crude extract of Aspergillus sp. isolate inhibited the growth of opportunistic fungal pathogens, Candida albicans (MTCC 227) and Candida glabrata (MTCC 3814) which could not be inhibited by even the standard antifungal drug, Fluconazol . The Aspergillus sp. also showed zone of inhibition against phytopathogenic fungi Fusarium graminearum (MTCC 2089).
Working Capital Management in Sujala Pipes Private Limited, Nandyal, Kurnool District published in

Published by
Dr.J.Nalini,Prof.B.RAMACHARDRA REDDY -
On A New Species of the Genus Senga, Dollfus, 1934 (Cestoda: Ptychobothridae) From Fresh Water Fish Mastacembelus armatus (Lecepede, 1800) at Aurangabad District (M.S.), India. published in

GLOBAL JOURNAL FOR RESEARCH ANALYSIS

Published by THE GLOBAL JOURNALS
Ashok Mote, Sushil Jawale, Sunita Borde, Rahul Khawal The present communication deal with the description of a new species of genus Senga shindei Sp. Nov. These Cestodes collected from the intestine of a fresh water fish Mastacembelus armatus (Lecepede, 1800) from Godavari river at Paithan, District- Aurangabad. The present worm differs from the known species of genus Senga in the shape and size of the Scolex, number and arrangement of hooks, shape of mature segment, numbers of testes, position of cirrus pouch and arrangement of vitellaria.
A FILTER FOR ANALYSIS AND DETECTION OF MALICIOUS WEB PAGES published in

International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology

Published by Somil Shah
Prof. SagarRajebhosale*, Mr.Abhimanyu Internet services are more necessary part of our daily life. We rely gro wingly on the ease and flexibility of Internet connected devices to shop, communicate and in general perform tasks that would require our physical presence. While very valuable, Internet transactions can represent user sensitive information. Banking sector ’s and personal medical records, system authorization passwords and personal communication records can easily become known to an enemy who can easily compromise any of the devices include in online transactions. Regrettably, In this transaction the user’s personal computer seems to be the weakest link. At the same time attacker also use new attacks for identification of user’s sensitive information with vulnerabilities that use a small part of code in web pages. Overcome these problems use a novel approach for a filtering technique to finding malicious web pages very effectively and efficiently using supervised machine learning. Also detailed study some other techniques researcher research to analysis and d etection of malicious web pages
Ice based energy storage integration with solar PV power plants for cooling energy published in

The journal of CPRI

Published by Central Power Research Institute
Siddhartha Bhatt M This paper gives aspects of the design of Cooling Thermal Energy Storage (CTES) for cold storage refrigeration and building air conditioning plants, powered/integrated through Solar Photo Voltaic (SPV) power. Ice based CTES are useful when there is mismatch between the availability of the energy source (grid tied centralized system or roof top decentralized system) and the air conditioning/ refrigeration application period. In both grid power with time of the day metering or SPV powered systems in integrated as well as in decentralized SPV, the source-load mismatch is handled through an ice storage system. The ice storage system not only helps with operation under decoupled source-load environment but gives the benefits of reduction in maximum output power, average power and energy consumption by 20-40 % as compared to conventional systems in centralized as well as decentralized environments
Incidence and Analysis of Animal Bite Cases Among Pediatric Age Group Attending Government AntiRabies Clinic at Hyderabad published in

Published by
T. Dinesh Kumar Singh, Prathibha J, Saileela K, Sampath Introduction: India is a Canine Rabies endemic country. In India every 30 minutes a life is lost due to Rabies. The dog is the main reservoir and transmitter of rabies. Dog to human ration is 1:36 . There is an overall rate of 2 dog bites per second in India.In Greater Hyderabad stray dog population is over 3 lakhs , the civic body has been able to vaccinate only 1.69 lakhs. Reports of dogs mauling children comes every day from various parts of the city . In Hyderabad dog population is kept under check by sterilising dogs. Objective: To determine the incidence and analysis of animal bite cases among paediatric age group attending Govt. Anti Rabies Vaccine Clinic- Institute of Preventive Medicine- Hyderabad, Telangana State and to adopt measures to prevent recurrence. Among the victims of animal bites in children , the most vulnerable age group, sex distribution , type of animal, the day which the victims attended the clinic and the most common site of bite on body were analysed. Material Methods: This study is a retrospective record based study . The case records of all the children aged less than or equal to 15 years who had attended Govt. A.R.V. Clinic at IPM, Hyderabad between 20th April 2012 to 3rd July 2012 were analysed(75 days) Results: Total number of 10,254 animal bite cases attended A.R.V. clinic , IPM from 20-4-2012 to 3-7-2012(75 days) . Of these 3249 (31.68%) were animal bite victims aged 15 years and less than 15 years. This group was divided into 3 Groups. Group I 0-5 years, Group II 6-10 years and Group III 11-15 years. 840 (25.85%) were in Group I, of these 560(66.6%) were males 280 (33.33%) were females. 1297(39.9%) were in Group II, of these 888(68.46%) were males and 409(31.53%) were females. 1112(34.22%) were in Group III , of these 857(77.06%) were males and 255(22.93%) were females. 3091(95.13%) were exposed to dogs, 99(3.04%) to cats , 57(1.75%) to monkeys and 2(0.06%) to pigs. Among exposure to dogs 1630(52.73%) were pet dogs, 266(8.60%) were street dogs, 1065(34.45%) were observable street dogs, 56(1.81%) were neighbours dogs and 74(2.39%) dogs were killed with the apprehension that more persons may fall victim. 309(9.5%) attended clinic on 0 day, 1803 (55.49%) on day 1 ,498(15.32%) on day 2 , 203(6.24%) on day 3 , 133(4.09%) on day 4 , 55(1.69%) on day 5 , 27(0.38%) on day 6 , 80(2.46%) on day 7 and 141 (4.33%) after7 days. 1790(53.7%), suffered animal bite injury on lower limbs, 918(27.54%) on upper limbs, 169(5.07%) on abdomen/ back, 24(0.72%) on chest, 162(4.86%) on head/neck/face and 186(5.58%) on multiple sites. Conclusion: More than 31% animal bite victims in this study are children. There is a need for advocacy of education, awareness, preexposure prophylaxis and booster for children in rabies endemic areas. Research community has to cater information to policy makers enabling them to bring effective legislation.

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