Proceedings Journal of Interdisciplinary Research is a peer-reviewed interdisciplinary journal covering all aspects of social, scientific, behavioral, and other interrelated subject of research conducted around the world. The journal publishes articles, research reports, conference and book reviews on education, technology, sociology, humanities, history, politics, economics, geography, cultural studies, anthropology, environmental studies and others. It provides an avenue for academic and non-academic researchers representing a wide variety of disciplines from around the world to present findings and discuss topics of relevance to human activities. The editors aim to foster a scholarly discussion among people with the most varied backgrounds and points of view. Submissions are welcome from academic and non-academic researchers ranging from the humanities to the natural sciences. The journal aimed to publish articles or significant research report in English and Filipino per volume. All articles in Filipino will be peer-reviewed and edited to the highest standards, as are all the articles published in the journal.